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OLASAITICATION BY BIZE OF THE SAILING AND STEAM TONNAGE OF THE UNITED States,

JUNE 30, 1898.

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FOREIGN AND COASTING TRADES, AND THE FISHERIES TONNAGE OF THE UNITED STATES, FROM 1840 TO 1898.

- Cod and Mackerel -Foreign Trade, Coasting Trade Whale Fisheries, Fisheries. Fiscal Year. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage. 1840.

762,838
1,176,694
136,927

104,305 1850. 1,439,094

1,797,825
146,017

151,918 1860. 2,379,396

2,644,867
166.841

162,764 1870. 1,448,846

2,638,247
67.954

91,460 1880. 1,314,402

2,637,686

38,408 2,323 77,538 1890. 1,451 928,062

3,409,435

18,633 1,459 68,367 1891.

988,719
3,609,876

17.331 1,483 68,933 1892. 1,459 977,624 21,303 3.700,773

17.052 1,548 69,472 1898. 1.272 883,199

3,854,693

16,604 1,567 70,575 1894. 1,279 899,698 20.630 3,696,276

16,482 1.608 71,573 1895. 1,198 822,347 20,382 3,728,714

15,839 1.598 69,060 1896. 1,193 829,833 20.030 3,790,296

15.121 1.621 68,630 1897. 1,176 792,870 19,802 3,896,826

12,714 1,601 66,610 1898.. 1,084 726,213 20,090 3,959, 702

11,496 1,479 52,327

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Since 1789, the years of greatest tonnage in the various trades were : Foreign trade, 2,496,894 tons in 1861; coasting trade, 3,896,828 tons in 1897 ; whale fisheries, 198,594 tons in 1858; cod and mackerei fisheries, 204,197 tons in 1882.

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CLASS, NUMBER, AND GROSS TONNAGE OF VESSELS BUILT IN THE UNITED STATES, JUNE 30, 1898,

BY STATES.
States in Sailing Vessels- Steam Vessels Canal Boats -Barges

Totalwhich Built. No. Tons. No. Tons. No.

Tons.

Tons. Maine...........

6,077
1,317

7,394 Vermont.......

26 Massachusetts..

908
110

1,018 Rhode Island... 23

7,032

149 Connecticut....

8,234

117
2.386
6,711

15,383 New York.

164
6,336

4.286

15,597 New Jersey.....

375
303

4,964 Pennsylvania..

13,282

337

13,731 Delaware. ...

4,069

1,504

4,406 Maryland.... 1.347

3,744 Virginia....

205
188

393 North Carolina...

195
184

567 South Carolina...

364 Georgia........

187
1,368

1,555 Florida. 500

788 Alabama.... 476

625 Mississippi..

371 Louisiana...

705 Texas........ Tennessee... 899

1.037 Kentucky .. 4,524

4.524 Missouri..... 2,053

2,053 North Dakota.. Montana...... 359

359 Iowa.........

183

183 Minnesota..

2,645

2,695 Wisconsin...

58

264 Michigan....

5,889
15,565

1,223

22,677 Illinois.

5,054

4,138

9,192 Indiana.....

459

418

877 Ohio.

9,527

873

13,650 West Virginia. 1,094

1,094 California.... 10.204

11,996 Oregon.........

2,058
3.659

5,717 Washington,

3,506
18,564

8,704

28,774 Alaska....... 9 2,618

684 12 3,302 Total...

34,416
105,838 20 2,386

37,818 952 180,458 Total 1896... 369 65,286 286 138,028

1,495 55 22,236 723 227,096 Total 1895... 397 34,899 248 69,753 11 1,125

5.728 694 111,602 CLASS, NUMBER, AND GROSS TONNAGE OF IRON AND STEEL VESSELS BUILT IN THE UNITED

STATES, JUNE 30, 1 , BY PORTS. -Iron

Steel-
Steam.
Sailing.
Steam.
Barges.

-Total
Ports.
No. Tons. No. Tons. No. Tons. No.

0. Tons New York, N. Y...

438 Newark, N. J....

230
3,064

3,477 Philadelphia, Pa.

12,435

15 .

12,543 Wilmington, Del.

3,783

3,230 Baltimore, Md...

128 Buffalo, N. Y...

3,621

3,876 Cleveland, Ohio..

3,250
8,913

12,161 Toledo, Ohio...... Detroit, Mich.....

2,984 Port Huron, Mich..

877 Marquette, Mich..

3,686

7,392 Chicago, Ill...

4,328
3,745

8.073 Louisville, Ky.....

830
St. Louis, Mo....
Evansville, Ind..
San Francisco, Cal...

5,328

5,328 Port Townsend, Wash.

163

163

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1,225

Total...,

3
7092
6,724
47.792

7.041

62,224 Total 1896.....

