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MISSIONARY HERALD.

No. 3.

MARCH, 1820.

VOL. XVI.

JUURNAL OF THE MISSION AT BRAINERD.

( Continued from p. 87.) November 9 1819. Having heard, that the brethren destined for this station and for the Arkansaw were near, brother Washburn and Milo Hoyt went out this morning to meet them.

10. Brother Conger arrived about 3 o'clock in the light waggon, anı! told us we might expect the rest of the company next morning. At evening after dark, one of the double waggons arrived with brother Conger's family. They left the other waggons on the opposite side of the Tennessee, exp.cting they would all be got over the river before dark, and come in to breakfast with us in the I morning. It is a time of great rejoicing at Brainerd. We feel that the Lord i bas heard our prayers for help, and it is now our duty to render praise.

11. The remainder of our brethren and sisters, with their childr.n, arrived this morning in health. Their journey has been on the whole, prosperous, and attended with few disasters. Two horses died suddenly on the road, but were immediately replaced by fresh ones. Sister Vail was for a time sick, and unabie to travel; but it was thought not best to detain the whole company on her account. Brother Vail and their two little ones, remained with her, and kept the light waggon, by means of which, he was able to overtake the company after her recovery; so that the general progress was not in the least hindered on that account. The whole journey, from New Jersey to Brainerd, was performed in six weeks.

o that we could be sufficiently thankful to our gracious Savior, for the abundant mercies which we have experienced, and the sweet consolations now afforded us.

Meeting for business. Resolved, that when any brother goes out to take charge of a local school, he take with him, from the original establishment, such articles as he shall think necessary, with the consent of the brethren in regular meeting; and that a list of all these articles, with their supposed value, be left at the original establishment.

As our expected help has arrived, therefore, Resolved, that we consider brother Butrick as released from the temporal concerns of this mission, to return to the study of the Cherokee language.

12. Brother Hicks writes, that the late council forbade their own people to employ white men to till their land, or oversee their farms; but that missionaries į may employ what help they need. The chiefs and council were well pleased, that mechanics were coming to our assistance at Brainerd.

22. Brother and sister Hall with their household goods, left us for their station at Tallony. Brother Vail went with them to drive the waggon that carried most of their goods --George W. Halsey, brother Conger's apprentice, to assist on the buildings a few weeks, and sister Anna to assist sister Hall, until a girl can be hired. May a divine blessing attend them, and ever rest upon their labors.

A box, containing 100 Bibles and 100 New Testaments, forwarded to us for gratuitous distribution, from the Philadelphia Bible Society, by Robert Ralston, Esq. last May, reached us in safety. A part of these have been much needed here several months, and we trust the remainder will ere long be distributed to those who will be able to read them. These volumes are therefore a very seasonable and precious treasure. They have been transported without injury. With these we received a large box from the Brainerd Society of Females, Phi. ladelphia, and a small one frorn Windsor and Deposit, N. Y. of clothing, &c. in Vol. XVI.

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good order. O what are we, that our God should incline his children to make us their almoners in a matter of such disinterested liberality? May his grace direct us to dispose of these charities as shall be most for his glory. And may a divine reward be granted to the benevolent givers, an hundred fold in this life, and in the world to come, the unspeakable satisfaction of mingling souls with many, whose salvation they have furthered,

Nov. 25. Brother Conger has been confined with a slight fever for 5 days. We hope he is now, through the mercy of God, in a state of convalescence.

Last week we were busily employed in preparing for the departure of brother and sister Hall. This week we are reminded, that brothers and sisters Finney! and Washburn, expect to leave us early next week. We meet-by the grace of God our hearts are united-the coinmand of Christ requires us to be separated, but we trust his love will bind us in bonds stronger than death; and after we have been supported to sustain a few days labor here on earth, that it will perfect us forever in that blessed society above, where friends never part.

27. Brother Conger becoming more unwell, it was thought best to send to Washington, Tenn, for a physician.

At a church meeting after preparatory lecture, John Arch, a full-blooded Cherokee, who came to us last January, was examined as to his experimental acquaintance with the religion of Jesus, and being judged a hopeful convert, was accepted as a candidate for baptism.

We hear from Springplace that they have lately baptised three adults, hopeful converts of our red brethren, and that they have hopes for one or two more.

Sab. 28. Another precious season was granted of renewing our covenant at the table of our Lord. In respect to numbers of us, it was the first, and probably will be the last, season of communing together in this sacred ordinance. Brothers Finney and Washburn officiated, and it was, we trust, a refreshing season to us all.

