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Then came • October' full of merry glee :
The Months. This corresponds with the eighth month, Phaophi, of the old Egyptian year ; with the second month, Ardchascht, in the Persian calendar; with the second months, Dius, Apogonicus, and Hermeius, of the Syro-Macedonians, Paphians, and Bithynians; with the second months, Ticmit, Baba, (or Bena) and Huerri, of the Ethiopians, Copts, and Armenians ; with the second month, Apelleus, of the Macedonians, and the tenth, Hyperberetaus, of their solar year; and with the fourth moons, Rabie 2. and Rabiul-achir, of the Arabs and the Turks. From the early Saxons, with the modern Germans, it received the name of Wyn (wine) month ; also Winter-fyllith.
Hugues Capet, son of Hugh the Great, founder of the third race of the French monarchs, was succeeded, after a triumphant reign of nine years, by his son Robert, who became sole king of France, A. D. 996.
The benefit of the clergy is taken from murderers and felons, 1513. This temporary statute was made perpetual 22nd Henry VIII. 1530.
James VI. of Scotland is proclaimed king of “Great Britain' 1604. The first British Parliament met upon the same day, 1707.
William Seymour, Ist Marquis of Hertford (great grandson of the Protector Somerset), is elected Chancellor of the University of Oxford, 1643. " He was a man (says Clarendon) of an universal esteem over the whole kingdom, of very good parts, and conversant in books, both in the Latin and Greek languages, and of a clear courage ; yet he was so wholly given up to a country life, where he lived in splendour, that he had an aversion, and even an unaptness for business.”
The famous ' Treaty of Westphalia’ which terminated the religious commotions in Germany is signed at Munster, 1648.
Louis XIV. with an unwise hand revokes the Edict of Nantz, 1685. The Mansion House is founded on the site of Stocks-market, 1739.
Vice is covered by wealth, and virtue by poverty.-Theognis.
How want thee, humorous Hogart!
VIII. Charles, Duke of Grafton, 1683, Demosthenes, B. C. 322. died,
Isle of Calauria. 25.
Dr. James Beattie, 1735, Law- Stephen (of England), A. D.
rencekirk in Kincardineshire. 1154. d. Canteroury. FaversFrancis Joseph Lefebvre, Duke
ham. of Dantzic, 1755, Rufuck.] Geoffrey Chaucer, 1400. WestDr. E. Pearson, 1756, Norwich.
minster Abbey. Henry de la Rochejaquelein, Edward Plantagenet, Duke of 1772, Versailles.
York, 1415. killed, Agincourt.
Admiral George Legge, Lord None but men of Genius Dartmouth, 1691. d. Tower. should touch their lives: they Sebastian Le Clerc, 1714. are the only faithful interpreters Charles Mordaunt, Earl of Peterof isolated habits and uncertain borough, 1735. nalures. A lubberly fellow Augustine Calmet, 1757. died, takes the painter vice versú, and Abbey of Senones. upsets a fine character.- Green. George II. (of England), 1760.
d. Kensington. (Westminster.) Obits of the Latin Church. Wm. Hogarth, 1764. Chiswick. St. Chrysanthus and Daria, William- Julius Mickle, 1788. Martyrs at Rome, 3rd Cent.
Forrest-Hill. Sts. Crispin and Crispinian, Pa- Christopher William Koch,1813. trons of the Confraternity of
d. Strashurgh. Brother Shoemakers, Brothers James Sowerby, 1822. died, and Mars. at Soissons, c. 287.
The hand of him here torpid lies, that drew th' essential form of grace; Here clos'd in death th' attentive eyes, that saw the manners in the face.
He that shall live this day, and see old age,
The Anniversary of the death of Demosthenes is a storehouse for high resolves and the noblest meditation. This stirring patriot, this prince and model (the Plato) of orators, in power of thought and movement of discourse, surpassed every competitor, and united in himself, with the purity of Lysias, the spirit of Hyperides, and the sweetness of his rival.
The Athenian month Pyanepsion, in the calendar of Meton, termi. nates. Plutarch remarks that “the common time of the solemnization of all the tetrical feasts falls within that month wherein the Pleiades appear and the husbandmen begin to sow their corn, and consequently answers to the Egyptian ' Athyr,' and the Athenian Pyanepsion.”
AGINCOURT. A day of Harry, the 'Leopard,' and Clarence, the maiden kuight, is scored on every English heart, Friday, 1415.- See 27th Sept. The death of Chaucer, christened the pure well-head of poesy,' 1400.
The Priory of St. Bartholomew is surrendered with Canonbury, 1539.
