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every where repentance towards God and faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. In Ceylon the field, though less extensive, is not less rich in promise, than that of the Bombay Mission; and the laborers, though younger in the work, are brethren of the same spirit of devotedness, industry and enterprize. In the Cherokee and Choctaw Nations our Missionaries are regarded and treated as angels of kindness, seeking only to do good; success has attended them in every step, the Chiefs and Warriors and People are turning their thoughts from war and the chase to the arts of peace and the improvements of civilized life; in every district and village the imploring cry is raised for schools and various instruction; and the changing of those wildernesses into fruitful fields, both naturally and morally, seems not a distant prospect.
By means of these establist.ments, and mostly since our last address to you, more than thirty Heathen persons belonging to five or six different Heathen Nations, have, in the judgment of charity, been brought to the spiritual knowledge of the truth-and thus delivered from the power of darkness and translated into the kingdom of God's dear Son:--some in India, some from different lands at our Foreign Mission School in Connecticut, and some-not a small proportion-among the Aborigines of our country. These redeemed-new-created immortals are, for the most part, young persons; and now in a course of education, to fit them for usefulness in the great work of restoring their respective connexions and nations to God and to happiness.--Many hundreds of Heathen children and youth have been taught to read the Holy Scriptures, and had their susceptible minds imbued with the counsels of heavenly wisdom and the words of eternal life.To many thousands of Heathen people, in the dismal shadow of death, the Gospel has been preached the redeeming mercy of the everlasting God has been proclaimed--and a light has been held out to guide their feet into the way of peace, And preparations have been made and a system advanced for perpetuating, and multiplying, and extending these blessings.
Much seed has been sown-seed incorruptible and perennial. It is taking root. Some of it has sprung up with vigorous growth. The first fruits have been presented with holy gladness to Him, who graciously afforded the quickening cnergy-a precious earnest of rich, successive, and augmenting harvests, diffusing life through extensive regions of death, blessing the generations to come, and peopling the realms of immortal blessedness.
Does the thought delight your hearts now? What then will be your joy a hundred or a thousand years hence when you shall have seen many of the sons and daughters of these missions clothed in white, and shall have united with them and with the countless millions before the throne of God and the Lamb, in celestial songs of thanksgiving and praise for the Divine grace and the Christian beneficence by which they were brought to their exalted bliss? What, many ages hence-when all the fruits shall have been gathered in, and you shall have seen the amount of the benefits conferred by the liberalities and exertions of Christians for evangelizing the Heathen, and learned their value as estimated by the Redeemed, by Angels, and by your Savior and God.
This is making to yourselves friends of the Mammon of unrighteousness. It is laying up in store a good foundation against the time that is to come. It is transmuting a small portion of earthly substance into imperishable treasures for your everlasting happiness, after all the rest shall have passed away with the world and its shadows.
Many, however, and great, as our reasons are for exalted congratulation and thankfulness, you will not, we are persuaded, observe without concern, that our funds have not increased in equal proportion with our establishments, or our expenditures-or even with the number of the Societies engaged in aid of our various objects.
From the statement just made it appears, that there are now nearly four times as many Missionaries and Assistants, dependent upon our funds, as there were two years ago; and more than five times as many Heathen children under instruction in our schools.
In the year preceding the last two, our receipts amounted to twenty seven thousand two hundred and twenty five dollars. In the year, then, preceding the last day of August, 1819, had the receipts been in proportion to our increase of establishments, they would have been more than a hundred thousand dollars; hut actually were, but about thirty seven thousand.
In the former year our expenditures were twenty thousand four hundred and sixty dollars; in the latter forty thousand three hundred and thirty-only a two fold instead of a four or five fold augmentation.
Since the beginning of our present year, i.e. since first of September, our disbursements have come to the amount of more than twenty eighe thousand dollars, nor are they likely to be less in the succeeding half year.
This statement, beloved friends, we make to you with perfect frankness, and with perfect confidence:-With frankness because as it is a concern in which you have a joint interest with us, it is right that you should know its state;- with confidence because we feel a consciousness that, bating the imperfections common to us with others, we have managed the concern according to our best judgment and ability, and because we have the most assured persuasion, that you, and this great Christian community, will have the disposition, and the power, to sustain it and to bear it forward.
It is a concern, whose principle is Good will to men; whose object is the communication of the richest benefits to thousands and millions ready to perish for want of them. Ic is the cause of humanity of Christian benevolence;-of heaven-and of all who have a hope or an interest there. Especially is it yours, who have given in your names and your sacred contributions for its support.
