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The world is still deceiv'd with ornament.
In law, what plea so tainted and corrupt,
But, being season'd with a gracious voice,
Obscures the show of evil? In religion,
What damn'd error, but some sober brow
Will bless it, and approve it with a text,
Hiding the grossness with fair ornament?


ANCIENT DRAMA. A list in chronological order of the recorded satirical dramatists of Greece will but shadow the palmy state of the liberty men.' The three habits of Comedy” are denoted by the manners, or those laws' (of course evaded by refinement) which restrained the license of some particular mode of scenic abuse.

Old Comedy. Its father is EPICHARMUS of Sicily, the Pythagorean. The next in sequence are Phormis, a contemporary, Dinolochus, Euetes, Euxenides, Mylus, Chionides, Magnes, Cratinus, Crates, Ecphantides, Pisander, Epilycus, Callias, Hermippus, Myrtilus, Lysimachus, Hegemon, Sophron, Phrynichus, Lycis, Leucon, Lysippus, Eupolis, ArisTOPHANES, Aristomenes, Ameipsias, Teleclides, Pherecrates, Plato, Diocles, Sannyrio, Philyllius, Hipparchus, Archippus, Polyzelus, Philonides, Xenophon, Arcesilaus, Autocrates, Eunicus, Apollophanes, Nicomachus, Cephisodorus, Metagenes, Nicophon, Cantharus, Nicochares, Strattis, Alcæus, Xenarchus, and Theopompus.

Middle Comedy. Eubulus we find exhibiting, B.C. 375, Araros, Antiphanes, Anaxandrides, Calliades, Nicostratus (or Philetærus), Philippus, Anaxilas, Ophelion, Callicrates, Heraclides, Alexis, Amphis, Axionicus, Cratinus, Eriphus, the plagiary, Epicrates, Stephanus

(B. C. 332), Strato, Aristophon, Euphron, Sotades, Augeas, Ephippus, { Heniochus, Epigenes, Mnesimachus, Timotheus, Sophilus, Antidotus, į Nau(si)crates, Xenarchus, and the valued Dromo.

New Comedy. Aristotle blends with it the preceding class. Philippides, who takes the lead, flourished B. C. 335, Philemon, MENANDER, Apollodorus Geloüs, Diphilus, Dionysius of Sinope, Timocles, Theophilus, Sosippus, Anaxippus, Demetrius, Archedicus, Sopater, Damox. enus, Hegesippus (or Crobylus), Philemon, Plato junior, Theognetus, Bathon, Diodorus of Sinope, and Posidippus. Comedy then passed into Roman hands, Livius Andronicus, Nevius, Ennius, Pacuvius, Cecilius, Accius, Plautus, and Terence, of all the most refined. The millennial voice shuts the page of folly, blood, and superstition.

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it boly.-Decalogue.

Ne was there none of the muses nine,
But at this wedding, plainly for to tell,
Was Cerberus, chief porter of hell:
And Acheron, father to Hatred,
Was there present with his whole kindred,
His wife also with her brows black,
And her daughters, sorrow for to make,
Hideously cheered, and ugly for to see,
Megara and Tisiphone,
Alecto eke; with cruel Death in his rent weed.-Lydgate's Jocasta.





John Dussaulx, 1728, Chartres. Thos. Holand, Earl of Kent, Cal. Sir James Eyre, 1734, Wilts.

1360. 28.

Peter Sue, 1739, Paris. St. Francis of Sales, 1622.
Philip Francis Fabre d'Eglan- Giovanni Baglione, 1644.
tine, 1755, Carcassone. Sir John Banks, 1664. Oxford.

Mary II. (of England) 1694.

d. Kensington.(Westminster.) A prince of Argos begging

Peter Bayle, 1706. Rotterdam

on the Meuse.
his bread—The man, lately so
celebrated for his great talents,

Joseph Piton de Tournefort,

1708. d. Paris. high birth, and exalted rank,

Admiral Victor Marie d'Estrées, was now reduced to the lowest

1737. d. Paris.
state of human wretchedness, an
object of commiseration to every

Dr. John Campbell, 1775. St. body who beheld bim. Such of

George the Martyr, Westm. us who extended the hand to

John Logan, 1788. d. London.

