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School Attendance.

The whole number of persons attending school during any portion of the census year (1890) is shown in the following table :

General Nativity

and Color.
Aggregate.....
Total white......
Native white....
Native parents.....
Foreign parents...
Poreign white.
Total colored*....
Persons of negro descent......

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---Males
Number, Per Cent.
5,954,142 100.00
5,464,413 91.77
5,196,313 87.27
3,695,420 62.06
1,500,893 25.21
268,100

4.50
489,729 8.23
484,969

-FemalesNumber Per Cent. 5,720,736 100.00 5,202,758 90.95 4,956,976 86.65 3,509,335 61.34 1.447.641 25.31 245,782

4.30 517,978

9.05 514,355

8.99

The school attendance, by ages, is shown as follows:

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The following table shows for each element of the population the number of illiterates and the percentage in each class for 1880 and 1890:

General Nativity

and Color.

Population 10 Years of Age
and Over in 1890.

Illiterates
Total. Number. Per Ct.
47,413,559 6,324,702 13.34
41,931,074 3,212,574 7.66
33,144,187 2,065,003 6.23
25,375,766 1.890,723 7.45
7,768,421

174,280 2.24
8,786,887 1,147,571 13.06
5,482,485 3,112,128 56.76
5,328,972 3,042,668 57.10

Population 10 Years of Age and Over in 1880.

--Illiterates Total. Number. Per Ct. 36,761,607 6,239,958 16.97 32,160,400 3,019,080 9.39 25,785,789 2,255,460 8.75

Aggregate.....
Total white.......
Native white.....
Native parents.....
Foreign parents....
Foreign white....
Total colored*.....
Persons of negro descent.....

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The distribution by age periods of surviving veterans and widows of the Civil War, both United States and Confederate, is shown in the following tab

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Widows of United Widows of ConAge United States -Confederate

States Soldiers, federate Soldiers Periods Soldiers, Sailors & Marines. Soldiers & Sailors. Sailors and Marines. and Sailors.

Number. Per Cent. Number. Per Cent. Number Per Cent. Number. Per Cent. All ages......... 1,034,073 100.00 432,020 100.00 145,359 100.00

100.00 Under 35 years..

3,662

1,530

2.53 Under 15 years.. 129.438

*50,666

29,720 20.45 9,936 16.41 5 to 54 years.... 575,746 55.68 216,280 50.06 51,946 35.74

22.866

37.75 55 to 64 28,489 23.06 114,752 26.56

38.332 26.37 17,890 29.54 6 to 74 " .... 75,214

7.27
43,714 10.12 16,985 11.68

11.38 15 years & over. 11,149

1.08
5,867
1.36

2.81 1,274 2.10 Age unknown..

4,037
0.39

0.17

626
0.43

0.29

60,564". Per Cent.

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Immigration.

NUMBER AND NATIONALITY OF IMMIGRANTS ARRIVED IN THE UNITED STATES, YEARS ENDING

JUNE 30, 1897 AND 1898.

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Austria-Hungary-

Bohemia and Moravia.....
Galicia and Bukowina...
Other Austria...

Hungary ...........
Belgium........
Denmark...
France (including Corsica)
Germany....
Greece.......
Italy ..
Netherlands..
Norway......
Portugal...
Roumania........
Russia (proper)..
Finland....
Poland....
Spain....
Sweden...
Switzerland...
Turkey in Europe..
England..
Ireland .....
Scotland ...
Wales.....
Not specified.....

571 59,431

890
5,842
1,874

791
22,750)
3,066
4,165

3,005

856

9122

378 10,314 1.608 1,511

1,716

413

18.365

207 1,931 860

381 11.478 1,233 1,728

27,194

15.716
1.374
2,998

511
5,442
824

139 5,943

6,931
591

12,436

1,458 2,654

425 6.213 975

110 5,998 11,549 1,054 539

18

6,956

3,976 16,872

13,144
1,566

152
9,974
28.421
1,883
870

3,934 15,176

12,393 1,246

176 9,877 25,193 1.797 1,219

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Cuba..............
Other West Indies.........
South America....
Turkey in Asia (Arabia and Syria)..
China....................
Japan......
Asia, not specified........
Australia ...
Hawaiian Islands .....
Pacific Islands, not spe
Africa ......................

