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IRON TRADE OF FOREIGN NATIONS.

(Compiled from the Report of the U.S. Geological Survey, written by J. M. Swank.)

GREAT BRITAIN.

Year. 1880.. 1885. 1890. 1891. 1892. 1893.... 1894. 1895. 1896.. 1897..

Production, Importo, Production, Exports, Production, Prod., Open- Total,

Iron Ore. Iron Ore. Pig Iron. Pig Iron. Bess. Steel. hearth Steel Steel.
Long Tons. Long Tong. Long Tons. Long Tons. Long Tons. Long Tons. Long Tins.

18,028,050 3,060,331 7,749,233 1,632,343 1,044,382 251,000 1,375,382
15,417,982 3,313,488 7,415, 469 960.931 1,304,127

583.918 1,908,045 13.780.767 4,984, 459 7,904,214 1,145,268 2,014,843 1,564,200 3,679,043 12,777,689 3,642,711 7,406,064 840,055 1,642,005 1,514,538 3,256,543 11,312,675 4,233,811 6,709,255 767,053 1.500.810 1.418.830 3,019,640 11,203,476 4,525,477 6,966,990 840,294 1,493,454 1,456,309 3,049,763 12,367,308 4,875,089 7,427,342 830.985 1,535,384 1,575,318 3,210,702 12,615,414 4.887,158 7.703.459 866.568 1.535,225 1.754.737 3.389.942 13,700,764 5,438,307 8,659,681 1.060,165 1,815,842 2,317,555 4,283,397 13,787,878 5,968,680 8,789, 455 1,201,104 1,884,155 2,601,806

4,485,961 *Exports, Prod., Bess. Imports.

+Exports, Prod., Bess. Imports. Iron & Steel. Steel Rails. Iron & Steel.

Iron & Steel. Steel Rails. Iron & Steel.
Long Tons. Long Tons. Long Tons. Year. Long Tons. Long Tons. Long Tons.
3,792,993
732,910
281,329 1803.

2,856,574
579,386

297,773 3,130.682

706,583
307,939

2,649.998
598,530

292,906 4,001,430 1,019,606 323,840 1895.

2,835,541

604,338

311,486 3,240,146 662,676 314,941 1896... 3,550,398

817, 476

330.770 2.739,279 535,836 301,357 i 1897... 3,691,085

921,131

361,300

Year. 1880..... 1885..... 1890... 1891. 1892......

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FRANCE.

Production, Production, Imports, Exports, Production, Exports, Bess. and Finished

Iron Ore. Iron Ore. Iron Ore. Pig Iron. Pig Iron. Op.-h'th St'l. Steel. Year. Metric Tons. Metric Tons. Metric Tons. Metric Tons. Metric Tons. Metric Tons. Mt.Tns. 1880.... 2,874,263

1,169,000

115,000
1.725,293

14,326
360,000

388,894 1885.... 2,318,104

1,420,000

90.000
1.630,648

5,823 528,000 553.839 1890.... 3,471,718

1.610.000

285,000
1,962, 196

171,162
547.000

581,998 1891. 3,579,286

1,438,000

299,000
1,897,387

98,058

605,000 638,530 1892.... 3,706,748

1,684,000

305,000 2,057,258 120,754 651,000 682,527 1893.... 3,517,438

1,630,000

302,000
2,003,096

104,547
630,000

664,033 1894.... 3,772,101

1,638,000
248,000 2,069,714 117.990

646,000

674,190 1895.... 3,679,767

1,651,000

237,000
2,003,888

161,307
691,000

714,523 1896.... 4,063,390

1.862.000

233,000 2,339,537 195,308 1,180,743 883 508 2,138,000

2,472,143

1,281,595 959,254

1897....

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1892.

Production, Production, Imports, Exports, Production, Production,
Iron Ore.
Pig Iron.
Pig Iron. Pig Iron.

