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Distribution of Coal Product, Prices, Number of Employes, Etc., by States,

in 1897.

(From United States Geological Survey.)

47,501

22,633

54,730

*248

Sold to
Local Used at
Trade Mines

Aver-
Loaded and for

age Averat Mines Used by Steam Made

Aver- Num- age for Emand Into

Total

age ber of NumShipment. ployés. Heat. Coke. Product.

Price Days. ber States and

Short Short Short Short Short Total Per Ac- of EmTerritories.

Tous. Tons. Tons. Tons. Tons. Value. Ton. tive.ployés. Alabama......

4,543,597 86,790 128,187 1,187,196 5,893,770 $5,192,085 30.88 233 10,597 Arkansas...... 827,518 11,588 18,084

856,190 903,993 1.06 161 1,990 California... 87,642 11,349 4,921

103,912 285,238 2.55 Alaska.....

156 381 Colorado...

2,649,042 76,699 93.782 542,180 3,361,703 3,947.186 1.17 1805,852 Georgia.... 120,398 1,481 5,500 88,490 195,869 140,486

304 469 Idabo. 195 450

645

2,150 Nebraska...

3.33 91 Illinois......... 16,358,221 3,041,712

889,012

3,813 20.072,758 14,472,529 .72 185 33,788 Indiana...... 3,830,499893,012 111,376 16,282 4,151,169 3,472,348

.84

170 8,886 Indian Territo 1,250,068 9,008

29.745 1,336,380 1,787,358 1.34 176 3,168 Iowa........ 4,001,311 516,427 71, 494

4,611.865 5,219,503 1.13 201 10.703 Kansas..... 2,745,101 253.833

3,054,012 3,602.326 1.18 194 6,639 Kentucky. 3,088,132 404,099 65,033 54,833 3,602,097 2,828,320

.79

178 7,983 Maryland.... 4,391,703 27,762 22,003

4.442, 128 3,363,996 .76 262 4,719 Michigan. 188,836 24,688 10,270

223,592 325, 416 1.46 230 537 Missouri.. 2,384,797 239,686 41,143

2,885,826 2,887,884

1.08 191

6,414 Montana...... 1,434,858 29,707 18.410

1,847,882 2,897,408 1.70 252 2,337 New Mexico.. 689,423 7,844 19,714

716,981 991,611 1.38 208 1,859 North Carolina.... 21,280

27,000 1.34 215 North Dakota..

65,032
* 1,756
77,246 83,803 1.08

170 Ohio..

10,725,047 1,259,290 192,755 **19,850 12,196,842 9,535,409 .78 148 20,410 Oregon.. 85,903 15,409 * 443

101,755 313,890 3.09

254 Pennsylvania. 40,419,848 1,653,049 556,804 11.968,392 54,597,891 37,636,347

205 77,599 Tennessee...... 2,150,179 37,620 39,275 861,775 2,888,849 2,329,534

221 6,337 Texas......... 821,635 8.357 9,349

839,341 972 323 1.52 220 1,761 Utah....... 424,770 22,687 9,198

84,925
521,560 618,230

1.19

204 704 Virginia.......

969,973 29,017 43,087 488,225 1,528,302 1,021,918 .67 213 2,344 Washington... 1,347,915 7,149 39,902 39,146 1,434,112 2,777,887

2,739 West Virginia.. 11,312,408 446,795 58,694 2,430,262 14.248,159 8,987,393 .63

20,504 Wyoming.........

2,435,091 17,845 93,974 50,078 2,597,886 3,186,694 1.21 219 3.137 Total bituminous.. 118,969,218 8,643,949 2,414,857 17,761,878 147,789,902 $119,740,062 $0.81 196 248,144 Pennsylvania anthracite........ 46,634,408 1,270,793 4,528,562

.........

52,431,763 79,129,128 1.51 150 149,557 Grand total........ 165,608,828 0,914,742 6,941,419 17,761,878 200,221,665 $198,869,178 $0.99 179 397,701 Grand total (1896).. 159,176,155 9,502,927 7.184.882 18,122.443 191,986,357 196,640. 168 1.02 185 386,656 Grand total (1805).. 158,380,289 9,855,605 6,677,539 18,404,197 193,117,530 197,799,043 1.02 195 382,879

164,907

21,280

51

10,453

188

.69 .81

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205

Annual Production of Coal in the United States since 1880.

(From United States Geological Survey.)

Year.

1880.. 1881. 1882 1883. 1884, 1885. 1880.. 1887. 1888. 1889. 1890. 1891.... 1892 1893. 1894 1895.... 1896 1997...

