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the Methodist Episcopal church, then took his were larger. Church bells were tolled and all
carried, borne aloft by a cordon of soldiers and
nally closed, thousands were still waiting. Following upon this funeral service the peo- The last ceremonies were dignified and imple were to be admitted to look upon the face pressive. Ministers of five religious denomiof their beloved president for the last time. nations participated in the simple services. The people went by steadily for a full six hours Members of the Senate, of the House of Repof time. The estimate is made that thus 40,000 resentatives, officials and citizens from every to 45,000 people had an opportunity to give a state in the union, foreign ministers and diplobrief last look at President McKinley. The mats, soldiers and military organizations-in funeral train left Washington for Canton at all more than 6,000 men-followed the hearse 8:20 o'clock.
on its last journey. All the way from Washington to Canton the The casket was placed in the vault in Westfuneral train passed through long lines of lawn cemetery, on the afternoon of Thursmourners. Even during the night great day, Sept. 19, 1901, less than two weeks after throngs were waiting at every station to get the assassination. a glimpse of the casket containing the nation's Never before in all the history of the world dead. People had been standing for hours in was there such a funeral. the damp and foggy night to see the funeral The tribute the nation paid at the hour of car.
the services in Canton was not only unique, The demonstrations of sorrow reached their but it will be memorable in history. For five climax as the train neared Canton, although at minutes the life of the people stopped. BusiPittsburg and other factory cities the crowds ness ceased; trains stopped where they were;
not a' telegraph message was sent over the wires; soldiers and policemen halted, no matter where they were, uncovered their heads and placed their caps or helmets over their hearts; processions halted and stood so still that the men could almost hear each other's heart-beats. At the close of the five minutes, bands began to play softly, “Nearer, my God, to Thee," and voices joined them in singing the hymn. All the power of the government could not have compelled such an eloquent tribute.
The manly Christian qualities which won for Mr. McKinley the affection of the American people, won for him also the admiration of the world. The London Pall Mall Gazette expressed the sentiment of Christendom when it said: “We can aly express the universal feel. ing of earnest prayerfulness that President McKinley may recover even yet. It is not too much to say that the whole Anglo-Saxon race is kneeling at his bedside, clinging to hope so long as hope exists."
The president's death called forth tributes never before bestowed upon a ruler. In England the daily papers were printed in mourning as if for the loss of their own sovereign, and the stock and commercial exchanges closed. King Edward commanded that the court go into mourning for one week, and wherever a public meeting of any kind has been held, or wherever a public man has had occasion to speak, expressions of sympathy have been heard. In every place of public worship from St. Paul catliedral and Canterbury cathedral down, the preachers made special reference to the terrible event, invoking God's blessing upon the United States and the American people. In accordance with a special army order to the guards at St. James palace and at all other points where guard was mounted throughout the United Kingdom, honors were rendered to the memory of President McKinley such as are usually accorded only on `the death of royal personages. The troops wore crape and the bands played dirges. No such extended tributes of sympathy and respect ever marked the death of any person but a British sovereign.
The London Daily Chronicle, discussing the world-wide sympathy displayed, said: “This sympathy is intensified by a full realization of the calamity, until we are almost inclined to say that there is no precedent for such a display of emotion and fellow-feeling on these particular lines. It is not impossible that the assassination of Mr. McKinley will advance that 'international comity of governments' to which some political students look as the keynote of future peace and harmony.” The London Morning Post said: “It is not too much to assert that all nations mourn by the bier in Buffalo. The American people have been robbed by an assassin of one of the greatest leaders the republic ever produced. When it was proposed that the Duke of York, who was then in Canada, should attend the funeral, the Times said: “All England would rejoice if we were able to give the Americans so signal a token of our desire to take part with them in paying every tribute in our power to the great citizen they have lost. Whether this wish be realized or not, we shall pay our homage of love and reverence for his memory not less sincerely than those over whom he ruled.”
The boy McKinley, like the man, was thoroughly American. The following is the chronological story of his life:
1813. Jan. 29. William McKinley, son of William and Nancy (Allison) McKinley, is born at Niles, Trumbull county, O., being the serenth of a family of nine children:
1852. The McKinley family removes to Poland, Mahoning county, O., where William studies at the Union Seminary until he is 17.
1859. Becomes a member of the Methodist Episcopal church in Poland.
1860. Enters the junior class in Allegheny college, Meadville, Pa., but poor health prevents the completion of the course. Subsequently teaches in a public school near Poland and later becomes a clerk in the Poland postoffice.
