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And first, within the porch and jaws of hell,
Mirrour for Magistrates.
Hester Chapone, 1727, Twywell. Marcus Brutus, B. C. 42. k. Cal.
Captain (James) Cook, 1728, (se) Philippi. 27.
Marton in Yorkshire. Eugenius 11.(Pope), A.D.827. Admiral Rich. Strachan, 1760. Albert II. (Emperor), 1439.
Michael Servetus, 1553. burned,
Geneva. “I am sensible that secresy is Sir Ralph Winwood, 1617. St. not the characteristic virtue of
Bartholomew Parra, my sex: but surely our natural Giles-Personne, Sieur de Roberweakness may be strengthened
val, 1675. by a virtuous education, and by Abbé de Rancé, 1700. La honourable connexions ; and
Trappe. Portia can boast that she is the Dr. Henry Hunter, 1802. d. daughter of Cato, and the wife
Bristol Hot-Wells. (Bunhill of Brutus. Yet even in these
Fields.) distinctions I placed no absolute Walter Blake Kirwan, 1805, d. confidence till I tried and found
Mount Pleasant, near Dublin. that I was proof against pain.” Andrew Thouin, 1824.
Obits of the Latin Church.
For the good of the commu
nity, Brutus, though an enemy St. Frumentius, Bishop and to Pompey, became his friend ;
Apostle of Ethiopia, 4th Cent. and though a friend to Cæsar, St. Elesbaan, king of Ethiopia, he became his enemy. His en(after) 527.
mity and his friendship arose St. Abban, Abbot in Ireland, from the same principle, which 6th Century.
was justice.- Plutarch.
Our legions are brim-full, our cause is ripe.
PHILIPPI. There were just twenty days between the deaths of Cassius “ the last of the Romans” and his friend Brutus in the two great battles at Philippi, B. C. 42.- See 7th October. This eventful day threw into the hands of two autocratical magistrates, of no tried reputation, and rivals by nature, the universal rule with the liberties of their country.
Valerian is elected in full senate to the restored Censorship, an office which had dropt with the life of Titus from the modesty of his successors, A. D. 251. The Roman virtue stood below correction.
Cuba is discovered by Columbus. He landed the next day, 1492. Queen Catharine is first formally visited by the two Legates, 1528.
Elizabeth excludes the Earls of Leicester and Pembroke from the Presence-chamber for furthering an intended proposition of the parliament respecting the succession without her majesty's allowance, 1566.
The two protestants Briquemaut and Cavannes, who were falsely accused of the Coligny conspiracy, are destroyed with their children, 1572.
An act for punishment of rogues, vagabonds, and sturdy beggars, passed in 1597 (repealed 12th Anne), including common players of interludes and minstrels wandering abroad (other than those properly authorized), is continued in force, 1601; excepting a provision therein respecting John Dutton, of Dutton in Chester, Esquire, who claimed the jurisdiction of licensing of minstrels,' unless he made certificate of such authority under some royal charter, or by prescription.
Banbury Castle surrenders, 1642. The second Newbury, 1644.
The capitulation of Limerick ; but the gallant O’Nial is spared against the voice of the merciless Ireton, 1651.-See 25th November.
The Czar Peter's famous letter to Aleris his wretched son, 1715.
I am a man, and conseqnently must die: to whom shall I leave the care of finishing what, by God's grace, I have begun, and of preserving what I have in part recovered ?. To a sou who, like that slothful servant in the gospel, buries his talent in the earth, and neglects to improve what God has committed to his trust?
Peter the Great. "....... 709 .....
He seems, indeed, to be the model of that perfect character which, under the denomination of a sage or wise man, philosophers have been fond of delineating, rather as a fiction of their imagination than in hopes of ever seeing it really existing: so happily were all his virtues tempered together; so justly were they blended; and so powerfully did each prevent the other from exceeding its proper boundaries. Nature, as if desirous that so bright a production of her skill should be set in the fairest light, had bestowed on him every bodily accomplishment, vigour of limbs, dignity of shape and air, with a pleasing, engaging, and open countenance.
V. Desiderius Erasmus, 1467, Rot- Maxentius (Emperor), A. D. Cal. terdam,
312. drowned, Tyber. 28.
Luigi Alamanni, 1495, Florence. Alfred the Great (of England),
George Earl of Huntly, 1562.
Bishop (John) Hacket, 1670.
John Wallis, 1703. 0.1 ford.