Bituminous Coal-
Short

Tons. Value.
42.831.758 $53,443,718
53,961,012 60,224,344
68,164,533 76,076, 187
76,755,280 82,237,800
82,578,204 77,417,006
72,621.548 82.347,648
73,707.957 78,481,056
87,887,360 98,004,656
102,039,838 101,860,629

95,685,543 44.504,745
111.320,016 110,420,801
117,901,237 117,188,400
126,856,567 123, 124,381
128.385,231 122,751.616
118,820,405 107,853,501
135,118,196 115,779,771
137,640,276 114,891,515
147,789,902 119,740,052

rennsylvania

-Anthracite Short

Tons. Value. 28,649,811 $42,196,678 31,920,018 64, 125,036 35,121,256 70,556,094 38, 456,845 77,257,055 37, 166,847 66,351,512 38,335,974 76,671,948 39,035,448 76,119,120 42,088,197 84,552,181 46,619,564 89,020,483 45,544,970 65,721,578 46.468.641 68,383,772 50,665,431 73,944,735 52.472,504 82,442,000 63,967,543 85,687,078 51,921,121 78.488.063 57,909,337 82,019,272 54,346,081 81,748,861 52, 431,783 79,120,128

Total
Short
Tons.

Value.
71,481,569 $95,640,393
85,881,030 124,349,380
103,285,789 146,632.581
115,212, 125 159,494,855
119,735,051 143,768,578
110,957,522 159,019,596
112, 743,403 154,600,176
120.975,557 182,556,837
148,659,402 190,881,012
141,229,514 160,228,323
157,788,657 176,804,573
168,566,688 191,133,135
179,329,071 207,506.881
182,352,774 208.438.696
170,741,526 186,141,564
1985, 117,530 197.799,043
1 91,986,357 196.840,166
200,221,685 198,869,178

Production of Coal, by States, since 1891.

(For Production of 1897, see page 436.)

1,500

1891.
1892.
1893.
1894.
1895.

1896. States and Territories. Short Tons. Short Tons. Short Tons. Short Tons. Short Tons. Short Tons. Alabama...

4,759,781 5,529,312 5,136,935 4,897,178 5,693,775 5,748,697 Arkansas...... 542,379 535,558 574,763 512,626 598,322

675,374 California.....

93,301
85,178 72,603

67,247 *75,453 *93,776 Colorado.....

3,512,632 3,510,830 4,102.389 2,831,409 3,082,982 3,112,400 Georgia.....

171,000 215,498 372,740 354,111 +285,898 +246,359 Illinois......

15,660,698 17,862,276 19,949,564 17,113,576 17,735,864 19,786,626 Indiana....

2,973,474 3,345,174 3,791,851 3,423,921 3,995,892 3,905,779 Indian Territory. 1,091,031 1,192,721 1,252.110

969,606 1,211,185 1,366,646 Iowa...................

3,825,595 3,918,491 3,972,229 3,987.253 4,156,074 3,954,028 Kansas...........

2,716,705 3,007,276 2,652,546 3,388,251 2,926,870 2,884,801 Kentucky... 2,916,069 3,025,313 3,007,179 3,111,192

3,357,770

3,333,478 Maryland.

3,820,239 3,419,962 3,716,041 3,501,428 3,915,585 4,143,936 Michigan.....

80,307 77,990 45,979 70,022 112,322 92.882 Missouri.

2,674,606 2,733,949 2,897,442 2,245,039 2,372,393 2,331,542 Montana...

541,861 564,648 892,309 927,395 1,504,193 1,543,445 Nebraska.....

1,500 Nevada........ New Mexico....

* 597,198

***720,854 ** 6:2, 6:26 North Carolina...

20,355
6,679 17,000

16,900 North Dakota...

30,000 40.725

49,630

42,015
** 39,197

***78.050 Ohio...

12,668,683 13,562,927 13,253,646 11,909,856 13,355,806 12,875,202 Oregon..

34,462 41,683 47,521 73,685 101,721 Pennsylvania

Anthracite...... 50,665,431 52,472,504 53,967, 453 51,921,121 57,999,337 54,346,081 Bituminous...

42,788,490 46,894,576 44,070,724 39,912,463 50,217,228 49,557,453 Rhode Island. Tennessee...

2,413,678

2,092,064 1,902,258 2,180,879 2,535,644 2,663,106 Texas.........

172,100 245,690

302,206 420,848 484,959 544,015 Utah...

371,045 361,013

413,205 431,550 471,836 418,627 Virginia.......

