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not content to see half the farmers, its operations, the public has not and landlords, and productive classes bad before it sufficient data to form of the United Kingdom, tamely sink right conclusions. It is proposed into ruin, because the other half to supply the information wanted, have been so sacrificed-struggle in plain language and in a cheap and to prevent it. And if there be any concentrated shape. And it is hoped other effectual and practicable mode that the Work, now offered to the of relief than partially retracing public, may be the means of imour steps, let it be adopted. But pressing on the country, truths low prices are difficult to cure in that may dispose it to take such any other way than by raising them; steps as will surely, though in a and they can be raised, under a sound peaceful and legal way, protect the and convertible currency, to that li- remnant of its just property; and so mited extent which would give relief prevent results which are frightful without any breach of public faith. to contemplate. Should this happy Unless that shall be falsely construed expectation not be disappointed, into breach of faith, which seeks to no greater reward can attend the restore the fair and long-accustomed labours of this publication. proportions between every class of private property; having reference, Of course, in a work of this kind, at the same time, to the, absolute all the Members of the Society cantaxation pressing upon each. not be responsible for every word

The home trade is particularly contained in it: even the Committee affected by the present systein. can only answer for an adherence, The shopkeepers of every provincial in the main, to the general principles, town can bear witness to this. The in which the society is agreed. distress in agriculture extends itself Local Committees will be imme. thrcugh every other branch of labour diately formed. and production connected with the The Agricultural Associations home trade. It is surely better that which have sprung up so numerously all these branches should make an in consequence of distress, are espeeffort together, than that agriculture cially requested to take active steps should resist single-banded. Let to introduce the circulation of the then the common interests of real pro- Magazine in every Market Town perty and of labour, rested in the agri- and District. Agriculture being culture, manufactures, shipping and admitted on all hands to be the founcommerce of the United Kingdom, be dation of the great home trade, which cemented. Let these powerful in- is so miserably depressed. terests consider themselves as one, With a view to this, the Local and contend in a body against that Committees are requested to comcruel system which is so fatally un- municate with the Agricultural Asdermining their whole vigour and sociations in their districts. stability. Then we may hope again Annual subscriptions of £ 1., and to see the day when British vested donations, to be paid to Local Comcapital shall receive its due profit, and mittees, or into the Bank of Mat. British labour reap permanent employ- thias Attwood, Esq. M. P. Gracement and its full reward.

church Street, London. In consequence of the insidious The Second Number will be pubprogress of the disease wbich has lished on the 1st of November : to be cured, and the studious efforts the succeeding Numbers twice a which have been made to conceal month.- Price 2d.

THE

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ENCOURAGEMENT OF DOMESTIC INDUSTRY, AND FOR PROMOTING EFFECTUAL RELIEF FROM

THE GENERAL DISTRESS.

1834.

LONDON:
JAMES COCHRANE AND CO.

11, WATERLOO PLACE, PALL MALL.

SOLD ALSO WHOLESALE BY
CROOXBRIDGE, PANYER ALLEY, PATERNOSTER ROW ; WALKLEY, CHELSEA ; THOMPSON AND NEWBY,

BURY ST. EDMUND's; E. COLLINGS, BATH; WRIGHTSON AND WEBB, BIRMINGHAM; J. NOBLE,
BOSTON; LODER, BRIGHTON; ATKINSON, BRADFORD ; THURNIAM AND SCOTT, CARLISLE ;
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EDINBURGH ; SMITH AND SON, GLASGOW ; AND A. BROWN AND CO. ABERDEEN.
The Third Number will be Published on the 15th of November. -Price 2d.

Printed by W. Nicol, Pall Mull.

COMMITTEE.

Chairman-E. S. CAYLEY, Esq., M.P. Yorkshire, N.R. Ilon. D. G. Hallyburton, M.P. Forfarshire. Hesketh Fleetwood, Esq., M.P. Preston. Sir G. Cayley, Bart. M.P. Scarborough. W.C. Harland, Esq., M.P. Durham. Sir Hyde Parker, Bart. M.P. Suffolk. H. Lambert, Esq., M.P. Wexfordshire. Sir R. B. W. Bulkeley, Bart. M.P. Anglesea. E. C. Lister, Esq., M.P. Bradford. Sir C. Burrell, Bart. M.P. Rape of Bramber. J. Maxwell, Esq., M.P. Lanarkshire. Sir Eardley Wilmot, Bt. M.P. Warwickshire. R. A. Oswald, Esq., M.P. Ayrshire. A. Chapman, Esq., M.P. Whitby.

G. R. Robinson, Esq. M.P. Worcester.
R. W. Hall Dare, Esq., M.P. Essex.

G. Sinclair, Esq., M.P. Caithness-shire.
L. W. Dillwyn, Esq., M.P. Glamorganshire. C. Tyrell, Esq., M.P. Suffolk.
John Fielden, Esq., M.P. Oldham.

G. F. Young, Esq., M.P. Tynemouth.
George Finch, Esq., M.P. Stamford.
Honorary Secretary-R. MONTGOMERY MARTIN, Esq. F.S.S.,

11, Waterloo Place, Pall Mall, London.

