Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB
[blocks in formation]

TRUSTEES' SAVINGS-BANKS, 1896 AND 1897 (IN 1,000'S OF £'s).
England-

Wales

-Scotland --Ireland-- United Kingdom 1896. 1897. 1896. 1897. 1896. 1897. 1896. 1897. 1896. 1897. £6,849 £6,863 £83 £82 £4,623 £4,609 £469 £462 £12,024 £12,016 737

16
324 347 51 53 1,127

1,165 7,640 6,840

94 3,601 4,037 425 444 11,764 11,415 29,923 30,695 649 653 13.946 14,865 2,181 2,252 46,700 48,465

749

Received.....
Interest cred
Paid..........
Due depos'rs

16

98

NEW CAPITAL APPLICATIONS IN GREAT BRITAIN, 1894 TO 1898.

(From the London " Economist.")
1894.
1895.
1896.
1897.

1898. First quarter...........

£11,358,000 £28,479,000 £30,925,000 £28,116,000 £48,054.000 Second quarter.... 19,719,000 23,710,000 48,569,000 47,777,000

88,157,000 Third quarter.....

18,140,000 32,742,000 41,287,000 31,874,000 37,705,000 Fourth quarter.....

42,618,000 19,759,000 32,026,000 49,522,000 Total.................. £91,835,000 £104,690,000 £152,807,000 £157,289,000 £.........

The objects to which the capital was applied in 1897 are classified, as nearly as practicable, as follows: Foreign government loans.............. £10,615,300 Breweries and distilleries....... £17,950,600 Indian and colonial gov'ment loans...

Companies to acquire patents.

5,182,400 British municipal and county loans... 7,651,500 Stores and trading companies.

8,999,800 Colonial and foreign corporations.....

Manufacturing companies....

15,383,000 British railways......

7.465,000 Hotels, theaters, and eatertainments.. 5,016,500 Indian and colonial railways.......... 4,378,000 Lighting and water.....

3,304,100 Foreign railways.... 5,468,000 Tea plantations....

2,326,600

... . . .... Mining Companies

Docks, harbors, and shipping..

1,682,000 Westralian...... 2.195,000 Horseless or motor cars........

380,000 Other Australian

543,500
Banking........

1,309,000 South African...... 2,960,000 Insurance.

1,223,000 Canadian............ 2,367,000 Mineral water companies.

3,716,000 Other mines............... 4,904,500 Miscellaneous...

13,156,300 Land and finance companies

7.812,900 Cycles and appliances.......

7,193,000
Total......

£157,289,500

[graphic]

7,651, 900

[ocr errors]

.......

I

U

L

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

.

.

[ocr errors]

.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

.

.

Customs Tariff of the United Kingdom.

Articles subject to import duties in the United Kingdom, and the rate of duty levied upon each article according to the tariff in operation at the present time:

Cocoa. - Raw, per lb., 1d.; husks and shells, per cwt., 2s.; cocoa or chocolate, ground, prepared, or in

any way manufactured, per lb., 2d. Coffee.-Raw, per cwt., 14s.: kiln-dried, roasted, or ground, per lb., 2d. Chicory.-Raw or kiln-dried, per cwt., 13s. 3d. ; roasted or ground, per lb., 20.; coffee, chicory, or

other vegetable matter applicable to the uses of coffee or chicory, roasted and ground, mixed,

per lb., 2d. Fruit (Dried).-Currants, 2s. per cwt.; figs, fig-cake, plums, prunes, and raisins, 78. per cwt. Tea, per lb., 4d. Tobacco, per lb.-Unmanufactured : containing in every 100 lbs. weight thereof 10 lbs. or more of

moisture, 3s. 2d.: containing less than 10 lbs. of moisture, 3s. 6d.: manufactured: cigars, 5s.: cavendish or negrohead, 4s. 60.; cavendish or negrohead manufactured in bond, 4s. ; snuff, contaiping in every 100 lbs. weight thereof more than 13 lbs. of moisture, 3s. 9d.; not more than 13

