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8,075

1864...

The following table, taken from the report of the American Iron and Steel Association, shows the progress of the iron and steel industries in the United States, and also the growth of the pig iron industry of Great Britain.

Production Production
Total Production of All Kinds of Iron and
Shipments of of Pig Iron in of Steel in Steel Rails in Production

Lake Supe- the United the United the United of Pig Iron in
rior Iron Ore. States.

States.

States. Great Britain. Calendar Year.

Gross Tons. Gross Tons. Gross Tons. Gross Tons. Gross Tons. 1860.

114,401
821,223

11,838
183,070

3,828,762 1861

49.909
653, 164

109,480

3,712,390 1862

124,169
703,270

190,993

3,943,469 1883...

203,055
848,075

246,221

4,510.0440 213,127 1,014,282

9,258
299,437

4,767,951 1865

236,208
831.770

13,627
318,118

4,825,254 1866

278,796
1,205,663

16,940
384,623

4,533,897 1867.

473,567 1,305,023

19.643
412,596

4,761,023 1868.

491,449
1,431,250

26,786
452,423

4,970,206 1869

617,444
1,711,287

31,250
529,988

5, 445,757 1870.

830,940
1.665,179

68,750
653,571

5,963,515 1871

779,607
1,706,793

73,214
692,619

6,627,179 1872.....

900,901
2,548,713

142.954
892,857

6,741,929 1873....

1,162, 458 2,500,963

198.796
791,712

6,566,451 1874....

919,557
2,401,262

215,727
651, 262

5,991,408 1875....

891.257
2,023,733

389,799
707,600

6,365, 462 1876.

992,764 1.868.961

533,191
785,383

6,555,997 1877....

1,015,087
2,066,594
569,618
682.776

6,608,664 1878.....

1,111,110
2,301.215
731,977
788,112

6.381,051 1879.

1.375,691 2,741,853

935,273
933,993

5,995,337 1880.

1,908,745
3,835,191 1,247,335

1,305,212

7,749,233 1881.

2,306,505
4,144,254 1,588,314

1,646,518

8,144,449 1882.

2,965,412 4,623,323
1,736,692 1,507.851

8,586,680 1883

2,353,288 4,595,510
1,673,535 1,214,905

8,529,300 1884. 2,518,692 4,097,808 1,550,879

1,022,188

7.811.72 1885...

2, 466,372 4,044,526

1,711.920

976,978

7,415,469 1886.

3,568,022 5,683,329
2,562,503 1,600,537

7,009,754 1887...

4,730,577
6,417,148
3,339,071 2,139,640

7,559,518 1888,

5,063,693
6,489,738
2,899,440
1,403.700

7,998.969 1889...

7.292,754 7.603,642

3,385,732
1.522,204

8,322,824 1890.

9.012,379
9,202.703
4,277,071 1,885,307

7.904,214 1891

7,062,233
8,279,870
3,901,210
1,307,176

7,406,064 1892

9,069,556 9,157.100

4,927,581
1,551,844

6,709,255 1893. 6,060,492 7,124,502 4,019,995

1,136,458

6,976,990 1894 7,748,932 6,657,388 4,412,032 1.021.772

7.427,342 1895...

10,438,268 9,446,318

6,114.831
1.306,137

7,703,459 1896 ..

9,916,035
8,623,127
5,281,689
1,122.010

8.659,681 1897....

12, 463,793 9,652,680 7,156,957 1,647,892 8,789,455

GENERAL SUMMARY OF TRADE, 1896, 1896, AND 1897.

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Production of, in Gross Tons,-
Pig iron........;

5 iron..................................
Spiegeleisen and ferro-manganese, included in pig iron.
Bar, boop, skelp, and structural iron and steel..
Iron and steel structural shapes, included above....
Iron and steel wire rods......
Plate and sheet iron and steel, except nail
Iron and steel cut nails and cut spikes.............. Kegs of 100 lbs.
Iron and steel wire nails............................ Kegs of 100 lbs.
All rolled iron and steel, including cut nails and excluding rails..
All rolled iron and stuel, including both cut nails and rails.......
Bessemer steel rails.....
Open-hearth steel rails...
Iron rails.....................
Rails, total........ :
Street rails, included above.
Bessemer steel........
Open-hearth steel.....
Crucible steel...........
Blister and patented steel....
All kinds of crude steel..............
Ore, pig, and scrap blooms for sale...
Tin-plates for year ended June 30.