13,084
96,331

3,146

113.2:20 Total 1895.

2,438
5,268 32 40,181

705

48,594 NUMBER AND TONNAGE OF SAILING AND STEAM VESSELS BUILT IN THE UNITED STATES

FROM 1840 TO 1898- FISCAL YEARS.
---Sailing--
--Steam- - ('anal Boats

Barges

- Total-
Year.
No. Tons,
Tons. No. Tons. No. Tons.

Tons. 1840..... 808 106,518 14.686

895 121,204 1850. 227,998 197 51,258

1,422 279,26 1860... 807 145,428 264 64).986

1,143 233.194 1870. 816 146,340 302 87.842 468

2:29 46,822

1,755 273,227 1880. 460 59,057 348 78.834 17 1,887

17,612 902 157,410 1890. 505 10,873

410
159,046

4,346 96 27,858 1,051 294,123 1891 733 141,290

488
185,037

7.059 106 32,916 1,384 369,302 1892. 846 83,217

438
92,531

4.580

19,305 1,395 199,633 1893.

493
49,348 380 184.308

3,791

24.13: 956 211.639 1894 477 37.827 993 83,720

1,522 54 8,126 838 131,195 1895 34,900 248 69,754

1,225

5,723 694 111,602 1896. 389 65,236 286 138,028

1,495
22,337

227.097 1897....

338
64,309 288 106,153

10,216 195 51.555

891

232, 233 1898..... 359 34,416

394
105,838

2,386

37,818 952 180,438

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Since 1797, the years of greatest tonnage were : Sailing vessels, 510,690 tons in 1855; steam vessels, 185,037 tons in 1891 ; total tonnage, 583,450 in 1855.

NOTE.-For earlier and intervening years to 1797, refer to Volume I, pages 195 and 196.

TONNAGE OF AMERICAN AND FOREIGN VESSELS ENTERED AND CLEARED IN FOREIGN TRADE

FROM 1821 to 1897.

(Bureau of Statistics.)

9

88

11

9

89

90

89

Year. 1821.. 1822.... 1823... 1824.... 18:25.... 1826. 1827... 18:28. 18:29 1830... 1831. 1832. 1833. 1834.. 1835.... 1836.

86

87

13

88

12

88

70

31

69

68

64

1837..

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1838.. 1839. 1840. 1841. 1842. 1843... 18.... 1845... 1846... 1847.... 1818.... 1849. 1850.

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1851..

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65

65

- Entries
Amer- Per
ican. Cent.
765,098 91
787,961 89
775,271 86
850,033 89
880,754 90
942,206
918,361
838,381 86
672,949
957,227 88
9.22,952 76
949,622
1,111,141 69
1,074,670
1,352,653 68
1,257,384
1,293,720
1,312,764
1,491,279
1,570,946
1,631,909 68
1.51,111
1,143,533 68
1,977,438
2,035,486 69
2,151,114
2,101,359
2,393,482
2,653,321 61
2,573,016
3,054,349
3,335,522
4,004,013
3,752,115
3,861,391 64
4.385,484
4,21,370 65
4, 395,642
5,205,648
3,921,285
5.03,917
5.117,685 09
4,614,098
3,0 13,434
2,913,661
3,372.060
3,455,052
3,550,550
3,402,688 38
3,486,038 38
3,742,740
3,711,846
3,612,631
3,893,725
3,573,950 30
3,611,436 28
3,663,403
3,642, 417 25
3,415,410
3,436,964 19
3,253,584 17
3.340,968 18
3,255,543
3,202,293
3,132,011
3,231,573 21
3,365,516
5,366,767
3,724,325 23
4,083,121 23
4,380,804 24
4,469,955
4,358,686
4,654,679
4,472,830
5,196,320
5,525,328