John Locke, 1704. Churchyard His time, the day and night, of Oates, Essex. he distributed by the burning of Prince George of Denmark, certain tapers into three equal 1708. Il’estminster Abbey. portions : the one was for devo- Ezekiel Spanheim, 1710. Westtion, the other for public or pri- minster Abbey. vate affairs, the third for bodily Sir Step. Fox, 1716. d. Chiswick. refreshment.
Milton. Balthasar Gibert, 1741. died,
Samuel Klingenstierna, 1785.
the Zealot, Apostle, Martyr in Preston. (Bunhill Fields.)
George Louis Oeder, 1791.
St. Neotof Cornwall,877, or 883. ford in Surrey. Every man in the midst of his pleasures should remember the Roman execationer.
Oh! let me pie the secret shade,
The creation of Adam and Eve on Friday by Usher's chronology.
This is the first day of the Egyptian standard month Phaophi.
Festival of St. Simon and St. Jude, observed by the Western churches. There is an old wives' tradition, that rain would always fall on this holiday, with reference to the season or some historical event.
Constantine overthrows Maxentius at Saxa Rubra near the Cremera, 312. He extirpated the whole race of the tyrant, and abolished the Prætorian guards at Rome. His triumphal arch still remains. It is likewise the anniversary of Maxentius's election to the empire in 306.
ALFRED. The 'mirrour of princes' and darling of the English, died in the 30th year of his reign, 900. “O Alfred,” thus Spelman apostrophizes that venerable character, “ the wonder and astonishment of all ages! If we reflect on his piety and religion, it would seem that he had always lived in a cloister: if on his warlike erploits, that he had never been out of camps ; if on his learning and writings, that he had spent his whole life in a college ; if on his wholesome lau's, and wise administration, that these had been his whole study and employment.” We are indebted to the Founder of the English monarchy for the admirable trial by jurymen.
Henry III. is crowned within the cathedral of Gloucester, 1216. The hostile Spauish fleet off Algiers is destroyed by a storm, 1541.
The great storm of fifty-two days, which encountered Drake at the entrance of the South Sea, abates, 1578. They rendezvoused in 30'.
Prince George, husband to Anne of England, was “of a familiar easy disposition, with a good sound understanding, but modest in showing it ; very fat, loved news, bis bottle, and the Queen.”
The destruction of Lima with the sea-port of Callao, 1746.
The Duchess of Devonshire's Greek compliment to Sir William Jones upon receiving his ode in imitation of Callistratus, 1784 : “ The Graces, seeking a shrine that would never decay, found the soul of Jones.”
The Peace between Naples and Tripoli is concluded, 1828.
Let us then suppose the mind to be, as we say, white paper, void of all characters without any ideas; how comes it to be furnished ? Wbence comes it by that vast store which the busy and boundless fancy of man has painted on it, with an almost endless variety? Whence has it all the materials of reason and knowledge ? To this I answer, in one word, from Experience : in that all our knowledge is founded; and from that it ultimately derives itself. These two are the Sources of knowledge; external, sensible objects, and the internal operations of our minds, perceived and reflected on by ourselves; from whence all the ideas we have, or can naturally have, do spring.
Locke. Day. Births.
IV. Cal. 29.
Archbishop (George) Abbot, Abp. Agelnoth, the Good, 1038. 1562, Guildford.
John Earl of Mar, 1572. Edmund Halley, 1656, St. Leo - Sir Walter Raleigh, 1618. beh. nard's, Shoreditch.
Old Palace-yard. (St. MarJoseph Francis Duché de Vancy, garet's.) 1668, Paris.
Sir John Radcliffe, 1627. killed,
Isle of Rhe.
Bishop (George) Morley, 1684.
died, Farnham Castle. We should have had as furi. Melchizedec Thevenot, 1692. d. ous a war as ever, both upon us,
Issy, near Paris. and among us, in the days of our Sir Robert Atkyns, Junior, 1711. late famous sovereign, Queen John Boivin de Villeneuve, Elizabeth, if Pope Pius's Bull 1726. could have gored as well as he Admiral (Edward) Vernon, could bellow. Raleigh. 1757.
Touissant Remond de St. Mard,
1757. d. Paris.
John Le Rond d'Alembert,
George Morland, 1804. London.
in Dauphiné, c. 575.
A man born free, who is unlettered, is to be regarded as a beast, or a man void of understanding.
Alfred. ...... 712