Grand total...........

2,651
2,061
2,115

51
115
26

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ARRIVALS OF ALIENS AND IMMIGRANTS.

- AliensPeriod.

Immi. Non-immiYear End'g Dec. 31. grants. grante. 1896.

195,857 4,697 1857.

246,945 4.301 1855,

119,501 3,895 1819.

118,616 2,006 1880

150,237

3. 13 1851...

89,724

2,104 1862....

$9,007 2,078 1963.

74.584 1,758 1864

193,195

223 1865

47, 453

667 314.917

3,651

310,905 4,757 Jan. 1 to June 30. 1889..

138,840 3,183 Year End's June 30. 1869

352,708 11.306 1870.

387,203 16,717 1871.

321.250 21,259 1872...

404,806 18,192 1873....

450,803 13,238 1874.....

313,839 14,810

Period.
Year End'g June 30 Immi-
Total, (Continued). grants.
200, 436 1875

27,498
251,300
1876.

169,9H0 123, 196 1877.

141,857 131,282 1878.

138,469 163,640 1879..

177.828 91,018 188.

457,257 01.086 1881.

669,431 176,282 189

788,992 103,418 1883

003,3:22 248,120 1884

518,592 318,588 1885.

395,346 316,723 1888...

384,203 1897...

491,109 102,028 1888

648.89 1889.

444.47 363.074 189)

165,302 402.030 1801

500,310 312,600 1802.

623 081 102,978 1993...

502,017 478, 141 1804..

314.467 327.949) 1895.....

T9,943

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1816... 1867....

Fiscal Affairs.

REVINUE BY FISCAL YEARS.

Direct

Tax. $475.649 1,200.573 1.874,754 4,200,234 1.788.146 765,686 229.103 880,355 316,255

93.700

.

-Miscellan's Bources

Prem's on Hales of Loans and Othor Publio Sales of Miscellan lands. Gold Coin. Items. $588,333 821,174,101 $30,331,401 900,653 11.883,447 25,441,568 665,031 39,083,068 20,086,314 1.163.576 27,787,330 15,037,522 1,348,715 20,203,629 17,746,404 4.050,314 13,765,401 13,997,339 3.350.482 15,205,644 1,942,118 2,388,647 8,892,840 22,093,541 2,576,714 9,412,638 15,106,051 2.882,312 11,580,531 17,101,270 1.852,420 5,037,665 17.076,043 1.413.010 3,979,280 15,481,915 1,120,467 4,029.281 17,468.776

978,254 406.777 18,031.665 1,079,743 317,102 16,814,728

924,781 1,606,048 20.585,697 1,010,507

110

21,978,625 2,201,883

25,154,861 4,763.140

31, 703,643 7,955,884

30,796,695 9.810.705

21,084,882 5.705.986

24.014.065 5.630.900

20.989,528 9,254,286

20,005,815 11,202,017

24,674,446 8,038,062

24,297,151 6,358,272

24,447,419 4,029,535

23,374,457 3,201,876

20.251,872 3,182,000

18,253,898 1,673,637

17,118,618 1,108,347

16.708,436 1,006,523

19,186,080 864,581

23,614,433 1,243,129

83,602,502

Internal Revenue. $109,741,134 809,464,215 309,228,813 266,027,537 191,087,589 158,356, 461 184,899,756 143,098,154 130,642,178 113.729,314 102,409,785 110,007, 494 116.700.732 118,630, 408 110.581.625 113,581,811 124.009.374 135.284,386 146.497.595 144,720,369 121.586,073 112, 498,726 116,805,936 118,823,891 124,296,072 130.881,514 142,606,705 145,886,249 153,971,072 101,027,644 147,111,232 148,091,672 140,762,884 146,688,574 170,900,641

