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-Imports From-

-Exports To-
Countries.
In Thousands of £'s.

In Thousands of £'s. 1897. 1896. 1895. 1894. 1897. 1896. 1895. 1894. India......

£1,602 £2,314 £2,483 £2,280 £2,485 £2,621 £2,398 £2,677 China...

2,700 2,984 3.344 3,543 5,142 6,734 5,254 4,451 United States......

113,195

106,376 86,549 89,607 21.036 20,436 27,918 18,799 Mexico.....

594
593

555 1,605 1,519 1,522 1,214 Central America..

1,176
990
976
949 845 1,269 1,316

996 Chili.

3.206 3,609 3,436 3,711 2,230 2,551 3,246 2,207 Brazil.

3,738 4,045 3,614 3,940 5,438 6,706 7,323 7,526 Uruguay......

345
316
461
267

795 1,434 1,319 1,488 Argentine Republic.... 5.745 8,979 9,084 6,169 4.742 6,678 5,349 Other countries.......

9,974 9,878 8,486 10,375 16,611 16,854 14,519 13,439 Total............. £357,545 £348,548 £321.159 £314,433 £153,645 £155,987 £155,888 £143,184

COMMERCE WITH THE UNITED STATES, 1880 TO 1898.
Years ending
Imports from Exports to Years ending

Imports from Exports to June 30.

U.S.

U.S.
June 30.

U.S.

U.S. 1880.. $452,796,000 $211,613,000 1893.

$421,134,000 $182,859,000 1886......

318,453,000
154,250,000 | 1894..

431,059,000

107.372.000 1888..

361,515,000
177,897,000 1895.

387, 125,000 159,083,000 1890.

447,895,000
186,488,000 i 1896.

405,741,000 169,963,000 1891.

445,414,000
194,726,000 1897.

483,270,000

167,948,000 1892.... 499,315,000 156,300,000 ) 1898..

540,860,152

109, 138,365

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1897.

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PRINCIPAL ARTICLES OF EXPORT AND IMPORT AS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND GREAT

BRITAIN FOR FISCAL YEARS ENDING JUNE 30, 1891, 1897, AND 1898.
Exports from the United Kingdom..

Imports into the United Kingdom.
1891.

1891. 1897. Art works..................... 303.197

$1,185,603 | Animals (cattle, horses, and Books, music, maps, etc...... 2,405,392 1,654,693 sheep).......

... $28,727,100 $39,270,162 Cement, Roman, Portl'd, etc. 1,984,692 596,195 BreadstuffsChemicals, drugs, dyes, etc.. 14,467.902 9,419,097 Barley ...

362,605 3,806,691 Cotton, unmanufactured.... 1,216,742 1,471,095 Corn..

8,167,775 22.952, 199 Cotton manufactures........ 12,324,970 14,349,471 Oats...........

105,026 5,410,578 Earthen, stone, & china ware 4.672,277 4,017,233 Wheat..

27,281,400 41.975,657 Feathers & down, not dressed 675,407 1,276,196 Wheat flour..

33,781,917 30,925,512 Fibers, vegetable, etc., un

Copper--Ore.........

6,852,470 1.889,564 manufactured.....

5,909,928 1,638,510 Ingots, bars and old...... 1.000.498 8,283,175 do. manufactured....... 18,284,974 24,253,603 Cotton, unmanufactured... 170,863,888 117,292,717

660,681 1,210,810 do. manufactured...... 976,155 1,298,077 Furs, and manufactu 3,926,311 1,902,643 Cycles, and parts of.....

2,375,675 Hides and skins...........

5,535,366 4.598,932 Fish-Salmon, canned....... 1,792,838 2,534,977 India rubber, crude..... 2,630,164 3,265,497 Fruits, including nuts...... 961,311 3,683,577 Iron & steel, & manuf'r's of.. 10,314,223 11,006,040 Furs and fur skins.... .......

2,534,310 Leather, & manufactures of. 2,311,441 2,499,243 Glucose.......................