Charles V. resigns the sovereignty of the Low Countries, in the presence of the States at Brussels, in favour of Philip his bigoted son, 1555 : " It is in your power, by a wise and virtuous administration, to justify the ertraordinury proof which I this day give of my paternal affection, and to demonstrate that you are worthy the confidence which I repose in you. Preserve an inviolable regard for religion ; let the laws of your country be sacred in your eyes; encroach not on the rights and liberties of your people.”
Coke is raised to the chief justiceship of the king's bench, 1613.
The accession of King George III., who is proclaimed, 1760. The 'fiftieth' year was celebrated as a Jubilee throughout the kingdom, 1809.
Sir William Blackstone delivers his introductory Vinerian lecture on the laws of England before the University of Oxford, 1758.
A burricane at the Havannah, which destroyed 1000 persons, 1768.
If we are marked to die, we are enough to do our country loss; and if to live, the fewer men, the greater share of honour.---King Henry. .... 705 ...
'Tis highest Heaven's command,
James Perizonius, 1651, Dam, Bishop Cedd, 664. d. Yorkshire. Cal. in Holland.
Ishmael Abulfeda, 1331. Syria. 26.
John Maria Lancisi, 1654, Rome. Peter Ciaconius, 1581. d. Rome.
In the Odyssey, it is no longer
the fire which animates the This commercial edifice was
whole of the Iliad, that height built equilaterally, sheltered
of genius which never debases from the north by a rock of itself, that activity which never freestone, and based on a sea reposes, that torrent of passions open to the western gale. Li- which hurries us away, that berty supporting a balance and crowd of fictions, happy and the sword, sat in the portal, with probable ; but as the ocean at the cross-keys’ at her feet.
the moment of its reflux, and when it leaves its shores, is
still the ocean, the old age of Obits of the Latin Church.
which I speak is still the old St. Evaristus, Pope, Mart. 112. age of Homer.-Longinus. Sts. Lucian and Marcian, Mar
tyrs at Nicomedia, 250. He went into Asia, a province abounding with riches and pleasures, wbere he left behind him no traces either of avarice or luxury. He behaved in such a manner in this important war, that he did many great actions without the general, the general none without him.
Cicero pro Murena. ----...- 706 --------
“ Take thine eyes off the bridge,” said he, “and tell me if thou yet seest any thing thou dost not comprehend,” Upon looking up, " What mean,” said I, “ those great flights of birds that are perpetually hovering about the bridge, and settling upon it from time to time? I see vultures, harpies, ravens, cormorants, and among many other feathered creatures, several little winged boys that perch in great numbers upon the middle arches.” These," said the genius, “ are Envy, Avarice, Superstition, Despair, Love, with the like cares and passions that infest human life.” I here fetched a deep sigh. “ Alas,” said I, “ man was made in vain! how is he given away to misery and mortality ! tortured in life, and swallowed up in death!”
Vision of Mirza.
A VIOLENT frost begins, which continued during five months, A. D. 763. The foundations of Bagdad, on the Tigris, (near the ‘ Bag,' or garden, of Dad'a Christian hermit) were laid by the Caliph Almansor the year previously, Era of the Hegira, 145.
Donna Maria Pacheco (the widow of Padilla) retires into the citadel of Toledo, which she defends for four months against the royalists, 1522.
The private Theatre, or stage-room (domus scenica), at Blackfriars, then converted into a Catholic Chapel, fell during the sermon, by which eighty-one persons were slain, Sunday (5th November, N. S.), 1623. It appears to have been an upper room in Lord Hunsdon's the Chamberlain's · House’appropriated for the French Ambassador. This was the eyry’so humorously alluded to in Hamlet,” by the players.
Algernon Sidney writes, N. S. 1660 : “ I did positively oppose Cromwell, Bradshaw, and others who would have the trial to go on, and drew my reasons from these two points: first, the king could be tried by no court; and secondly, that no man could be tried by that court. This being alleged in vain, and Cromwell using these formal words, • I tell you we will cut off his head with the crown upon it ;' I replied : 'You may take your own course, I cannot stop you, but I will keep myself clean from having any hand in this business,' immediately went out of the room, and never returned.”—Marlborough takes Kinsale by storm, 1690.
Helen and Judith, the united twin sisters, exhibited near Charingcross in 1708, first saw the light on this day at Tzoni in Hungary, 1701. They were well shaped and intelligent with a musical genius, and died, 17-23.
The French Convention resign, 1795. Hanover made a kingdom, 1814.
To all the arts and sciences nothing can be more hostile than the romantic or barbaresque taste; for this distorts nature itself, which is the universal prototype of the noble and the beautiful: and hence it is that the Spanish nation bas shown little feeling for the fine arts or the sciences.