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14s. Id., has been collected by the “BIBLE transmitting to other nations above fiftySOCIETY," to spread the knowledge of the seven millions sterling to procure food for truth as it is in Jesus, amidst the regions our inhabitants ! lying in darkness upon the out-skirts of the We have declined far into the sear and British Empire; what has been subscribed yellow leaf of national decadence. Neverto remove the British people themselves, - theless it is still possible to retrieve our the bulwark of Christianity, and of the Pro- steps : whilst there is life there is hope, testant faith-out of the shadow of death in and where the will is not wanting there is which they now sit? We have our Anti- a way. The only effectual means of reSlavery Society; where is our Anti-Pau- trieving our condition is by unanimity and perism Society? We have our associations union. If a Central Society of all the profor moral objects, for educational objects, ducing classes interested in the protection for scientific objects, where is our association of domestic industry, had the confidence of for sociaL OBJECTS ? “I have striven,” all the local societies, our social economy says a faithful monitor,“ by sea and by land would shortly cease to be a system of mutual where British power has asserted British impoverishment, strangulation, and hostiomnipotence; and I have walked through lity. Society would no longer labour under those factories where British labour asserts the withering dominion of a Plutocracy the supremacy of British industry--the battening upon the ruin of all the indusagonies of the wounded, the sight of the trious classes. A Jew would cease to have dying and of the dead, I can bear, but the more sway over the money-market than sight of the emaciated beings of the men, King, Lords, or Commons. A handful of the women, and the children, who people meal monopolists would not be permitted these lazar-houses—I cannot contemplate.” to impose a heavier and more objectionable Yes ! if England is swept with the besom of tax (124 per cent.) than any laid on our destruction—ifa Robespierre arises to drown necessities by Government. Then the anher in blood, or a Napoleon to consume her nual accumulation of capital, amounting in with fire, let no one presume to call it revo- the City of London alone to 12,000,0001., lution, it will be RETRIBUTION. For years which the owners do not know how to lay past we have pursued a system of social eco- out, and of which in late years 70,000,0001. nomy which has converted the human breast has been sent out of the country in foreign into a lair of stormy and discordant passions; loans, would (according to the suggestion and superinduced a state in which man finds of the celebrated Watson, bishop of Llanno longer in man a brother, or a dwelling daff, who, considering that “ the country place of rest and of comfort on the plains of cannot be brought to that perfection of his inheritance. Frederick the Great, in cultivation of which it is capable, unless comparatively a barbarous age, and in a poor individual efforts are aided and accelerated and barren state, laid out yearly about by public wisdom and munificence.” said, 300,0001. sterling in the encouragement of that “without boasting of any particular agricultural improvement, which he con- patriotism, he would willingly pay his sidered manure spread upon the share of twenty or thirty millions of pubground" to secure an abundant harvest; and, lic money to be appropriated by the legislainstead of being impoverished by such libe- ture to the agricultural improvement of ral grants, he was thereby enabled to leave Great Britain and Ireland,”) be expended for a treasure behind him amounting to upwards objects of far nearer concern to our indeof 12,000,0001. The Government of this pendence and happiness as a nation than country for a few years gave 500l. to en- any extension of commerce, or any acquisicourage agriculture, and in the space of 20 tion of distant territory, ever can be. Even years we were under the fatal necessity of in providing that every essential road in this
country shall be completed, every railway Agricultural Petitions have been hitherto or tramway that may be beneficial formed, treated by the Legislature, and to urge their every canal cut where necessary, every em. conviction, that nothing is so likely to ensure bankment made, every tract of waste land such universal and vigorous co-operation as cultivated, every required harbour erected, shall compel the attention of Parliament to and, in a word, every cause removed which our distressed condition, as the formation of now renders labour unremunerative, and in- a general Central Association in London ; to dustry unblest.
