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y Rom. xv. 1.
1 Cor. ix. 12.
12: xii. 13. Eph. iv. 28. 1 Thess. iv. 11: v. 14. 2
35 I have shewed you all things, show that so labouring ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words .Cor. xi of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive. 36 And when he had thus spoken, he Thess. iii. 8. 2 kneeled down and prayed with them all. 37 And they all z chi101. 00: wept sore, and a fell on Paul's neck, and kissed him, a Gen: 25. 14: 38 sorrowing most of all for the words which he t spake, b ver. 25. that they should see his face no more. And they accompanied him unto the ship.
XXI. 1 And it came to pass, that after we u were gotten from them, and had launched, we came with a straight course unto > Coos, and the day following unto Rhodes, and from thence unto Patara : 2 and finding a ship sailing over unto Phenicia, we went aboard, and set forth. 3 Now when we had discovered Cyprus, we left it on the left hand, and sailed y into Syria, and landed at Tyre: for t render, had spoken.
u render, had torn ourselves away. X render, Cos.
y render, for, or towards. manner : compare “these bonds," ch. xxvi. expression shews the violence of the part29,-and ch. xxviii. 20. See 1 Cor. iv. ing.” we came with a straight 12, which he wrote when at Ephesus.- course] See ch. xvi. 11, having run before Observe, ministered unto my necessities, the wind. Cos, opposite Cnidus and Haliand to them that were with me. This carnassus, celebrated for its wines and is not without meaning—his friends were ointments. The chief town was of the among his necessities-he supplied by same name, and had a famous temple of his labour, not his and their wants, but Æsculapius. It was the birth-place of his wants and them.
35. the Hippocrates, the great physician. The weak] Not here the weak in faith (Roin. modern name, Stanchio, is a corruption of xiv. 1; 1 Cor. viii. 9), as many think, es tan Co” (towards Cos), as Stamboul,
-which the context both before and after for Constantinople, is of “es tan polin" will not allow :- but the poor.
(towards the city). Rhodes was at this It is more blessed to give than to re- time free. It was reduced to a Roman ceive] This saying of our Lord is one of province under Vespasian. The situation the very few not recorded in the Gospels, of its chief town is praised by Strabo.which have come down to us. Many such The celebrated Colossus was at this time must have been current in the apostolic broken and lying in ruins.-Patara, in times, and are possibly preserved unknown Lycia, the capital of the race, a large to us, in such epistles as those of James, maritime town, a short distance E. of the Peter, and John. Bengel remarks, “The mouth of the Xanthus. It had a temple world's opinion is different:" and cites and oracle of Apollo. There are considerable from an old poet in Athenæus, “A fool the ruins remaining. Here they leave their giver,--the receiver blest." But we have ship hired at Troas, or perhaps at Neapolis some sayings the other way: not to quote (see note on xx. 16), and avail themselves authors who wrote after this date, and of a merchant ship bound for Tyre. might have imbibed some of the spirit of 3. when we had discovered Cyprus] LiteChristianity, we find in Aristotle, “ It is rally, having been shewn Cyprus. more becoming the liberal man to give just we left it on the left hand] i. e. to the E gifts, than to receive just receipts, or to This would be the straight course from abstain from receiving unjust ones. For it Patara to Tyre. Tyre] This city, is more the part of virtue to do, than to so well known for its commercial imreceive, good.” XXI. 1.] The A. V., portance and pride, and so often men• After we had gotten from them,' does tioned the Old Testament prophets, not come up to the original: which is as in was now a free town of the province of the margin: and Chrysostom says, “The Syria. 4. But ...] Implying, the
there the ship was to unlade her burden.