1861. June 11. Enlists as a private in company E. of the 23d Ohio volunteer infantry.
1862. April 15. Promoted to commissary sergeant while in the winter's camp at Fayette, W. Va.
1862. Sept. 24. Promoted to second lieutenant, in recognition of services at the battle of Antietam. Wins tne highest esteem of the colonel of the regiment, Rutherford B. Hayes, and becomes a member of his staff.
1863. Feb. 7. Promoted to first lieutenant.
1864. July 25. Promoted to captain for gal." lantry at the battle of Kernstown, near Winchester, V'a.
1814. Oct. 11. First vote for president cast for Abraliam Lincoln, while on a march.
1861. Shortly after the battle of Cedar ('reek (Oct. 19). Capt. McKinley serves on the staffs of Gen. George (rook and Gen. Winfield S. Hancock.
1865. Assigned as acting assistant adjutantgeneral on the staff of Gen. Samuel s. Carroll, commanding the veteran
corps at Washington.
1865. March 13. Commissioned by President Lincoln as major by brevet in the volunteer l'nited States army, "for gallant and meritorious services at the battles of Opequan, Cedar ('reek and Fisher's Hill."
1865. July 26. Mustered out of the army with his regiment, having never been absent from his command on sick leave during more than four years' service.
1865. Returns to Poland and at once begins the study of law.
1866. Enters the Albany (X. Y.) Law school.
1807. Admitted to the bar at Warren, O., in March. Accepting the advice of an elder sister teaching in Canton, O., he begins the practice of law in Canton and makes that place his home.
1869. Elected prosecuting attorney of Stark county on the republican ticket, although the county had usually been democratic.
1871. Jan. 25. Marries Miss Ida Saxton of Canton. (Two daughters born to Mr. and Mrs. McKinley-Katie in 1871 and Ida in 1873-and both lost in early childhood).
1871. Fails of re-election as prosecuting at. torney by forty-five votes, and for the next five years devotes himself successfully to the practice of law, and becomes a leading member of the bar of Stark county.
1872. Though not a candidate, very active
CONAGHER, DERNOCK, THE OLD HOME OF THE THE BURYING-PLACE OF THE MCKINLEY'S AT MCKINLEY FAMILY,
CONAGHER. Dernock House, county Antrim, the ancient home of the McKinley family in Ireland before their emigration to America - a substantial stone farmhouse - is still standing. On an old stone slab by the hall door the initials of the McKinley of a century and a half ago are thus inscribed: “W. Mck., 1765." In the insurrection of 1798 arms and ammunition were found by the military in Dernock House, and a William McKinley, a namesake and granduncle of the late President, was arrested, brought to Coleraine, where he was tried by court-martial, convicted, and sentenced to death. He was shot in the market-place of Coleraine, and was buried in the Churchyard of Dernock, where there is a headstone still in good preservation over his grave. as a campaign speaker in the Grant-Greeley 1890. Upon the death of William D. Kelley presidential campaign.
in January McKinley becomes chairman of the 1875. Especially active and conspicuous as ways and means committee and leader of his a campaigner in the closely contested state elec party in the house. He introduces a bill “to tion in which Rutherford B. Hayes is elected simplify the laws in relation to the collection governor.
of revenues," known as the "customs admin1876. Elected member of the house of rep istration bill.” He also introduces a general resentatives by 3,300 majority, his friend tariff bill. The bill becomes a law Oct. 6. Hayes being elected to the presidency..
1890. As a result of the gerrymandered con1878. Re-elected to congress by 1,234 major gressional district and the reaction against the ity, his district in Ohio having been gerryman republican party throughout the country, dered to his disadvantage by a democratic caused by the protracted struggle over the tarlegislature.
iff bill, McKinley is defeated in the election for 1880. Re-elected to congress by 3,571 major congress by 300 votes in counties that had preity. Appointed a member of the ways and viously gone democratic by 3,000. means committee, to succeed President-elect 1891. Nov. 3. Elected governor of Ohio by Garfield.
a plurality of 21,511, polling the largest vote 1882. The republicans suffer reverses that had ever been cast for governor in Ohio. throughout the country in the congressional His opponent is the democratic governor, elections and McKinley is re-elected by a ma James E. Campbell. jority of only 8.
1892. Made permanent chairman, Republic 1884. Prominent in opposition to the pro can National Convention, at Minneapolis, and posed "Morrison tariff” in congress.
received 182 votes for the nomination for Pres1884. As a delegate-at-large to the republi ident. can national convention in Chicago actively supports James G. Blaine for the presidential plurality. nomination.
1896. Elected President of the United States, 1884. Re-elected to congress by a majority receiving 271 electoral votes. of 2,000, although his district had again been 1900. Re-elected, receiving 7,214,027 votes. gerrymandered against him.