1,374,044 2,571.872 Malt liquors..... 1,444,633 1,181,029

2,254,001 1,159,262 Metals,metal composit'ns,etc 2,276,854 1,058,870 Iron & steel, & manuf'r's of. 3,501,657 10,132,574 Oils, vegetable......

512.601 1,020,818 Leather, and manuf'r's of... 9,242,388 12,915,976 Paper stock, crude...... 1,844,833 1,023,484 Naval stores....

3,857,992 9,214,958 Silk, manufactures of........

5,575,040 2,034,551 Oil cake and oil-cake meal.. 5,157,578 3,170,883 Sugar.................... 476,795 1,452.004 Oils, mineral, refined........

7,801,606 13,240,527 547,222 1,666,265 Paraffine and paraffine wax.

3,126,041 Tin, in bars, pigs, etc... 2,394,026 2,723,133 Paper, and manuf'r's of.... 239,498 1,044,308 Wool, unmanufactured.. 13,734,771 28,192, 431 Provisions- Beef products.. 27,374,390 28,673,010 Wool, manufactured ......... 14,975,33125,356,841 Hog products.........

49,384,916 51,713,135 Butter & cheese.....

7,055,831

6,696,572 Seed, linseed.............,

9,900 2,178,022 Starch....................

241,062 1.219,745 Tobacco, & manuf'r's of.... 7,382,547 9,711,285 Wood, & manufactures of.. 7,2:22,933 12,612,967 Zinc-Pig, bars, etc..........

1.669,959 For the year ending June 30, 1898, the imports into the United Kingdom were : Animals, living (for food). $36,374,000. Breadstuffs-- Wheat, $74.926.000 : wheat meal and flour, $46,508,000; oats, $12,330,000; indian corn, $38,651,000; bacon, $30,759,000; beef (fresh), $24,081,000; hams, $18,249,000; cheese, $6,631,000; lard, $12,961,000; copper, $9,997,000; cotton (raw), $127,740,000: tallow and stearine, $2,263,000; wood and timber, $11,261,000; leather, $14,821,000; animals, horses, $4,045,000.

The exports for the corresponding period were: Wool, sheep and lambs, $2,833,000; cotton manufactures, $,797,000 : jute manufactures, $3,757.000linen manufactures, $7,119,000; woolen and worsted manufactures, 85,394,000; iron and steel and manufactures, $7.233,000; machinery, $1,602,000; alkali, $1,191,000; bleaching materials, $1,146,000; earthen and china ware, $2,567,000 ; skins and furs, $3,342,000.

Tea..........

1885.. 1890. 1891 1892. 1893., 1894.. 1895... 1806. 1897..

Foreign Movement of Precious Metals.
GOLD COIN AND BULLION.

SILVER COIN AND BULLION.
Year.
Imports.
Exports.

Year.

Imports. Exports. $65,097,034 $58,061,325 1885...

$45,908,639 $47,946,155 114,693,910 69,623,497 | 1890....

50,541,810

52.866,658 147,472,002 117,634,800 1891....

63,663,246 64,993,889 103,413,125 75,187,425 1892.

60,2.22.938 68,495,988 120,978,231 94,959,241 1893.

72,912,463 68,219,872 134,590,674 76,208,306 1894....

65,431,903 60,979,318 176,197,803 104.094,683 1895....

60,428,333 52,209,705 118,671,435 146, 101,036 1896

69,496,213 72,983,450 150,039,830 150,031,960 | 1897....

87,815,840 91,463,470

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VESSELS ENGAGED IN BOTH HOME AND FOREIGN TRADE.

312
40,248
1.796

286 1800....................

24,640
1.156

294
180
22,645
1,002

313

1891....

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1897.....

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TOTAL SHIPPING OF THE UNITED KINGDOM IN THE HOME AND FOREIGN TRADE.

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(See Index, under “Railroads of the World" and "Telegraphs of the World.")

Canals and Other Navigable Waters.

At the latest date available-1888--the length, traffic, revenue, and expenditure of the canals and naviostions in England and Wales, Scotland and Ireland, which do not, and of those which do, belong to railway companies were as follows:

to raisons in England a

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The paid-up capital of these waterways not belonging to railway companies was, in 1888, in England and Wales, £20.959.820; in Scotland, £1,254,047: in Ireland, £2,071,308: total, £24,285.175.