4 2 And finding a ver. 12. ch. disciples, we tarried there seven days: a who said to Paul
through the spirit, that he should not go up to Jerusalem. 5 And when he had accomplished those days, we departed and went our way; and they all brought us on our way, with wives and children, till we were out of the city: and b we kneeled down on the shore, and prayed. And when we had taken our leave one of another, we a took ship; and they returned home again. 7 And b when we had finished our course from Tyre, we came to Ptolemaïs, and saluted the brethren, and abode with them one day. 8 And the next day we [e that were of Paul's company]
? render, But having sought out the disciples.
crew indeed were busied with unlading the till we were out of the city] “We ship: but we, having sought out (by en- passed through the city to the western quiry) the disciples.' Finding dis- shore of the ancient island, now the ciples' (A. V.) is quite wrong. It is not peninsula, hoping to find there a fitting improbable that Paul may have preached spot for the tent, in the open space beat Tyre before, when he visited Syria and tween the houses and the sea." Robinson, Cilicia (Gal. i. 21) after his conversion,- ii. 392. on the shore] “Yet had we and again when he confirmed the churches looked a few rods further, we should have (ch. xv. 41): “the disciples" seems to found a very tolerable spot by a threshingimply this. seven days] The time floor, where we might have pitched close taken in unlading :-they apparently pro- upon the bank, and enjoyed, in all its ceeded in the same ship, see ver. 6.— The luxury, the cool sea-breeze, and the dashing notice here is very important, that these of the surge upon the rocky shore." id. Tyrian disciples said to St. Paul by the Spirit, ibid. 7. finishing our voyage] riz. that he should not go to Jerusalem, and the whole voyage, from Neapolis to Syria. yet he went thither, and, as he himself de- The A. V., when we had finished our clares, bound in spirit by the leading of course from Tyre,' is not so probable a God. We thus have an instance of that rendering of the original. With their which Paul asserts 1 Cor. xiv. 32, that the landing at Ptolemais their voyage ended: spirits of prophets are subject to prophets, the rest of the journey was made by i. e. that the revelation made by the Holy land.' (De Wette.) Ptolemais An. Spirit to each man's spirit was under the ciently Accho (Judg. i. 31,-in Greek influence of that man's will and tempera- and Roman writers Acé), called Ptolemais ment, moulded by and taking the form of from (probably) Ptolemy Lathurus. It his own capacities and resolves. So here : was a large town with a harbour. It was these Tyrian prophets knew by the Spirit, never (Judg. i. 31) fully possessed by the which testified this in every city (ch. xx. Jews, but belonged to the Phænicians, who 23), that bonds and imprisonment awaited in after times were mixed with Greeks. Paul. This appears to have been announced But after the captivity a colony of Jews is by them, shaped and intensified by their found there. The emperor Claudius gare own intense love and anxiety for him who it the freedom of the city, whence it is was probably their Father in the faith (see called by Pliny 'a colony of Claudius on ver. 5). "But he paid no regard to the Cæsar," " Colonia Claudii Cæsaris.” It is prohibition, being himself under a leading now called St. Jean d'Acre, and is the of the same Spirit too plain for him to best barbour on the Syrian coast, though mistake it. See below on vv. 10 ff.
small. It lies at the end of the great 5. departed] Literally, went forth: viz. road from Damascus to the sea. Popu. from the house where they were lodged. lation now about 10,000.- The distance
departed, and came unto Cæsarea : and we entered into the house of a Philip the evangelist, ed which was one of the d Eph. iv. 11. seven ;
and abode with him. 9 And the same man had ech. vi. 5 : viii. four daughters, virgins, 'which did prophesy. 10 And as i Joel 11. 29. we tarried there many days, there came down from Judæa a certain prophet, named & Agabus. 11 And when he was 8 eh. xi. 28. come unto us, he took Paul's girdle, and bound his own hands and feet, and said, Thus saith the Holy Ghost, h So hver 3. ch. shall the Jews at Jerusalem bind the man that owneth this girdle, and shall deliver him into the hands of the Gentiles. 12 And when we heard these things, both we, and they of that place, besought him not to go up to Jerusalem. 13 Then Paul answered, ie What mean ye to ich. xx. 24. weep and to break mine heart? for I am ready not to be bound only, but also to die at Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus. 14 And when he would not be persuaded,
d render, being : see note.
