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I, William, King, the third year of my reign,
SATURDAY. The 'seventh, or last day of the Christian week, was named from Seater, a Saxon god, but critically and identically the same person as Saturnus. This cloven-bearded figure, with tucked sleeves, is seen standing upon a voracious fish, the perch, holding a vessel filled with fruits and flowers in one hand, and a wheel on the other. The seven satellites of the planet Saturn, and its revolving month of common years, are remarkable coincidences, Saturday' by the Turks is called Juma ertesi ; by the Persians, Shambe, or Hafta ; by the Indians, Sunneecher ; in ancient Arabic, Shiyar, and in the modern, Sabt. The • Dies Saturni,' in French, Samedi, is Seterne's day, in Saxon. It has always been with the Teutonic families a period of holy merriment.
Artaxerxes Longimanus I. the Persian, died about this day, after a reign of nearly forty years, B.C. 425. The successive reigns of Xerxes II. and Sogdianus occupied nine months, but are omitted in the canon. Thucydides mentions an eruption of Etna in that year. It is the date also (in Anthesterion) of the ' Acharneis' of Aristophanes. His · Babulonioi' was produced in Elaphebolion, the preceding year.
BATTLE OF HASTINGS. The 'acquisition' of England, by William the Norman took place on the birthday of Harold, at the spot now called • Battle Abbey,'-about eight miles beyond Hastings, Sunday, 1066. Then the first • Earl', Comes, was created in England. The Rawdon Estate, enjoyed by the ennobled House of Hastings, is held under the deed which bounds the page, granted by the Conqueror, this day, 1068.
A statute of this day enacts, 1495, that no person or persons shall sell in the fairs or markets any feather-beds, bolsters, or pillows, except they be stuffed with one manner of feathers, and not with unlawful stuffs, and with no scalded feathers, or fen-down, but utterly to be damned for ever. Admiral Hawke's victory off Ushant, 1747. The day at Jena, 1806.
Before Meg, Maud, and Margery,
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And when she likes to call, I come,
Idus. Publius Virgilius Maro, B.C. Titus Lucretius Carus, U.C. 15.
70, Andes, near Mantua. 699, B.C. 55. Rome? Evangeliste Torricelli, 1608, Andreas Vesalius, 1564. Zante. Faensa.
Gregory XIV. (Pope), 1591. Allan Ramsay, 1686, Leadhills, Ralph Brooke, 1625. in Lanarkshire.
Gabriel du Pineau, 1644. Paris. John, Lord Hervey, 1696, Ick- Archbp. (John) Owen, 1651. worth.
James Strange, Earl of Derby, Christian Count Stolberg, 1748, 1651, beheaded, Bolton. Bramstedt, in Holstein.
Jacob Allestry, 1686. Oxford. Frederic-William IV. (of Prus- Bernard de la Monnoye, 1728. sia), 1795.)
John Ozell, 1743. Alderman
bury. Paul Joseph Barthez, 1806. Michael Kelly, 1826. Rams
Obits of the Latin Church.
I would select nineteen more, St. Hospicius (or Hospis), of to myself, throughout the land ; Piedmont, c. 580.
gentlemen they should be of St. Tecla, of Winburn, Virgin, good spirit, strong and able
Abbess, 8th Century. constitution; I would choose St. Theresa, of Avila, in Spain, them by an instinct, a charac
Virgin, Foundress of the Re- ter that I have : and I would formation of the bare-footed teach these nineteen the special Carmelites, 1582.
rules. This done, say the enemy were forty thousand strong.
I rather chuse to laugh at folly, than show dislike by melancholy;
The power of Fortune particularly disposes in an orderly manner the sublunary part of the universe. Hence she is represented guiding a rudder, because she goverus things sailing on the sea of generation. Her rudder, too, is fixed on a globe, because she directs that which is unstable in generation. In her other hand, she holds the horn of Amalthea, which is full of fruits, because she is the cause of obtaining all divine fruits. And on this account we venerate the fortunes of cities and houses, and of each individual; because, being very remote from divine union, we are, unaided, in danger of being deprived of its participation.
Osiris. The anniversary of the exitus of the great Egyptian god, * Osiris,' upon the 17th day of the month Athyr, which corresponds with this Julian day in the 28th year of his reign. The loss of Osiris was observed as a festival during 'four days,' when a gilded ox covered with a black linen pall was exposed to public view, representing the four objects of their lamentation. 1. The disappearance of the Nile within its own channel. 2. The suppression of the Etesian winds. 3. The decrease of day-light; and, last, the desolation and nudity of the land.
This day was appropriated by the Roman merchants to Mercury.
The • Equus Octobris' is immolated to Mars at Rome ; supposed in memory of Grecian perfidy. Arabia is its parent and original soil.
Romulus triumphs over the marketable Veientes, U. C. 17.
The birth of Virgil at Andes, the modern Pietola, Pompey and Crassus Consuls, B. C. 70. He assumed the Toga at Milan upon completing his fifteenth anniversary, that day the mad Lucretius died.
