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wehr Hungarian 2,015

15

Engineers

The above personnel is divided among the folField engineer companies........

lowing organizations: Reserve engineer companies ....

634 battalions of infantry. "Ersatz" engineer companies.....

465 squadrons of cavalry (93 regiments). Fortress engineer companies...........

500 batteries of field and horse artillery.

37 battalions of foot artillery. Total..........

23 battalions of pioneers.

7 battalions of railway troops. RECAPITULATION (Approximation only). 21 battalions of train.

The above organizations are distributed over 20 1. Field Troops

Officers. Men.

army corps. Infantry.

18,000

960,000 Cavalry .......

3,500
110.000

AUSTRIA-HUNGARY.
Artillery ....

2,600

90,000 Engineers.......

800 40,000

The personnel of the Austro-Hungarian army

is as follows: Field troops.... .......... 24,900 1,200,000

Officers. Men. Horses. Guns.

Infantry2. Reserve Troops

Austro-Hungarian Infantry.

12,000 750.000 army.............. 9,736 185,877 724 Cavalry .....

2,500

90,000 Royal Austr'n landArtillery ....

800

20,000 wehr.............. 1,470 20,770 118 Engineers......

200

9,000 Royal Hungarian

landwehr......... 2,015 20,814 122 Reserve troops............. 15,500 875,000 Cavalry

Austro-Hungarian 3. Fortress Troops

army.............. 1.641 45,699 40,617 Infantry..

2.300 170,000

Royal Austr'n land-
Artillery......

1,400
80,000
wehr..............

172 1,896 1,401 Engineers......

300

10,000

Royal Hungarian

landwehr....... 340 4.140 Fortress troops.......... 4,000 260.000

Field artillery........ 1,471 27,457

1,984 4. “Ersatz" Troops

Fortress artillery....

384

7.732 135 Infantry.......

4.000 230,000
Pioneers...

450 8,400 Cavalry.......

800

40.000
Train........

3,342 1,892 Artillery..

30.000 Sanitary troops...... 83 3,085 Engineers............

100
6,000

Total. .....18,129 329,112 60,369 1,984 "Ersatz'' troops............ 5,500 306,000

Total Austro-Hunga5. Landsturm

rian army...........14,132 281,492 55,768 1,984 Infantry......

9.500

686,000

Total Royal Austrian Cavalry......

350

12,000 landwehr........... 1,642 22,666 1,519 .... Artillery ....

450

28,000

Total Royal HungaEngineers......

100

4,000

rian landwehr...... 3,356 24,954 3,082

This personnel is distributed over the following Landsturm.....

,400 730,000

organizations : Frontier guard in Europe.....

29,000 466 battalions of infantry.

252 squadrons of cavalry. Grand total................ 61,300 3,400,000 224 field batteries.

16 borse batteries. FRANCE,

14 mountain batteries.

18 battalions of fortress artillery. The personnel of the French army is as follows: 15 battalions of pioneers.

90 squadrons of train. Officers. Men. Horses. Gung.

26 sanitary detachments. Infantry..

.... 12,956 348,405 7,445 Cavalry..... .. 4,115 73,267 68.445

Royal Austrian landwehrArtillery....

4,005 77,972 36,756 3,048 2 battalions of infantry. Engineers.....

12,667 1.372

9 squadrons of cavalry. Train.

11.833

Royal Hungarian landwehrAdminist'n troops..

15,897

94 battalions of infantry. Total............ 21,963 540,041 123,009 3,048

60 squadrons of cavalry. The above personnel is distributed over

TURKEY. 584 battalions of infantry. 448 squadrons of cavalry.

The personnel of the Turkish army comprises 508 field, borse, and mountain batteries in France

about 24 000 officers and 220,000 men, distributed and Africa.

over the following organizations : 103 batteries of foot artillery.

31844 battalions of infantry. 7 regiments of engineers (22 battalions).

197 squadrons of cavalry. 20 squadrons of train (72 companies).

169 field batteries. The above calculation does not include a large 44 mountain batteries. force of marine troops.

