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PRODUCTION, IMPORTS, EXPORTS, AND CONSUMPTION-CROP YEARS 1871 to 1898.

(From the Bureau of Statistics and “Financial Chronicle.")

Three Figures Omitted,

Year.

1871.. 1872... 1873.. 1874... 1875... 1876.... 1877 1878... 1879.... 1880.... 1881. 1882 1883. 1884.

2,657

- Annual Crop.
Bales.

Lbs.
4,347 2,020.694
2,974 1,384,084
3,931 1,833,189
4,170 1,940,648
3,828 1,783,644

2,157,958 4,474 2,095,901

2,260,286 5,074 2,404,410 5,761 2,771,797 6,606 3,199,823 5,456 2,588,240 6,950 3,405,070 5,713 2,757,514 5,706 2,742,966 6,576 3,182,306 6,505 3,157,378 7.047 3,439,172 6,938 3,439,935 7,311 3,627,366 8.653 4,316,044 9,035 4.500,576 6,700 3,352,658

3,769,381 9.901 5,038,964

3,595,776 8,714 4.383,820 .. 11,181

5,667,372

Disposition of

-Domestic Ex

Consumpported.

tion. Lbs.

Lbs. 1,462,928 557,766

450.547 1,200,064 633,125 1,358,602 582,046 1.260,419 1,491,405 666,553 1,445,369 650,532 1,607,534

65.2,752 1,628,373 776,038 1,822,061 949,736 2,191,929 1,007,894 1,739,976 848,264 2,288,075 1,116,995 1.862,573 894,972 1,891,659 851,307 2,058,037 1.124.268 2,189,457

987,921 2,264,121 1,175,0.52 2.384,817 1,055,118 2,471.780 1,155,566 2,907,359 1,408,685 2.935,220 1,571,356 2,212,115 1,140,543 2,683,282 1,086,099 3,517,533 1,519,431 2,365,88 1,298,151 3,010,771 1,452,185 3,823,000 1,512,000

Foreign Production, Im- Consumpported. tion. Lbs. Lbs. 1,197 2,894 2,606 4,426 4,091 3,620 3,248 2,149 1,716 2,451 2,227

2,379 3,032 2,096 2,994 2,491 3,548 3,313 4,450 3,209 4,340 2,496 4,082

843 7,019 5,666 5.116

3,506 5,072 3,795 3,825

3.208 5,498 5,294 7,973 7,785 8.606

8,358 20,909 20,461 28,664 28,531 43,368 43,007 27,706 26,676 49,332 48,500 41,149 38,988

Total Consumption,

Domestic & Foreign.

Lbs. 558,186 453,153 637,216 585.24 524,941 668, 780 652,911 654,819 778,528

953,049 1,011,103

850,761 1,117,838

900,637 854,813 1,128.064

991,129 1,180,315 1,062,903 1,163,924 1,429,146 1.599,887 1,183,550 1,112,775 1,507,992 1,339,600 1,491,173

1885. 1886..

1887.. 1888.. 1889, 1890. 1891. 1892. 1893.. 1894. 1893. 1896... 1897.... 1898.

EXPORTS TO EACH COUNTRY.

The following table shows the exports of unmanufactured domestic cotton, by countries, from 1821 to 1898. (Last three figures of each column omitted.)

111

235

12,890

United Year Ending Kingdom. France, June 30.

Lbs. Lbs. 1821..

87,718 27. 439 1830.

209,830 75,105 1840.

494,915 179,000 1850.

431,531 125,834 1860...

1.264,136 283,967 1870..

649,165 153,146 1874..

903,571 177,385 1875...

911.941 155,139 1876,

957,329 203,975 1*77.

1,020,365 219.088 1878...

1,039,948 236,030 1879.

983,774 196,988 1880.

1,216,627 179,846 1881.

1,364.835 276,926 1882

1,180,896 166,7770 1883.

1,388,205 214,414 1884.

1,192,126 228,684 1885

1,209,917 180,730 1886.

1,222,240 20.821 1887

1,356,757 233,045 1888

1,419,202 196,098 1889.

1,470,400 200,098 1890)...

1,452,576 242,379 1891.

1,700,606 276,550 1892

1,690,843 346,392 1893.

