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C-U. S.

Statutes.
Vol. Page.

9 323
10 277
12 209
10 277
12 172
15 178
10 172

Civil Divisions.
PUBLIC-LAND STATES AND Act
TERRITORIES.

Organizing States-Continued. Territory. Oregon..................... Aug. 14, 1848. Kansas.....

May 30, 1854. Nevada.....................

Mar. 2, 1861. Nebraska.....

May 30, 1854. Colorado.................

Feb. 28, 1861. Wyoming.....

July 25, 1868. Washington............. Mar. 2, 1853. Montana.

5, 1864. North Dakota....

Mar. 2, 1861. South Dakota.... Idado...

........... Mar. 3, 1863. Utah.......

........... Sept. 9, 1850. Territories. New Mexico.....

Sept. 9, 1850. Arizona.................... Feb. 24, 1863. Alaska...................... July 27, 1868. Indian...... District of Columbia District of Columbia...... Mar. 3.' 1791.

July 16, 1790. Oklahoma.................. May 2, 1890.

Act
Admitting

State.
Feb. 14, 1859
Jan. 29, 1861.
Mar. 21, 1864.
+Feb. 9, 1867.
+Mar. 3, 1875.
July 10, 1890.
Feb. 22, 1889.
Feb. 22, 1889.

f. July 3, 1890. July 16, 1894.

-Area of States P-U.S. and Territories.

Statutes. In Square In Vol. Page. Miles. Acres. 11 383 95,274 60,975,360 12 126 80,891 51,770,240 13 3 0 112,090 71,737,600 14 391 74,170 47,468,800 18 474 104,500 66,880,000 26 22 97,883 62,645,120 25 $676 69,994 44,796,160 25 676 143,776 92,016,640 25 676

71.190 45,561,600 125 4676 79,130 50,643,200

20 215 86,294 55,228,160 28 8107 84,476 54,064,640

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Total.........

3,580,805 2,291,715,347

Climatology of United States.

The following table shows the average rainfall, bigbest and lowest temperatures, based upon observations of twenty-three or less years, at selected stations in the several States and Territories:

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Stations. Alabama-Mobile.......

Montgomery..............................
Alaska--Sitk&......
Arizona-Fort Grant.............

Yuma....
Arkansas - Little Rock..
California - San Francisco...........

San Diego.....................
Colorado-Denver

Pueblo..........
Connecticut-New London.......
District of Columbia-Washington
Florida--Jacksonville .........

Key West
Georgia -Atlanta

Savannah.........
Mlinois-Cairo.....

Chicago...
Springfield..

103 118 103 100 101 105 103

- Temperature

MiniYear. mum.

1883 1881 1885 1879 1878 1894 1891 1883 1878 1888 1893 1871 1889 1886 1887 1879 1881 1887 1879

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* See President's proclamation, Oct. 13, 1864 (13 Stat. L., 749).
+ See President's proclamation, Aug. 1, 1876 (19 Stat. L., 665).
# See President's proclamations (26 Stat L., 1548 to 1502, inclusive).
$ See President's proclamation, Jan. 44 1896 (28 Stat. L., p. 12 of Proclamations by President).
| See President's proclamation (26 Stat. L., 1544).

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Average

Preoipitation

43.2 37.4 35.0 38.4 21.0 46.9 61.8 50.8 48.4 42.7 44.8 46.1 36.4 32.6 32.5 27.6 19.1 57.2 38.0 13.3 14.7 19.1 32.6

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Stations.
indiana-Indianapolis .
Oklahoma-Oklaboma.
lowa-Des Moines............
Kansas - Leavenworth,..

Dodge City .......
Kentucky-Louisville.......
Louisiana-New Orleans. ..........

Sbreveport.........
Maine-Eastport..

Portland...........
Maryland-Baltimore .............
Massachusetts-Boston.............
Michigan-Alpena.............

Detroit.. ..............
Margriett: ...
Minns »ca-St. Paul...

St. Vlus soi.........
Mississipp. Vicksburg.
Missouri-St. Louis.
Montana - Helena.

Havre (Assiniboine)...
Nebraska-North Platte....

Omaha.... .................
Nevada - Winnemucca ....................
New Hampshire-Mt. Washington ......
New Jersey-Atlantic City ...............
New York-Albany .......

Rochester......................
New Mexico-Ft. Stanton................

Santa Fé .........
North Carolina-Charlotte........

Wilmington.................
North Dakota-Bismarck...

Ft. Buford ........ Ohio-Cincinnati. ..

Cleveland............
Oregon-Portland .....

Roseburg......
Pennsylvania-Philadelphia.............

Pittsburg ............
Rhode Island-Block Island............
South Carolina-Charleston....
South Dakota-Rapid City............