The Manchester Ship Canal, opened in 1894, is 354 miles in length, 26 feet in depth, and (except for 244 miles near Latchford) not less than 120 feet in bottom width. The minimum width of the locks is 65 feet. The large docks at Manchester are 26 feet deep, and the smaller 20 feet. The canal is in direct communication with all the large canals of the district. The capital of the company is €15,412,000.

Post-Office.
LETTERS, POST-CARDS, NEWSPAPERS, ETC., DELIVERED.
Year

Book-Packets, ending

Letters

Post

Newspapers, March 31. Letters. Per Capita. Cards.

Parcels. England and Wales..

1890
1,413,000,000

184,000,000

502,000,000 1898 1.711.200.000

308,900,000 729,700,000 Scotland.....

1890
140,000,000

23,000,000 58,750,000
1898
177,400,000

36,400,000 94,100,000 Ireland..................

1890
96,750,000 20

9,750,000

37,500,000 1898 123,700.000

15,100,000

54,400,000 United Kingdom..... 1890 1,649,750,000

216,750,000 598,250,000 1898 2,012,300,000

360,400,000 878,200,000
MONEY AND POSTAL ORDERS IN UNITED KINGDOM.
Money Orders.

1880.
1885.
1890.
1895.

1897. Home issues-Number.....

16,704,118 10,703,320 8,961,068 9,272,794 9,307,237 do -Amount, £'s.... 24,515,395 22,263,899 23,925,981 25,317,302 27,074,965 Foreign issues-Number*....... 602,971 943,574 1,381,406 1,551,301 1,595,314

do ---Amount, £'s...... 1.780,873 2,810,761 3,940,521 4,095,682 4,598,565 Postal orders-Number......

3.645,543 24.085,015 47,870,798 62,946,171 71,232,337 -Amount, £'s.... 1,662,090 10.096.770 18,814,276 23,521, 445 25,926,670

do

Money and Banking.

MONEY.-For gold and silver coins see Index.

The standard of value is gold. Silver is legal tender up to 40 shillings; bronze up to 12d., but farthings only up to 6d. Bank of England notes are legal tender

The following table shows the amount of gold, silver, and bronze moneys issued from the Royal Mint, London, and of light gold coin and worn silver coin sent in for re-coinage: - -Gold

- SilverLight Coin

Worn Coin Bronze. Years.

New Issues. Returned. New Issues. Returned. New Issues. 1895.....

£3,810,636
£2,400,000
£1,196,168

£444,001

£40,995 1896...

4,808,860
2,400,000
1,235,161

226.167

122,860 1897.

1,820,500
2,749,300

982,000
279,200

101,700

BANKING.-There is no State bank in the United Kingdom, but the Bank of England, the Bank of Scotland, and the Bank of Ireland have royal ch Government.

There were in October, 1896, 97 joint-stock banks making returns in England and Wales, with 2.794 branches : 4 in the Isle of Man and Channel Islands, with 14 branches : 10 in Scotland, 1.015 branches; and 9 in Ireland, 509 branches. There were 29. offices in London of colonial joint-stock banks, with 1,585 branches; and 24 of foreign banks, with 168 branches. Of 27 private banks which made returns in England and Wales, the deposits amounted to £47.298,061 : cash in hand and at call, £12,717,640 ; partners' capital and reserve, £8,594,452.

End of
Year.

1844..

1854. 1864. 1874 1884 1894 1895 1896.. 1897.