18 horse batteries.

12 howitzer batteries. GERMANY.

4 battalions of engineers.

17 companies of fortress engineers. The personnel of the German army consists of - 4 telegraph companies.

103 companies of fortress artillery. Enlisted

15 train squadrons. Officers. Men. Horses. Guns. 63 companies of tradesmen. Infantry....... 12,062 363,774

430 companies of dismounted gendarmes. Cavalry........ 2,338 64,127 63,589

234 companies of mounted gendarmes. Field artillery. 2,623 56,469 28,538 3,000 The number of horses is about 30.000 and the Foot artillery.. 861 22,271

number of guns about 1,458. Pioneers...... 559 14,567

In addition to the foregoing troops there are Train.......... 307 7,437 4,158

352 battalions of the second line (infantry) which

may be mobilized, and some irregular troops (237 Total....... 18,750 528,685 98,301 3,000 squadrons of Hamidje cavalry).

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ITALY.

Officers. Men. Guns. Horses.

Pontoneers...... The personnel of the Italian army is as follows: ,

Torpedo corps...

446
Horses
Engineers.............

37 1,567
and Pack
Sanitary troops.......

693
Officers. Men. Animals. Guns. Royal gendarmerie...

767

508 Infantry.... . 6.126 121,598 Bersaglieri (rifles). 748 14,820

Total............... 1,630 62,811

5.200 Alpini........

464 10,845 Ipin.............

629 Cavalry ............ 1,080 25,632 20,880

To which may be added:
Field artillery ..... 1,098 21,444 10.116 1.116 Active militia....... 867 51,275
Horse artillery....

1,165 651

Sedentary militia... 1,28977,697 Mountain artillery

2,218

90 Fortress and sea

Total militia...... 2,156 128,973 coast artillery...

8,678 27 Engineers....

3:26
8.155 548

Grand total..... 3,786 191,783 1205,290 Railway battalion.

12

The above personnel (exclusive of militia) is Sanitary company 321 2,400

distributed overAdminis'n comp'y 315 1,900

45 battalions of infantry. Total...........10,993 219,625 34,038 1,24

15 squadrons of cavalry.

18 field batteries. The above personnel is distributed over:

2 horse batteries. 288 battalions of infantry (96 regiments).

40 companies of fortress artillery (4 regiments). 36 battalions of bersaglieri (12 regiments).

4 companies of armored-fort artillery. 22 battalions of alpini (7 regiments),

2 pontoneer companies. 144 squadrons of cavalry (24 regiments).

2 torpedo companies. 186 batteries of field artillery.

3 field engineer companies. 6 batteries of horse artillery.

4 fortress engineer companies. 15 batteries of mountain artillery.

1 railway company. 76 companies of seacoast artillery and fortress

1 telegraph company. artillery.

3 sanitary companies. 17 battalions of engineers.

4 divisions of royal gendarmerie. 12 administration companies.

The active militia forms 189 infantry companies 12 sanitary companies.

and 25 fortress artillery companies; the sedentary

militia forms 89 battalions of infantry.
ENGLAND.
In 1897 the British army consisted of -

SWITZERLAND.
7,721 officers.
917 warrant officers.

The personnel of the Swiss army is as follows:
14,189 sergeants.
3,450 musicians.

Active First Second 194,592 privates.

Army. Reserve. Reserve. General staff...

45 Total........ 220,869 men of all ranks, which is Infantry............. 103,107 57,574 54,676 slightly in excess of the establishment, which Cavalry...

3,758 2,205

Artillery..... contemplates 219,066 men of all ranks.

21,633 11,774 2,938 Engineers........

6,356

3,519 This personnel was distributed as follows over Sanitary troops...... 4.980 3,305 the various arms:

Administration... 1,500

783

Cyclists....... Household cavalry....

· 1,315

183 Auxiliaries......

107,762 Cavalry of the line.....

18,406

Pioneers.. Horse artillery.. 3,898

99,367 Field artillery..