e render, What do ye, weeping and breaking. from Ptolemaïs to Cæsarea is forty-four of any permanent order in the church. miles. For Cæsarea, see on ch. x. 1. 9.] This notice is inserted apparently with
8. Philip the evangelist] It is pos- out any immediate reference to the history, sible that he may have had this appellation but to bring so remarkable a circumstance from his having been the first to travel to the knowledge of the readers. The four about preaching the gospel : see ch. viii. 5 ff. daughters had the gift of “prophecy :" see The office of Evangelist, see Eph. iv. 11, on ch. xi. 27. Eusebius (see, however, 2 Tim. iv. 5, seems to have answered very his mistake above) gives from Polycrates much to our missionary: Theodoret, on traditional accounts of them, that two the former of these texts, says,
were buried at Hierapolis, and one at went about preaching :” and Eusebius, – Ephesus. From that passage, and one
They fulfilled the work of Evangelists, cited from Clement of Alexandria it making it their business to preach Christ would appear that two were afterwards to those who had never yet heard the married, according to tradition.—To find word of the faith, and to deliver to an argument for the so-called honour them the record of the Holy Gospels." of virginity' in this verse, only shews to The latter could hardly have been part of what resources those will stoop, who have their employment so early as this; nor had failed to apprehend the whole spirit and the word Gospel in these times the peculiar rule of the gospel in the matter. They are meaning of a narrative of the life of Christ, met however on their own ground by an but rather embraced the whole good tidings argument built on another misapprehension of salvation by Him, as preached to the (that of Philip being a deacon in the eccleJews and Heathens.—Eusebius apparently siastical sense) : for if so, this would prove mistook this Philip for the Apostle : as that it was lawful for deacons to marry. did also Clement of Alexandria and Papias. 10.) This Agabus in all probability
which was one of the seven) See is identical with the Agabus of ch. xi. 28. ch. vi. 5, and note. The sentence in the That there is no reference to that former original implies, that the reason why they mention of him, might be occasioned by abode with him was, that he was one of the different sources of information having seven : and in English the words ought furnished the two narratives. not to be “which was,” but being (one) of Similar symbolical actions accompanying the seven. The fact of Philip being settled prophecy are found 1 Kings xxii, 11; Isa. at Cæsarea, and known as the Evangelist, xx. 2; Jer. xiii. 1 ff.; Ezek. iv. 1 ff. ; 9 ff. ; seems decisive against regarding the occur- v. 1, &c. De Wette remarks that “Thus rence of ch. vi. 8 ff. as the establishment saith the Holy Ghost” is the New Test.
Ich. IV. 4.
mch. xv. 13.
Gal. i. 19: ii. 9.
k Matt. vi. 10: we ceased, saying, " The will of the Lord be done.
15 And Liviko XI. 2: after those days we took up our carriages, and went up to
Jerusalem. 16 There went with us also certain of the disciples 8 of Cæsarea, and brought with them one Mnason of Cyprus, an old disciple, with whom we should lodge. 17 1 And when we were come to Jerusalem, the brethren received us gladly. 18 And the day following Paul went
in with us unto m James; and all the elders were present. nchar..,19 19 And when he had saluted them, nhe declared partieu
larly what things God had wrought among the Gentiles • by his ministry. 20 And when they heard it, they glorified the Lord, and said unto him, Thou seest, brother, how many thousands h of Jews there are which believe ; and they are all P zealous of the law: 21 and they i are informed of thee that thou teachest all the Jews which are among the Gentiles to forsake Moses, saying that they ought not to circumcise their children, neither to walk after the customs. 22 What is it therefore? k the multitude must needs come together: for they will hear that thou art
Rom. xv. 18, 19.
och. i. 17 : XX. O
p ch. xxii. 3.
Rom. x. 2.
f render, baggage : see note.
8 render, from. render, there are among the Jews which have become believers. i render, were.
k better, a multitude will certainly. prophetic formula, instead of “ Thus saith quisite to advise him respecting the sus. the Lord” of the Old Test. 14. The picion under which he laboured among the will of the Lord be done] One of the believing Jews. They, led, naturally perpassages from which we may not unfairly haps, but incorrectly (see 1 Cor. vii. is), infer, that the Lord's prayer was used by some passages of Paul's life [and of his by the Christians of the Apostolic age. See already-written Epistles ?], in which he note on 2 Tim. iv. 18. 15.] The word had depreciated legal observances in com. 'carriages' in the A. V. is used, as in parison with faith in Christ, and spoken Judg. xviii. 21, for baggage, things carried. strongly against their adoption by Gentile
16.) The word rendered old signifies converts,-apprehended that he advised, on from the beginning, and probably implies the part of the Hellenistic believers, an that he had been a disciple all through, and entire apostasy from Moses and the ordihad accompanied our Lord during His nances of the law.