Lbs.
Value of imports of iron and steel...
Value of exports of iron and steel...
Production of iron ore...
Imports of iron ore...
Total consumption of iron ore.......
Shipments of anthracite coal from the mines in Pennsylvania...
Imports of anthracite and bituminous coal..
Exports of anthracite and bituminous coal...
Iron and steel ships built in the fiscal year ended June 30.....

1895.
9,446,308

171,724
3,005,765
517,920
791,130

991,459 2,129,894 5,841,403 4,883,439 6,189,574 1,299,628

697

5,810 1,306,135

163,109 4,909,128 1,137,182 67,666

858 6,114,834

7,225 193,801,073 $25,772,136 $35,062,838 15,957,614

524,153 17,253,000 46,511,477 1,364,016 3,682,683

43

1896.
8,623,127

131,940
2,731,392

495,571 623,986

985,776 1,615,870 4,719,860 4,393,831 5,515,841 1,116,958

705

4.347 1,122,010

145,210 3,919,906 1,298,700 60,689

2,394 5,281,689

7,840 307,228,621 $19,506,587 $48,670,218 16,005,449

682,806 15,527,000 43,177,485 1,349,557 3,628,202

60

1897. 9,652,650

173,695 3,081,760 583,790

970,736 1,207,286 2,106,799 8,997,245 5,353,836 7,001,728 1,644,520

500

2,872 1,647,892

122,244 5,475,315 1,608, 671 69,959

3,012 7,156,957

8,614 446,982,063 $13,836,204 $62,737,250 17,518,046

489,970 17,375.000 41,637,864 1,301,561 3,698,031

OS

............

Imports and Exports of Iron and Steel, 1895, 1896, and 1897.*

Exports, CALENDAR YEARS.*

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Pig iron............
Bar iron......
Band, hoop, scroll

iron.....
Steel ingots, bars,

rods....
Cut nails & spikes.
Horseshoe & wire

nails...............
Iron plates & sh'ts.
Steel plates & sh*ts.
Iron rails......
Steel rails....,
W ire.............
Car-wheels......
Fire-engines.....
Locomotives......
Stationary eng'ns.
Castings, n. e.s....
Cutlery ..........

1895. $371,297 147,798

8,169 117,250 339,825 239,610

32,170 60,889 139,470

2:22.661 1,375,195 113,195

2.145 2.110.244

192,985 751,664 170.166

281,569 458,758 362,291 48.905 90,568

18,581 1,712,716 1,788,095 103,607

15,290 265.882

550,654
175,799
173,567

95,520
2,949,901
2,353,829
136,852

1.169
3,055,842

359.698
862,208
164,250

1895.

1896. 1897. Firearms.....

3845,110 $733,663 $661,366 Builders' hardw'e. 2.766,532 3.7787.680 4.027.757 Machinery ......... 12,115,118 18,311,726 22, 122,888 Printing presses &

parts of.......... 217,678 530,658 743,221 Saws and tools..... 2,012,000 2,352,572 2,377,325 Scales & balances.. 387,710 377,468 368,831 Sewing machines &

parts of.......... 2,988,006 3,051,168 3,193,136 Boilers and parts of engines.......:

436,091 614,788 695,267 Stoves and parts of.

304.123 Other iron & steel manufactures... 6,619,123 8,209,642 12,105,870

Total....... $35,071,563 $48,670,218 $62,737,250 Agricult'r'l implements, addition'l. $5,319,885 $4,643,729 $5,302,807

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952,382

187,805

1895, Pig iron, spiegel. &

ferro-silicon...... $1,337,978 Scrap iron & scrap steel.....

103,523 Bar iron.....

772,822 Iron and steel rails. 27,076 Cotton tieg....

102,309 Hoop, band, & scr'l

iron or steel...... 2,925 Steel ingots, bil'ts,

blooms, slabs, etc. 1,610,880 Sheet, plate, & tag

gers iron or steel. 727,638 Tin plates.......... 11,482,380 Wire rods, of iron

or steel........... 1,090,707

IMPORTS, CALENDAR YEARS.* 1896. 1897.

1895. 1896.