Steel. Stoel Rails. Year. Metric Tons. Metric Tons. Metric Tons. Metric Tons. Metric Tons. Met. Tons. 1880.... 7,238,640 2,729,038 238,572 318,879

660,591

407,731 1885.... 9,157,869 3,687,434

223,466
276.764
1,202,090

402,320 1890... 11,406,132 4,658,450 405,627 181,850 2,232,099

559,746 1891... 10,657,521 4,641,217

250,670
212,708
2,562,549

506,209
11.539,133
4,937,461
215,725
177,768
2,756,217

535,494 1893. 11,457,533 4,986,003

227,176
171,629
3,163,442

483.228 1894. 12,392,065 5,380,038 211,848 232,370 3,641,624

588.819 1895.... 12.349,600

5.484,501

199,556
220,103
3,962,775

493.855 1840... 14,102,315 6,372,575

337,181
192,915

....... 1887... 15,448,212 6,879,541

5,119,300 The imports of iron ore into Germany and Luxemburg in 1896 were 2,586,705 tons, and exports 2,642,384 tons.

* Includes crucible and other steel.
+ Includes pig iron, and iron and steel rolled into finished forms.

Inoludes steel rails.
$ Including Luxemburg.

BELGIUM.

1880....

Production, Imports, Exports, Production, Imports. *Production, Production,

Iron Ore. Iron Ore. Iron Ore. Pig Iron. Pig Iron. Steel. Steel Rails. Year. Metric Tons. Metric Tons. Metric Tons. Met. Tons. Met. Tons. Met. Tons. Met. Tons. 253,499

608,084

102,772

187.042 1885.... 187,118 #1,451,806

#176,530
712,876 #141,462

125,461

76,744 1890.... 172,291 1,644, 422 171,654 787,836 245,956

201,817

122,370
1891.
202,204
1,534,276

192,127
684,126
183,542
206,305

131,601 1892.... 209,943 1,679,443

25,650
753,268
149,563
208,281

125,648 1893.... 238,783

1,684,679

171,120
745,264
158,660
224,922

104,496 1894.

311,222 1,942,883 258,529 818,597 2:27,428 341,318 113,661 1895.... 312,637 1,857,6:23 328,427 829,234 225,665 367,947

122,357 1896.... 307,031 2,069,676 389,235

959,414 324,389 498.765 1897....

1,034,732

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Year. 1880..... 1885.... 1890.. 1891.. 1892. 1808. 1894. 1885.. 1896.

AUSTRIA-HUNGARY.

- Production Iron Ore. Pig Iron.

Steel.
Met. Tons. Met. Tons. Met. Tons.
1,142,576

464,234
1,582,760 714,784 299,191
2,153,789

965,380

499,600 2,106,811

921,846

540,030 1,913,831 940,646

590,080 2,086,360 982,247 650,740 2,115,2:22 1,072,357 705,650 2,340,173 1,127,673

744,547 2,718,295 1,217,782

880,696

Year.
1880..
1885..
1890..
1891..
1892.
1893.
1894.
1895....

1896....
| 1897....

SWEDEN.
- Production

Total,
Iron Ore. Pig Iron. Steel.
Met. Tons. Met. Tons. Met. Tons.
775,344
405,713

39,281
873,362 464,737

80,550
941,241 456,103 169,286
987,405
490,913

172,774
1,293,583 485,664

160,471 1,483,762 453,421 167,509 1,927,212 462,809

168,740 1,904,662 462,930

197,830 2,039,019 494,418

257,649 2,087,166 538,197 275,128

Year. 1880. 1885. 1800. 1891. 1892. 1883.. 1894. 1895. 1836. 187.,

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SPAIN.

- Production -
Iron Ore. Pig Iron. Total, Steel.
Met. Tons. Met. Tons. Met. Tons.
3,565,338
85,939

350
3,933,298 159,225

487 6,065, 113

179,782 73,651 5,122,784

278,460

70,258 5,041,317

211.436

51,864 5,419,070

234,563 77,808 5,352,353

223,798

90,934 5,762,582 206,452

73.254 6.808.000

246,326 104,577 7,468,500 297,100 101.800

RUSSIA.