Clearances
Per Amer- Per For- Per
eign. Cent. ican. Cent. eign. Cent.
81,526

804,947 91 83,073 9 1
100,541

11

813,748 90 97,490 10
119,468 14 810,761

119.740
102,367
919,278

102,552
92,927 10 960,366 90

95,080

10 105,654 11 953,012

99,417 10 137,589 14 980,542

131,250 12
150,223

897,404 86 151,030 14
130,743
914,799

133,006
131,900
971.760

133,436
281,948
972,504

271,994
393,038 30 974,865

387,505
496,705
1,142,160

497,039 31
568,052

1,134,020 66 577,700 34
641,310
1,400,517

630,824
680,213 36 1,315,523 66 674,721 34
765,703
1,266,622

756,292 38
592, 110 1,408,761 08 604,166
624,814 1,477,928

611,839 29
712,363 32 1,647,009

706,486 31
736,444 1,634,156

736,849
732,775
1,536,451

740,497
534,752
1,268,083

5:23,949
916,922
2,010,924

906,814
910,536 2,053,977

930,275 31 959,739 2,221,028

968,178 31 1,220,346 2,202,393

1,176,605 1,405,191 2,461,280

1,404,159
1,710,515 39 2,753,724

1,675,709
1,775,623
2,632,788

1,728,214
1,939,091
3,200,519

1,929,535 38
2,057,358 3,230,590 61 2,047,575
2,277,930
3,766,789

2,298,790
2,132,224 3,911,392

2,107,802 38 2,083,948 4,068,979

2,110,322 2,486,769 4,538,364

2,462,109 2,464,946 35 4,580,651 64 2,490,170 2,209,403 34 4,490,033

2,312,759
2,540,387 5,297,367

2,618,388
2,353,911 6,165,924 70 2,624,005
2,217,554
4,889,313

2,262,042
2,245,278 31 4,961,818 67 2,376,999
2,640,378

4,447,261 59 3,064,023 41
3,471,219
3,090,948

3,741,131 55
3,216,967 53 3,025,134 45 3,595, 1:23
4,410,424 57 3,383,176

4,438,384
4.318,673 56 3,419,502

4,465, 490
4,495, 465

3,717,956 44 4,561,060
5,347.894
3,381,363

5,372,570
5,669,621 3,506,929 38 5,662,474
6,266,444 63 3,746,942 37 6,151,537
7,094,577 3,682,309 34 7,051,425 66
8,083,086
3,756,564

8,065,132 70
9,197,829 71 3,982,052 30 9,207,396 70
8,118.860 70 3,736,639 31 8,159,868 69
8,899,312 3,732,415

8,922.699
9,791,386 73 3,765,171 28 9,677,218 72
10,821,387 3,872,203 26 10,935,318
12,777,734 3,464,360

12,610,923 79
14,573,685
3,397,355

14,645,544
15,065,620

3,375,535 18 15,094,392
14,259,769 3,317,598

14,439,164
13,128,184 3,307, 223 20 13,233,673
11,866,335
3,236,641

11,967.902 78
12, 172,816 79 3,231,556 21 12,283,213
11,904,013 3,303,373 12,024,299
12,450,767
3,259,046

12,494,185 80
12,0:26,336
3,415,004

12,253,900
12,227,794 3,988,454 24 12,354,693 76
14,024,140
4.066,757

14,082, 105
13,823,491 4,455,402

13.405,430
16,543,469 78 4,536,151

16,624,882
15.223,130
4,403,362

15,357,384 18
15,334.984
4,739,918

15,531,772
14.8:22,085
4,504,227

15,246,319
15,792,864

5,329,599 25 16.084,986 75
18,234,922
5,618,149

18.091.053

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-- Total Amer- Per For- Per

ican, Cent. eign. Cent. ,570,045 90 164,604 10 1,501,709

198,031 12 1,586,032 86 239,208 14 1,769,311

204,919 10 1,841,120

188,007 1,895,218

205,071 1,898,903

268,839 1,765,785

301,253 1,817,748 87 263,749 1,938,987

265,336 1,895,456

553,942 1,924,487 71 780,543 2,253,601 68 993,744 2,208,690 66 1,145,752 2,753,270

1,280,134 2,570,907 65 1,354,934 2,566,342

1,521,995 2,711,735 69 1,198,276 2,969,207

1,236,653 3,223,955

1,418,849 3,266,065 69 1,473,293 3,046,562 68 1,473,272 2,411,606

1,058,701 3,988,362

1,823,736 4,089,463

1,840,838 4,372,142 70 1,927,917 30 4,303,752

2,396,951 4,854,762 64 2,809,350 5,412,045 62 3,386,224 5,205,804

3,503,837 6,254,868

3,868,626 6,466, 112 62 4,104,933 7,770,802

4,576,720 7,663,507 65 4,240,026 7,930,373

4,194,270 8,923,848

4,948,878 9,302,021 66 4.955, 116 8,885,675 67 4,522,162 10,563,015 68 5,158,775 12,087,209

4,977,916 9,913,230

4,479,596 10,079,503 69 4,622,277 9,061,959 62 5,704,401 6,157,382 46 7,212,350 5.968,795

6,812,090 6,755,236

8.848,808 6,874,554 44 8,784,163 7,268,506

9,056,525 6,784,031

10,720,264 6.992.967

11,332,095 7,489,682 38 12,417,981 7,394,155

14,146,002 7,369,195 16,148,218 7,875,777

18,405,225 7,310,589 16,278,728 7.313,851 30 17,822,011 7,428,574 28 19,468,604 7,514,620

21,756,715 6,879,770

25,388,657 6,834,319 29,219, 229 6,629,119 30,160,012 6,658,566 19 28,698,933 6,562, 766 20 26,359,857 6,438,934