Yankton ......
Tennessee - Knoxville..............

Memphis ..........
Texas-Abilene..

Galveston.........
Ctab-Salt Lake City...
Virginia-Norfolk.......
Vermont-Northfield ....
Washington-Olympia ........

Spokane Falls....
West Virginia-Parkersburg ............
Wisconsin-Milwaukee.......
Wyoming-Cheyenne......

97 102 108 105 107

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1884 1892 1884 1873 1883 1884 1886 1886 1884 1872 1881 1882 1882 1872 1875 1888 1888 1886 1884 1892 1887 1888 1884 1888 1891 1880 1875 1875 1887 1883 1880 1884 1887 1888 1886 1873 1888 1888 1880 1879 1882 1886 1883 1879 1884 1886 1888 1886 1883 1886 1889 1888 1888 1883 1875 1875

1886 1887 1878 1883 1886 1881 1881 1886 1886 1877 1894 1877 1872 1880 1890 1894 1886 1878 1887 1879 1876 1883 1881 1881 1891 1887 1881 1881 1885 1879 1891 1886 1887 1881 1886 1874 1889 1887 1892 1885 1890 1892 1887 1881

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38.8 35.2 19.0 14.6 53.6 56.0 19.0 13.5 41.2 37.7 48.3 34.9 40.9 37.8 44.4 56.3 18.3 20 8 52.9 53.8 25 3 51.0 18.9 52.7 37.9 51.4 18.1 42.1 $2.2 12.1

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Population.

According to the census of 1890, the population of the United States for that year was 62,622,250 ; at the end of 1896 it is estimated to have been about 70,500,000. The statement following shows the population of each State and Territory, as per each census from 1790 to 1890. The narrow column under each census year shows the numerical order or status of each State or Territory at the respective periods.

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12 298,269

244,022

235,966 7 523, 159 20 83,015

275,148 1 1,372,111 13 277,423 3 1,047,507

3,486,675

228,705 214,460 217.895 472,040

76,931 261,942 959.049 245,562 810,091 2,671,891

151,719 183,858 154,465 4:22,845 69,122 251,002 589,051 211,149 602,365

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STATES AND TER 'TS. 1860

-18301- The U.States. al7,069,453 b12,866,020 2- Nor. At. Div. 6,761,082 5,542,381 3-Maine.....

501,793

399,455 4-N Hampsh're. 22 284,574 18 269,328 5-Vermont...... 291,948

280,652 6-Massachus'ts.

7737,699

610,408 7-R. Island...... 108,830

97, 199 8-Connecticut..

309,978 16 297,675 9-New York.... 1 2,428,921

1,918,608 10- New Jersey... 18 373,306

320,823 11-Pennsylvania. 2 1,724,033 2 1,348,233 12- S'th Atl. Div. 3,925,299 3,645,752 13-Delaware...... 26 78,085 24 76,748 14-Maryland...... 5 470,019

447,040 15-Dis. of C'lmba.

43,712 25 39,834 16--Virginia ...... 4 1.239,797 3 1,211,405 17-17. Virginia, .. 18-X. Carolina... 753,419

737,987 19-S. Carolina.... 594,398

581,185 Georgia....... 9 691,392 10 516.823 21-Florida........2

54,477

34,730 - N. Cent. Div. 3,351,542

1,610,473 23-Ohio........... 1,519,467

937,903 24-Indiana...

685,866

343,031 25-Illinois.....

476,183

157,445 -Michigan....

212,267 27 31,639 21-Wisconsin...

30,945 28-Minnesota.. 29-Iowa .......

*** 43,112 3)- Missouri ....... 16 383,70221140,453 31-X. Dakota....

-S. Dakota.....) 33-Nebraska..... 31-Kansas........ 35- S. Cent. Div.. 3,025,430 2,062,096

3,060,809 22 72,749 10 407.350 225 33,039 2 1,065,116 4 638,820 8 502,741 11 340,985

1972,674 8 380,546 2224,023 1 974,600

4 555,500 6 415,115 11 252,433

17 64,273

7 341,548 1914,093

1 880,200 4 478,103

6 345,391 12 162,686

16
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13

747,610 393,751 249,073 82,548

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1840. a17,069,453

RECAPITULATION BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS.
STATES AND TERRITORIES. 1890.

1880.
1870.
1860.