- Production-
Iron Ore. Pig Iron, Crd'e St'l. St'I R'ls.
Year. Met. Tons. Met. Tons. M. Tns. M. Tons.
1880..... 1,023,705 448,411 307,305 206,642
1885..... 1,093,740 527,536

95,550
1890... 1,796,130 926,471 378,431 166,156
1891..... 1,988,508 1,004,861 433,486 166,503
1892.. 2,044,178 1,071,800 514.984 185,585
1893.. 2,195,380 1,148,923 630,796 227,047
1894..... 2,484,938 1,332,489 703,958 242,510
1895..... 2,924,963 1.452,385 769,900
1896.....

1,612,069 625.000
1897...

1,868,671 831,000

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CEREAL CROPS OF THE UNITED STATES.

Acreage, Production, and Value of Principal Farm Crops in the United

States (Calendar Years).
(From Government Statistics.)

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Value. $222,766,969 261,396,926 474,201,850 275,320,390 334,773,678 513,472,711 322,111,881 213,171,381 225,902,025 287,938,998 310,602,539 428,547,121 392,770,320

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Value. $11,326, 967 11,894,223 18,564,500 12,594,820 16,229,992 24,589,217 15,160,056 13,612,222 13,395,476 11,964,826

9,960,769 12,239,647 11,875,350

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CornProduction.

Bushels. 1,094,255,000 1,321,069,000 1,717,434,543 1,936,176,000 1,489,970,000 2,060,154,000 1,628,464,000 1,619,496,131 1,212,770,052 2,151, 138,580 2,283,875,165 1,902,967,933 1,924,184,660

-OatsBushels. 247,277,400 354,317,500 417,885,380 6:29,409,000 523,621,000 738,394,000 661.035,000 638,854,850 662,036,928 824,443,537 707,346,404 698,767,809 730,905,643 - BarleyBushels. 26,295,400 36,908,600 45,165,346 58,360,000 67, 168,344 86,839,153 80,096,762 69,869,495 61,400,465 87,072,744 69,695,233 66,685,127 55,792,257 -Potatoes

Bushels. 114,775,000 166,877,000 167,659,570 175,029,000 148,078,945 254,426,971 156,654,819 183,034,203 170,787,338 297,237,370 252,234,540 164,015,964 192,306,338 -Tobacco Pounds. 250,628,000 379,347.000 446,296,889 562,736,000 522,215,116 556,877,039 498,621,686 483,023,963 406,678,685 491,544,000 403,004,320

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-WheatProduction,

Bushels.
235,884,700
292,136,000
498,549,868
357,112,000
399,282,000
611,780,000
515,949,000
396,131,725
460,267,416
467,102,947
427,684,346
530,149,168
675,148,705
--Rye
Bushels.
15,473,600
17,722, 100
24,540,823
21,750,000
25,807,472
31,751,868
27,978,824
26,555,446
26,727,615
27,210,070
24,369,047
27,363,324
25,657,522
Buckwheat-
Bushels.
9,841,500
10.082,100
14,617,535
12,626,000
12,432,831
12,760,932
12,143,185
12.122,311
12.668,200
15,341,399
14,089,783
14,997,451
11,721,927
-Hay-

Tons.
24,525,000
27,873,600
31,925,233
44,731,550
60,197,589
60,817,771
59,823,735
65,766,158
54,874,408
47,078,541
59,282,158
60,664,876
66,376,920
Cotton-

Bales.
4,352,317
4,632,313
5,708,942
6,575,300
8,652,597
9,035,379
6,700.365
7,493,000
9,476,435
7,161,094
8,532,705
11,095,676

Value. $6,837,471 6,254,564 8,682,488 7,057,363 7,132,872 7,271,506 6,295,643 7,074,450 7,040,238 6,936,325 5,522,339 6,319,188 5,271,462

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Value. $305,743,224 300,377,839 371,811,084 389,752,873 473,569,972 494,113,616 490,427,798 570,882,872 468,578,321 398,185,615 388,145,614 401,390,728 396,060,647

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Value. $292,703,086 233,109,945 280,266,242 269,989,812 369,568,858 326.513,298 262,252,286 274.479,637 287,120,818 260.338,096 291,811,564 319,491,412

1892. 1893.....