786.399
675, 205

820,839 1,229,083 1,368,324 1,254,723 Washington...

1,056,249 1,218,427 1,264,877 1,106,470 1.191,410 1,195,504 West Virginia.

9.220,665 9,738,755 10,708,578 11,627,757 11,387.961 12,876.296

2,327,841 2,503,839 2,439,311 2,417,463 2,246,911 2,233,184 Total product sold.... 168,566,669 179,329,071 182,352,774 170,741,526 135,118,193 137,640,276

462,328

** 361,330

**665,094

51,828

500

Wyoming.......

N. B.–North Dakota includes South Dakota.

* Includes Alaska.

+ Includes North Carolina.

Imports and Exports of Coal, 1867-1897.

Long

503, 223

913

IMPORTS.

Bituminous -Anthracite, pand Shale. Quan

Quantity.

tity. Long

Long Year Ending Tons. Value. Tons. Value. June 301867.

509,802 $1,412,597 1868.

394,021 1.250,513 1869.

437,228 1,222,119 1870.

415,729 1,103,965 1871.

$4,177 430,508 1,121,914 1872....

390 1,322 485,063 1,279,686 1873..... 2,221 10,764 460,028 1,548,208 1874.

3,224 492,063 1,937,274 1875.

138

963 436,714 1.791,601 1876.

1,428 8,560 400,632 1.592,846 1877....

630 2,220 495,816 1,782,941 1878....

158

518 572,846 1.929,660 1879.....

488

721 486,501 1,716,209 1880.

40 471,818 1,588,312

2,628 652,963 1,988, 199 1882....

36 148 795,722 2,141,373 1883.

507 1,172 645.924 3,013,555 1884.

1,448 4.404 748,995 2,494,228 1885

4,976 15,848 768, 477 2,548,432 Dec. 311886

2,0394,920 811,657 2,501,153 1887

14,181 42,983 819,242 2,609,311 1888.... 24,093 68,710 1,085,647 3,728,060 1889.

20,652 117,434 1,001,374 3,425,347 1890

15,145 46,695 819,971 2.822.216 1891....

37,607 112,722 1,363,313 4,561,105 1892.... 65,058 197,583 1,143,304 3,744,862 1893.... 53,768 148,112 +1,082,9 3,623,892 1894.

90,068 234,024 +1,242,7 3,785,513 1895.... 141,337 328,705 $1,212,023 3.626,623

101,609 237,717 1,211,448 3,453,742 | 24,534 59,222 a1,276,135 3,424,833

EXPORTS.

Bituminous
Anthracite

and Shale -Quan

Quantity.

tity.

Long
Year Ending Tons. Value. Tons. Value.
June 30-

1867..... 192,912 $1,333,457 92,189 $512,742
1868..... 192,291 1.082,745 86,367 433.475
1869... 283.783 1,553,115
1870.

121,098 803,135 106,820
1871.

134,571 805,169 133,380 564 067 1872..... 259,567 1,375,342 141.311 586,264 1873, .... 312,180 1.827,822 242,453 1,086,253 1874... 401,912 2,236,084 361,490 1,587,666 1875..... 316.157 1.791,626 203.189 828, 943 1876... 337.934 1.869, 434 230,144 850,711 1877....

418,791 1,891,351 321,665 1,024.711 1878

319,477 1,006,843 340,661 1.352, 624 1879. 386,916 1,427.886 276,000 891,512 1880.

392,626 1,362,901 222,634 695, 179 1881. 462 208 2,091,928 191,038 739,532 18R2. 553,742 2,589,887 314,320 1.102.898 1883. 557,813 2,648,033 463,051 1.593,214 1884. 649,040 3,053,550 646 265 1.977 959

1885. 588,461 2,586,421 683,481 1.989,541 Dec. 31

1886. 667,076 2,718,143 544,768 1,440,631 1887... 825,486 3,469,166 706,364 2,001,966 1889. 969,542 4.325, 126 860.462 2,629, 472 1889. 857,632 3,636,347 935, 151 2,783,592 1890... 794,335 3,272,697 1.280,930 4,004,995 1891. 861,251 3,577,610 1,615,869 5,104,850 1892... 851,639 3,722,903 1.645,869 4.999.289 1893.. 1,333,287 6,241,007 2,324,591 6,009, 801 1894.. 1,440,625 6,359,021 2,195,716 4.970,270

1,470,710 5,937, 130 2,211,983 4.816,847 1896..... 1,350,000 5,925,506 2,276,202 5,072,818 1897..... 1,297,282 5,830,633 2,400,744 5,332,858

1881...