1897. Wire & wire rope, $1,207,890 $484,655 of iron or steel.. $716,901 $492,961 $344,855 Anvils..

70,901 55,444 43,450 130,012 12,433 Chains....

87,097 81,566 37,047 686,733 614,3:23 Cutlery ............. 2,092,038 1,855,964 1,855,375 207,648 15,939 Files, file-blanke, 235,830 3,686 rasps, and floats. 61,083 55,540 39,908 Firearms......

623,760 616,809 632,104 5,664 2,873 Machinery...... 2,199,518 2,321,986 1,370,936 Needles......

314,416 289,899 337,375 1,657,806 1,523,410 All other.....

2,291,510 2,325,030 1,207,673 328,421 170,385

Total....... $25,772,136 $19,506,687 $13,836,204 6,140,161 4,366,828

811,224 772,950

* For fiscal years ending June 30, 1897 and 1898, see under “Commerce of the United States."

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$83.13
78.88
77.25
72.25
70.38
85.13
76.67
58.75
47.75
41.25
35.25
33.75
41.25
49.25
47.13
45.50

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$166.00
158.50
132.25
106.75
102.50
112.00
120.50
94.25
68.75
59.25
45.50
42.25
48.25
67.50
61.13
48.50
37.75
30.75
28.50
34.50
37.08
29.83
29.25
31.75
29.92
30.00
28.12
24.00
24.33
28.00
18.75

18.88 17.63 21.50 28.50 25.12 25.75 22.38 19.88 18.00 18.71 20.92 18.88 17.75 18.40 17.52 15.75 14.52 12.66 13.10 12.95 12.10

1882.... 1883.... 1884.... 1885........ 1886.... 1887. 1888.... 1889. 1890. 1891 1enn. 1893..., 1894.... 1865... 1896........... 1897.....

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$35.80
27.16
23.67
21.74
20.60
18.09
22.15
27.98
22.94
23.84
19.04
17.17
15.27
16.58
19.02
15.99
15.37
15.78
14.06
12.81
11.77

9.75 10.94 10.39 9.03

....

$87.08
85.63
81.60
78.96
78.54
97.63
86.43
67.95
60.85
52.C8
45.56
44.24
51.85
60.38
58.05
61.41
50.30
44.05
40.32
43.12
49.37
44.90
43.40
45.92
42.56
41.81
38.08
29.96
32.29
31.36
29,34

$22.60
19.33
17.71
15.58
16.40
17.79
16.21
15.48
15.82
14.52
13.54
12.73
10.73
11.49
11.09
10.48

$18.96
21.37
17.38
18.00
18.85
15.95
14.37
12.87
11.38
12.72
12.14
10.13

32.55 28.78 29.45 30.32 25.32 23.63 20.44 16.58 18.48 18.83 15.08

$54.51 44.24 38.45 36.59 38.08 43.59 39.67 38.30 41.25 38.38 36.79 33.53 28.86 28.09 27.22 24.64

AVERAGE MONTHLY PRICES OF IRON AND STEEL IN PENNSYLVANIA, 1893 TO 1898.

(By J. M. Swank.)

MONTHS.

Old Iron T Rails, at

Philadelphia.

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Gray Forge

Iron, Lake Ore, at 333 Pittsburg.

Bessemer Pig Iron,
at Pittsburg.

Steel Rails at Mills,

in Pennsylvania,

G Steel Billets at Mills

at Pittsburg.

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$10.37
10.25
10.25
10.25
10.25
10.25
10.25

10.25

9.22
9.12
9.14
9.11
9.19
9.36
9.33
9.24
9.46
9.66
9.54
9.41
8.85
8.70
8.36
8.36

$18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
17.50
17.00
17.50
17.50
17.50
17.00
17.50
25.00
20.00
19.00
19.00
19.00
19.00
19.00
19.00
19.00
19.00
19.00
19.00
28.00
28.00
23.00
28.00
28.00

8.29 8.85

28.00

28.00
28.00

1898-January....

February....
March..
April...
May....
June...
July ....
August... ...
September..
October.....
November..

December...
1897-January.....

February ....
March.
April.
May.....
June....
July
August.....
September..
October.....
November..

December...
1896-January.....

February...
Marh.....
April....
May....
June...
July.
August.....
September..
October....
November..