Dr. C. Burney, 1817. Deptford. him, or consoled him with the

John Thomas Serres, 1825. words of pity for his miserable condition, could not leave him without abundance of tears. I am not of that opinion to

Moschion. conclude a poet's liberty within

the narrow limits of laws, which either the grammarians or phi

losophers prescribe. For before Obits of the Latin Church. they found out those laws, there The Holy Innocents. St. Theo- were many excellent poets that dorus, Abbot of Tabenna, 367. fulfilled them.

Jonson on Sophocles.

Honour thy father and thy mother. -Decalogue.

... 850 w

Instead of knives we're arm’d with naked swords,
And swallow firebrands in the place of food :
Daggers of Crete are serv'd us for confections,
And for a plate of pease, a fricasee
Of shatter'd spears: the cushions we repose on
Are sbields and breastplates, at our feet a pile
Of slings and arrows, and our foreheads wreath'd
With military ensigns, not with myrtle.-The Bravos.


Tragedy. It seems convenient to trace here by a catalogue the pro. gress of the Tragic muse of Greece. Thespis, the inventor, first exhibited in his waggon, B.C. 535. The successive race are Chærilus, Phrynicus (son of Phradmon), Æschylus, Pratinas, and Sophocles, Aristarchus, Ion Chius, Achæus, Neophron, Euphorion, Cleomachus, and Euripides, Aristeas, Chæremon, Theognis, Nicomachus, Philocles, Agathon (who first exhibited and was crowned B.C. 416), Antiphon, Carcinus, Notbippus, Acestor, Pythangelus, Xenocles, Sthenelus, Morsimus, Melanthius, Morychus, Iophon, Cleophon, Astydamas, Meletus, Apharens, Diogenes, Euripides junior, Dionysius tyrannus, Astydamas junior, Sophocles junior, Dicæogenes, and Theodectes, who died about B.C. 334. This illusory species of representation did not thrive among a people who were accustomed to the atrocities of the Circus. The greatest Roman tragedian (Æsop) was an intimate of Cicero.

The twenty-eighth of the Hebrew month Thebet was a feast for the exclusion of the Sadducees from the Sanhedrim, the seat of all their power. This sect, in opposition to the Pharisees and Essens, denied fatality; or the interference of providence with human affairs; and asserted the soul's oblivion, or the brutality of man.

CHILDERMAS. The Herodian massacre attested by St. Matthew, is mentioned also by Macrobius. In former days the society of the Middle Temple observed certain follies upon this christian anniversary.

Roman festivals to the god • Phæbus,' from yesterday of three days.

The Primate's injunction to the nunnery at Godstow that public prayers on this day should not any more be said by little girls, 1278.

Wickliff divulges his opinions upon the Pope's mandate, 1377.
Robert Earl of Leicester's triumphal entry at the Hague, 1585.
A Spanish ordinance, establishing stamped paper in America, 1638.

Thou shalt not Kill. 1. By hatred. 2. By revengeful anger. 3. By reproaches. 4. By occasioning of bloodshed. 5. By contriving man's death. 6. By actual murder. 7. By neglecting the preservation of man's life. Decalogue.

....... 851 .........

Is there a man just, bonest, nobly born ?---
Malice shall hunt him down. Does wealth attend him?
Trouble is hard behind...Conscience direct ---
Beggary is at his heels: is he an Artist ?---
Farewell repose! An equal upright Judge ?---
Report shall blast his virtues: is he strong !--.
Sickness shall sap his strength ; account that day,
Which brings no new mischance, a day of rest,
For what is man?-Sotades.




IV. John Baptist Massac, 1687, Archbishop (Thomas) Becket,

1170. assass. Canterbury. 29.