CORRESPONDING MEMBERS. Aylesbury-Henry T. Rudge, Esq. Macclesfield-Mr. Swingerton. Belfast.J. E. Tennent, Esq. M. P. Malton-W. Worsley, Esq. BeverleyT. Sandwith, Esq. Manchester-W. Clegg, Esq. Birmingham-G. F. Muntz, Esq. Northallerton-Right Hon. The Earl Bolton-Mr. Thos. Myerscough. of Tyrconnel. Bury St. Edmund's—R. Dalton, Esq. Nottingham- Mr. John Crosby. CurlisleMr. C. Thurnham.

Oldham-Mr. W. Fittun. CambridgeJas. B. Bernard, Esq. Pocklington—Major-Gen. Sir H. M.

King's College, Cambridge. Vavasour, Bart. Cowbridge–Richard Franklin, Esq. Richmond -0. Tomlin, Esq. Darlington-Francis Mewburn, Esq. Ripon-D. Cayley, Esq. Doncaster-Sir W. Cooke, Bart. Scarborough-E. H. Hebden, Esq. Durham-H. J. Spearman, Esq. Stockton-on-Tees-Thomas Meynell, EdinburghThe Rt. Hon. Sir John Esq. Sinclair, Bart.

Swansea-Joseph Bird, Esq. Exeter-Ralph Barnes, Esq. Tamworth-J. Holte Bracebridge, GrecnockR. Wallace, Esq. M.. P. Esq. Huddersfield Mr. Richard Dastler. Warwick-Chandos Leigh, Esq. Hull-Janies Iveson, Esq.

Whitby-Dr. Loy. KnaresboroughMr. John Howgate. Worcester-R. Spooner, Esq and Leicester-Sir Edmund Hartopp, Bt. J. M. Gutch, Esq. Linlithgowshire~W. D. Gillon, Esq. Yurk --Thomas Laycock, Esq.

M.P.

Communications to be sent to the Secretary, post paid.

* A LONG PULL, AND A STRONG PULL, AND A PULL ALL-TOGETHER,

FOR BETTER PRICES, BETTER PROFITS, AND BETTER WAGES.

The productive classes and the owners of that an increased production was exactly real property are agreed that things cannot the thing to suit an increased population ; go on as they are—that they are no longer to but then we were not political economists. be endured, either in point of expediency, or This was a doctrine held by the wise about of morality, for they are a premium on dis- 1821 or 1822, and lasting a few months ; affection and crime. “We know we are dis- however, we may suppose it did not satisfy tressed; but how are we to better ourselves?” the wisdom of the wise, for they shortly --that is the question ; a question often put, after promulgated a new doctrine, just the and as often answered. But there is an old opposite of the former, viz., that production saying which some of our readers may have was too scanty "and, therefore, we must already heard, that none are so deaf as have provision from abroad, and therefore those that won't hear.” Our business is to no Corn Laws. try to make them hear.

This was even still more dexterous logic " But you are currency men! we will than the other. The farmers had been half have nothing to do with you ; you want us ruined in 1820, 1821, 1822, by Peel's Bill to change the currency!" This sounds very causing prices to fall one half; this naturally terrible; aye, a person who does not even enough distressed not only the farmer, but know the meaning of the word currency is the farm labourers, and every one depentaught to shrink from the sound as from dent upon agriculture, the landlords, the the hiss of an adder. But who taught shopkeepers, the manufacturers for the home the world this dread alarm at a simple word? market, in all above 20,000,000 of the popuEvery one remembers the story of Bel and lation of the United Kingdom. They had, the Dragon in the Apocrypha :-the Pagan indeed, very good reason to be distressed, Priests taught the people the necessity of for the millions upon millions of their pribringing to the temple much of their sub- vate and public debts and engagements had stance to satisfy the enormous cravings of been nearly, if not quite, doubled by Peel's their ravenous idol. It was one day dis- Bill. The payment of all these engagecovered that this was a very convenient doc- ments depending upon the profitable sale of trine for the teachers to preach. Now it their productions, and on the same quick has so happened (of course quite accidentally) demand on their factories, their shops, and that the greatest oracles, both in and out of their labour, as existed when these engageParliament, who have declaimed so much ments were contracted, it is not wonderful against any alteration or modification of that they were pressed down to the earth when Mr. Peel's currency bill of 1819, have been their productions or goods only sold for half proved, either to have been in the grossest what they did before. If all that used to ignorance on the subject, or to have had a constitute profit were taken up in meeting an direct interest in maintaining it in all its engagement which remained exactly the cruel and devastating rigour. This may be same in its nominal amount, although the all very right; but, to say the least, it looks means to pay it were halved, what surplus a little suspicious.