lbs. of moisture, 4s. 60.; other manufactured tobacco, 4s. Wine, per gallon-Not exceeding 30 degrees of proof spirit, Is. : exceeding 30 but not exceeding 42

degrees of proof spirit, 2s, 6d. With an additional duty of 3d. per gallon for every degree or part of a degree beyond the highest above charged. The word “degree " does not include fractions of the next higher degree. Wine includes lees of wine. The duty on sparkling wine im

ported in bottle, in addition to the duties in respect of alcoholic strength, 2s. Beer of the descriptions called mum, spruce, or black beer, and Berlin white beer, and other prepara

tions, whether fermented or not fermented, of a character similar to mum, spruce, or black beer, where the worts thereof were, before fermentation, of a specific gravity not exceeding 1.215 degrees, for every 36 gallons, £13s.: exceeding 1.215 degrees, £1 12s. 100. Beer of any other description, where the worts thereof were, before fermentation, of a specific gravity of 1.055

degrees, for every 36 gallons, 7s.; and so on in proportion for any difference in gravity. Spirits or Strong Waters.-Spirits of any description (except perfumed spirits), including naphtha or

methylic alcohol, purified so as to be potable; and mixtures and preparations containing spirits, per proof gallon, 10s. 60.; perfumed spirits, per gallon, 17s. 30.; liqueurs, cordials, or other prearations containing spirits, in bottle, entered in such a manner as to indicate that the strength

is not to be tested, per gallon, 14s. 8d.; and so in proportion for any less quantity.
Chloroform, per lb., 3s. ld.
Chloral Hydrate, per lb., 1s. 3d.
Collodion, per gallon, £1 5s.

Confectionery, in the manufacture of which spirit has been used, in addition to any other existing

duty, per lb., 36d.
Ether, Acetic, per lb., ls. 10d.
Ether, Sulphuric, per gallon, £1 6s. 2d.
Ether, Butyric, per gallon, 15s. 8d.
Ethyl, Iodide of, per gallon, 13s. 7d.
Soap (Transparent), in the manufacture of which spirit has been used, per lb., 3d.
Playing Cards, per dozen packets, 3s. 9d.

CUSTOMS DRAWBACKS.
Coffee.-On roasted coffee exported as ships' stores, a drawback equal in amount to the import duty

on raw coffee shall be allowed. Tobacco.-Upon tobacco containing 14 per cent. of moisture manufactured in Great Britain and Ire

land upon which the duties of Customs shall have been paid, on the same being by any licensed manufacturer exported as merchandise or deposited in any bonded warehouse to be used as ships' stores, and packed in whole and complete cases, each containing not less than 80 lbs. net weight, and in proportion if the moisture exceeds or is less than 14 per cent., drawback shall be

allowed. Snufl.-Upon snuff manufactured in Great Britain and Ireland, on the exportation thereof or on

deposit in the Queen's warehouse to be abandoned, provided the quantity of inorganic matter contained therein does not exceed the proportion of 18 lbs. in every 100 lbs., exclusive of water, drawback shall be allowed. If the snuff contains more than such proportion of inorganic matter, a deduction is to be made from the drawback in respect of every pound of the excess above such proportion.

FRANCE.

Area and Population.

The present area of France is 204,092 English square miles. By the census of 1891 the population ras 38,343,192, while that of 1896 shows 38,517,975, or 188.7 population per square mile. The number of foreigners residing in France (census 1896) constituted 2.66 per cent. of the whole inhabitants, or 1,067,491 persons, of whom, at the census of 1891, 465,860 were Belgians and 286,042 Italians.

DISTRIBUTION BY OCCUPATIONS. The number of French citizens abroad in 1891 was 517,000; the bome residents are classified according to the following employments:

Employees,
Clerks,

Dependents
Employers, Overseers,

in
Domestic

Per Occupations. etc.

etc. Workmen. Household. Servants. Total. Cent. Agriculture......... 3,570,016 75,400 2,890,183 10,216,749 683,540 17,435,888 45.7 Industry ........

