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1630 to 1655; another was interested in Governor Thomas Dudley; while a third studied the legend of the old Moravian Sun Inn. One student was trying to discover the name of the first woman who claimed the suffrage in America. Another was investigating the subject of chaplains in the American army during the Revolutionary War; while others sought for information about old tavern signs and lamps in England. Special interest in everything pertaining to the early history of Manhattan was aroused by the Commercial Tercentenary Celebration in New York City. The Division gave special attention to the preservation of the great mass of newspaper clippings concerning American family history. Formerly these had been kept in envelopes. They are now being arranged, mounted, bound and catalogued.

Important additions are the unprinted genealogies of the Gedney, Ingraham, and Stephens families. There have also been received typewritten copies of the tombstone inscriptions of Amawalk, Amityville, Chappaqua, the Dutch Reformed Church of Flatbush, Freeport, Huntington, and of Westchester County, all in the State of New York, together with the Indices of Wills in Queens County, New York, from 1787 to 1835.


The Art and Prints Division has served many classes of students and inquirers during the year. It has furnished material to artists looking for a subject for an illustration, or for a piece of sculpture to be entered in a competition, or for a design for a mural painting. Designers have come here to get hints about furniture, wall-paper, lighting fixtures, and dress. The demands from costume designers became especially acute during the latter part of the year because they were thrown on their own resources after the outbreak of the European war. Actors in the regular drama and managers of moving picture shows came here for help in arranging for scenery and make-up; newspaper men for the photographs of persons or places temporarily famous; high school girls for material on topics of study. In addition to all these inquiries, the Division has many other miscellaneous requests which can be answered pictorially.

The print collection has been enlarged by some purchases and a number of gifts. The most important gifts of the year were the valuable collection of over three hundred mezzotints and stipple engravings left to the Library by the late John L. Cadwalader, and the Keppel memorial collection, consisting mainly of modern work, such as presentation copies of prints by Strang, Pennell, Goulding, Short, Helleu, Guerard, Washburn, and others. There were also the usual additions to the S. P. Avery Collection; an increase of our collection of A. H. Haig's etchings, over seventy pieces from the late Mrs. Henry Draper. Various prints were given by the artists, including examples from Eugene Béjot, W. F. Hopson, J. H. Fincken, W. G. Watt, and others.


There has been a noticeable increase in the number of people using the Music Division during the year, due to the ever growing appreciation of music in New York. This city has become the musical centre of the country, and during the winter season musicians from all over the world may be heard here. The opportunities thus offered have educated the taste of a large public who are no longer satisfied merely to enjoy music without understanding it. The visitors have included teachers, critics, compilers, lecturers, authors, composers, and illustrators. Among the many subjects for which the Division has been asked to furnish material are: music and sociology, music and physiology and psychology, materialism and realism in music, the effects of music in therapeutics, color and music.

The Library has adhered to its former policy of adding the most important biographies, dictionaries and a few current scores. A most valuable addition to the collection was the gift presented by Mrs. Julian Edwards as a memorial to her husband. It has already been described in the Trustees' Report, in preceding pages.


It may surprise many to whom the words "economics" and "sociology" suggest merely two abstract sciences, to learn from what varied classes and conditions of life the extensive resources of the Division attract readers. Together with the college professors engaged in research, who came here from different parts of the country, and the candidates for scholars' degrees who have spent weeks and months in preparation of their theses, the Division was visited by such readers as, for instance, a group of stewards from an ocean liner who came to read the works of Friedrich Engels whenever their vessel was in port. College and high school students came to prepare themselves for debates. Information on problems of socialism, labor, and municipal government was in constant demand, while requests for books on rural economics and rural sociology were surprisingly large. At the request of the Mothers' Pension League of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, the Division prepared a list of references on mothers' pensions, while a bibliography on the minimum wage, which was first compiled in 1913, was enlarged and printed as an appendix to the Report of the State Factory Investigating Commission. The European war brought a steady stream of inquiries, especially those relating to the effects of war on prices in general, and the effect of the Napoleonic wars on the prices of consols, "rentes," and so on. To meet these demands the Division prepared a tentative bibliography on the