the proceedings of which, all parts of the · Let then the various Agricultural Asso- kingdom may have the opportunity of conciations scattered throughout the country, tributing their support." and which are so powerless for want of union, connect themselves with some one Central Declaration of the East Kent Agricultural Association which will be a nucleus for
Association. their efforts, and through which they may
February 1834. act with effect on the legislature, and let “ The East Kent Agricultural Association, other Associations of the producing classes is established with a view to promote the which desire the protection of domestic in- prosperity of Agriculture, by the mutual codustry, join the same central body; for they operation of the proprietors and occupiers may rest assured that whatever superficial of land. differences may appear in their views, their It is far from the wish or design of this real interests are one and the same. The Society, by the powerful influence of comSociety conducting this Magazine seems bination and union, to acquire any partial well fitted for the nucleus which is so de- benefit, to the public prejudice; or to ensirable; it should be extended and made croach on those duties and privileges which more general; it is gratifying however to attach exclusively to the King's governsee that so many Associations have already ment and to the wisdom and discretion of sent in their adhesion to it.
The prosperity of Agriculture is necesWe shall conclude this article with the sarily dependent upon the flourishing confollowing communications from the East dition of the nation at large. Our fellow Kent Agricultural Association, which bear subjects are our principal customers; and on the subject of it.
as their collective wealth is the measure of
their ability to pay, so must that ability be (Copy.)
the measure of remuneration to the AgriCommittee Monthly and Special Meeting, culturist for the outlay of his capital, and 25th July 1835.
for the exercise of his skill. Proposed by F. Bradley, Esq., Seconded Should our manufactures, our foreign by W. O. Hammond, Esq., and
commerce, and our general trade unfortuResolved, “That the Secretary is requested nately decline, the cultivators of the soil to express to the Marquis of Chandos, the cannot fail to experience a corresponding cordial thanks of this Committee, for his depression. zealous exertions in behalf of the Agricul- As Agriculturists, therefore, we have no ture of the kingdom; and to assure his separate interests. We acknowledge ourLordship of their readiness to co-operate with selves to be intimately united in prosperity the gentlemen who attended the meeting on or adversity with our fellow countrymen of Wednesday last, in preparing Petitions, as every description ; with them we must flou.suggested by the resolution adopted on that rish, or with them we must fall. day; they cannot, however, forbear to ex- We utterly disclaim any party object, or press their regret at the neglect with which any political purpose direct or indirect. A restless interference in public affairs is in- incumbrances are increasing, and their means consistent with the nature of our occupa- diminishing, do not seek to discover the real tions, and foreign to our inclinations and cause of the evil and unite to obtain the propursuits. We have on all occasions evinced per remedy." that quiet and unobtrusive obedience to the It will be the object of this Association, laws, and that patience under protracted to vindicate themselves from whatever just difficulties, which constitute the surest test reproach may be contained in these remarks, of confidence in the Government and of The time is arrived, when endurance withfaithful allegiance to the King. We pre- out exertion, would be apathy and supinesume not to arrogate to ourselves any supe- ness. We will, therefore, diligently apply rior discernment, in reference to those ourselves to the examination of the evils complicated relations which connect the which oppress us, and endeavour to trace general interests of the nation. We are them to their cause : but we will leave the aware that these difficult and important remedy to those whose duty it is to consider considerations require a kind of knowledge every question of legislation, not in refer. and an extent of sagacity to which our ence to one class alone, but to the general habits, occupations, and experience can give interests of the commonwealth. us no pretensions. We are willing, there- We are induced, at the present time to fore, with entire submission, to leave all associate for mutual counsel and support, measures of legal enactment to the wisdom under circumstances which are calculated of the Legislature.
to excite the most serious alarm in the minds But we feel that it will be within the limit of all men who are capable of reflection. of our just and reasonable exertions, and It is not under the influence of disappointscarcely less our duty than our interest, to ment at the disappearance of former exage aid the deliberations of Parliament by the gerated profits, that we are induced thus to assertion of such facts, and by such state- unite: but under a certain conviction that ments relative to our condition, as may continued returns, inadequate to the outlay tend to render that condition well-known of our capital, must occasion ultimate and and understood.