December...
1895 January.....

February...
March.......
April........
May.......
June....
July .......
August....
September..
October.....
November...

December...
1894-January.....

February....
March.....
April.
May...
June.........
July
August......
September..
October.....
November...

December...
1893-January.....

February....
March.......
April.......
May.......
June....
July.....
August......
September...
October......
November...
December....

28.00

$12.50

12.50 12.50 12.14 12.00 12.00 12.00 12.05 12.50 12.50 12.70 12.94 14.00 13.87 12.60 11.62 11.50 11.50 11.50 11.55 12.25 13.69 13.15 12.67 14.25 14.75 15.00 14.87 14.43 14.00 14.00 14.00 13.50 12.75 13.94 14.50 11.75 11.75 12.00 12.00 12.25 13.75 15.30 16.12 16.50 16.20 16.50 15.00 13 00 12.62 12.50 12.12 12.00 11.62 11.30 11.50 11.50 11.50 11.75 12.00 18.00 18.50 18.00 18.00 17.50 16.62 16.00 16.12 15.62 14.80 14.00 14.00

11.87 11.75 11.75 11.65 11.44 11.25 11.30 11.50 11.70 11.75 11.97 12.75 12.75 12.60 12.12 11.87 11.75 11.75 11.75 11.87 12.00 12.00 12.00 .13.56 13 50 13.45 18.25 12.83 12.75 12.75 12.75 12.20 12.56 12.81 12.75 12.08 12.00 12.06 12.00 12.06 12.50 13.80 13.75 14.20 14.50 14.44 13.85 13.37 13.00 13.00 12.60 12.50 12.50 12.50 12.50 12.50 12.50 12.50 12.50 14.80 14.75 14.69 14.58 14.85 15.00 15.00 14,50 14.33 14.20 13.75 13.75

$15.00
15.12
15.37
15.30
14.94
14.75
14.75
15.62
16.00
15.80

15.12
• 15.90

15.90 15.50 15.62 14.65 13.96 14.12 14.00 14.29 15.50 16.55 15.87 15.00 16.60 17.69 17.19 19.80 19.55 19.42 19.50 19.22 19.41 19.73 19.89 18.00 14.79 15.01 14.94 15.42 16.25 18.85 21.06 22.05 24.35 22.19

10.19 10.00 10.00 10.41 11.06 11.00 10.65 10.50 10.25 10.10 10.19 10.05 10.50 10.50 10.50 10.50 11.55 11.50 11.30 11.19 11.00 11.00 10.90 10.75 10.75 10.81 11.12 11.25 10.50 10.50 10.50 10.50 10.45 11.12 12.05 12.31 12.70 12.87 12.44 11.90 11.56 11.37 11.00 10.75 10.50 10.56 10.50 10.50 10.50 10.50 10.50 10.50 13.10 13.00 13.00 13.00 13.00 13.00 13.00 12 94 12.58 12.25 12.00 11.94

9.75
9.56

9.00
10.90
11.10
10.92
10.85
10.79
10.62
10.37
9.83
9.50
9.87
10.84

9.94 9.17 9.09 8.99 9.27 9.81 10,55 11.45 11.97 13.37 13.12 12.65 11.85

9.88 9.72 9.61

$10.00
10.06
10.37
10.35
10.41
10.42
10.31
10.35
10.45
10.40
10.22
10.64
10.77
10.72
10.57
9.91
9.52
9.74
9.39
9.54
10.04
10.70
10.52
10.09
11.81
12.95
12.25
13.32
12.83
12.47
12.12
10.91
11.31
11.71
12.46
11.54
10.06
10.15
10.23
10.09
11.15
12.39
14.14
15.02
17.19
15.77
13.94
11.87
10.90
10.75
10.56
10.49
12.44
13.15
12.60
12.12
11.53
11.02
10.66
10.31
13.59
13.51
13.75
13.86
13.51
13.50
13.21
13.08
12.19
11.60
11.46

28.00
28.00
28.00
22.00

1.350. 1.350. 1.25c. 1.25c. 1.25c. 1.250. 1.250. 1.250. 1.250. 1.25c. 1.25c. 1.40c. 1.40c. 1.40c. 1.250. 1.250. 1.250. 1.250. 1.250. 1.200. 1.350. 1.350. 1.350. 1.450. 1.40c. 1.350. 1.400. 1.400. 1.400. 1.40c. 1.40c. 1.400. 1.40c. 1.400. 1,400. 1.200. 1.200. 1.250. 1.30c. 1.350. 1.350. 1.60c. 1.70€. 1.700. 1.60c. 1.60c. 1.450. 1.550. 1.50c. 1.45c. 1.40c. 1.300. 1.300. 1.300. 1.300. 1.250. 1.25c. 1.200. 1.250. 1.800. 1.800. 1.750. 1.750. 1.750. 1.750. 1.70c. 1.700. 1.650. 1.60c. 1.600. 1.550.