Cicero to Atticus from the citadel of Athens : Have a sharp eye as you love me upon the fellow, whose name suits so well with his qualities.'
Anselm retires to Rome, and leaves the king his blessing,' 1097.
The death of John Gouer has been dated on the 15th of October, 1402 ; but by no sufficient authority. His will was signed at the Priory in Southwark the 15th of August, ‘1408,' and an administration of his goods was given to Agnes the poet's widow on the 7th day of November.
Columbus names the Island · Santa Maria de la Concepcion,' 1492. The birth of Torricelli, who invented the Barometer, 1608.
The royal wanderer lands at Brighton in a collier, where he supped, smoked, and caroused, but is recognised at table by Tattershall the master of the vessel, 1651. Gibbon first conceives the idea of composing his work amidst the ruins of its story while the bare-footed friars were singing vespers in the Temple of Jupiter, 1764.
Indeed every fortune is good; for every attainment respects something good, nor does any thing evil subsist from divinity. But of things good some are antecedent, and others are of a punishing or revenging characteristic, which we are accustomed to call evils. Hence we speak of two Fortunes. Simplicius.
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Bid me say any thing rather than this;
XVII. Dr. William Robertson, 1705, Bp. (Nicholas) Ridley, 1555.
burned, Oxford. Nov.
Dr. Albert Von Haller, 1708, Bishop (Hugb) Latimer, 1555. 16. Berne.
burned, Oxford. John George Sulzer, 1720, Sir George More, 1632. Winterthur, in Zurich. Cæsar Egasse du Boulai, 1678.
Roger Boyle, Earl of Orrery,
Ralph Thoresby, 1725. St. PeOh, it's your only fine humour, ter's, Leeds. sir ; your true melancholy breeds Robert Fergusson, 1774. Canonyour perfect fine wit, sir. I am
rgh. melancholy myself, divers times, Dr. David Durell, 1775. sir, and then do I no more but Marie Antoinette, Queen of take pen and paper, presently, France, 1793. guillot. Paris. and overflow you half a score, or John Hunter, 1793. died, St. a dozen of sonnets at a sitting. George's Hospital. Master Matthew.
Victor Amadeus III. (of Sar
dinia), 1796. Henry Martyn, 1812. d. Persia.
Thaddeus Kosciusko, 1817. d.
Soleure, in Switserland.
land, Archbishop of Mentz,
787. St. Mummolin, Bishop of Noy- It is a short-lived lie produced 7th Century
by envy and defamation.
O double sacrilege on things divine
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The sole evidence of rectitude is for a man to inquire of himself, “Can you dare' the touch of the world ; the estranged and seeming friend, the cutting acknowledged foe; the undertoned knave, or the scandalous fool; the ruined despair who lays his impious hand upon the sacred foundations; the reckless drunkard that throws out at night the dreams of the day; the confident and acquaintance whoin your virtue discarded, and lastly, infamy, that dog in forehead,' which is the perpetual enemy of whatever is perfect, fair, and exalted.” He must enjoy an undimmed and unchangeable conscience, and neither desire nor fear the terroar and fancied refuge of degraded souls. Jack Drum's Anecdotages.
The Anniversary observed by the deputies from all the Grecian states at Platæa, to commemorate the slain and buried in their victory over the Persians, upon the sixteenth day of Maimacterion, which, with the Bæotians, is called Alalcomenius.—See 220 September. The cavalcade began at the break of day, preceded by a trumpet, which sounded the signal of battle. Then followed several chariots filled with garlands and branches of myrtle ; and next was led a black bull, for sacrifice. The young men, 'free-born,' bearing vessels of wine and milk, came after, and the procession closed with the Archon of Platæa, habited in purple, bearing in his hand a water-pot, with which he laved the monumental pillars. The ceremony terminated with the sacrifice to Jupiter liberator, and lusty libations to the men who died for the liberty of Greece. Aristides had the spirit to propose this annual institution, with the games of liberty, which were to be celebrated quinquennially.
Athelstan, the grandchild of Alfred, and the first 'King of the English,' bountiful, wise, and affable, ascended the throne at 'thirty ;' was distinguished by the titles of 'conqueror' and ' faithful,' and left behind him a name of great renown, respected and beloved both at home and abroad. His bailiffs were ordered, under severe penalties, to support a pauper of English extraction on every two of their farms. In his person he was of slender habit and average stature. His hair, which was yellow, he wore in ringlets, entwined with threads of gold. Such characters are like wholesome green spots to rest upon and cross ourselves ; we are repaid for our tedious research, and seem to inhale their fragrance. Charles embarks at Shoreham, 1651. Blanchard's ascent, 1784.
The citizens seize the Tower and liberate its prisoners, 1326.
To be and not to seem, is this man's maxim; his mind reposes on his proper wisdom, and wants no other praise.
Æschylus. ---- 687 anos