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Grand total......
France and Dependencies.
Germany (1890)..
German States-

Prussia (including Haffs), kingdom
Baden, grand duchy
Bavaria, kingdom
Saxony, kingdom
Württemberg, kingdom
Brunswick, duchy
Saxe-Meiningen, duchy
Anhalt, duchy.
Saxe Coburg-Gotha, duchy.
Saxe Altenburg, duchy.
Mecklenburg-Schwerin, grand duchy
Hesse, grand duchy....
Oldenburg, grand duchy.
Saxe Weimar, grand duchy
Mecklenburg-Strelitz, grand duchy
Alsace-Lorraine, imperial territory
Lippe, principality
Waldeck, principality
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, principality..
Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, principality
Reuss, younger line, principality
Reuss, older line, principality
Schaumburg Lippe, principality
Hamburg, free town..
Lübeck, free town..

Bremen, free town.
In Africa,

Togoland
Kamerun.
German East Africa
German Southwest Africa

29,957,367

1,657,867
5,594,982
3,502,684
2,036,522

403,776
223,832
271,963
206,513
170,864
578,342
992,883
354,968
326,091

97,978
1,603,506
128,495
57, 281
85,863
75,510
119,811
62,754
39,163
622,530

76,485
180,443

34,463,377
1,866,584
6,175,153
4,199,758
2,165,765

464,251
250,683
316,027
229,567
194,273

607,835
1,120,426

398,499
362,018

102,628
1,717,451
139, 238
57,913
92,657
80,678
138,993
68,287
43, 132
768,349
96,775
224.697

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Total of Africa..
In Asia-

Kiau-Chau Bay...
In the Pacific-

Kaiser Wilhelm's Land..
Bismarck Archipelago..
Solomon Islands, Marshall Islands, etc.
Carolina Islands, Pelew Islands..

Marianne Islands...
Samoan Islands:

Savaii...
Upolu

Total, Pacific Possessions....

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Total, Foreign Dependencies.
• Population December 1, 1900.

1,027,120

COUNTRIES

Population

Area,
1891

1901

square miles.
Germany and Dependencies

71,032,014 1,237,393
Greece (1896)

2,433,806

25,014
Guatemala?..

1,574,340

48,900
Haiti (1887).

960,000 1,400,000 10,204
Honduras (1896)

407,000

46,300
Italy (1881).

28,459,628 32,449,754 110,646
Departments,
Piedmont

3,070,250 3,326,311 11,340
Liguria.

892,373 1,080,944 2,037
Lombardy

3,680,615 4,278,188 9,386
Venetia

2,814,173 3,130,429 9,476
Emilia:.

2,183,391 2,451,752 7,967
Tuscany.

2,208,869 2,548,154 9,304
Marches.

939,279 1,064,749 3,763
Umbria

572,060 644,367 3,748
Lazio (Latium)..

903,472 1,206,354 4,663
Abruzzi and Molise.

1,317,215 1,442,365 6,380
Campania

2,896,577 3,142,378 6,289
Apulia

1,589,064 1,949,423 7,376
Basilicate (Potenza)

524,504
490,000

3,845
Calabria..

1,257,883 1,375, 760 5,819
Sicily

2,927,901 3,529,266 9,936
Sardinia.

682,002 789,314 9,294
Kingdom of Italy

28,459,628 32,449,754
Italian Dependencies-

110,646
Eritrea ..

450,000 88,500
Somaliland.

400,000 100,000
Italy and Dependencies-

33,300,000 299,146
Japan (1893).

41,388,313

147,655
Japans and Formosa, etc.

46,558,297 161,198
Liberia

2,060,000 35,000
Luxemburg (1895).

217,583

998
Mexico (1895)

12,491,573 13,570,545 767,005
Monaco (1890)

13,304

8
Montenegro

250,000 3,630
Morocco10

5,000,000 219,000
Nepal

3,000,000 54,000
Netherlands (1889)..

4,511,415 5,103,924 12,648
Dutch East Indies:
Java and Madura.

26,128,053 50,554
Sumatra.

3,209,037 162,152
Riau-Lingga Archipelago

107,861 16,301
Banca ...

93,600 4,446
Billiton.

41,558 1,863
Borneo..

1,179,578 212,737
Island of Celebes.

1,997,860 71,470
Molucca Islands

399,208 43,864
Timor Archipelago.

119,239 17,698
Bali and Lombok.

1,044,757 4,065
New Guinea to 141° E. long.

200,000 151,789
Total11...

34,090,000 736,400
Dutch West Indies-
Surinam or Dutch Guiana..

67,000 46,060
Curaçao, etc....

52,000

403
Netherlands and Dependencies..

39,313,000 795,511
Nicaragua..

420,000 51,660
Oman..

1,500,000 82,000
Paraguay (1895).

432,000 700,000 157,000
Persia (1881)..