1901. September 6. Shot once in the stom1886. Re-elected to congress by a majority ach and once in the breast at a reception in of 2,550.
the Temple of Music, Pan-American Exposi1886. Leads the minority opposition in con tion, Buffalo. gress against the “Mills tariff bill.”
1901. September 14. Died at the home of 1888. Delegate-at-large to the national con John G. Milburn, No. 1168 Delaware Avenue, vention in Chicago that nominated Benjamin Buffalo, from the effects of the stomach wound Harrison, and serves as chairman of the com received on September 6th. mittee on resolutions. Many delegates wish The father of William McKinley died McKinley to become a nominee, but he stands short time before the nomination of his son for firm in his support of John Sherman.
President. His mother, who bore the favorite 1888. Elected to congress for the seventh old name of Nancy, was enjoying good health. successive time, receiving a majority of 4,100 The father of Mrs. McKinley, Sr., was a Gervotes.
man by birth, and her mother was of Scotch 1889. At the organization of the 51st con descent. Old Mr. McKinley's father was gress, is a candidate for speaker of the house, Scotch-Irish in blood and his mother was of but is defeated on the third ballot in the repub English birth. His grandfather, David McKinlican caucus by Thomas B. Reed.
ley, came to America when twelve years old.
He served in the War of the Revolution and was pensioned by the Government. | At the time of the birth of William Mckinley his parents were living in a comfortable two-story framre house in Niles, Trumbull County, 0. Maj. McKinley's father was an iron manufacturer; and a pioneer in that busiliess. William was his third son.
The boy was but five years old when lie entered the village school at Niles. Later he proceeded with his studies at a more advanced school in the village of Poland, to which place his pårents had moved in order that their children might 'avail themselves of the better educational facilities which it afforded. Here he remained until his seventeenth year, when his father sent him to Allegheny College. He had completed an academic course and was already engaged in teaching when the guns of Sumter sounded the call to arms. He dropped his books, shouldered a musket and marched off into Virginia with the 23d Ohio. Col. Rutherford B. Hayes was the commander. A few incidents tell better the kind of soldier he was than would an extended account of his service. When the Battle of Antietam occurred he was a sergeant in the commissary department. That battle began at daylight. Before day. light men were in the ranks and preparing for it. Without breakfast, without coffee, they went into the fight, and it continued until after the sun had set. Early in the afternoon, naturally enough, with the exertion required of the men, they were famished and thirsty, and to some extent broken in spirit. The commissary department of that brigade was under Sergt. McKinley's administration and personal supervision. From his hands every man in the regiment was served at the front with hot coffee and warm meats, a thing that had never occurred under similar circumstances in any other army in the world. He passed under fire and delivered, with his own hands, these things so essential for the men for whom he was laboring.
The attention of Gov. Todd was called to this incident. With the emphasis that distinguished that great war Governor, he said: “Let McKinley be promoted from sergeant to lieutenant."
McKinley again distinguished himself. Sheridan, in his memoirs, alludes to the fact that he met McKinley on the day of his famous ride from Winchester. Sheridan says: "At Newton I was obliged to make a circuit to the left to get round the village. I could not pass through it, the streets were so crowded. but meeting on this detour McKinley of Crook's staff, he spread the news of my return through the motley throng there."
McKinley had just returned from planting the battery of ('ol. H. A. DuPont of the Fifth United States Artillery-part of Gen. Crook's corps. McKinley had planted the battery by direction of Gen. Crook.
He was made captain on July 25, 1864. and was brevetted major by President Lincoln for gallant conduct on the tields of Opequan, Fishor's IIill and Cedar Creek. He was with the old 23.1 in all its fights and was mustered out with the regiment in July, 1865.
After his military career, McKinley returned to Ohio, studied law, was admitted to the bar,
settled at Canton, was elected district attorney of Stark County, became thereafter steadily more active in politics, and in 1876 was elected to Congress.
It was particularly felicitous for Maj. MeKinley that his first four years in Congress were coincident with the Administration of President Hayes. The youngest Member of Congress, he had the intimate and near friendship of the ruler of the Nation. Of course, no direct political advancement could, or did, grow out of this friendship. Those were questions that had to be adjudged by the jury that composed his Congress district.
The first act of Mr. McKinley in the House was the presentation of a petition from some of the workingmen of his district against a change in the tariff.