Year. Customs 144 $102,310,153

84,928.281 8.. 179,046,652

T. 176,417.811 1-78. 164,464,600 1800, 180,048,427 1870.. 184,538,374 1871.. 26.970,408

216,370,287

188,089,523 1671.. 163.103,834 1ETS.. 57,167,722 1878.. 148.071.985 1877.. 130,876,493 1878.. 130, 170,880 1870. 137,250,048 180., 180,522,085 1881.. 198, 159,676

220,410,730 1863.. 214,706.497

195,067,490 181,471,939

192.906,023 1687.. 217.236.893

8. 219.091.174 180 223,832,742

220,688,584 1801. 219,522, 206 16 . 177,452.964 1993., 93,356,017 1994., 131.818,631 195., 122,158,617

.. 160,021,751 1997., 176,554,127 1935, 149,575,062

Rxcess of

Revenue Net Over Ordi. Ordinary nary BiRevenue. penditures. $264,620,772 $800,095,870 333,714,005 103,840.619 658,032,820 37,223,203 400,034,010 188,091,335 405,638,083 28,297,798 870,043,747 48.078,489 411,255,478 101,601,917 383,323,945 91,146,767 374,108,888 98,588.95 333,738,205 43,392,059 289, 478,755 2,344,883 288,000.051 13,370,068 287, 482,030 20,022,242 289,000,687 30,340,578 267,763,879 20,709,552 273,827.184 6,879,301 333,520,011 06,883,653 380,789,298 100,069, 405 403.625,259 145,543,811 308,287,582 132,879,444 348.519,870 104.393.638 323,090,706 63,463,771 330, 439,727 93.956,689 371,403,278 103,471,098 379,266,075 111,341,274 387.050.059 87,701,081 403,080,982 85,040.279 392,612,447 20,838,542 354,397,784 9.914,154 385,818,629 2,341,074 297,722,019 99,803,260 313,390,075 *42,806,223 328,076,200 35,208,245 347,721.705 14.052,454 405,321,335 *38,047,248

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1982.

1,517 180,149 108,157 70,721

189..

1986..

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10R 210 32,892 1,506

• Expenditure in excess of revenue.

EXPENDITURES BY FISCAL YEARS.

1873..

1876.. 1877 ..

-Civil and Miscellan's

Prem. on Other Civil
Loans, Pur- & Mis. War

chase of cellaneous DepartYear. Bonds, etc. Items. ment. 1864..

$27,505,599 $690,791,843 1865 .. $1,717,900 43,047,658 1,031, 323,361 1866...

58,477 41,056,962 284,449,702 1867 .. 10,813,349 51,110,224 95,224,416 1868. 7,001,151 53,003,888 123,246,649 1869.. 1,674,680 56,474,062 78,501,991 1870.. 15,996,556 53,237, 462 57.655,675 1871.. 9,016,795 60,481,916 35,799,992 1872.. 6,958,267 60.984,757 35,372, 157

5,105,920 73,328,110 46,333,133 1874..

1,395,074 69,611,593 42,313,927 1875..

71,070,703 41,120,646 66,958,374 38,070,889

56,252,067 37,082,736 1878..

53,177,704 32,154,148 1879..

65,741,555 40, 425,861 1880.. 2,795,320

54,713,530 38, 116,916 1881.. 1.051.219 64,416,325 40,466.461 1882..

57,219,751 43,570,494 1883

68,678,022 48,911,383 70,920, 434 39,429,603

87,494,258 42,670,578 1886 ..

74.161,930 34,324,153 1887..

85,284,826 38,561,026 1888 8,270,819 72,952,281 38,522,436 1889 17,292 363 89,664,061 44,433,271 1890.. 20,304,244 81,403,256 44,582,838 1891 .. 10,401,221 110,048,167 48,720,065 1892 ..

99,846,988 46,895, 456 1893.

103,732,799 49,641,773 1894.

101,943,730 54,567,930 1895..

93,279,730 51,804,759 1896

87,268,558 50,830,981 1897 ..

90,401,268 48,950,268 1898..