29. Meeting for business. Resolved, that the brethren destined for the Arkansaw, have liberty to take from this establishment certain articles mentioned in a bill presented to this meeting. Resolved, that John Arch, together with David Brown, assist brother Butrick in the intervals of school, as interpreters for writing the Cherokee language. Resolved, that our meetings for business be not, in ordina;y cases, prolonged till after 9 o'clock.

The father of John Arch, after continuing with us a few days, appeared per. fectly willing to leave him with us, and took an affectionate leave of us all, to return home about 12 days since.

30. We were this day called to the painful duty of parting with the dear company, who are, by the will of God, to penetrate the forest, and seek a place to labor far to the west. Our communion has been pleasant, and parting painful. But we have reason to bless God for the pleasant interview we have had, and for those delightful ties, which have been strengthened here, and which, we trust, will bind our hearts forever. May the good providence of God protect them, and the presence of him who dweit in the bush be their comfort and their stay, and the Giver of every good and perfect gift, grant them the desire of their hearts, in making them the happy instruments of imparting the blessings of salvation to multitudes, who shall be their joy and crown of rejoicing in the day of the Lord Jesus. And, at the establishment now to be formed, at some unnamed place in that dark region, may they have the satisfaction of entertaining missionaries, destined to carry these glad tidings as far to the west of them, as they are now going west of us.

Dec. 3. We were again called to the pleasing duty of opening several boxes containing clothing for the children and missionaries, furnished by the charity of our sisters at the north. It appears that one box was from East Hartford, Con. one from Rindge, N. H. one from Bath, N. H. and Barnet, Ver. one from the Western Society, Worcester, Ms, and one from Greenfield, Ms. These boxes, together with a trunk from the Treasurer, containing books, slates, pencils, &c. for the schools, and some clothing for the children from the Gleaning Circle of Holliston, Ms.-Were forwarded by the Treasurer from Boston, about the middle of August last, by way of Baltimore and Knoxville.

These repeated donations, coming into our hands from the friends of Jesus and his cause among the heathen, increase our responsibility, and ought to excite increasing gratitude to Ilim, who has promisel his Son "the heathen for an

inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for his possession.” Our warmest thanks are also due to those our fellow helpers, who, with so inuch labor and care, and we trust, with many fervent prayers, have prepared and sent these things. May God grant us grace to feel and act in character.

Sab. 5. Brother Conger, though still feeble, was able to attend the public worship of God, in the little sanctuary which he has graciously afforded us in this wilderness. Brother Butrick, who went out yesterday to attend an appointment, ten miles south of us, returned this evening. Preaching at that place is once in four weeks, and brother Reece generally attends as interpreter. The attention of the people in that neighborhood is not abated. Last evening four came to the place of meeting on foot, a distance of 10 miles, five of which they walked after dark, fording one large creek. It being too dark to see any thing that was not white, one went before feeling out the path with his feet, and the others followed in succession, by each observing the blanket of his conductor.

Brother C. is absent to preach at brother Hicks's. It is our intention to have but one appointment abroad on each Sabbath, but in consequence of one appointment being postponed to attend the sacrament here, we had two this day.

7. Brother Conger rode out about four miles, and returned without any apparent injury from fatigue. He hopes soon to be able to set out for Augusta, after the machinery, tools, &c.

Mr. Andrew Ross, who, in connexion with his brother, Mr. John Ross, has latey established a store at fort Armstrong, about 60 miles from Brainerd, says, the people there are very desirous of having a school in that neighborhood. He thinks 30 scholars might be collected, who would board at home, or in the neighborhood at their parents' expense. We hare had repeated applications for a school in that place.

10. Rev. Messrs. Donald and Anderson of the Visiting Committee, and the Rev. Mr. Eagleton of Kingston, East-Tenn., came this evening for the purpose of visiting the school, and examining the state and management of the general concerns of the mission. Others of the Commitiee had contemplated coming, but were prevented by sickness and other causes. We can hardly expect a general attendance of the Committee, at any one time, as all, except one, live more than 100 miles distant.

11. The three visiting brethren attended the boys' school in the forenoon. In the afternoon, Mr. Donald preached a preparatory lecture.