Thou seest ...] ministry. See ch. xi. 15, where the term This can hardly be a reference to the elders is applied to the time of the Pentecostal present, as representatives of the“myriads.” effusion of the Spirit.
of believing Jews: for only those of Jera17—XXIII. 35.] PAUL AT JERUSA: salem were there :—but refers to Paul's PRISONER
own experience, and knowledge of the vast CÆSAREA. 17. the brethren] The numbers of the Jews who believed at JeChristians generally: not the Apostles and rusalem, and elsewhere in Judæa. elders; James and the elders are not men- how many thousands (literally, ten thou. tioned till ver. 18. 18. James] 'the sands, myriads) is perhaps not to be strictly brother of the Lord: the president of the taken. Origen says, that probably the church at Jerusalem : see ch. xii. 17; xv. whole number of believing Jews at no tiine 13; Gal. ii. 12, and notes,-and Introduc- had amounted to 144,000. 21.] they tion to the Epistle of James, $ i. 24–37. were informed (at some time in the mind
20.] While they praised God for, of the speaker. The indefinite past tense and fully recognized, the work wrought by must be preserved. Below, ver. 24, it is him among the Gentiles, they found it re- the perfect). The informants were the
AND SENT TO
13, 18. ch.
come. 23 Do therefore this that we say to thee: We have
know q Numb. vi. 2,
m render, shall.
o render, decreeing. P render, the.
q render, from. anti-Pauline Judaizers. 22.] Not as by the works of the law. He might keep, A. V., 'the multitude must needs come to- and encourage the keeping of, the law,gether,' i.e. there must be a meeting of but not with the purpose of thereby dethe whole church: but a multitude (of these serving the approbation of God.' Judaizers) will certainly come together: See ch. xv. 28, 29. 26.] Paul him. • they will meet and discuss your proceeding self entered into the vow with them, and in a hostile manner.' 23. a vow] A the time settled (perhaps the least that vow of Nazarites. This vow must not could be assigned : the Mischna requires be confounded, historically or analogically, thirty days) for the completion of the vow, with that of ch. xviii. 18: see note there, i.e. the offering and shaving of their heads, and Num. vi. 2-21. 24. them take] was seven days. No definite time is preto thyself, as comrades. purify thy. scribed in Num. vi., but there, seven days self with them] i. e. become a Nazarite is the time of purification in case of unwith them. The same expression occurs cleanness during the period of the vow. in the LXX, Num. vi. 3, in describing the to signify] i.e. to make known to Nazarite's duties. be at charges for the ministers of the temple.
the acthem] It was a custom of the Jews, and complishment, i. e. that he and the men was considered a proof of great piety, that had come to accomplish : announcing their the richer Nazarites should pay the ex- intention of accomplishing.
the penses of the sacrifices of the poorer. See offering] See Num. vi. 13—17. 27. Num. vi. 14 ff. Josephus, relating Agrippa's seven days] Of the
votive period : not (as thank-offerings at Jerusalem, says that he some think) since Paul's arrival in Jeruordered very many Nazarites to be shaven.- salem. Five days of the seven had passed: On the shaving the head, see Num. vi. 18.- see on ch. xxiv. 11. which were from De Wette remarks: ‘James and the elders Asia] From Ephesus and the neighbourmade this proposal, assuming that Paul could hood, where Paul had so long taught. comply with it with a safe conscience, perhaps“ Paul, while intent on appeasing the bealso as a proof, to assure themselves and lieving Jews, incurs the furious hostility others of his sentiments: and Paul accepted of his unbelieving enemies.”. Calvin, who it with a safe conscience. But this he could adds, 'In how many ways had those who only have done on one condition, that he were at Jerusalem this Pentecost, already was sure by it not to contribute in these persecuted Paul in Asia ?' – Notice the four Nazarites to the error of justification similarity of the charge against him to