1850.
1- The United States. ... 62,622,250 50,155,783 38,538,371 31,443,321 23,191,876
2-North Atlantic Divis'n.. 17,401,545 14,507,407 12,298,730 10,594,268 8.626.851
3-South Atlantic Divis'n.. 8,857,9:20) 7,597,197 5,853,610 5,364,703 4,679.090

North Central Division. 22,362,279 17,384,111 12,981,111 9,096,716 5,403,595 5-South Central Division. 10,972,893 8,919,371 6,434,410 5,768,658 4,303,5:22 6-Western Division........ 3,0:37,613 1,707,697 990,510 618,978 178,818

1830.
1820.
1810.

1800.
1- The United States......... €12,866,020 9,633,822 7,239,881 5,308,483

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a Including 6,100 persons on public ships in the service of the United States, not credited to any State or Territory, b Including 5,318 persons on public ships in the service of the United States, not credited to any State or Territory. c Dakota Territory. d Population of Greer County (5.338), in Indian Territory (also claimed by Texas), included in that of Oklahoma Territory for census purposes.

N. B.-The following data will be found in Volume I of this work:
1. Percentage of increase of population, at each successive census year from 1790 to 1890.

2. Native and foreign-born population by States and Territories, for each census year from 1850 to 1890.

8. Males of voting age, by nativity and color, in 1800.
4. Total dwellings and persons to a dwelling, for each census year from 1860 to 1800.

POPULATION BY EMPLOYMENT.

In order that proper comparison may be made between the different censuses, a rearrangement of occupations under each of the general classes, in accordance with the classification used in 1890, has been extended by the Census Office to the printed results of preceding censuses, bringing into classified form the results for 1850 and 1860, which in the printed reports are presented in an alphabetical list, and giving for 1870 and 1880 the readjusted totals for each of the general classes.

Number and Per Cent. of Persons 10 Years of Age or Over Engaged in Gainful Occupations, by Sex, 1870

1880, and 1890.

Persons 10 Per Cent of PersonsSex and Census Years.

Years of Age Engaged in Gainful Oc-
or Over En-

cupations of
Persons 10
gaged in

Persons 10
Total Years of Age Gainful Occu- Total Years of Age
Population. or Over.

pations. Population, or Over. Males. 1870....

19,493,565 14,258,866 10,669,635 54.73 1880.....

25,518,820
18.735,980
14,744,942 57.78

78.70
1890........
32,067,880 24,352,659 18,821,090 58.69

77.29 Females. 1870..... 19,064.806 13,970,079 1,836,288

9.63

13.14 1880... 24,636,963 18,025,627 2,647,157 10.74

14.69 1890... 30,554,370 23,060,900

3,914,571 12.81

16.97 Both Sexes. 1870..... 38,558,371 28,228,945 12,505,923 32.43

44.30 1880..

50,155,783
36,761,607 17,392,099

34.68

47.31 1890...... 62,622,250 47,413,559 22,735,661 36.31

47.95

74.83

Number and Per Cent. of Persons 10 Years of Age or Over in Each Class of Occupations, by Ser, 1870,

1880, and 1890.

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Census Years and Classes of Occupations.

Males.
1870.
Agricultural, fisheries, and mining...... 5,744,314
Professional service.................

278,841 Domestic and personal service........... 1,338,663 Trade and transportation......

1,209,571 Manufacturing & mechanical industries 2.098,246 Total......

10,669,635 1880. Agriculture, fisheries, and mining....... 7,409,970 Professional service .............

425,947 Domestic and personal service. ......... 2,321,937 Trade and transportation......

1.803,629 Manufacturing & mechanical industries 2,783, 459 Total.

14,744,942 1890. Agriculture, fisheries, and mining........ 8,333,813 Professional service..............

632,646 Domestic and personal service.....

2,692,879 Trade and transportation................ 3,097,701 Manufacturing & mechanical industries 4,064,051 Total....

18,821,090

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POPULATION BY AGES.

The following table shows the number and percentage of native wbite of native and foreign parentage in 1890 of each quinquennial age:

Native

Native
White -

White-
Age
Native

Foreign
Periods.

Parents. Per Parents. Per

Number. Cent. Number. Cent. All ages......... 34,358,348 100.00 11.503.675 100.00 Under 5 years... 4,550,682

4,550,682 13.25 1,942,337 16.88 5 to 9 years.... 4,431,900 12.90 1,792,917 15.53 10 to 14

3, 964,906 11.54 1,630,687 14.17 15 to 19

3,552,524 10.34 1.601,528 13.92 20 to 24

3,185,167 9.27 1,345,926 11.70 25 to 29

2,545,181 7.41 1,029,267 8.95 30 to 34

2,376,869 6.92 825,643 7.18 35 to 39

2,054,293 5.98 515,045 4.48 40 to 44

1,719,410 5.00 286,284 2.49 45 to 49

1,471,358 4.28 190,047 1.65 50 to 54

1,255,791 3.65 125,735 1.09

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