1,207

1895 #....

1,41

1896........ 1897.....

* Including 14,632 tons of slack or culm, valued at $16,906. + Including 30,453 tons of slack or culm, valued at $32,267. * Including 18,174 tons of slack or culm, valued at $15,309. a Including 42,954 tons of slack or culm, valued at $44.962.

The Coal Production of the World.

(Compiled from United States Geological Survey Reports.)

1897. Sh't Tons. 200,221,665 228,373,500 132, 713,880

United States.....
Great Britain.....
Germany..........
Franco............
Austria-Hungary.....
Belgium............
Russia........
Other countries........

1880.
1890.
1894.
1895.

1896.
Short Tons. Short Tons. Short Tons. Short Tons. Sh't Tons.

71,481,569 157,788,657 170,741,526 193,117,530 191,986,357
164,605,738 203, 408,003 210,870,828 212,320,725 218,804,611
65,177.634 98,179,309 109,010,906 114,524,186 123,906,391
21,346,124 28,756,638 30,273,699 30.878,040 32,300,537
16,317,000 30,323,195 34,704,184 35,185,564 37,113,156
18,617,585 22.153,471 22,555,857 22,507,371 23,376,726
3,570,413 6,633,219 9,509,158 10,005,210 10,170,358

3,621,342 18,048,616 18,254,353 19,462,803 20,864,268
364,737, 405 563,591,108 610,671,233 644,145,027 683,866,000

19.60

4,909.622

Total.............
Per cent. of United States.
New South Wales.....
Queensland.
New Zealand.
Victoria..
Canada......
India......
Spain....
Italy.....
Sweden..

1,642,122

65,018 335,913 1,424,635 +1,117,248 * 153,864

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2,137,219

Distribution of the Pennsylvania Anthracite Trade by Railroads.

(In Long Tons.)

Coal Roads.
Reading Railroad..
Central New Jersey..
Lebigh Valley ...........
Dei.. Lack. & Western...
Delaware & Hudson.....
Pennsylvania Railroad..
Pennsylvanla Coal Co..
N. Y., Ont. & W.:
Del., Sus. & Schl...
N. Y., Bus. & W....

Total shipments.......

-1893—- _-1894

_-1895

---18996-Ship- Per Ship. Per Ship- Per Ship. Per ments. (ent. ments. Cent. ments. Cent. ments. Cent. 9,022,949 20.94 8,289,088 20.03 9,905,059 21.23 9,019,533 20.89 5,503,475 12.77 4,847.886 11.71 5,388,194 11.58 4.999,003 11.58 5,952,852 13.82 6,421,676 15.52 7.380.454 15.82 6,749, 128 15.63 6,887, 123. 15.98 5,997,989 14.49 6,129,281 18.17 5,629,533 13.03 4,301,624 10.12 3,997,059 9.66 4.347.843 9.35 4,142,973 9.52 5,848,242 13.57 4.727,576 11.425,025,645 10.80 4,752,120 11.06 1,891,701 4.40 1,705, 198 4.12 1.748.832 3.76 1.728,972 4.05 1.369,578 3.18 1,669,827 4.03 1.820.038 3.91 1,718,282 3.98 1.160,766 2.69 1.372,365 8.32 1.424, 407 3.07 ) 1,088,227 2.53 1,633,369 3.95 1,905,784 4.10 4,430,659 10.26

726, 167 1.75 1,492,244 3.21

Frie.......

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AVERAGE PRICES FOR COAL AT THE MINES, BY STATES (SHORT Tons).

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* This includes the countries named following, in addition to other countries not enumerated. + 1881. # From "Engineering and Mining Journal." Includes Alaska.

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States and Terri.

tories. Nevada... New Mexico.... North Carolina.... North Dakota.... Obio.. Oregon...... Pennsylvania bituminous.... Tennessee.......... Texas.......... Utah. Virginia....... Washington......... West Virginia Wyoming

Total bituminous.......... Pennsylvania anthracite.....

General average..........

.97

.93

.86

2.3: 1.40

1.59

1.74

1.56

1.88 1.31

3.09

.69 .81 1.52 1.19

.67 1.94

.63 1.21

1.65 1.20

.68 2.00

.83

.63

2.32

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.82

2.16

68

.84 1.70

.80

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+1.37

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1.43

.81 1.51

1.46

1.57

1.52

150

*1.21 *1.95 *1.42

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* Exclusive of colliery consumption.

+ Includes Nebraska.

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