14,075

The above personnel is distributed over the fol Mountain artillery...

1.454

lowing organizations: Garrison artillery....

17,586 Engineers.....

101 battalions of infantry. Foot guards....

5,851 36 squadrons of cavalry. Infantry of the lin

136,965

48 field batteries. Colonial corps........

5,331 2 mountain batteries. Army service corps....

3,581 8 engineer battalions. Army ordnance corps...

1,306 4 pontoon detachments. Medical staff corps.........

2,699 4 telegraph companies. Army pay corps....

573

1 railway battalion. Active army.

8 division hospitals. The troop units of the British army are the fol 4 corps hospitals. lowing:

40 ambulances.

4 subsistence sections. 148 battalions of infantry, with 69 depots.

8 administration companies. 124 squadrons of cavalry, with 11 depots. 88 field batteries, one of which is a depot battery. The personnel of the first reserve is organized 22 horse batteries, one of which is a depot battery. into 10 mountain batteries. 93 companies of garrison artillery, with 6 depots.

94 battalions of infantry. 6 battalions of engineers.

36 squadrons of cavalry.

field batteries. 40 companies army service corps (train).

1 mountain battery. 21 companies medical staff corps.

5 companies of position artillery.

8 park columns. NETHERLANDS.

16 train sections. The personnel of the Dutch army is as follows:

11 sapper companies.

2 bridge-train sections. Officers. Men. Guns. Horses. 21 field telegraph companies. Infantry.............. 1,005 42,225

106 4 railroad companies. Cavalry ..........

3,979

2,603 16 ambulances. Field artillery ..... 154 4,120

1,688 3 sanitary trains. Horse artillery .......

278 5 transport columns. Fortress artillery..... 217 7.393

8 hospital sections. Armored-fort artill'y

725

8 administration companies.

7,8:29

139

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SPAIN.

3. Porto Rico Establishment. The following statements have no reference to The personnel of the Porto Rico establishment the actual strength of the Spanish army at the is as follows: present time; they ignore all increases that have

Horses been made on account of the insurrections in Cuba

and and in the Philippine Islands, and merely give the

Officers. Men. Mules. Guns. normal peace establishment as fixed by law :

Infantry...........

146

3.704

Cavalry.. 1. The Peninsular Establishment

Artillery.....

574

All others...... (Including African Possessions, the Canaries, and the Balearic Islands).

Total.......... 278 4,307 The personnel of the Peninsular establishment

The foregoing personnel is organized intois as follows:

4 rifle battalions. Horses

1 section of mounted rifles. and

1 battalion of fortress artillery of 6 companies. Officers. Men. Mules. Guns.

1 company of mountain artillery. General staff.. • 178

1 section of workmen. Infantry........ . 4.968 64,190

1 sanitary brigade. Cavalry ......

1,216 14,346 10,482 Artillery .... . 909 11.774 3,905

4. Philippine Establishment. Engineers........

416

5,294 All others........ 2,186

4,396
1,171

The personnel of the Philippine establishment,

exclusive of officers, is as follows: Total. ........ 9,873 100,000 16,454 408

Horses

and The foregoing personnel is distributed over the

Men. Mules. Guns. following organizations:

Infantry .....

13,126 Infantry

Artillery....

2,318

279 91 battalions of infantry, viz. :

Engineers..... 56 battalions of the line (and 56 battalion depots).

Cavalry............... 8 African battalions (4 regiments).

Administration....

234

214 4 Balearic battalions (2 regiments).

Medical.... 20 rifle battalions.

All others.... 2 rifle battalions, regional, Canaries. 1 disciplinary battalion.

Total.....

. 17,656 1,087 Cavalry

The foregoing personnel is organized into the 115 squadrons of cavalry, viz. :

following organizations : 28 cavalry regiments of four squadrons.

7 infantry regiments of 2 battalions of 4 compa1 squadron Mallorca mounted rifles. 1 squadron Canaries mounted rifles.

nies each.