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The European war has had some interesting effects upon the work of the Science Division. First, it was noticeable that some specialists were coming here for the purpose of making practical investigations. One man came to work out a very ingenious idea for the automatic propulsion of hand-torpedoes to be used from small boats. Another came to investigate the possible use of platinum-black in order to ignite the gas in a hostile Zeppelin balloon. His question concerned the time required by a platinum-sponge exposed to a current of hydrogen to reach the necessary temperature in order to produce the explosion of a mixture of the gas and air. Thus, questions which are a matter of life and death to those living in the countries at war, become a subject for scientific research in a quiet library room three thousand miles from the battle fields.

Another effect of the war has been to send to this Division' a large number of men desirous of making money by learning to manufacture certain chemicals. In particular, these are the pharmaceutical chemicals which, until the outbreak of the war, were imported exclusively from Germany. Some men of no scientific training spent scores of hours trying to understand the simplest chemical reactions. It was during the month of September that these demands for information about chemical subjects were most frequent. Curiously enough, there was a marked diminution in the use of the Science Division by the professional chemists who usually make bibliographical researches there. Evidently they did not have time to leave their laboratories.

In order to simplify the search for information, much time has been spent indexing magazine articles especially the journals of biological chemistry. The more important articles in the volumes of the "American Journal of Science" have also been indexed. Special attention has been given to biographical notices and to enlarging the catalogue of biographical articles about scientists.

A very important addition to the collection of books on meteorology and terrestrial magnetism was made by the acquisition of the library of the Central Park Observatory. Over sixteen hundred volumes and more than four hundred pamphlets were added to the Library's resources on these subjects.


The larger use of this Division during 1914 is due not only to a natural growth, but to the transfer of the current periodicals on engineering from the Periodicals Division, to the fact that many engineers and draftsmen are out of work, and to the increased interest in the manufacture of chemicals owing to the European war. Some of these same causes have

economic and social aspects of war. This appeared in the Bulletin of the Library for February, 1915.

With the end of the year came the end of this Division as a separate part of the Library. This was due to the transfer of its former chief to the librarianship of the Municipal Reference Branch, and the consolidation of the Public Documents and Economics Divisions into a new single division.


An assistant in this Division was consulted not long ago by a reader, as to the Library's resources on the taxation of stock exchanges. The conversation was overheard by a lawyer. When the reader's questions had been answered, the lawyer said to the attendant: "Is it possible it is expected of you to give such information as that? Why, there are trained men down town earning their living by preparing briefs on special questions of that kind."

This illustrates how rapidly the time is approaching when the reference work done in such a division as this, will be a factor whose possibilities are at present barely realized. The work is not confined solely to readers who come to the Library, as requests are received over the telephone and by mail, with a constantly increasing frequency. The readers are chiefly men connected with commercial, industrial, or civic organizations. One man will often spend days or even weeks on a given piece of research.

The increase in the use of the Division will be sufficiently indicated by saying that over 11,000 persons came here for the purpose of study during 1914, as against about 7,500 in 1913. They consulted more than 81,000 books; the readers in 1913 called for about 39,000. The law collection has been increased. The additions were chiefly in the classes of statute law and text-books. The collection of clippings includes not only extracts from newspapers and magazines, but many leaflets, pamphlets, and manuscripts.

The year's accessions have been for the most part those books which would strengthen and complete files already upon the shelves. Chief among these are the additions to the London Gazette. Except for 1799, this journal is now complete from 1792. The file of British Local Acts, another important series, is now complete from 1824 to 1850 and from 1882 to date. This set is particularly valuable in that it comprises British corporation legislation. An important addition to the early United States documents was made in the spring by the acquisition of a number of volumes of the annual "Account of Receipts and Expenditures," beginning with the first issue in 1791.

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