1,181,588 284,029 1894.

1,485,451 305,426 1805

1.777.891 395,349 1896.

1,133,611 239,133 1897.

1,563,593358,012 1898.

1,766,050 421,019

Ger- Bel-
many. gium.
Lbs. Lbs.

748
1,123
9,158
5,044 12,746
66,072 14,800
86,775 1,726
114,613 8,558

75,284 3,113
108,545 15,538

77.605 2,298 121,649 14,191 137,484 9,563 154,022 8,948 233,095 9,159 162,481 2,366 269,291 21,027 181,527 15,431 231,493 42,832 284,717 62,534 280.832 55,144 280,312 65,395 330.377 73.903 418,820 46,793 509,571 48.711 482, 441 67,186 425,193 45,199 454,694 64,453 752 315 72.670 519,229 43,983 685,788

40,865 929,202 80,971

Other Russia. Spain. Italy. Countries. Total. Lus. Lbs. Lbs. Lbs.

Lbs. 304 234

897 7,500 124,893

12,020 298, 159 2.203

3,902 41,257 743,941 27,676 9,353 18,856 635,381 21.698 44,021 27,018 45,970 1,767,686 15,170 27.704

17,594 938,558 54.(190 53,359 12,298 34,719 1,337,602 65,708 29,813 9,041 10.375 1,260,418 801.896 47.561 23,379 54,178 1,491, 405 25,109 46,030 11,547 43,392 1,445,369 85,428 40.685 18,110 51,418 1,607,533 154,323 70.607 23,808 51.824 1,628,374 102.250 66,930 29,503 63,867 1,822,061 133,857 63,870 37,572 71,611 2,190,928 92.116 57,631 22,036 55,677 1,739,975 173,677 98,469 40 303 82,686 2,288,0775 96,819 67,964 23.862 54,156 1.862,572 67,565 67,059 34,520 48.940 1,891,659 92,461 84,207

55,817 2,058,37 75,629 69,249 36,611 62,188 2,169,457 108,398 84.665 55,187 54,810 2,264,120 72,017 90,766 65,533 81.718 2,384,816 96,581 87,689 64.875

62.03

2,471,799 67,805 109,418 97,011 97.685 2,907,359 67,196 93,729 85,501 101,932 2,935,220 18,178 100,106 80,009 77,813 2,212,115 70,840 112,682 105,857 83,879 2,683,282 770.999

127.839 166,327 155 143 2 517 593 45,811 108,099130,822 95.389 2,335,226 42,020 111,459 157,870 144,148 3, 103,755 51,912 131,824 193,790 275,336 3.850.264

For statistics since the year 1801, see Volume I, pages 365-6-7-8-9.

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Foreign Movement in Goods.
EXPORTS OF COTTON MANUFACTURES, BY COUNTRIES, YEARS ENDING JUNE 30, 1893-1898.

Cotton Cloths.

Countries.

1893.
1894.
1895.
1896.

1897. 1898. United Kingdom ....

$520,863 $712,578 $659,444 $588.476 $830,421 $726,284 Germany.........

17.784 128,524 127,537 149,309 95,672 43,096 Other Europe...

70.680 65,259 46,237 100,272 95,620 100.755 British North America...

647,663 987,837 387,160 1,189,615 1,775,483 783,985 Mexico.........

291,893 309,091 389,514 494,365 366,753 415,910 Central American States and British Honduras...............

348,136 431,052 668.333 648,516 599, 126 396,510 West Indies (including Bermuda).. 1,108,018 1,245,926 950,184 953.726 919,602 927.711 Argentine Republic......

331,485 317,883 188,247 274,963 270,844 181,868 Brazil...

1,325,787 1,435,546 1,594,726 919,185 607,019 565,921 Colombia............

181.478 160,351

401,690 382,546 281,803 Other South America......

1,126,740 1,227,787 1,394,518 1,572,683 1,364,903 1,126,871 China.......................

1,638,657 2,846,220 1,703,033 3,854,146 7,114,574 5,195,845 British India and East Indies

144,759 330,077 282,278 138,603 199,880 627,843 Other Asia and Oceanica............ 289,395 487,454 761,203 411.685 1,905,581 1,356,824 Africa........... 490,331 271,690 444,572 793,386

554,301 Other countries....