3,021,659 207,222 3,319,217 4,814,985 169.477 9,532,560 25.0 Iransport.... 62,501 138 707 245,979

730,040 22,106

1,199,333 3.1 Commerce.....

879,965 378,318 480,344 1,983,441 239,424 3,961,496 10.4 Public force....

558,186

781
2,908

141,611 12, 138 *715,624 1.9 Administration.. 202,205 30,348 426,816 32,526

699,611 Professional..... 420,133 78,024

29,819

449,500 137.397 1,114,873 2.9 Private fortune.... 956,729 13,021 106,061

781,115 312,824 2,169,750 5.7 Total........ 7,671,398 899,099 7,104,859 19,544,257 1,692,432 36,829,135 Teclassed..... ...

1,304,250 Total population.......... 38,133,385

1.8

EMIGRATION. The French are remarkably non-migratory, as will appear from the following figures of emifrants for a series of years:

1882 1883 1884. 1885. 1886. 1887. 1888. 1889. 1890. 1891. 1892 1893. French.. 4.858 4,011 6.100 6,063 7,314 11,170 23,339 31,354 20,560 6,217 5,528 5,586 Others... 54.567 53,148 31,349 30,424 35,618 60,949 71,336 57,801 51,952 51,598 33,618 28,629

These figures do not include the emigration to Algeria.

[ocr errors]

The following official figures represent the yearly expenditures of the French Government from resources derived from taxes and loans, but do not include the "budget sur ressources spéciales":

-Revenue

Total
Ordinary. Extraordinary.

Total.

Expenditure.
Year.

Francs.
Francs.
Francs.

Francs. 1885...

3,056,635,831

263,626,782
3,320,262,613

3,466,923,058 1890........................ 3,229,372,253

146,389,175
3,375,761,428

3,287,908,973 1895. 3,416,117,018

3,416,117,018

3,434,020,477 1896...... 3,436,128,381

3,436, 128,381

3,444,855,511 1897 (budget estim ted).. 3,392,554,662

3,392,554,662

3,321,007, 350 1898 budget estimated).. 3,361,878,936

3,361,878,936

3,422,632,679

NATIONAL DEBT.

On January 1, 1896, the debt of France stood as follows:

Francs. Consolidated debt....

22,005,373,951 Floating debt.... Morgan loan...

227,450,532 Guarantee debt.. Redeemable debt.....

3,936,491,000 Annuity, etc., debt, ......

3,371,429,015

Total.

[blocks in formation]

The following table shows the interest and annuities to be paid under the various heads of the public debt, according to the budget estimates of 1898 :

[blocks in formation]

Oats.........

The agricultural lands of France comprise 36,977,100 hectares under crops, fallow, and grasses and 8,397,131 hectares under forest. The following statement shows the chief crops and the acreage of each crop for the years named:

Acreage. 1892. 1893. 1894 1895. 1896.

1896. Crops

Hectol's. Hectol's. Hectol's. Hectol's. Hectol's. Hectares. Cereal CropsWheat..... 109,537,907 97,792,080 122,469,207 119,967,745 110,742,316

6,870,352 Barley....

16,248,516 12,240,999 17.074,408 17,014,736 16,241, 431 853,877

83,991,354 62,561,524 91,878,734 94,877.753 92,033,398 3,916,286 Rye...........,

23,558,094 22,515,669 26,406,900 25,167.623 24,464,730 1,500,207 Buckwheat 9,770,022 8,718,451 9.765,100 9.896,641 8.604,669

562,111 Maize.

9,972,293 9,186,484 9,662,407 9,219,658 10.721,936 583,708 Mixed corn....

4,095, 922 3,699,376 4,443,031 4,384,100 4,130,481 250,808 Green and other Crops Quintals. Quintals. Quintals. Quintals. Quintals. Potatoes....