1894..

1895.. 1896. 1897.....

Monthly Exports of Wheat and Flour from the United States

FOR THE CROP YEARS JULY 1 TO JUNE 30.

Wheat (Bushels).

Month. July...... August........... September.. October. November.. December.... January ... February... March..... April...... Мау. June...

1889-90. 1892-63. 3,241,395 7.928,452 6,835,033 13,368,730 3,893,272 10,813, 142 4,296,054 12,740,199 4,218,411 11.536,933 6,099.599 9,775,197 3,905,675 8.762, 438 4,800,470 8,475, 422 4,812,732 ' 7,150,491 4,538,153 6.564,043 4,394,036 9,333,325 3,322,937 10,6:22,737

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Exports of Indian Corn from the United States (Calendar Years).

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Exports of Flour, Wheat, and Corn from the United States, with Values,

from 1877 to 1898.

247,490

Fiscal

Years July 1to June 30. Barrels. 1877 78.. 3,947,333 1878-79.. 5.629,714 1879-80.. 6,011.419 1880-81.. 7.945,786 1881-82.. 5,915,686 1882-83.. 9,205,664 1883-84.. 9,152,260 1884-85.. 10,648,145 1885-86.. 8,179,241 1886-87.. 11,518,449 1887-88.. 11,963,5T4 1888-89.. 9,374,803 1989-90., 12.,231,711 1890-91.. 11,344,304 1891-92.. 15, 196,769 1892-93., 16,620,389 1893-94.. 16,859,583 1894-95.. 15,268,892 1895–96.. 14,620,864 1896-97.. 14,521,811 1897-98.. 16,233,047

FLOUR-
Agere- Av. Val'e.
gate

Per
Value. Barrel.
$25,095,721 $6 35.7
29,667,713 5 25.2
35,333,197 5 87.7
45,047,257 5 66.2
36,375,055 6 14.8
54.824,459 5 95.6
51,139,696 58.7
52,146,336 4 89.8
38,442,955 4 70.0
51,950,082
54,777,710 4 57.9
45,206,485 83.2
57,036,168 4 66.3
54,705,616 4 82.2
75,362 283 4 95.9
75,493,347 4 54.2
69,271,760 4 10.9
51,651,928 3 37.0
52,025,217 3 55.8
55,759,519 3 83.7
68,618.790 4 50,5

-WHEAT-
Aggre- Av. Val.

gate Per
Bushels. Value. Bushel. Bushels.
72,404,961 $96.872,016 $1 33.8 85,461,098
122,353,936 130,701,079 1 06.8 86.296.252
153, 252.795 190,546,305 1 24.3 98,169,877
150,565,477 167,698,485 111.3 91,908, 175

95,271,802 112,929, 718 1 18.5 43,184,915
106,385,828 119,879,341 1 12.6 40,586,825
70,340,012 75,026,678 106.6
84,653,714 72,933,097 86.2 51,824,416
57,759,209 50,262 715 87.0 63,655,433
101,971,949 90,716,481 89.0

40,307,252
65,789,261 56,241.468 85.3 24,278,417
46,414,129 41,652, 701 89.7 69,592,929
54,387,767 45,275.906 83.2 101,973,717
55,131,948 51,420,272 93.3 30,768,213
157.280,351 161.399,132 1 02.6 75,451,849
117,121,109 93,384,970 79.9 46,034,904