7,653,000 9,500,000 628,000
Peru 12 (1876)

2,660,881

695,733
? Population, 1900; another estimate of the area is 42,400 square miles; and another 63,400.
• Population December 31, 1898.
According to another estimate, the area of Liberia is 14,000 square miles, and the population 1,000,000.

1. The population of Morocco (or Marocco) is variously estimated from 3,000,000 io 9,000,000. The area is only ap-
proximate.

11 Only approximate. The figures given were estimates made in 1897.
17 Recent estimates of Peru's

population vary widely, from 1,500,000 to 4,700,000.

Population

COUNTRIES

Area,
square miles

1891

1901

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Portugal (1890).

4,660,095
Islands-
Azores.

255,594
Madeira (Funchel).

134,040
Portugal and Islands..

5,049,729
Portuguese Dependencies:
In Africa-
Cape Verde Islands (1896).

114,130
Guinea ..

820,000
Prince's and St. Thomas' Islands

24,660
Angola ....

4,119,000
East Africa.

3,120,000
Total, Africa....

8,197,790
In Asia-
Goa (in India)..

494,836
Damao and Diu (1887).

77,454
Indian Archipelago..

300,000
Macao, etc. (in China).

78,627
Total, Colonies ....

9,216,707
Portugal and Possessions

14,266,436
Rumania
Russia:
European Russia (1897)..

94,215,415
Poland

9,455,943
Finland

2,483,249
Total of Europe

106,154,607
Russia in Asia-
Northern Caucasia..

3,732,556
Trans-Caucasia.

5,516,139
Central Asia

7,721,684
Siberia ...

5,727,090
Total, Asiatic Dominions.

22,697,469
Russian Empire (1897)..

128,932,17314
Salvador (1886)

651,130
Santo Domingo (1888)

610,000
Servia (1895).

2,312,484
Siam
Spain (1897)....

18,089,500
Possessions in Africa,
Rio de Oro and Adrar

100,000
Ifni (near Cape Nun)..

6,000
Fernando Po, Annabon, etc.

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30,000
Spain and Colonies ...

18,225,500
Sweden and Norway:
Sweden.

4,784,981
Norway

2,000,917
Switzerland (1888)

2,917,754
Turkey:

Ottoman Empire in Europe
In Asia-

Asia Minor...
Armenia and Kurdistan
Mesopotamia
Syria..
Arabia

Total, Asiatic Turkey..
13 Population in 1899.
14 Including Russians in Finland, Bokhara, Khiva, and in the navy abroad (42,909).
18 Only a rough estimate.
18 Census of December 3, 1900.
17 Census of December 1, 1900.

850
441,547

2,231,39516
3,313,81717

172,876
124, 415
15,976

6,086,300

65,752

9,355,000
2,472,400
1,350,300
3,317,600
1,050,000
17,545,300

194,389

72,471
100,205
109,509
173,700
650,394

22

COUNTRIES

Population

Area,
1891

1901

square miles
In Africa,
Tripoli and Benghazi..

1,300,000 398,900
Total, Ottoman Empire...

24,931,600 1,115,046
Tributary States-
Bulgaria

4,209,144 48,080
Crete

307,36918 3,326
Samos...

54,83019 180
Egypt (1897)...

9,734,405

400,000
Egyptian Sudan (1882)

10,000,000

950,000
Turkey and Tributary States20.

49,231,000

2,516,000
United Kingdom:
England and Wales.

29,002,525 32,525,716 58,309
Scotland..

4,025,647 4,471,957 29,785
Ireland..

4,704,750 4,456,546 32,583
Isle of Man, etc..

147,842

302
Total, United Kingdom?',

38,104,975 41,454,219 120,979
British Empire:
In Europe,
Malta, Cyprus, etc.....

400,000 430,000 3,703
In Asia
India ...

287,200,000 294, 266,000 1,800,258
Ceylon, Straits Settlements, etc.

4,000,000 4,360,000 27,321
In Africa,
Cape Colony

1,527,900 2,265,000 276,775
Natal, Gold Coast, etc.

40,000,000 40,000,000 2,801,339
In America,
British Columbia ...

98,173

190,000 382,300
Manitoba ...

152,506

246,464 64,066
New Brunswick

321,263 331,093

28, 100
Nova Scotia

450,396

459, 116 20,550
Ontario....

2,114,321 2,167,978

219,650
Prince Edward Island..

109,078 103, 258 2,000
Quebec...

1,488,535 1,620,974 344,450
Territories

98,977

220,000 1,987,595
Total.....

4,833,259 5,338,883 3,048,71123
Newfoundland and Labrador...

202,100 210,000 162,200
British Guiana .....

278,328 780,510 109,000
British Honduras.

31,471

35,230 7,562
Bahamas, Jamaica, etc..

1,582,410 19,863
Total, America..