THE BANK OF ENGLAND. - Issue Department

--Banking DepartmentCapital Deposits

Notes in Coin in
Notes

and
and

the "Re- the "Re-
Issued. Securities. Bullion. " Rest." Post Bills. Securities. serve." serve."
In £1,000's. In £1,000's. In £1,000's. In £1,000's. In £1,000's. In £1,000's. In £1,000's. In £1,000's.
28.152 14,000 14,152 17,664 16,391 24,304

8,960

791 26,988 14.000 12,988 17.744 17.334 27,093 7,306

679 28.036 14,650 13.386 17.910 22,078 30,611 8,663

714 35,784 15,000 20,784 17.646 26,761 34,056 9,642

709 35,562 15,750 19.812 17,669 34,206 40,467 10,525

883 47,065 16.800 30,265 17,720 37.223 31,272 21,389 2,282 58,367 16,800 41,567 17,643 58,067 41,552 32,092 2,066 48,935 16.800 32.135 17,745 54,866 48,316 22,271 2,024 45,462 16,800 28,662 17,709 46,623 44.296 17,914 2. 122

LONDON JOINT-STOCK BANKS. The following statistics show the condition of the metropolitan joint-stock banks on June 30, 1898, compared with previous periods :

Paid-up Capital and Surplus.
1898.
1897-

--1896-
I. Banks purely Metropolitan.

June 30. Dec, 31. June 30. Dec. 31, June 30. London and Westminster, Limited.....

£4,400,000 £4,400,000 £4,000,000 £1,400,000 £4,400,0no London Joint-Stock, Limited...........

2,963,000 2,963,000 2,963,000 2,983,000 2,963,000 Union, Limited...

2,555.000 2,555,000 2,555,000 2,555,000 2,555,000 Glyn, Mills, Currie & Co

1,500,000 1,500,000 1,500,000 1,500,000 1,500,000 City, Limited.........

1,500,000 1,500,000 1,500,000 1,500,000 1,500,000 London and South-West

1,110,000 925.000 890,000 880,000 860,000 Martins, Limited......

575,000 570,000 567,000 565,000 563,000 Total........

..... 14,603,000 14,413,000 14,375,000 14,363,000 14,341,000 * Includes orders received into the United Kingdom from colonies and foreign countries as well as orders sent out to same.

1898.
--1897

1896
II. Banks with Country Branches.

June 30. Dec. 31. June 30. Dec. 31. June 30, National Provincial, Limited...

£5,000,000 £5,000,000 £5,000,000 £5,000,000 £5,090,000 London and County, Limited.

3.130.000 3.000.000 3,000,000 3,000,000 3,000,000 Lloyds, Limited........

3,240,000 3.240,000 2,780,000 2,780,000 2,780.000 Barclay & Co., Limited.........

3,062,000 3,000,000 3,000,000 3,000,000 3,000,000 Parr's and Alliance, Limited....

2,640.000 2,640,000 2,640,000 2,610,000 2.640,000 Capital and Counties, Limited....

1.735,000 1,655,000 1,655,000 1.655,000 1,655,000 London and Midland, Limited.....

2,967,000 2,718,000 1.833,000 1,800,000 1,683.000 Williams, and Man, and Sal., Limited

1,500,000 1.500.000 1.480.000 1,480,000 1,460,000 London and Provincial, Limited....

1,535,000 1.430,000 1,426,000 1,420,000 1,415,000 Prescott, Dimsdale, Limited........

611,000 611,000 611,000 611.000 611.000 Total................................. £25,420,000 £24,874,000 £23,425,000 £23,392,000 £23,244,000 Deposits at Interest and on Current Account.

1898.
-1897-

--1896--
1. Banks purely Metropolitan.

June 30. Dec. 31. June 30. Dec. 31. June 30. London and Westminster, Limited...

£26,693,000 £25,356,000 £26,736,000 £25,002,000 £28,453,000 London Joint-Stock, Limited.......

16,810,000 16.728,000 16,418,000 15,601,000 18,191.000 Union, Limited......

16,321,000 15,582,000 15,837,000 15,818,000. 17,226,000 Glyn, Mills, Currie & Co........

14,806,000 12,707,000 12,925,000 12,102.000 13,152.000 City, Limited......

8.996,000 8,685,000 8,268,000 7,753,000 8,253,000 London and South-Western, Limited.

9,711,000 9,595,000 9,475,000 8,635,000 8.161.000 Martins, Limited....

2,400,000 2,521,000 2,270,000 2,428,000 2,403,000 Total..........