88.415,230 59,407,041 67.2 65,324,841
76,102,704 43,805,663 57.5 27,691,137
60.650.080 39.709,868 63.8 99,992,835

79,375.372 59,782,665 75.3 175,938,684
146,623,250 144,272,849 98.0 206,567,282

-CORN-
Aggre- Av.

gate Val. Per
Value. Bush.
$48,033,358 $0.56.2
40,655, 120 47.1
53,298,247 54.3
50,702,669 55.1
28,845,830 66.7
27,756,082 68.3
27,648,044 61.1
28,003,863 54.0
31,730,822 49.8
19,347,361 47.9
13,355,950 55.0
32,982.277 47.4
42,658,015 41.8
17.652,687 57.4
41,590,460 55.1
24,587,511 53.4
30.211.154 46.2
14,650, 767 52.9
37,836,862 37.8
53,618,736 30.5
73,502,232 35.5

51.0

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-Calendar Year--
1898.

1807. Baltimore..

18,542,034 15,304,039 | Baltimore ..... Boston and Charlestown. .... 12,288,160 9,502,108 Boston and Charlestown ... Newport News....

2,937,312 1,485,465 Newport News.. New York...

49,909, 158 25,085.896 New York..... Norfolk and Portsmouth.... 700,791 987.091 Mobile... Philadelphia ...

5,660,284 4,801,606 | Philadelphia.... Galveston......

11,288,278 7.345,636 New Orleans.... New Orleans...

12,795,543 10,356,248 Puget Sound. Puget Sound..

6,179,635 4.958.382 San Francisco.. San Francisco..

6,419,933 15,076,819 Willamette...... Willamette.

12,225,701 7,554,789 Superior... Duluth.

1,688,572 1.231.460) Other customs districts..... Superior.

3,326,870 2,250,732 Other customs districts...... 3,491,133 2,634,094

Total.... Total......

148,063,394 108,644,977

Calendar Years

1898. 1897. 4,859,686 5,270,096 8,324,673 4,582,337 3,038,737 2,655,900 23,864,946 34,714,008

4,830 3,058 5,772,574 2,432,357 1.662.956 1,284,518

77,393 72,154 80,911 84.382

2,023 5,822 733,043 2.003 1,462,140 1,149,537 49,883,912 52,263,174

EXPORTS or BREADSTUFFS, VALUE, ALL PORTS.

EXPORTS OF CORN, ALL PORTS, BUSHELS. -- (alendar Year1898. 1897.

Calendar YearBaltimore ... 349,802,578 $40,908,107

1898.

1897. Boston and Charlestown. . 26,540,850 19,216,562 Baltimore......

45,096,477 43,048,008 Newport News.......

19,021,692 14,419,993 Boston and Charlestown.. 11,542,828 9,424,644 New York..... 98.951,183 69,995,486 Newport News...

16,115,375 16,762, 539 Norfolk and Portsmouth... 4,163,202 5,535,146 New York.......

39,632,273 33,336,500 Philadelphia..

25,609,134 16,253,312 Norfolk and Portsmouth 9,383,3:25 12,427,373 Galveston...... 12.159,329 8,289,851 Philadelphia..

29,851,346 25,140,487 New Orleans...

20,601,999
Galveston.........

5.565,600 4,073,021 Puget Sound. 7,019,361 6,035,708 New Orleans...

20,735,569 27,714,472 San Francisco.. 9,951,318 21.051,315 Puget Sound..

54,566 38,879 Willamette. 12,330,820 8.028,419 San Francisco.

55,800 138,813 Duluth ....... 2,236,751 2.152.646 Superior....

828,887 Superior...... 5,382,169 2.945,980 Mobile........

1,612,870 1,736,254 Other ports...

14,986,971 8.386,628 'Other customs districts .... 24,695,989 14,497,401 Total... 308.757.303 $243,121,108

Total...................... 206,394,289 188,083,471

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