1.15c. 1.15c. 1.05e. 1.050. 1.05c. 1.05c. 1.050. 1.05c. 1.08. 1.10c. 1.04c. 1.00c. 1.22c. 1.20c. 1.20c. 1.14c. 1.040. .99c. .95c. .99c. 1.07c. 1.150. 1.15c. 1.15c. 1.25c. 1.25c. 1.2 c. 1.20c. 1.200. 1.20c. 1.200. 1.200. 1.200. 1.200. 1.226. 1.250. 1.10c 1.10c 1.100 1.10c 1.12c 1 220 1.32c 1.36c 1.440 1.4201.400 1.37c 1.30c 1.250 1.200 1.200 1.2501.25C 1.20c1.17c. 1.170. 1.15c. 1.15c. 1.10c. 1.59c. 1.560. 1.57c. 1.550. 1.550. 1.52c. 1.520. 1.500. 1.500. 1.400. 1.350. 1.350.

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9 47

18.60 17.75

9.55 9.78 9.94 10.00 10.02 9.84 9.72 9.47 12.30 12.25 12.25 12.25 12.25 12.25 12.00 12.00 11.69 10.87 10.66 10.44

28.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 24.00 29.00 29.00 29.00 29.00 29.00 29.00 29.00 29.00 29.00 27.50 25.00

17.75 17.30 16.00 15.49 15.11 21.75 21.56 22.

21.69 21.87 21.37 20.62 19.19 17.94 17.31

41.17

24.00

Tin and Terne Plates.

The following statistics relating to the production of tin and terne plates in the United States are compiled from an official report to the Secretary of the Treasury.

The production for the tiscal years 1896 and 1897, according to weight and kind of plates, was as follows:

PRODUCTION. -1896 - -

-1897– Lighter than 63 Pounds Per

Lighter than 63 Pounds Per 63 Pounds 100 Square

63 Pounds 100 Square
Per 100 Square Feet and

Per 100 Square feet and
Feet.
Heavier.

Total
Feet.

Heavier. Total Pounds. Pounds. Pounds. Pounds. Pounds. Pounds. Tin-plates........

182,045,569 30,543,612 212,589,181 307,965,826 47,381,844 355,347,670 Terne-plates... 82,874,323 11,765,117 94,639,440 84,131,032 7,503,361 91,634,393 Total....... 284,919,892 42,308,729 307,228,621 392,096,858 54,885,205 446,982,063

CONSUMPTION OF AMERICAN PLATES. Of the fifty firms reported as producing commercial tin and terne plates, only one used foreignmade plates during a portion ot one quarter, the amount being 57,208 pounds, out of a total production by the firm for that quarter of 213,687 pounds.

Of the fifty-three firms reported as producing commercial tin and terne plates during the fiscal year ended June 30, 1896, fifty used wholly American rolled sheets and three used both American and foreign, with an aggregate output of 15,803,154 pounds. Of this amount, 4,226,523 pounds, or about 27 per cent. of the output, was made from foreign-rolled sheets. SUMMARY OF PRODUCTION FOR THE FISCAL YEARS ENDING JUNE 30.

Tin-plates, Lbs. Net- Terne-plates, Lbs. NetLighter 63 Lbs.

Lighter 63 Lbs. than 63 Lbs. Per 100

than 63 Lbs. Per 100 Second fiscal y'r under Law of Oct. 1, 1890. Per 100 Sq. Ft. &

Per 100 Sq. Ft. &
Period from-

Sq. Feet. Heavier. Total. Sq. Feet. Heavier. Total.
July 1, 1892, to Sept. 30, 1892...