135,352,648 118,414,925 128,200,939 129,249,146 1:29,543,389 1,542,717 Beet-root, sugar..... 61,215,550 60,469,760 76,401,820 63,782,875 84,846,336 270,043 Beet-root, other.......

89,130,424 77,421,576 108.01",708 109,477,513 114,109,034 423,058 Colza.... 802,366 513,966 877,970 565,601

595,441 54,021 Fler Seed..

149,385 133,829

167,183
176,077

132,881
182,300 179,433
241.958 222,819 188,463

26,932 Lomný Seed., 157.842 118,433 133,279 119,629

97,077 294,201 269,682 284,214 272,899 243,892

* 31,824

Flax Fiber ..
Hemp Fiber........

[blocks in formation]

Tobacco .........

16,681 1,101,393 5,521.269

Quintals. Quintals. uintals. Quintals. Quintals.
229,974
196,722

239,721 248,453 282,480
37,122,135 19,743,405 37,752,263 4 4,262, 743 39,312,552
Grass and hay......... 126,956,838 74,083,334 188,215,605 198,317,045 184,895,085
1 hectolitre = 2.8375 bushels; 1 hectare = 2.471 acres; 1 quintal = 220.46 pounds.

NUMBER OF LIVE STOCK.

Sheep. Lambs.
Horses.* Mules & Asses. Cattle.

Pigs.
1880..
2,848,800 666,678 11,446,253

22,516,054

5,565,620 1890

2,862 273 602.548 13,502,685 13,322,848 8,335,568 6,017.238 1895,

2,812,447 569,257 13,233,828 11,504,535 8,659,232 6,306,019 1896

2,849,658

569,312 13,334,631 12,475,938 8.714,665 6,402,370

Goats. 1,522,360 1.505.09 1,509,502 1,499,00

* Horses on farms only.

ANNUAL PRODUCTION OF WINE.

Cider Hectares Wine.

Produced. under Thousands of Wine Import Wine Export. Thousands of Year.

Vines. Hectolitres. Hectolitres. Hectolitres. Hectolitres. 165.

2,246,963
82,727

272,730

3,717,590 185.

1,990,586

28,536
8,183,666

2,602,773 13,437,000 1,944,150

24,333
12,282,286

2,401,918
1.843.580

30,102
12,064,000
2,118,000

9,767,000 1,817,787

23,224
10,470,000
2,166,000

3,701,000 1,816,544

27,416
10,830,462
2,162, 129

11.095,000 1891.

1,763,374

30,140
12,278,376
2,049,000

9,280,000
1,782,588
29,082
9,400,000
1,845,000

15,141.000 1896.

1,793,299
50,700
5,895,000
1,569,000

31,609,000
1,766,841
39,053
4,492,000
1,724,000

15,541,000 19..

1,747,002
26.688
6,356,000
1.696.000

25,587.000 1,728,433

44,656
8.818,000
1,783,000

8,074,000
28,000
5,051,250
1,288,000

6,789,000 The imports and exports and cider production are for the ten first months.

Silk culture is carried on in 27 departments of France-most extensively in Drôme, Gard, Ardèche, and Vaucluse. In 1896, 145,310 persons were employed in this industry; the production of Cocoons was 9,318,765 kilogrammes ; 315,300 kilogrammes of cocoons were exported, valued at 2,932,290 francs, and 2.807,500 kilogrammes of raw silk, valued at 62,567,250 francs. (1 kilogramme = 2.2046 pounds avdps.)

1.708,800

Year.

Coal, Iron, and Steel Production.
Coal and Lignite. Iron Ore. Pig Iron.
Tons.
Tons.