Gen. Garfield early manifested an interest in the young protectionist, and it was through his personal efforts that Mr. McKinley received an appointment upon the Ways and Means committee when Garfield was nominated for President. Judge Kelley of Pennsylvania, the inflexible advocate of protection, saw in the studious Ohioan a man upon whom his mantle was worthy to fall. “I hope," he said, one day. "that when I am no longer chairman of this committee, Mr. McKinley will be my successor.” When, in 1889, a Republican House required a protectionist leader, Judge Kelley. though unquestionably entitled by precedence to the place, realizing his enfeebled condition, acquiesced most willingly in the appointment of Mr. McKinley.
New responsibilities brought out new traits in Mr. McKinley's character. He developed a remarkable ability for gathering and assimilating details. His penetrating intellect, rendered all the keener by long years of study, speedily grasped the intricacies of the innumerable schedules, and his well-balanced mind arranged in logical order the mass of information thus acquired. Above all things, he gave evidence of a remarkable even temperament. Its equilibrium was never disturbed. In the midst of exhausting inquiries, despite the importunate appeals of his colleagues to regard their personal interests and notwithstanding the turmoils of debate, he was always amiable, always good-natured, always kind.
Just here may be a good place to relate Me Kinley's connection with the reciprocity feature of the tariff law which bore his name. William E. Curtis, who was a close friend to Mr. Blaine, says that he carried the reciprocity amendment from Mr. Blaine to Representative McKinley. He delivered it in person to the chairman of the Ways and Means committee. while that committee was in session, stating that Mr. Blaine desired that it be added to the tariff bill. Mr. McKinley said he would submit it to the committee. Asked if he would support it, he replied promptly in the affirmative, indicating by his quick response that he had already given the reciprocity scheme some thought and was favorably disposed toward it. It also developed that when the Blaine amendment was taken up in the committee it was discussed but a few moments when a vote was taken and Mr. McKinley alone voted in the affirmative. From that time on Mr. McKinles consistently supported the measure, and
was the only member of the Ways and Means Four years later at the Republican Convencommittee of the 51st Congress who did. tion in Minneapolis, Maj. McKinley had again
As early as 1884 McKinley was recognized as an opportunity to show that he prized honor a national, rather than a mere State, leader. above personal advantage, even though it inIn the national convention of 1888 an incident volved the nomination to the highest office in occurred which furnished a fine illustration of the gift of any people—the Presidency of the his character. It was during the fourth ballot United States-and grandly he rose to the ocfor President. There was a great sensation casion. When the State of Ohio was reached when Connecticut was reached and a delegate on the call in the first ballot for President, the from the Nutmeg State cast a ballot for Me- leader of the delegation announced its votes Kinley. The moment the announcement was for William McKinley, Jr. This was the sigmade Mr. McKinley was seen to rise in his nal for a spontaneous burst of enthusiasm seat. A hush fell upon the multitude as he proceeded to make a statement. But before he had uttered half a dozen words a great storm of applause burst, and there was prolonged cheering for "McKinley.” He said:
"Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the convention:-I am here as one of the chosen representatives of my State; I am here by a resolution of the Republican convention, passed without one dissenting voice, commanding me to cast my vote for John Sherman and use every wortlıyendeavor for his nomination. I accepted the trust because my heart and judgment were in accord with the letter and spirit and purpose of that resolution. It has pleased certain delegates to cast their votes for me. I am not insensible to the honor they would do me, but in the presence of the duty resting upon me, I cannot remain silent with honor. I cannot consistently with the credit of the State whose credentials I bear and which has trusted me; I cannot with honorable fidelity to John Sherman, who has trusted me in his cause and with his confidence; I cannot consistently with my own views or my personal integrity consent, or seem to consent, to permit my name to be used as a candidate before this convention. I would not respect myself if I could find in my heart to do, to say or to permit to be done that which could even be ground for anyone to suspect that I wavered in my loyalty to Ohio or my devotion to the chief
MRS. WILLIAM MCKINLEY. of her choice and the chief of
Copyright 1901 by Clinedinst. mine. I do request-I demand -that no delegate who would not cast reflec- from the floor and galleries. Hurried consultion upon me shall cast a ballot for me.” tations of the various State delegations were
This was no empty sacrifice. Those who re- held, and, amid the cheers and applause which member the history of that convention will re- still continued, one leader after another rose member that at this stage in its proceedings to announce the change of the vote of his the chances for a dark horse were unusually State to McKinley. The Major, evidently favorable. More than one shrewd observer much affected, by the demonstration, but firm had picked McKinley as presenting admirable and composed, rose in his place as presiding qualities for a dark horse. His position was officer of the convention. Immediately the almost identical with that of Garfield eight tumult was hushed. All bent eagerly forward years before. But McKinley was pledged to to hear what the great leader had to say. All Sherman. No temptation could induce him to felt that a most critical moment had arrived violate his trust.
-a moment which might decide who should be