96,520,505 91,992.000

Navy
Depart-

ment. $85,725,995 122,612.945 43.324.119 31,034,011 25,775,503 20,000,758 21,280,230 19,431,027 21,249,810 23,526,257 30,932,587 21,497,626 18,963,310 14,959,935 17,365,301 15, 125, 127 13,5 36,985 15,886,672 15,032,046 15,283, 437 17,292,601 16.021,080 13,907,888 15,141,127 16,923,438 21,378,809 22,006,206 26,113,896 29,174,139 30,136,084 31,701,294 28,797,795 27,148,231 34,561,546 58.823,985

Indians.
$2,629,859
5,116,837
3,247,065
4,642,532
4,100,682
7,042,923
3,407,808
7,126,997
7,061,729
7.051,705
6,692,462
8,384,657
5,965,558
5,277,007
4,629,280
5,206,109
5,945, 457
6,514,161
9,738,747
7.362,590
6,475,999
6,552,495
6,099, 158
6,194,523
6,249, 308
6,892.208
6,708,047
8,527,469
11,150,578
13,315,317
10,293,482

9,939,754
12,163,168
13,016,802
10.994.668

Pensions. $4,983,924 16,338,811 15,605,352 20,936,552 23,782,387 28,476,662 28,240,202 31,443,895 28,533,403 29,359,427 29,038,415 29, 456,216 28,257,395 27,983, 752 27,137,019 35,121,482 56,777,174 50,059,280 61,315,194 66,012,574 55,429,228 56,102,267 63,404,864 75,029,102 80,288,509 87.624,779 106,936,855 124,415,951 134,583,053 159,357,585 141,177,285 141,395,228 139, 434,047 141,053,165 147.452.369

Interest on Public

Debt. 853,685,422

77,397,712 133,067,742 143,781,592 140,424,046 130,694,243 129,235,498 125,576,566 117,357,840 104,750,688 107,119,815 103,093,545 100,243,271

97,121.512 102,500,875 105,327,949 95,757,575 82,508,741 71,077,207 59, 160, 131 54,578,378 51,386,256 50,580,146 47,741,577 44,715,007 41,001,484 36,099,284 37,547, 135 23,378,116 27,264,392 27,841,406 30,978,030 35,386,488 37,791,110 37.585,056

Total
Ordinary

Expenditures.

8865,322,642 1,297,555,224 520,809,417 357,542,675 377,340,285 322,865,278 309,653,561 292,177,188 277,517,963 290,345,245 287,133,873 274,623,393 258, 459.797 238,660,009 936,964,327 276,917,883 257,642,958 260,712,888 257,981, 440 285,408,138 244, 126,244 260.228.835 242,483, 138 267,932, 180 257,924.801 229,288,978 318.040.711 305.773.905 315,023,330 383,477,964 365,195,298 356,195,298 352,179,446 365,774,160 443.368,583

1884.. 1885..

EXPENSES OF COLLECTING REVENUE.

The statement following shows the amounts of customs duties and internal revenue collected and the costs of collection since 1880:

Internal he Expense. Per Ct.

3.42

Year Ending

June 30. 1881.. 1882... 1883.. 1884. 1887. 1886. 1887. 1888. 1889, 1890. 1891. 1-9.. 1893. 1894. 1895..... 1896. 1897 1898..

--- Internal Revenue--

Expenses of Revenue.

Collecting. Per Ct. $135,264,385.51 $4,327.793.24 3.20 146,497,595.45 4,097,241.34 2.80 144,72 1,368.98 4,424,707.39 3.06 121,586,072.51 4,216,847.26 3.47 112,498,725.54 3.853,035.94 116,805,936.48 3,578,679.42 3.06 118,823,391.22 3,826,507.98 3.22 124,296 871.98 3,626,038.91 2.92 130.881,513.92 3,770,388.72 2.88 142,606,705.81 3.780,950.41 145,686,249.44 4,003,485.65 153.971,072,57 3,879,082.31 2.52 161,027,623.93 4.144,927.02 147,111,232.81 3.749,029.22 2.55 143,421,672.02 3.754.835.45 2.62 146,508,265.00 3,846,888.00 2.62 146.688,574.00 3,606,799.00 2.46 170,900,641.00 3,705,257.00 2.17