speedy ruin, and by involving the Peasantry A Right Honourable Baronet, who holds in our distress, give rise throughout the a distinguished office in his Majesty's Cabi- kingdom to a frightful state of suffering, net, has stated in a publication referring to anarchy and demoralization. the landed interest, that they have a dis- In adverting to the Reports of the Parposition both by prejudice and habit, to liamentary Committee on the state of Agriawait the course of events, and to place im- culture; and to the statements which have plicit reliance on the wisdom of Govern- been published by the Poor Law Commisment, rather than by the exercise of their sioners, we perceive with dismay, the decontroling power to avert the evils which structive operation of those circumstances they foresee, and to provide the defences which are hurrying the country forward to which their safety may require.”
a most appalling crisis. “ The other productive classes," he ob- How dreadful would be the consummaserves, "guard their respective interests in tion, if districts now fertile and abounding a far different manner. If measures threaten in an industrious population, should be to affect the manufacturing or commercial converted into sterile wastes, and the Peabody, all minor differences are merged in the santry abandoned to the effects of want and unanimous opposition which at once is despair, by the insidious but certain absorporganised. But the Agriculturists, while tion of that capital on which their subsisttheir property is melting away, while their ence depends. station in society is in danger, while their If, however, we are not wanting to our
selves, there may yet be opportunity and they could prove their assertions, they time, under the blessing of Divine Provi. would not neglect the opportunity now ofdence, to avert so tremendous a national fered, for if ever war was declared with any catastrophe. It will therefore be the endea- party in a fair and honourable manner, it vour of the East Kent Agricultural Associa- was so on Saturday last; and I must think tion, to contribute all the useful information that when men are attacked and refuse, or which the circumstances of their respective decline, to act on the defensive, they must be localities may furnish. They will endeavour convinced of their own weakness, and thereto qualify themselves by mutual consulta- fore strive to shun that power against which tion and assistance, to aid, if necessary, the they feel unable to contend. deliberations of Parliament with such state- Hoping I am not in error, ments and facts as may result from their I have Sir, the honour to be collective experience and observation."
Your obedient humble Servant, R. B.
Secretary to the Operative Weavers of LonHAND LOOM WEAVERS.
don, 10, Fleur-de-Lys-street, Norton FalWe strain a point to insert, at full length, gate. the following communication on account A Meeting of the Spitalfields Silk Weaof the Meeting mentioned in Mr. Cole's vers, to express their dissatisfaction at the letter. The monopoly by the monied in- conduct of the House of Commons in reterest of the daily press is an evil of the jecting Mr. Maxwell's motion for leave to greatest magnitude : but it will not much bring in a Bill to regulate prices, and in longer avail to keep up the left handed sys. withholding all relief for their distress, took tem which preaches the diffusion of politi- place on the 8th of last month. The meetcal knowledge amongst our distressed work. ing was numerously and respectably at. ing classes, but studiously withholds what. tended. Amongst the company on the platever is calculated to shew the true way out form, we observed the Hon. Douglas Hallyof distress—the path of pleasantness and burton, M.P., John Maxwell, Esq. M.P., peace.
John Fielden, Esq. M.P., Dr. Bowring, M.P.,
R. Broun, Esq., Montgomery Martin, Esq., TO THE SECRETARY OF THE AGRI. Honorary Secretary to the Agricultural and
CULTURAL AND INDUSTRIAL MA. Industrial Magazine, William Connor, Esq., GAZINE.