5,345, 138 7,447,033 3,347,336
In Australasia-
New South Wales

1,132,234 1,362,232 310,700
Victoria ..

1,140,405 1,195,874 87,884
Queensland.

393,718

502,892 668,497
South Australia

320,431

302,604 903,690
Western Australia

49,782

182,553 975,920
Tasmania.

146,667
171,066

26,385
Total, Australia .

3,183,237 3,777,221 2,973,076
New Zealand 2 4

628,658 773,439 104,471
Fiji (1895)

120,245 122,670 7,740
New Guinea

300,000 350,000 90,540
Total, Australasia ...

4,232,140 5,023.321 3,175,827
Great Britain and Empire25

376,000,000 390,000,000 11,553,538
18 Census of June 17, 1900.
19 Population in 1900.

** These estimates of population and area are only approximate. The tributary states are only nominally subject to
the Sultan. The Sudan is sometimes not included in the Ottoman Empire.

31 Including soidiers and seamen abroad. Returns of the census of 1901 are incomplete now (September, 1901).

32 If the Boer Republics annexed in 1900 be included. the total area of British Africa is about 3,245,000 square miles.
The population of British Africa is sometimes placed as high as 50,000,000.

23 Other estimates of area are much larger. The water area is 605,235 square miles, making a total of 3,653,946
square miles.
24 Including the Maoris, some 43,000. The population of New Zealand is about 816,000.

35 Some estimates of population and area are slightly smaller or larger than these figures. The total population is
about 400,000,000, if the population of British Africa be placed at 50,000,000.

Population

COUNTRIES

Area,
square miles

1891

1901

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United States (1890):
States-
Alabama

1,513,017 1,828,697 52,250
Arkansas

1,128,179 1,311,564 53,850
California

1,208,130 1,485,053 158,360
Colorado..

412,198 539, 700 103, 925
Connecticut

746,258 908,355 4,990
Delaware.

168,493

184, 735 2,050
Florida .

391,422 528,542 58,680
Georgia

1,837,353 2,216,331 59,475
Idaho

84,385

161,772 84,800
Illinois

3,826,351 4,821,550 56,650
Indiana.

2,192,404 2,516,462 36,350
Iowa.

1,911,896 2,231,853 56,025
Kansas

1,427,096 1,470,495 82,080
Kentucky

1,858,635 2,147,174 40,400
Louisiana

1,118,587 1,381,625 48,720
Maine...

661,086 694,466 33,040
Maryland..

1,042,390 1,190,050 12,210
Massachusetts

2,238,943 2,805,346 8,315
Michigan

2,093,889 2,420,982 58,915
Minnesota

1,301,826 1,751,394 83,365
Mississippi

1,289,600 1,551,270 46,810
Missouri.

2,679,184 3,106,665 69,415
Montana.

132,159 243,329 146,080
Nebraska.

1,058,910 1,068,539 77,510
Nevada ..

45,761

42,335 110,700
New Hampshire

376,530 411,588 9,305
New Jersey.

1,444,933 1,883,669 7,815
New York.

5,997,853 7,268,012 49,170
North Carolina

1,617,947 1,893,810 52,250
North Dakota

192,719 319,146 70,795
Ohio

3,672,316 4,157,545 41,060
Oregon.

313,767 413,536 96,030
Pennsylvania,

5,258,014 6,302,115 45,215
Rhode Island

345,506 428,556 1,250
South Carolina

1,151,149 1,340,316 30,570
South Dakota..

328,808 401,570 77,650
Tennessee

1,767,518 2,020,616 42,050
Texas

2,235,523 3,048,828 265,780
Utah

276,749 84,970
Vermont

332,422
343,641

9,565
Virginia

1,655,980 1,854,184 42, 450
Washington

349,390 518,103 69,180
West Virginia.

762,794 958,800 24,780
Wisconsin.

1,686,880 2,069,042 56,040
Wyoming

60,705

92,531 97,890
Total, States ..

02,116,811 74,700,193 2,718,780
Alaska.

32,052

63,441 577,390
Arizona

59,620

122,931 113,620
Dist. of Columbia.

230,392 278,718

70
Hawaii ...

89,990 154,001 6,640
Indian Territory

74,997 391,960 31,400
New Mexico..

153,593

195,310 122,580
Oklahoma .

61,834

398,245 39,030
Total, Territories..

702,478 1,604, 606 890,730
Total, States and Territories 26

62,819,289 76,304,799 3,609,510
Dependencies-
Porto Rico (1899)

953,243

3,600
Philippines.

8,000,000

112,000
Guam...

9,000
Uruguay (1879)

438, 245 900,000

72,210
Venezuela (1891).

2,323,527

593.943
26 Indians numbering perhaps 150,000 or more are not included in these totals. The census figures for 1900 and the
areas are taken from the Statistical Abstract of the United States for 1900.

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