The Crisis of the Sugar Colonies; Or, An Enquiry Into the Objects and Probable Effects of the French Expedition to the West Indies: And Their Connection with the Colonial Interests of the British Empire. To which are Subjoined, Sketches of a Plan for Settling the Vacant Lands of Trinidada

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J. Hatchard, 1802 - 222 páginas
Written as four public letters condemning the intention by the French to reinstate older slavery practices on its colonies in the West Indies. James Stephen became a supporter of the abolution movement and became involved with an anti-slavery group.
 

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Página 129 - Taxation is no part of the governing or legislative power. The taxes are a voluntary gift and grant of the Commons alone. In legislation the three estates of the realm are alike concerned, but the concurrence of the Peers and the Crown to a tax, is only necessary to clothe it with the form of a law. The gift and grant is of the Commons alone.
Página 11 - It is, therefore, the business of the drivers, not only to urge forward the whole gang with sufficient speed, but sedulously to watch that all in the line, whether male or female, old or young, strong or feeble, work as nearly as possibe lin equal time, and with equal effect.
Página 11 - All must work, or pause together. I have taken this species of work as the strongest example : But other labours of the plantation are conducted upon the same principle, and, as nearly as may be practicable, in the same manner. When the nature of the work does not admit of the slaves being drawn up in...
Página 10 - As the trenches, are generally rectilinear, and the whole line of holers advance together, it is necessary that every hole or section of the trench should be finished in equal time with the rest...
Página 211 - ... the labourers under their management, as well as those who shall absent themselves from their plantations without a pass, and of those who residing on the plantations shall refuse to work; they shall be forced to go to the labour of the field, and if they prove obstinate, they shall be arrested and carried before the military commandant, in order to suffer the punishment above prescribed, according to the exigence of the case, the punishment being fine and imprisonment.
Página 10 - Each of the drivers, who are always the most active and vigorous Negroes on the estate, has in his hand, or coiled round his neck, from which, by extending the handle, it can be disengaged in a moment, a long, thick, and strongly plaited whip, called a cart-whip ; the report of which is as loud, and the lash as severe, as those of the whips in common use with our waggoners; and which he has authority to apply at the instant when his eye perceives an occasion, without any previous warning.
Página 10 - ... to throw in the hoe with less rapidity or energy than their companions in other parts of the line, it is obvious that the work of the latter must be suspended ; or else, such part of the trench as is passed over by the former, will be more imperfectly formed than the rest. It is, therefore, the business of the drivers, not only to urge forward the whole gang with sufficient speed, but...
Página 9 - When employed in the labour of the field, as, for example, in holeing a cane-piece, that is, turning up the ground with hoes into parallel trenches, for the reception of the cane plants, the slaves of both sexes, from twenty., perhaps, to fourscore in number, are drawn out in a line like troops on a parade, each with a hoe in his hand ; and...
Página 209 - ... intention to evade work, even those of both sexes, who have not been employed in field labour since the revolution, are required to return immediately to their respective plantations, if in the course of eight days from the promulgation of this present regulation, they shall not produce sufficient proof to the commanding officers in the...
Página 11 - ... superintendence and coercion In carrying the canes, for instance, from the field to the mill, they are marched in files, each with a bundle on his head, and with the driver in the rear. His voice quickens their pace, and his whip, when necessary, urges on those who attempt to deviate, or loiter on their march.

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