95,737,000 91.174,000 91,935,000 87,339,000 95,839,000 II. Banks with Country Branches. National Provincial, Limited.....

47,984,000 48,920,000 48,313,000 46,855,000 46,600,000 London and County, Limited.

42,826,000 41,527,000 42,098,000 41.151,000 40,686,000 Lloyds, Limited.....

37,017.000 37,112,000 32,388,000 32,645,000 31.661,000 Barclay & Co., Limited......

30.038.000 28.291,000 26,248,000 25,549,000 26,170,000 Parr's and Alliance, Limited....

20,120,000 20,506,000 19,810,000 19,269,000 20,308,00 Capital and Counties, Limited.....

19,170,000 16,985,000 16,637,000 16.048,000 15,369,000 London and Midland, Limited..

22,619,000 21,725,000 17,062,000 15,757,000 14,181,000 Williams, and Man. and Sal., Limited..

13,043,000 11,386,000 12,024,000 11,693,000 13,106,000 London and Provincial, Limited....

9,624.000 9.040.000 8,850,000 8666,000 8,058,000 Prescott, Dimsdale, Limited...

5,156,000 4,545,000 4,415,000 4,232,000 4,631,000

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Total

£247,497,000 £240,037,000 £227,859,000 £221,865,000 £220,770,000

I. Banks purely Metropolitan.
London and Westminster....
London Joint-Stock*......
Union............:**
Glyn. Mills, Currie & 10.......
City.........
London and South-Western....
Martins, Limited..

Discounts and Advances.
1898.
-1897

-_-1896
June 30. Dec. 31. June 30. Dec. 31. June 30.
£16.631,000 £14,616,000 £17,028,000 £16,142,000 £18.835,000
13,688,000 13, 194,000 13,472,000 2,700,000 14,856,000
9,454,000 8,868,000 9,114,000 8,785,000 10,109,000
5,404.000 7.307,000 6,059,000 5,894,000 5,835,000
7.041.000 7.132.000 6,404,000 6,145,000 6,036,000
5,566.000 5,117.000 4.803,000 4,442,000 3,751.000
1,545,000 1,555,0 1,539,000 1,512,000 1,566,000

Total .....

£59,329,000 £57,689,000 £58,419,000 £55,620,000 £60,988,000 II. Banks with Country Branches. National Provincial......

26,159,000 25,709,000 26,988,000 25,195,000 25,157,000 London and County.....

26,819,000 25,340,000 25,552,000 25,325,000 25,022,000 Lloyds....................

22,650,000 23,057.000 20,742,000 20,622,000 19,104,000 Barclay & Co., Limited...

13,677,000 12,759,000 10,938,000 11,440,000 10,633,000 Parr's and Alliance, Limited,

12,664.000 13,605,000 13,049,000 13,615,000 12,522,000 Capital and Counties.....

10,198.000 9.429.000 9,287.000 8.855,000 8,264,000 London and Midland, Limited.

15,209,000 14,320,000 10.685,000 10,337.000 9,073,000 Williams, and Man. and Sal., Limited

8,510,000 7.796.000 7.373,000 7.868.000 7,342,000 London and Provincial....

7,237,000 6,350,000 5,626,000 5.620.000 5,138,000 Prescott, Dimsdale, Limited

2,777,000 2,688,000 2,500,000 2,496,000 2,684,000 Total

. £145,900,000 £141,059,000 £182,785,000 £131,373,000 £124,939,000

JOINT-STOCK BANKS OF UNITED KINGDOM.
The following are some statistics of the joint-stock banks of the Kingdom for 1897:

Colonial.
£48,709
33,796

Subscribed capital.............
Paid-up capital........
Market value of capital......
Reserve fund, dividend, etc.......
Notes in circulation....
Deposit and current accounts ....
Total liabilities......
Casb in hand and at ca
lavestments.........
Discounts, advances, etc..........
Total assets...................

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9,150

7,567 156,320 238,498 48,844

14.579 164,414 238,498

Foreign. £32,467 21,860 34,328 9,647 2,854 72,604 143.767 24,242 12.258 104.580 143,767

* Including money at call.

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