Sabbath, 12. This we trust was a precious season to us all. Mr. Anderson preached the sermon before communion. · The Osage boy, whom we call John Osage Ross, was offered in baptism, as the adopted son of father Hoyt, and was baptised by Mr. Donald. After which the sacrament of the Lord's supper was administered to red, black and white, the professed followers of Him, who by the grace of God, tasted death for every man. Mr. Eagleton preached in the evening.

13. The visiting Committee confined their attention to the girls' school during the forennon exercises. In the afternoon both schools were brought together. In the evening the children were assembled as usual for catechising, singing, &c.—the Committee still attending their exercises. The behavior of the chil. dren was satisfactory to us, and we believe to the Committee. We have only to regret, that numbers of them were absent, having been taken away in consequence of the alarm of their parents on the appearance of sickness, and having not yet returned. Only 67, besides the children of the missionaries, were present.

Meeting for business; the visiting Committee present by request. Brother Butrick presented in manuscript a Cherokee spelling book. The opinion of the Committee being asked, they decided, that it was best to have it printed. Whereupon, Resolved, that measures be taken immediately to have the spelling book printed. Resolved, that brother B. go to Knoxville to superintend the printing of this book, and have leave to take with him David Brown. Resolved, that 800 copies of the book be printed.

Mr. Eagleton having expressed a desire to take John Arch into his family, and give him the benefit of his private instruction, and of the Academy which is near his door, and John being willing to go, at the same time referring it entirely to our judgment, saying, he looked on the missionaries here as his fathers, and would follow our direction,-it was thought best for John to go with Mr. Eagleton for the present.

14. The Committee took an affectionate leave of us early this morning. Mr. Eagleton took John with him. Brother Butrick also left us in their company for Knoxville, taking with him David Brown. This visit has been very agreeable to us, and we think will be productive of much good to the school.

Resolved, that we purchase 4,000lb. of pork, and 1.000 bushels of corn in addition to what we have already engaged. Also, that we purchase 500 bushels of oats, if they can be obtained on reasonable terms.

16. Bro her Conger took his departure for Augusta, expecting the teams to follow him next week. It was his intention at first, to have had the teams set out when he did, thinking, that by travelling faster than they, he could gain time to do the business in Augusta bef re their arrival. But in consequence of his feeble health at this time, he expects to be not able to travel faster than the empty teams Brother Reece gave us 21 bushels of corn, for the benefit of the institution. It is supposed, he has raised this year with his own hands 200 bushels more than will be wanted in his numerous family.

27. Meeting for business. Resolved, that we proceed immediately to erect a ware-house on the bank of the Tennessee, 24 feet by 20, having a crib for corn 6 feet wide on each side, leaving a space of 8 feet between them.

28. Brother Vail went out with three men to cut a road to the Tennessee, and put up a ware house.

29. Our teams arrived with machinery, tools, &c. from Augusta. They brought two valuable boxes of clothing; one from Morristown, N. Jersey; and one from Durham, Greene Co. N. Y. These clothes are well adapted for service and convenience in a warm country, and we can never be thankful enough for the abundant supply, which our dear sisters, by the will of God, have sent us from time to time, since the wants of these children were made known to them. We receive it as a pledge of their ardent desire to advance the Redeemer's kingdom among the natives of our land, and of their faithful co-operation in this work, so long as the Savior shall graciously permit us to be engaged in it.

We think it would have been well, if we had anticipated this cold winter, and asked in due time for some blankets, and perhaps, (if it would not have been too expensive,) for some warm clothing for the children. We believe few, if any, of our dear sisters at the north, imagine that the winters here call for the same kind of clothing that they do there; but we, who have experienced both climates perceive but little difference. The cold here is not indeed, so intense; but the weather being more variable, the same degree of cold is more sensibly felt here than there. We are this day shrouded in our cloaks when we go out, and shivering over the fire when we come in, expecting a storm of snow.

30. A very considerable snow fell last night, and is to-day driven from the trees by the wind, which is cold and piercing. The cattle run up to us from the woods, lowing for their fodder; and the men, who went out to build the warehouse, have returned, leaving their work for milder weather.

31. A very cold day. Though clear, the snow does not melt on the south roofs of buildings.

January 1, 1820. The cold has in some degree abated. The snow melts a little on the south side of buildings, but it has wasted but little, even on the roofs, though the day is perfectly clear.

3. The nights are still very cold, but the days are a little warmer, and the snow is becoming thin in places in the open land. Brother Vail, with the three hired men, returned to their work in building the ware-house.