514.815 537,511 583,819 467,707 5,350 5,296 Total............................ $9,108,484 $11,494,786 $10,479,217 $12,958,357 $17,281,620 $13,290,823

Other Manufactures of Cotton Goods. United Kingdom ........

$241,670 $361,867 $259,280 $384,675 $467,656 $380,089 Germany....... 119,434 164,835 230,514 171,080 219,069

190.041 France

9,849

10.774 16,502 10,492 Other Europe...

41.285 97,175 48,230 50,4:20 51,817 70,085 British North America....

1,358,001 1,275,633 ,719,871 1,754,002 1,351,179 1,681,64) Mexico..........

140.3.2 151,575 151,924 322,7-29 346,139 331.651 Central American States and British Honduras.......

70,589 71,424 172,191 193,310 240,683 213,503 West Indies (including Bermuda).. 143.215 145, 155 128,200 143,303 161,706 128,804 Argentine Republic...

56,877 32,461 18,209 41,933 66,845 34,7:26 Brazil.....................

76,782 103,143 107,792 73,787 67,975 50,828 Colombia.. 38,511 40,052 33,953

54,832 45,064 Other South America..

56,147 48,261 58,035 56,633 56,683 31,810 British Australasia....

57,851 71.485 89,087 119,437 181,397 167.274 Other Asia and Oceanica....

202,863 245,954 222,988 453,332 398,566 336,931 Africa. .......... 18,587 10,405 15,440 46,321

52,728 Other countries... 11,379 16,836 23,734 16,803

7,312 Total.....

$2,700,871 $2,846,100 $3,290,222 $3,879,039 $3,756,058 $3,733,209 Total cotton manufactures... $11,809,355 $14,340,886 $13,769,439 $16,837,396 $21,037,678 $17,024,002 IMPORTS OF COTTON MANUFACTURES, BY COUNTRIES, AND CLASSES OF ARTICLES, 1893 1898.

4,448

10,787

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1894. 1895.

1896.
1897.

1898
$65,222 $117.128 $132.111 $145,531 $126.5.22

783,336 1,195,083 1,241,628 1.783,857 2,371,742 1,244,509 1,747,553 1,223,343 1,996,162 1,888,797 3,758,653 5,589,788 5,753,885 5,679,977 4,381,703 2,126.381 2,999,464 2,494,256 2,935,015 2,944,281

37,194 27,420 12,803 14,145 24,894 6.474

9,580 20,928 18,520 30,765 $8,021,769 $11,686,016 $10,878,954 $12,573,207 $11,768,704

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Prices in New York and Liverpool.

(Compiled by A. B. Shepperson.)

HIGHEST AND LOWEST [PRICES IN NEW YORK. Middling Upland Cotton During Each Month and for the Season. Season of Seison of Season of Season of Season of Season of 1992-93. 1893-94. 1894 -95. 1895-96. 1896-97.

1897-98. High. Low. High. Low. High. Low. Higb. Low. High, Low. High. Low. September.. 71-16 87-16 7 13-16 6 15-16 65-16 946

876 83-16 7 13-16 646 October.....

711-16 8 9-16 8 1-16 65-16 534 936 Slo 83% 7 15-16 656 November.. 85-16 836 7 15-16 6

5 9 16

8 3-16 756 6 5 13-16 December...

93 81-16 7 13-16 5 13-16 5 11-16 8 9-16 844 7 11-16 7 1-16 6 15-16 5 13-16 January..... 9 15-1697-16 8 5-16

554 8 5 16 83-16 736 71-16 5 15 16 576 February.... 97-16 9

8.1-16 754 556 5 9-16 844 7 13-16 77-16 7 65-16 5 16-16 March..... 944 856

67-16 59-16 8 70% 77-16 73-16 65-16 61-16 April. 8 9 16 73 3/

75-1667-16 63-16 May..... 7 13-16 702

838

756

69-16 65-16 81-16 758 77-16 744

77-16 77 7 11-16 69 16 65-16 July..... 8 3-16 7 15-16 75-16 6 15-16 7 3-16 7 7 7 16 71.16 8

674 61-16 August, .... 8 74 7

8 3-16 76 856 75-16 844 77 Highest of 10e. on 89--16c. on 83-160. on

934c, on

876c. on 7 13-160. on Season... Nov. 25.