Tons.
25,591,545
3,471,718

1,962,200
25,501,595
5,579,286

1.897,400
25,697,233
3,706,748

2,057,390
25,172,792
3,517,438

2,003,096
27,417,000

3,772,000 2,077,647
28,019,893
3.680,000

2,003,868
29,310,832
4,069,390

2,333, 702
30,735,353

2,472,143

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]

149

Textile Industries. At the date of the latest official data (1893), the productive equipment of France, so far as respects her textile industries, was as follows:

Number of

Establishments. Steam-Engines. Horse-Power. Cotton, dressing, spinning, weaving...........

751
1,066

84,812 Wool, ditto...........

809

975

35,834 Suk, ditto.....

837

733

7,923 Flar, ditto...

343

510

29,339 Hemp, jute, ditto...

75
103

3,865 Manufacture of mixed tissues....

115

6,819 Manufacture of cloth.

183
218

6,580 Bleach and dye works...

1,766
1,630

20,926 The following statement of the imports and exports of cotton yarn and cloth, and woolens and fiks, affords some indication of the status of these industries, expressed in millions of francs : - Cottons

--Woolens

----Silks-
- Imports

Exports
-Imports

Exports Imp'ts. Exp'ts.
Yarn, Cloth. Yarn. Cloth. Yarn. Cloth. Yarn. Cloth. Tissues. Tissues.
39.1 2.8
95.5 12.1

55.9

20.7 328.5 62.2 249.3 18.0 32.7 3.1 100.5 12.5 50.2 21.0 278.9 51.0 224,5

32.9 2.6 113.1 9.8 43.6 18.5 242.3 41.9 223.5 15.4

118.3 13.6 41.9 31.1 323.1 50.2 270.8 14.4 37.9 131.4 15.4 45.1 29.6 294.1

50.3

247.0 12.3 36.3

119.3

40.0 24.1 265.5 52.0 270.9

16.7

34.3

[ocr errors]

Foreign Commerce. In the following statistics of imports and exports of merchandise " General Trade "includes I goods entering or leaving the country, while "Special Trade" includes only imports for home use Id exports of French origin, expressed in francs : --General Trade

--Special Trade--
Year.

Imports.
Exports.
Imports.

Exports.
4.930,000,000
3,955,800,000
4,088,400,000

3,088,100,000 5,452,400,000 4,840,200,000 4,436,900.000

3,753,400,000 5,938,300,000 4,730,500,000 4,767,800,000

3,569,700,000 5,135,900,000 4,551,300,000 4,188,000,000

3,460,700,000 4,951,500,000 4,326,400,000 3,853,700,000

3,236,400,000 4,794,900,000 4,124,600,000 3,850,400,000

3,078,100,000 4,919,600,000 4,589,300.000 3,719,900,000

3,373,800,000 4,928,800,000 4,593,600,000 3,798,600.000

3,400,900,000 5,137,500,000 4,803,100,000 3,956,000,000

3,598,000,000

[graphic]

The chief divisions of “general” and “special” trades were, in millions of francs :

247

226 163

174

130

93

116

83

[ocr errors]

50 60

37

--Imports

--Exports"General Trade." 1890. 1893. 1894. 1895. 1898. 1897. 1890. 1893. 1894. 1895. 1896. 1897. Food products...... 1,452 1,480 1,455 1,393 1,458

.... 1,062 1,002 967 1,030 1.100 Raw products..... 2.439 2.280 2,273 2,337 2,484

981 937 1.000 1.021 1.133 Manufactured g'ds...... 1,060 1,035 1,191 1,199 1,195

2,283 2,185 2,502 2,542 2,570 Total... 4,95L 4,795 4,919 4.929

5,137

4,326 4,124 4,589 4,593 4,805 "Special Trade." Food products...... 1,445 1,061 1,198 1,035 1.007 1,029 855 711 666 591 652 721 Raw products....... 2,383 2,229 2.104 2,101 2,174 2.319 899 784 755 874 836

944 Manufactured gids. 609 564 548 584 618 6081,999 1.742 1.657 1.909 1.912 1.933

Total..... 4,437 3,854 3,850 3,720 3,799 3,936 3,753 3,236 3,078 3,374 3,400 3,598

The chief articles of import and export in the "Special Trade," expressed in millions of francs were as follows: 1894. 1895. 1896, 1897. |

1894. 1895. 1896. 1897, Imports

Exports
Raw wool...