4. We have corn sufficient only for two or three days; have been expecting our supply according to contract, before the end of last month We now learn, that the Tennessee is too low for the heavy corn boats to run, and have concluded to send out to-morrow, and endeavor to purchase a few bushels at some place on the Tennessee, from whence it can be brought in a light canoe or boat.

5. Milo Hoyt went out after corn, with instructions to proceed till he can get it.

7. Brother Vail and the men, returned from their work on the ware house. They have put up the body of the building, made the shingles, and covered it. The door, floor, and cribs, are left for the arrival of the corn boat, from which we expect to get boards for this part of the work. Only about 20 days' work, with the addition of a little help in raising, have been spent on this building. Four or five days' labor have cut the road to it, and we now expect to get our corn from the Tennessce much cheaper, and with less waste, than heretofore.

The place where we have built this house, is thought to be about six miles, following the course of the river, above Mr. Ross's ware-house, and about the same distance from the mission-house; being, as is supposed, the nearest point at which we can strike the Tennessee froin Brainers. This way to the Tennessee, which runs in a narrow valley between high and rough hills, was not discovered by us until of late. We have hitherto supposed there was no alternative, but to bring our supplies, that came from the Tennessee, up the Chickamaugah, or over the high ridge, which, from its height and steepness towards the river, may be called a mountain; but in this new way through the valley, we find a convenient, and comparatively easy road.

8. We hear nothing from Milo, or any corn coming to us, and were this morning about to send out to see if we could buy or borrow among our neighbors. Just as a horse was brought up for this purpose, a man came from one of our neighbors' for the sole purpose of telling us, he would lend us corn, if ours did not arrive in season.

9. Milo returned. On his way out, he engaged a man to bring us a temporary supply of corn, which he expects will be at the new ware-house to-morrow. He went to the contractor, who told him, that the water was rising, and he expected to be able to start the corn boats the 9th, which is this day.

ARD Hoyt, JOHN VAIL, WILLIAM CHAMBERLAIN.

(To be continued.)

MISSIONARY HARDSHIPS.

The following passages are extracted from a letter, written by the wife of one of the missionaries to the Indians, soon after her arrival at the place of her future residence. While the friends of missions peruse accounts of the privations and self-denial of misgion. aries, can they refuse to contribute liberally for the support of the cause? What can be more evident, than that if it is the duty of Mr. Kingsbury, Mr. Newell, Mr. Meigs, Mr. Parsons, Mr. Bingham, (we select these names without any disparagement to their brethren,) to go into different and untried climates, relinquish many comforts, encounter many hardships, and expose their lives, for the sake of Christ and the souls of the heathen, it is the duty of Christians at home to support them in all their benevolent enterprises, even at the expense of great sacrifices!]

"WE teft Jefferson county, 25 miles from Natchez, on the 20th of January, to travel about 200 miles on horseback. I had never been in the habit of travelling in this way, and feared I should not be able to bear the fatigue of it; but I found the promise verified, that our strength should be equal to our day.

"It is impossible to travel through the wilderness the route that we came, (which, by the by, is not the best,) in a carriage of any kind. In many places, for a mile together, the cane grows almost as thick as grass, and between 20 and 30 feet high, with only an Indian foot path through it. The creeks (small rivers) are very numerous in this country, and many of them very bad to pass. The banks are almost perpendicular, and the water in some of them so deep as to wet our feet when on our horses. Had it not been uncommonly dry for the season, we could not have crossed some of them without swimming our horses. Indeed, if we had been one week later, it would have been next to impossible to reach this place.

“To a female, who had never journeyed out of Massachusetts, it would be very trying, both as to her patience and courage, to travel in this country. We were four nights in the woods, exposed to the wind and rain the last of January, with nothing but our blankets to lie on, and to shelter us from the evening air; and our provisions were rather scanty. But stop, my dear Mary, before you say our trials were great, till you hear of our mercies; for, I can assure you, our trials were so surrounded with mercies, that we could scarcely discover them. I believe now they were only blessings in disguise. Although it was the last of January, the weather was very warm, even for this country; the thermometer being at 70 or 72 frequently. We saw the strawberries in blossom. The evenings were rather chilly. We carried a tinder-box-would strike a fire beside a log, for the double purpose of keeping off the wild beasts, and keeping ourselves warm. There were four of us in number; my husband and myself, sister C. and the guide. While my husband and the guide were making our tent, by

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