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additional agriculture American apprentice appropriation assistance Association attend become believe better bill Board for Vocational boys carried cent CHAIRMAN classes commercial committee Congress Constitution continuation cooperation course director Doctor COOLEY Douglass economic effective employed employers employment enrolled experience fact Federal Board Federal Government field funds further girls give given high school House important increase industrial instruction interested labor lines manager means meet necessary occupations opportunity organization part-time PECKHAM persons practical present president problem promotion question received Representatives result SCHAFER secretary skilled Smith-Hughes statement subjects superintendent teachers teaching thing tion trade trade and industrial United vocational education vocational school vocational training Washington week Wisconsin workers young
Página 322 - An Act to provide for the further development of vocational education in the several States and Territories
Página 246 - A State has the same undeniable and unlimited jurisdiction over all persons and things within its territorial limits as any foreign nation, where that jurisdiction is not surrendered or restrained by the Constitution of the United States. That, by virtue of this, it is not only the right but the bounden and solemn duty of a State to advance the safety, happiness and prosperity of its people, and to provide for its general welfare, by any and every act of legislation which it may deem to be conducive...
Página 247 - In our view the necessary effect of this act is, by means of a prohibition against the movement in interstate commerce of ordinary commercial commodities, to regulate the hours of labor of children in factories and mines within the States, a purely state authority.
Página 246 - But the proposition that there are legislative powers affecting the nation as a whole which belong to, although not expressed in the grant of powers, is in direct conflict with the doctrine that this is a government of enumerated powers.
Página 106 - Little remains: but every hour is saved From that eternal silence, something more, A bringer of new things; and vile it were For some three suns to store and hoard...
Página 247 - The good sought in unconstitutional legislation is an insidious feature because it leads citizens and legislators of good purpose to promote it without thought of the serious breach it will make in the ark of our covenant or the harm which will come from breaking down recognized standards.
Página 247 - That there should be limitations upon the right to employ children in mines and factories in the interest of their own and the public welfare, all will admit. That such employment is generally deemed to require regulation is shown by the fact that the brief of counsel states that every State in the Union has a law upon the subject, limiting the right to thus employ children. In North Carolina, the State wherein is located the factory in which the employment was had in the present case, no child under...
Página 246 - Amendment. This amendment, which was seemingly adopted with prescience of just such contention as the present, disclosed the widespread fear that the national government might, under the pressure of a supposed general welfare, attempt to exercise powers which had not been granted. With equal determination the framers intended that no such assumption should ever find justification in the organic act, and that if in the future further powers seemed necessary they should be granted by the people in...
Página 103 - Upon the subject of education, not presuming to dictate any plan or system respecting it, I can only say that I view it as the most important subject which we as a people can be engaged in. That every man may receive at least a moderate education, and thereby be enabled to read the histories of his own and other countries, by which he may duly appreciate the value of our free institutions, appears to be an object of vital importance...
Página 234 - The phrase is as comprehensive as any that could have been used; because it was not fit that the constitutional authority of the Union to appropriate its revenues, should have been restricted within narrower limits than the " general welfare;" and because this necessarily embraces a vast variety of particulars, which are susceptible neither of specification nor of definition.