1 disciplinary battalion. 1 squadron Ceuta mounted rifles, and also

1 regiment of fortress artillery of 2 battalions of 4 7 remount establishments and studs.

companies. Artillery

1 regiment of mountain artillery of 4 companies. 68 batteries of field artillery:

1 company of artillery workmen... 14 field artillery regiments of 4 batteries of 6 guns. 1 engineer battalion of 6 companies. 3 mountain artillery reg's of 4 batteries of 6 guns.

1 cavalry regiment of 3 squadrons. 47 companies (10 battalions) of fortress artillery. 1 train brigade. 4 companies of workmen.

1 sanitary brigade. Engineers 4 battalions of sappers and miners of 4 companies

BELGIUM. each. 2 companies of sappers and miners (Baleares and

The personnel of the Belgian army consists of Africa).

Enlisted 1 battalion of pontoneers (4 companies).

Officers. Men. Horses. Guns. 1 telegraph battalion (4 companies).

Infantry....

1,745 27,933 1 balloon company.

Cavalry....

304 5,760 5,236 1 railway battalion (4 companies).

Artillery...

534 8,205 2,596 1 topographical brigade.

Train......

4.55 331 1 company of workinen.

Engineers....

146 1,703 Staff & adıninis'n... 602

974

298 2. Cuban Establishment. The personnel of the normal Cuban peace estab

Total............ 3,360 45,030 9,044 204 lishment is as follows:

The above rersonnel is divided among the folHorses

lowing organizations:

and
Officers. Men. Mules. Guns.

58 battalions and 2 companies of infantry.
Infantry.....
526 10,698

40 squadrons of cavalry (8 regiments). Cavalry......

93
1,715 1,363

34 batteries of field artillery (plus 10 reserve) and Artillery .....

735
41

4 depot batteries. Engineers...

407

58 batteries of foot artillery (plus 8 reserve) and All others.....

327
106

4 depot companies.

3 battalions and 1 reserve battalion of engineers. Total......... 1,018 13,131 2,217 6

1 regiment of train.

The above organizations are distributed over 4 This personnel is organized as follows:

divisions. 2 infantry regiments of 3 battalions of 4 compa

DENMARK. nies each. 5 infantry regiments of 2 battalions of 4 compa- i

The personnel of the Danish army is as follows: nies each. 1 rifle battalion of 4 companies.

Officers. Men. 1 disciplinary brigade.

Infantry............

... 533

8,450 2 cavalry regiments of 4 squadrons each.

Cavalry..............

1,300 1 battalion of fortress artillery of 6 companies. Field artillery....

1,000 1 mountain battery.

Foot artillery...

1,600 1 company of workmen.

Engineers.....

46

550 1 engineer battalion of 4 companies. 1 sanitary brigade.

Total.....

12,900

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294
285

293 138

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PORTUGAL 31 battalions of infantry.

The personnel of the Portuguese army is as fol16 squadrons of cavalry.

lows: 12 batteries of field artillery.

Officers. Men. Animals. 12 companies of foot artillery.

Staffs........ 6 companies of engineers.

Infantry.... The number of guns is probably $6.

Cavalry......

3,952 2.289 Artillery.....

3.459 1.090 ROUMANIA.

Engineers......

122
710

78 Non-combatants..

468

739 The personnel of the Roumanian army is as follows:

Total...............

2,543 25,658 3.985 Menn. --Horses

There are also the-
Perma. Tem- Perma. Tem-

Municipal guard.......

79

415

2,176
nent. porary. nent. porary.
Customs guard.... ... 106 4,791

312 Infantry......

20,800 63,070
Rifles.....
2,898

Total................ 2,730 32,625
Foot gendarmerie 366
Cavalry.....
6,973 7,200

7,200

This personnel is distributed over the following Mounted gend'rie 1,101

organizations: Field artillery.... 6,420

3,962

46 battalions of infantry. Fortress artillery. 2,214

2:2 battalions of rifles. Ordnance corps.. 869

30 squadrons of cavalry. Engineers......... 2,820

30 batteries of field artillery Sanitary & special

4 batteries of mountain artillery. troops........... 1,014

20 companies of fortress artillery.