Sebastian Castalio, 1563. d.

Basil. Miracles must not be com- John Chastel, 1594. erec. Paris. pared to common natural events; Henry Cundall, 1627. buried, or, to events which, though un- Aldermanbury. common, are similar to what we Viscount (William) Stafford, daily experience; but to the 1680. executed, Tower, extraordinary phenomena of na- Dr. Thomas Sydenham, 1689. ture, and then the comparison St. James's, Westminster. will be, between the presumption George Matthias Koenig, 1699. against miracles, and the pre- Dr. Brook Taylor, 1731. Scho. sumption against such uncom- Joseph Saurin, 1737. d. Paris. mon appearances, suppose, as Gabrielle Susanne Barbot de comets, and against there being Villeneuve, 1755. any such powers in nature as Toussaint Gaspard Taconnet, magnetism and electricity. 1774. d. Paris. Bishop Butler. Daniel Wray, aged 82, 1783.

John George le Franc de Pom

pignan, 1790. d. Paris. Obits of the Latin Church.

M. David, 1825. d. Brussels. St. Marcellus, Abbot of the Acametes, c. 486.

Dowe know what we are about, St. Evroul (or Ebrulpus), Abbot when we endeavour to promote

of Ouche in Normandy, 596. the good of mankind in any Saint Thomas, Martyr, 1170.

ways, but those which He has directed ?-Of the nature of Virtue.

Thou shalt not commit adultery.- Decalogue.

Though I go bare, take ye no care, I nothing am a-cold;
I stuff my skin so full within, of jolly good ale and old.
I love no roast, but a nut-brown toast, and a crab laid in the fire;
A little bread shall do me stead, much bread I nought desire ;
No frost, no snow, no wind, I trow, can hurt me if I wold,
I am so wrapt, and thoroughly lapt of jolly good ale and old.
Back and side go bare, go bare, both foot and band go cold;
But, belly, God send thee good ale enough, whether it be new or old.


ALPHABET. The origin of writing, or the use of abstract letters, where all profane history must begin, may be dated soon after the dispersion. Sanchoniatho mentions Isiris,' the brother of Chnaa, who was called the first Phænician, as the inventor of three letters. Cadmus introduced among the Greeks (see Herodotus), A. M. 2549, sixteen Phænician (Egyptian) characters. Palamides, at the time of the Trojan war, added four, 8, 14, 21, 22: and Simonides, B.C. 500, gave them the remainder, 6, 7, 23, 24. The Hebrew (original) alphabet of twentytwo letters drops the aspirates · Phi’ and Omega. Aleph (Aur) in ancient Syriac, or the Strangelo dialect, Olaf, the elemental letter, of which the olive is a vegetable emblem, expresses the creative principle, signifying Light. The characters of all the primitive nations varied with their tongues both in number and form, or the design of Provi. dence, which was to prevent a combination in idolatry, would have been directly violated. When the world shall revert again to one speech we may then imagine the extinction of the entire race of Cain, earthquakes, wars, dearth, and pestilence. The first use of “paper-books,” from the bark of the papyrus, or byblos, is attributed by Pliny to Alexander. That instrument of good most probably introduced it among the Greeks. If we can discover the sources' of poetry, music, and geometry, it may be interesting also to look for the foundations of literature.

The opening of the month · Tybi' in the new Egyptian year.
Spenser's Tears of the Muses” is entered by William Ponsonby,
Complaints, containing sundry small poems of the world's vanity,' 1590.
The Convention' parliament is dissolved by Charles II. 1660.
The banishing and disabling act against Lord Clarendon, 1667.
Turenne's famous triumph at Mulhausen over the Germans, 1674.
The Old Haymarket Theatre is opened with a French comedy, 1720.
Commodore Keppel takes the African Goree from the French, 1758.
The Romulian year of 'ten' months terminates upon this day.

Thou shalt not steal.-Decalogue.

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