Oct. 16.
Aug. 29.

Oct. 13. Sept. 10. Sept. 1. Lowest of 71-16c. on 6740, on 5 9-16r. on 71-16c. on ic. on

57c. on Season...! Sept. 3. Aug.2. Nov. 12.

July 15, Feb. 13. Aug. 22. HIGHEST AND LOWEST PRICES IN LIVERPOOL. Middling Upland Cotton During Each Month and for the Season. Seacon of Season of Season of Season of Season of Season of 1992-93. 1893-94. 1894 95. 1895 v6. 1896-97.

1897-98. High. Low. High. Low. High. Low. High. Low. High. Low. High. Low. September.. 44 3 15-16 4 11-16 438 329-32 3 17-32 423-32 47-32 427-32 434 45-32 376 October.....

34 35-32 415-16 4 29 32 4 11-16 4 7-16 37 November.. 544 47-16 45% 47-16 37-32 231-32 4 25 32 47-16 458 411-32 311-32 31-22 December... 55-16 5 47-16 44 35-32 31-32 4 21-32 41. 43% 3 31-32

3 3-16 January .... 536 546 47-16 444 33-32 2 31-32 45%

416 41-16 3 15-16 374 33-16 February.... 53-16 4 13-16 414 41-16 31-32 2 31 4 19-32

4 1-32 3 25-32 3 16 32 3 3-16 51-16 434 43-16 444 311-32

3 4 13-37 40 41-32 3 29-32 3 15-32 35-16 April...... 411-16 43-16 43 16 4 1-16 3 11-16 311-32 4 13-32 411 32 4 4 321-32 3 7-16 May......... 4 5-16 414 41-16 3 15-16 374 39-16 4 15 32 4 5 3 44 43-32 356 317-32

49-16 43-16 41-16 3 15-16 3 29-32 354 43-32 327-32 45-32 43-32 3 19-32 3 7-16 July......... 49-16 436 4 325-32 334 321-32 41 32 134 49-32 4 5 32 3 15-32 3 13-32 August ..... 46, 43-16 376 313-16 49-32 3 11-16 4 23-32 43-32 45-16 41-16 317-32 3 5-16 Highest of 53481. on 494d. on 49-324. on 4 15 16 1. Op 4 27-320. on 45-32d. on Season...) Jan. 6.

Oct. 17.
Aug 30,
Oct. 16
Sept. 8.

Sept. 2. Lowest of 315-16on

323-32d. on 2 31-320. on 374d.in 3 25-324. on 33-160, on Season... Sept. 1.

July 31.
Nov. 12.
July 27. Feb. 13.

Dec. 10. FOR DAILY OR WEEKLY PRICES OF COTTON AND COTTON GOODS, SEE INDEX, UNDER

** PRICES."

March.......

June........

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The following table shows the growth of the dyeing and finishing industry, as returned by the geveral censuses:

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Value of Products. $15,454, 430

11,716,463 +113,017,537

32,297,420 28,900,560

NOTE.-- The table exhibited does not embrace the statistics of establishments connected with cotton, woolen, or silk factories. While chemicals and dyestuffs to the value of $8,407,693 were consumed in 1890 by the dyeing and finishing manufacturers themselves, the silk, woolen, and cotton mills in which dyeing and finishing are done consumed chemicals and dyestuffs valued at $11,278,970.

The various classes of goods dyed and finished, with the quantities and value thereof in 1890, are shown as follows:

Lbs.

Value.
Woolen yarns, dyed..........

17.999,651. . $751,801
Worsted

9,342, 157

493,974 Cotton "

48,462,759

2,036, 127 Spun silk,

311,830

119,810 Thrown silk

3,322,017 2,346,387 Wool stock,

1,160,666

48,828 Cotton "

4,676,344

204,827

Wool and worsted piece goods, dyed........
Cotton

bleached

printed. Silk

dyed....... Mixed

Square Yards.