-Customs Revenue

Expenses of Revenue. Collecting. Per Ct. $198,159,676.02 $6,383,288.10 3.22 220,410,730.25 6,506,359.26 2.95 214,706,496.93 6,593,509.43 3.07 195,067,489.76 6,709,485.76 3.44 181,471,839.34 6.494.847.29 3.58 192,905,023.44 6,427,612.67 3.33 217,286.893.13 6,855,801.74 3.16 219,091, 173.63 7.156, 187.77 3.27 223,832,741.69 7,030,487.00 3.14 229,668,584.57 6,859,986.09 2.98 219,522,215.23 6,964,367.09 3.17 177,452,964.15 6,646,276.06 203.355,016.73 6,756,790.98 3,32 131,818,530.62 6.791,872.80 5.15 152,158,617.45 6,736.490.82 4.43 160,634,351.00 7,237,796.00 176,554,127.00 7,075,372.00 4.01 149,575,062.00 7,162,277.00 4.78

2.65

9.75

2.57

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PRINCIPAL AND INTEREST OF PUBLIC DEBT FROM 1869 TO 1897.

Total
Three and a
Four and a

Interest - Annual
Three Per Half Per Four Per Half Per Five Per Six Per bearing Interest

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Debt. Charge. $66,125,000

$221,588,300 $1,874,347,222 $2,162,060,522 $125,523,998 59,550.000

221,588,300 1,765,317,422 2,046,455,722 118,784,980 45,885,000

$678,000

274,236,450 1,613,897,300 1,934,696,750 111,949,330 24,665,000

678,000

414,567,200 1,374, 183,800 1.814,794,100 103,988.463 14,000,000

678.00

414.567,300 1,281.238.650 1.710,483,950 98,049,804 14,000.ono

678,000

510,628,050 1,213,624,700 1,738,937,750 98,796,404 14,000,000

678,000

607, 132,750 1,100,865,550 1,722.676,300 96,855,690 14,000,000

711,685,800 984,999,650 1,710,685,450 05,104,269 14,000,000

$140,000,000 703,266,650 854,621,850 1,711,888,500 93,160,613 14,000,000

*98.850,000 240,000,000 703,266,650 738,619,000 1.794.735,650 94,654,472 14,000,000

741,522.000 250,000,000 508,440,350 283,681,350 1,797,643,700 83,773,778 14,000,000

739,347,800 250,000,000 484,864,900 235,780,400 1,723,993, 100 79,633,981 14,000,000

739,347.800 250,000,000 439,841,350 196,378,600 1,639,567,750 75,018,695 14,000,000 $460,461,050 739,349,350 250,000,000

.......... 1,463,810.400 57,300,110 318,204.350 737.942,200 250,000,000

1,338,229,150 51,436,709 238,612,150 737,951,700 250,000,000

1.226,563,850 47,926, 432 208,190,500 737,960,450 250,000,000

1,196,150,950 47,014,133 158,046,600 737,967,500 250,000,000

1,146,014,100 45,510,098 33,716,500 737,975.850 250,000,000

1,021,692,350 41.780.529 14,000,000 714,315,450 2:22,207,050

950,522,500 88,991,935 14,000,000 676,214,990 139,639,000

829,853,990 33,752,354 14,000,000 602,297,360 109,015,750

725,313,110, 29,417,603 559,659,920 50,869,200

610,529,120 23,615,735 559,664,830 · 425,354,500

585,029,330? 22,893,883 559,672,600 425,364,500

585,037,100 22,894,194 559.677,390 a 25,364,500 50,000,000

635,041,890 25,394,385 590,837,560 a25,364,500 100.000.000

716,202.060 29,140,792 721,999,390 425,364,500 100,000,000

847,363,890 34,887,265 722,000,630 425,364,500 100.000.000

847,365,130 34,387,315 722.002,970 a25,364,500 100,000,000

817,367,470 34,347,408

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a Continued at two per cent.

NOTE.-The interest charge is computed upon the amount of outstanding principal at the close of the fiscal year, and is exclusive of interest charge on Pacific Railway bonds.

NOTE.-The total interest-bearing debt, as above, is exclusive of Pacific Railway bonds.