could the farmer or manufacturer have to Being ourselves good easy folks, we should lay out in the decencies, comforts, or in not have overstrained matters, or have been many cases, even in the necessaries of life? over inquisitive into the origin of this mis- What wonder that the shopkeeper failed chief, if any of the various projects with when he had laid in a large stock of goods which our Pagan Priests (setting up this which nobody could buy? What wonder golden calf for their worship) have pro- that distress came on all these classes, which posed to hoodwink us, had even partially live by selling to each other, when none succeeded. It certainly was very clever to could buy of the other? Of what value tell us, through their great high priest, was labour, when the things it made could Mr. Ricardo, that we had at one and the not be sold, except under the cost price? same time too much population and also Oh! how dexterous a remedy it was to too much production; that the more people whisper the soothing doctrine of free trade we had the less they consumed; and that into the ears of these miserable beings;this was the grand source of our distress. to tell them that their distress would be Living in the country and unused to inge- best relieved by allowing others to produce nious modes of discoursing and treating of and to sell instead of them! Oh! how condifficult subjects, this wonderful discovery soling for them to hear that the cloth which had quite escaped us. Poor, plain country they made, the goods which they sold, the folks as we are, we had always imagined labour which they employed, the ships which they navigated, the corn which they pro. be the interest of one labourer, engaged in duced, by which they had all lived and been one species of production, it is the interest made happy, were to come in from a foreign of another labourer engaged in another line land.

of production. What ingenuity it displayed at a time This will be a caution to the industrious when the grossest ignorance or wickedness classes always to remember that their inin legislation had brought us down from our terests as producers are much greater than high estate,—when ruin was upon the face of as consumers. But can this be said of the land, when our rulers, under the infa- the Jews, the fundholders, and the fixed tuation of these Pagan Priests, had bound annuitants? Abstractedly speaking, their us hand and foot to the worse than a mar. principal interest is directly the reverse tyr's stake of a profitless production, and of of that of the industrious classes :—their making bricks without straw;—when we had chief interest is, doubtless, as consumers. been filched of our capacities to buy from And it is because they were few in number one another ; just at that moment, what in that they laid that scheme to which we have genuity, we repeat, and yet how diaboli- just alluded, viz.: to persuade the induscal a spirit it displayed, to taunt us with our trious classes that they were consumers rather powerless disability to constitute a market than producers; and they thought if they to each other, and to tell us to go far and thus won over, by practising on its credulity, wide-anywhere save in our fatherland—for so numerous a body in the country, their that market, which, but for them, we might insidious plot would succeed. It has suchonestly, cheerfully, and contentedly, as ceeded for a time. Will it continue to heretofore, have obtained at home.

succeed? We are delighted to think, that Well have the Jews of the present day a ray of light is glimmering on the horizon avenged their treatment by the Christians in which promises to dispel a cloud of infatuaa more barbarous age; and well might the tion and error on the subject. Christians of to-day repeat the desponding Was it reasonable to expect that these words of Shylock the Jew,

two parties should long continue to sail in Nay, take my life and all, pardon not that:

the same boat? Behold the one,-a fixed You take my house, when you do take the prop

annuitant of £1000. a year; £1000. a year That does sustain my house : you take my life, -whether wages are good or bad, prices and When you do take the means wbereby i live.

profits are high or low—the same one thouIndeed, indeed, we cannot too often repeat sand pounds a year ! Supposing it neceswhat Mr. Bernard has said in his able work- sary for this annuitant to lay out money that “ Mr. Ricardo's plan of exhibiting land- in furnishing a house. Before Peel's Bill owners and farmers in the most odious light passed, the furniture would have cost (say) possible to their fellow creatures was really £1000. Now that most things are fallen a profound one; the idea of sowing dissen- half,—the furniture only costs £500.; and sions amongst all who happened to be en- he has £500. left to extort additional gaged in production, by making a part, and luxuries, at half cost, out of the vested capital, that the most numerous part, believe that the ingenuity, the anxiety, and the sweat of they were consumers rather than the pro- the productive classes. So far, indeed, ducers, and setting them in this way against these fixed annuitants have a greater power those who were sailing actually in the same to buy goods than they had before, and to boat with them--the landowner and farmer, that extent to increase the demand for goods; in order to weaken the united influence of but do the right results follow, from this the entire body, was an admirable contri- increase of riches, to the rest of the comvance for strengthening the hands of the munity? Let the profitless producer and fundholder and enabling him to obtain his the half starved weaver answer this question. favourite object of low prices.”

What however is the consumption of goods Here, after all, is the great secret of our by a mere handful of fixed annuitants comcondition; we, the productive classes, cannot pared with that of the whole of the popula. separate our situation as consumers and tion ? and that a productive population,producers. We are all producers; what (at least which was, -and it shall not be our then is our interest? Can we be any longer fault if it be not so again :) productive, we cheated out of the conviction that it must mean, of profit and good wages to the sellers, be profitable production? What interest as much as it is of convenience and luxury have we in the prices of other things come to the buyers. pared with the prices of what we produce But we trifle time;" the industrious ourselves ? Every labourer, on an average, classes are already aroused from the dreamy produces four times as much as he con- vision of a profitless, low priced, low sumes. Can there be a doubt where his waged free trade. They see now that the interest lies? That his object should be, interest of one home producer is the inand his lasting interest must always be, to terest of another; and they have learnt have his production sell well? And if it that the divine rule " Do unto others as you

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