23,834,437 6,363,567 21 24.456,029 6,534,946

23,928,342 6,624.562

24 944,952 6,781,771 22 24,280,236 7,712,779 21,58,487 8,149,878

28,106,245 4,83,06

27623,921 9,006,106

33,168,351 8.702.048

30,580,514 9.394.597

30.866,756 8,977,057

30.068.404 10.525,919 25 31,877,850 11,143,470

36,325,975

36 34 34 30

33

66

29

71 70

69

68

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1852. 1853. 1854, 1855.. 1856....... 1857.. 1858. 1859.. 1860.... 1861. 1862.... 1863.... 1864.... 1865..., 1866.... 1867.... 1868.... 1869.... 1870.... 1871.... 1872..... 1873.... 1874.... 1875. 1876.... 1877.... 1878. 1879. 1880.... 1881.... 1882.... 1883....

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MOTIVE POWER AND CHIEF MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION OF THE WORLD'S MERCHANT MARINE.

(Recorded in Lloyd's, 100 tons or over.)

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362,387 4,014,396 4,376,783

6,735
1,500

913

6,664,283
1,601,677
8,286,980

12,417,281 1,869,118

Total...

11.927

8.35

7,615

13,786,399

Marine Wrecks and Disasters.

The following statement of disasters to vessels of the United States, from 1884 to 1898, is compiled from the reports of the General Superintendent of the Life-Saving Service:

ON THE ATLANTIC, GULF, AND Pacific COASTS or THE UNITED STATES.

175

459

2

151

204

Casual-
ties In-

volving
Num. Wrecks Partial Tonnage
ber of Involv. and Un Vessels Tonnage

Veg. ing Total known Totally Vessels Losses to Year. sels. Loss. Damage. Lost. Damaged. Vessels. 1884. 730 185 545 37,296 208,279 $2,684,540 1885.. 634

30.277 218,292 2,416,530 1886. 850

597 51,800 224,068 2,896,370 1887. 728

524 41,423 248,128 2,428,700 1888.

35,529 252,516

2.388,605 1889. 538 51,833 267,670

3,884,590 1890....

540 60,912 284.236 3,393,390

48,061 263,146 2,718,485 1892. 198

38,748 270,851 2,527,805 1893.

213

509 58,512 266,835 3,415,510 1894.

540 54,563 257,192 3,255,580 1895.

43,328 274,941 2,221,740 1896..

168

37,365 259,031 2,117,965 1897..

155

44,231 280.872 3,260,420 1898....

52,570 268,273 2,209,495

159

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Lives Crews. Lost. 6,241

197 6,397 7.047 6,801 110 6,431 144 7,465 7.860 202 7.934 185 6,533 109 6,931 7,116 6,019 101 6,147 5,389 6,688

1891.

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1884.. 1885. 1886.. 1887. 1888. 1889. 1800.. 1891.... 1892. 1893.. 1894.. 1895.... 1896.... 1897....

ON THE GREAT LAKES.
15,940 112,287 1,158,625

8.232 95,301 814,645
12,706 88,706 824,845
15,852 131,378 1,048,150

126,874 1,074,200 12,690 149,535 1.039,725 15,665 191,578 1,434,055 17,453 214,600 1,339,805 18,001 261, 172 1,740,825 20.540 206.741 1,763,320 31,777 218.251 1.942.740 20.034 197,029 1.777.930 2.694 328,188 1,581,695 13,436 205,304 1,097,505 15,633 209,516 927,995

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1.960
3.150
2,940
2,742
3,300
3,556
3,887
3,352
3,444
2.972
4,051
3,082
2,562

274
245

282
256

102 110 76

216

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1884... 1885.. 1886.. 1887. 1888.... 1889. 1890.. 1891.... 1892..

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ON RIVERS OF THE UNITED STATES. 140

12,610 42,071 828,735
128 13,942 42,602 908.280
146 12,558 52.341 828,820
183 20.203 47, 465 1,023,815
121 11,937 48.334 634,285

15.238 45,079 678,780
12,553 39,568 735,085
10,565 51,153 569,465

6,656 59,636 550.710
18,4%8 41,585 1,043,335
12,975 52,546 794,225
11,034 46,705 730,035
16,864 51.539 1,130,195

9,867 43,987 659,775 15,175 39,119 830.545

104

170
179

554.725
204,935
313.775
416,670
473,890
431,290
191, 405
400,585
209,305
132,810
113,650
149.315

71,335
129.380
99.785

1.408
4,974
1,811
1.139
2.146
1,790
2,079
1.473
2,830
1,634
3,459
2,028
2,023
1.275
1,488

199

2,725
3,028
2,484
2,496
2.725
2.301
3,102
2.836
2.728
2,543
2,596

1893...

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1894.. 1895.. 1896.... 1897... 1898....

120 139

103

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