2 battalions of engineers. Total......... 45,481 70,2708,897 7,200 These troops are organized in four divisions and

two independent commands. This personnel is distributed over the following organizations :

GREECE. 102 battalions of infantry. 4 battalions of rifles.

The personnel of the Greek army is as follows: 78 squadrons of cavalry.

Horses 65 batteries of field artillery.

and Pack 8 batteries of horse artillery.

Officers. Men. Animals. 4 battalions of fortress artillery.

General staff, etc...... 204

36

66 6 battalions of engineers.

Infantry.....
. 673 12.046

340 4 train squadrons.

Rifles......

184 3,136

112 4 sanitary companies.

Cavalry.....

1,509 1,209 These units are organized into 5 divisions of in

Artillery .....

2,065 fantry and a cavalry division. The number of

Engineers.....

101 1,112

156 ofhicers is 2,377.

Administration, etc....

206 Gendarmerie......

143 3,086

383 BULGARIA AND EAST ROUMELIA.

Military schools.... 54

168 The army of Bulgaria and East Roumelia num. Total................ 1,880 23,453 3,294 bers about 2,500 officers and 39,000 enlisted men.

The above personnel is distributed overThese are distributed over

30 battalions of infantry (10 regiments). 72 battalions of infantry (24 regiments).

8 battalions of rifles. 23 squadrons of cavalry.

12 squadrons of cavalry. 45 batteries of field artillery.

20 batteries of field and mountain artillery. 14 companies of foot artillery.

2 engineer battalions. 3 pioneer battalions.

1 telegraph company. 1 railway company.

1 train company. 1 telegraph company.

2 sanitary companies. 1 pontoneer company.

The number of guns is probably about 120.
The number of guns is probably not far from 300

NORWAY.
SWEDEN.

The personnel composing the permanent and The personnel of the Swedish army is composed

| temporary portions of the army number together

| about 12,000 men. as follows: Officers. Men. Horses.

The permanent personnel is as follows: Infantry .......... . 1,232 26,024 242

Non-Com. 929 Cavalry... 4,977 5,300

Officers. Officers. Men. Field artillery .....

3,216 1,001
Infantry....

375
1,275

794 Fortress artillery.

Cavalry......

105 Engineers....

900
Artillery......

300 Train...........

670

112 Engineers..

Train..
Total................. 1,905 36,285 6,742 Sanitary troops......
The personnel is distributed over the following

Total............... 629 1,819

1,200 organizations: 56 battalions of infantry.

The organizations are as follows: 50 squadrons of cavalry.

20 battalions of infantry. 38 field batteries.

8 squadrons of cavalry. 2 horse batteries.

9 batteries of field artillery. 2 hattalions of fortress artillery.

2 mountain batteries. 2 engineer battalions.

2 fortress artillery companies. 4 train battalions.

5 companies of engineers. These forces are organized in six divisions and 3 companies of train. the independent command of Gotland.

| 3 companies of sanitary troops.

136

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Third class.... Second class..

First class..... Battle ships

Japan..... China ..... Chili....... Argentina..... Brazil.......... United States. Greece..... Turkey .... Portugal...... Denmark.. Norway..... Sweden..... Austria....... Spain......... Netherlands. Germany...... Italy ........ Russia...... France........ Great Britain.

Cruisers
Torpedo boats..

Armored....
Torpedo gunboats..........
Torpedo-boat destroyers... ..

First class....
Lookout ships or gunboats. 19

Total..
Second and third classes.
Coast defense ships...

Navies.

Class.

1st Cl's. 2d Cl's. 3d Cl's.

speed.
Not less than 13 knots
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TABLE OF PRESENT STRENGTH OF SEVEN PRINCIPAL NAVIES.

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The following table, taken from the report of the Secretary of the Navy for 1897, shows the

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The “Statesman's Year Book" has endeavored, in the above compilation, to devise a system of

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(From the “Statesman's Year Book.")
The Navies of the World.

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