20,779,034 446,496,822 454,357,758 597,667,368

7,405,399 60,716,250

Value. $652,998 5,671,488 3,369,940 10,355,032

394,777 2,069,765 $28,900,560

Total value....

* This item was not fully reported at the census of 1850.

* At the census of 1870, the value of the fabric itself was included, whereas at all subsequent censuses merely the values added to such fabrics by the process of dyeing and finishing are given.

THE WOOLEN INDUSTRY.

The following table exhibits the growth of the woolen industry, including hosiery and knit goods, from 1850 to 1890 inclusive, as returned by the several censuses: No. of -Average No. of Em Cost of

Total Establish

ployés, and Total Wages. Material Value of HorseYear. ments. Capital. Employés. Wages.

Used.

Products. power. 1,760 $32,516,366

$29,248,696 $49,636,881 1860....

1.673
42,849,932 59,522 $13,361,602 46,649,365

80.734,606 1870.

3,456 132,382,319 119,859 40,357, 235 134,154,615 217,668,826

2,689 159,091,869 161,557 47.389,087 164,371,551 207,252,913 151,619 1890..

2,489 296,494, 481 219,132 76,660,742 203,095,572 337,768,524 237,104

1850.....

47,763

1880...

Geographical Distribution.

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The following table illustrates the geographical evolution of the industry and its tendency to localization: -Wool-Carding Machinery-

Worsted Industry - - No. of Cards (Sets)

Per Ct. ot Total- PNo. of Combs Per Ct. of Total 1870. 1880. 1890. 1870. 1880. 1890, 1870. 1880. 1890. 1870. 1880. 1899). Total U. S.... 9,224 7.581 8,198 100

100)

261 518 855 100 100 100 Massachusetts.. 1,512 1.660 1.837 16.39 21.90 22.41

172

190 265 65.90 36.68 30.99 Pennsylvania... 1,468 1,155 1,299 15.92 15,24 15.84

124

11.11 23.94 22 34 New York...... 1.170 1.150 1,403 12.69 15.17 17.11

80 88 0.38 15.44 10.29 Rhode Island... 490 495 572 5.31 6.53 6.98

195 2.68 13.51 22.81 Connecticut.... 752 616 8.15 8.20 7.88

13.03 4.06 3.98 N. Hampshire.. 418 385 492 4.53 5.08 6.00

4.60 4.05 3.39 Maine......... 274 387 3.63 3.61

0.59 New Jersey....

111
184
235
1.20 2.43 2.87

9 29 2.30 1.74 3.39 Vermont. 200 167 157 2.17

1.91 Ohio........

334

182 112 3.62 2.40 1.37 Indiana.......

346 160 153 3.75 2.11 Illinois..... 251

2.72 1.44 0.81 In above States. 7.387 6,513

80.08 86.31 89.83 All other Srates 1,837 1.038 834 19.92 13.69 10.17

3 19 . . 0.58 2.2

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Machinery.

NUMBER OF CARDS, COMBING MACHINES, LOOMS, AND SPINDLES AND TOTAL AMOUNT OF Wool

USED, AS PER CENSUSES OF 1860 TO 1890.

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Value.

$83,521,714 13,082,801

Quantities and Values of Products, Census of 1890.
Products

Quantities.
Woolen. worsted, union, and cotton-warp cloths, coatings, cassimeres,
etc., for men's wear.....

.......................square yards.. 104,938,311 Woolen, worsted, union, and cotton1-warp overcoatings, closkinys, etc., for men's and women's wear...

.....square yards.. 14,883,893 Woolen, worsted, union, and cotton-warp dress goods, sackings, tricots.

ladies' cloth and broadcloth, alpacas, mohairs, etc., for women's wear.............

........square yards.. 1:26,692.829 All-wool, union, and cotton-warp flannels. .......

61,193,101 Satinets

18,630,656 Lidings, Italian cloths, and lastings...

4,583.080 Jeans, kerseys, and linseys.........

17,12 1,217 Jersey cloth....

3,072,533 Runtings ...

166.880 Carriage cloths..

1,282,921 Total piece goods............

352,974,821

32.149.923 18,582,549 4,296,082 1,255,520 4.738.034 2.171.323

135.983 626,791

$160,562,725

* This item was not fully reported at the census of 1850.

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