317 307
365
silk textures......

271 Wines.

145 212 294 280 Woolen textures........ 242 Raw silk..

183

180
266
Wines......

242 Cereals..........

364

123 247 Wool, raw, comb Cotton wool.... 169 167 187 206 dyed, and waste....

153 145 Coal and coke......

172 167
189 Parisian articles.....

154 161 Timber, common.... 147 150 155 Cotton textures.....

118 131 Oil seeds..............

199
157
148 136 Silks................

126 Hides and furs, raw.

134 111 116 Prepared skins..... Coffee.......... 175 105 Clothes and linens...

93 Copper........

Raw sugar... Machinery .....

Cheese and butter... Minerals........

Furs and skins, raw.... Silk textures........

Chemical products...... Flax...........

Modes & artific'l flowers .. Cheese and butter...

Skin and leather goods.

&y Cattle......

Copper..... Nitrate of soda.

Pottery, glass, & cryst'l.

56 Woolen tissues.

Paper & its applicat'ns.

54 Horses.............

Brandy, spirits, lique'rs. Cotton tissues......

Timber, common....... Lead.....................

Sugar, refined.......... Fish, fresh, salt, etc....

Machinery ...... Table fruits.....

Fixed oils other than Oils, grass and fatty

olive. (olive excluded).....

Iron and steel, cast..... Tobacco in leaf........

Table fruits.. Tools and metal goods..

Fish Cocoa............

Drills........... Greases......

Cotton wool..
Olive oil.....

Horses and mules...
Worsted.........

Coal and coke...
Tot'l (all other incl'd). 3,850 3,720 3,799 3,956 Tot'l (all other inc'd). 3,078 3,374 3,401 3,5

Chief imports for home use and exports of home goods, to and from the following countries, millions of francs : 1892. 1893. 1894. 1895. 1896, 1897. |

1892.1893. 1894. 1895. 1896. 18 Imports from

Exports toUnited Kingdom.... 530 492 481 496 511 485 United Kingdom.... 1,027 961 9161,000 1,031 1. Belgium........ 387 393 372 288 282 288 Belgium......

502 505 478 497 5 Spain.. 278 210 176 213 288 247 Germany.........

336 325 334 340 United States..... 534 317 3.27 284 314 437 United States...

205 186 289 2:25 Germany..........

... 337 323 310 310 308 309 Switzerland...... 228 173 130 163 180 Italy .......... 132 151 122 115 1:27 132 Italy............

33 128 98 134 115 British India..... 201 217 212 163 168 122

Spain..............

35 114 109 109 100 Argentine Republic. 177 167 168 180 213 211 Algeria...

185 199 203 Russia................ 166 235 282 195 181 236 Brazil..

70 75 80 76 69 Algeria............... 195 142 208 245 197 2381 Argentine

51 44 56

[ocr errors]

218

Commerce with the United States.

Merchand

Year

Imports
Exports Year

Imports

Exporti ending

from U.S.
to U.S. ending

from U.S.

to U.S June 30. Merchandise. Merchandise. June 30.

Merchandise. 1888, 839,210,000 $71,365,000 1893.

$46,619,000

$76,076,00 1889.... 46.120.000 69,566,000 1894....

55,315,000

47,549,0 1890.. 49,997,000 77,672,000 1895

45,149,000 61,580.0 1891.

60.693,000
76.688,000
1896.....

47,041,000

66,268,00 1892....

99,126,000
68,554,000 1897

57,595,000

67,530,0 The principal articles of import from the United States for the year ending June 30, 189 Agricultural implements, $623,956; breadstuffs--corn, $2,113,628 ; oats, $912,325; copper and ma

per una inanu

« AnteriorContinuar »