Author of “Rack-rent the one Great Cause August 14, 1835. of Ireland's Evils," J. Hill, Esq., &c. &c. Sir, I transmit to you for publication, a Mr. Sewell being called to the Chair, read report of the meeting of last Saturday. No the bill concerning the meeting, and said newspaper that I have seen has taken any that, being appointed to preside, he hoped notice of it, which circumstance, I am of every individual present would pay an imopinion, augurs well for the ultimate success partial attention to each speaker, whatever of our cause. The talent and ability, with might be the sentiments to which he might the deep knowledge displayed at the meet- give expression. Several Members of Par. ing by yourself and the other gentlemen liament and other gentlemen were present, who honoured us with their presence, is who would address the meeting, and he exmore that the theorists can cope with ; and pected that day to see his fellow-workmen it is therefore their narrow policy to with. behave with their accustomed spirit and hold the proceedings from the public, be- good sense. cause facts are stubborn things, and weighty Mr. Foster said Mr. Chairman and feltoo, when put in the scale of reason to ba. low workmen,-We having been under the Lance against mere assertion. Sure I am if protection of the law for a regulated price for our labour, it is unnecessary for me to the evidence of the former Committee, to describe the benefits which would result underrate the existence of the distress, or from such a measure ; for half a century we to produce a different conviction upon the were protected, and during that period we minds of the honourable gentlemen who at, enjoyed the comforts which every working tended to receive it. The fact is, the Re. man ought to enjoy. We have had practi- port of the Committee of the present sescal proof of the well working of a regulative sion is in strict accordance with that of the system. We have also had practical proof of last, and yet in spite of all the evidence, in the evil working of the competition or free opposition to the Reports of the two Comlabour system, and the load of evils under mittees, notwithstanding the expense, time, which we are now bowed down, caused us to and trouble bestowed upon the subject, the apply to the Legislature for a return to the House peremptorily rejected the motion of regulative system, not only for a return to our indefatigable FRIEND, Mr. Maxwell, for it for ourselves, but for an extension of its leave to bring in a Bill for our relief. After blessings to the whole of the grievously op- the diligent investigation of the two Compressed body of operative hand loom weavers mittees, which were of the largest ever apthroughout the United Kingdom. You are pointed by the House, I must continue to aware that in consequence of the loud com- think that some respect ought to have been plaints of the operative hand loom weavers, shown to their opinions and decisions.a Committee of the House of Commons, was (Shame, shame!) But I regret to state that appointed in the last session of Parliament, their endeavours for our relief was treated and the decision to which that Committee in a most unceremonious manner; and the came was, “that some legislative enactment introduction of the Bill was resisted by Pouwas imperatively necessary for the removal lett Thompson, upon the ground that not a of existing evils which operate alike injuri. Member, except those on the Committee, ously to master and operative.” Such were had paid any attention to the two large the decisions of the Committee of last Ses- volumes of evidence upon the occasion ; and sion ; the distress of which the hand loom he therefore called upon Mr. Hume to assist weavers complained was found to exist to a his opposition, as they knew nothing at all frightful degree: the facts adduced in evi. of the matter; and by the force and power dence before that Committee were heart. of that reasoning, the House, (the reformed rending, and it was determined to continue House of Commons !) very promptly obeyed the investigation in the present session. A his call; the decision of the House beingCommittee had been granted this session, for Mr. Maxwell's motion, 43; against it but how was it granted? Why, it was grant- and humanity, 129—being a majority for ed with a view, and in the hope of getting free labour—that is, for wrenching the ut. other evidence which should counteract that most out of the necessities of the poor, of 86! of the last session, and nullify the Report of This decision is a convincing proof that the the Committee of that session. Mr. Hume working portions of the community are not told the House, upon Mr. Maxwell moving represented in that House; their interests for leave to bring in a Bill for the relief of are totally neglected, and the severest want the hand loom weavers, that he had voted human nature is capable of sustaining is for a reappointment of the Committee, be treated with as much indifference as if pain cause he was of opinion that the evidence and suffering were of no consequence. All was all on one side, and he wished to give the laws are made for the interest and bean opportunity to all parties to come for- nefits of the rich. All kinds of accumulated ward and give their evidence in a fair and property is protected, but they tell us—our impartial manner. That opportunity was sagacious, safe, and sapient President of the given, but no evidence came to invalidate Board of Trade tells us, it would do us ten