3,337,036 274,331 3,611,367 6,875,958 465,400 7,341,358 Oct. 1, 1892, to Dec. 31, 1892...

5,274,434 864,305 6,138,739 12,684,646 933,106 13,617,752 Jan. 1, 1893, to March 31, 1893... 14.333,875 910,699 15,244,574 13.803,461 518,364 14,321,825 April 1, 1893, to June 30, 1893..

19,425,336 1,323,091 20,748,427 18,115,741 679,419 18,795,160

42,370,681 3,372,426 45,743,107 51,479,806 2,596,289 54,076,095 Third fiscal y'r under Law of Oct. 1, 1890.

July 1, 1893, to Sept. 30, 1893...... 13,158,982 702,181 13,861,163 12,807,230 477,087 13,284,317
Oct. 1, 1893, to Dec. 31, 1893...... 14.048,471 633,574 14.682,045 12.252,823 416,373 12,669, 196
Jan. 1, 1894, to March 31, 1894...

24,815,641 1,497,920 28,313,561 11,486,747 460, 103 11,946,850 April 1, 1894, to June 30, 1894.

25,397,731 1,355,285 20,752,996 19,046,617 666,722 19,713,339 Total.............................

77,420,825 4,188,940 81,609,765 55,593,417 2,020,285 57,613,702 First fiscal y'runder Law of Aug. 28, 1894.

July 1, 1894, to Sept. 30, 1894..... 27,287,025 2,918,659 30,185,684 15,932,495 2,227,454 18,159,949
Oct. 1, 1894, to Dec. 31, 1894.....

15,065,370 3,905,796 18,971,166 12,647,045 1,652,819 14.299,864 Jan. 1, 1895, to March 31, 1895.

22,938,252 5,361,202 28,299,454 13,683,645 2,628,042 16,311,687 April 1, 1896, to June 30, 1896. 37,985,496 4.886,149 42,871,645 20,671,031 4,030,593 24,701,624 Total....

..... .

103,256,143
106, 0,1

17,071,806 120,327,949 62,834,216 10,538,908 73,473,124 Second fiscal y'r under Law of Aug. 28, '94. July 1, 1895, to Sept. 30, 1895...

41,861,846 4,239,198 48,101,044 21,830,412 2,892,873 24,823,285 Oct. 1, 1895, to Dec. 31, 1895...... 40,006,811 8,648,953 48,655,764 19,087,699 3,159,193 22,846,892 Jan. 1, 1896, to March 31, 1896.

46,604,697 7,302,709 53,907,406 16,082,087 2,725,884 18,807,971 April 1, 1896, to June 30, 1896..

53,572 215 10,352,752 63,924,967 25,174, 125 2,987,167 28,161,292 Total

.... 182,045,569 30,543,612 212,589,181 82,874,323 11,765,117 94,639,440 Third fiscal y'r under Law of Aug. 28, '94.

July 1, 1896, to Sept. 30, 1896.... 67,130,925 8,778,354 75,909,279 20,841,390 2,127,317 22,988,707
Oct. 1, 1896, to Dec. 31, 1896..

64,195,397 12,214,736 76,410,133 17,545,744 1,574,299 19, 120,043 Jan. 1, 1897, to March 31, 1897.........

76,945,606 11.987.416 88.933,022 20.867,595 1.887,909 22.755.504 April 1, 1897, to June 30, 1897......... 99,693,898 14,401,338 114,095,236 24,876,303 1,913,836 26,790,139 Total...

......... 307,965,82647,481,844 255,347,870 84,131,032 7,503,361 91,634,393 COMPARISON OF PRODUCTION AND NET IMPORTS FOR FISCAL YEARS ENDING JUNE 30.

1895.
1896.

1897.

Pounds. Pounds. Pounds. Total imports during fiscal year ended June 30.............

613,983,401 385,070,372 244,4177,601 Total exports, same period...

126,777,800 137,659,779 139,246,180 Net imports....

387,185,601 247,470,593 105,161,471 Total domestic production.........

193,801,073 307,228,621 446,982,063

Total................

Total........................

Approximate consumption in United States....

580,986,674 Average annual capacity of mills completed June

450,000,000 Same, of mills completed and in process of construction June 30, 570,000,000

554,639,214 500,000,000 585,000,000

552,143,534 600,000,000 650,000,000

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