2.83

2.58

[blocks in formation]

Debt on
which In-
terest has

Ceased.
$5,260,181
3,708.641
1,948.902
7,926,797
51,929, 710

3.216,590
11,425,820

3,902,420 16,648,860

5,594,560 37,015,630

7,621,455 6,723,865 16.260,805

7,831,415 19,656.205 4,100,995 9,704, 445 6,115,165 2,496,095 1,911,485 1.815,805 1,614,705 2,785,875 2,094.060 1,851.240 1,721,590 1,636,890 1.346.880 1,282,680

Debt
Bearing

no
Interest.
8421,131,510
430,508.064
416,565,680
430,530,431
472,069,332
509,513,128
498, 182,411
465,807, 196
476,764,031
455,875,682
410,835,741
388,800,815
422,721,954
488,241,788
538,111,162
584.308,868
663,712,927
619,344,468
6:29,795,077
739,840.399
787, 287,446
825.011 289

933, 852,766 1,100,648,939 958,854,525 995,360,506 958,197,332 920,839,543 968,900,656 947,901,846

Cash in

the Treasury. $155,680,340 *149 502 471

106,217,263 103,470.798 129,020,932 147,541,314 142,243.361 119, 469,728 186,033,960 256,823,612 219,080.167 201,088,622 249, 363, 415 243,289,519 345,389,902 391,985,928 488,612,429 492,917,173 482,433,917 629,854,089 643,113,172 661.355.834 694,083,839 746,937,681 707,016,210 732,940,756 774,448,017 814.513,070 825,649,766 769,446,504

Outstanding

Principal
$2,588,452.213
2,480,672,427
2,353,211,332
2,253,251,328
2,234,482,993
2,251,690,468
2,232,281.531
2,180,395,067
2,205,301,392
2,256,205,892
2,205 195,072
2,120.415,370
2,069,018,569
1,918,312,994
1,884,171,723
1,830,528,923
1,863,964,873
1,773,063,013
1,657,602,592
1,692,858,984
1.619,052,922
1,552,140.204
1,545,996,591
1,588,464,144
1,545,985,686
1,632,253,636
1,676,120,983
1.764,840,323
1,817,672,666
1,796,531,996

Principal of Population
Debt, Less of the
Cash in

United
Treasury. States.
$2,432,771,873 37,750,000
2,331,169,956 38,558,371
2.246,994,068 39,555,000
2.149,780,530 40,596.000
2,105,462,060

1697.000
2.104.149.153 4:2.796,000
2,090,041,170 43,951.000
2,060,925,340 45,137.000
2,019,275,431 46,353,000
1.999,382,280 47,599.000
1,996,414,905 48,866,000
1,919.326,747 50,155,783
1.819.650,154 51,316,000
1,675,023,474 52,495.000
1,538,781,825 53,693,000
1,438,542,995 54,911,000
1,375,352, 443 56,148,000
1.282,145,810 57,404,000
1,175,168,675 58,680,000
1,663,004,894 59,974,000

975,939,750 61,289,000
890,784,370 62,622, 250
851,912,751 63,975,000
841,526,463 65,403,000
838,969, 475 66,826,000
899,313,380 68,275,000
901,672,967 69,878,000
955,297,254 71.390,000
992,022,900 72,937,000
1,027,085,492 74,522,000

In. Debt terest

Per Per Capita. C'pta. $64.43 93.32 60.46 3.08 56.81 52.96 50.52 2.35 49.17 2.31 47.53 2.20 45.68 2.11 43.56 2.01 42.01 1.99 40.85 1.71 38.27 1.59 35.46 1.46 31.91 1.09 28.66 26.20 24.50 22.34 20.03 17.72 15.92 14.22 13.32 12.86 12.50 13.17 12.93 13.24 13.80 13.79

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NOTE 1.-The population is for June 1, for 1870, 1880 and 1890, from the census, and for other years from estimates, for the same date each year, prepared by the Actuary of the Treasury Department.

NOTE 2.-The figures for July 1, 1879, were made up assuming pending funding operations to have been completed. ... NOTE 3.-The column of "Debt Bearing no Interest” includes certificates issued against gold, ilver and currency deposited in the Treasury.

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