In managing this concern, we have not chosen our own ways:-We have simply obeyed what seemed to be unequivocal and peremptory indications of the divine pleasure. We have not run before-have not been able to run before but have merely followed as Providence has led the way—or rather have proceeded as Providence has irresistibly impelled.
In the beginning, such was then the state of the world-no door of entrance to unevangelized nations was open to us, but in India, -none there, but at Bombay and Ceylon. No where else could we send the missionaries committed to our direction. Meanwhile it was demanded of us by reasons pressing intensely upon the heart and the conscience, that as soon as the way could be prepared, we should apply ourselves in earnest to the work of turning our own Aboriginal wilderness into fruitful fields. And we have done so.—Young men from the Sandwich Islands, providentially brought to these shores, and here born into the kingdom of God and inspired with burniog desire for communicating the blessings of Christianity and of civilization to their kiodred and countrymen, raised an imploring cry 'not to be denied, and produced a tide of benevolent and Christian feeling, not lo be withstood. Hence the Foreign Mission School; and hence the Sandwich mission.—Scarcely less decisive, though not so easily embodied, were circumstances compelling our attention to Judea, and leaving us . no choice but to determine on the Palestine mission.
Stations, once occupied, inust be maintained. Establishinents, once commenced, must be advanced;-must be put and sustained in condition for efficient operations, and supplied with energies and means, for answering their exigences and multiplying and extending their benefits.
They know little of a concern like this, who suppose it to be at the option of its managers or directors to stop when and where they may please. An establishment in which the spirit of life dwells, will be in action-will be growing and advancing. An institution, depending upon public feeling and confidence, must act with an energy to supply continual impulse to this feeling and life to this confidence. An organized body, created expressly for promotirg the heavenly design of bringing all the dwellers on the earth under the sceptre of the Prince of Peace, and making a part of the great system which for this end He has brought into operation, and is himself managing and directing, must move on with him-must advance with the rest.
Had it been at our option, we might have so managed as to have saved ourselves much of weariness and painfulness;much of the accumulation of cares and labors and responsibilities, with which daily and nightly we are pressed, and often well nigh to the dust.
We assure ourselves that you and this great Christian community will be disposed to sustain and bear forward this joint and beneficent concern,-from what we have already witnessed of the extensive and liberal interest taken in it, and from what we believe to be in this age the influences from on high upon the Christian world for the benefit of the heathen. Which of our missions Vol. XVI.
could you wish we had not sent out? Which of our establishments would you have us abandon? What part of our system of operations shall we relinquish?
Nor are we less firmly persuaded that you will not, especially after reflection or examina:ion, think our expenditures great, in proportion to the extent of our operations. Eighty persons, male and female, employed and supported in the work, at diff. rent stations in different quarters of the globe; forty or fifty schools with two to three thousand heathen children-and two to three hundred of them not only instructed, but lodged and fed; necessary outfits, journeys and voyages; printing establishments, books for missionaries, schools, and distribution; various apparatus, and incidental expenses at home and abroad, without number:-Is forty thousand-is sixty thousand dollars a year a large sum for all this?
The missionaries have devoted themselves for life to the privations and perils, and labors and sufferings of the service, and with themselves their property, in some instances, to no inconsiderable amount; looking for no earthly compensation, beyond a comfortable maintenance. And the same heavenly influences, which have produced such a disposition in them, will surely dispose you cheerfully to supply the means for their sustenance and their usefulness.
For the nine years completed in September, the total amount paid from the funds of the Board to the officers and members, for all their time and labor, made an average of only about six hundred dollars a year.
As to flower, or ability, the case is a strong one.
Had the receipts at our treasury the last year been equal to what they were two years before, in proportion to the increased number of subsidiary societies, they would have amounted to forty five thousand dollars.
If we take the number of Christian communicants in this country at the moderate estimate of six hundred thousand; and suppose one quarter part of them to have been contributors to the funds of this Board; the amount of the donations and contributions the last year, divided equally among them, would give to each about twenty cents.
If we suppose the estimated six hundred thousand communicants to be equiv. alent in point of property, to fifty thousand families with an average income of only three hundred dollars a year; the total amount of annual income to them is fifteen millions of dollars. One tenth part of this, devoted to religious and charitable uses, would constitute a sacred fund of one million and a half a year. Of this, let one tenth part be appropriated to the propagation of the Gospel among the heathen; and we have here an annuity for this object of a hundred and fifty thousand dollars.
Thus far our estimates have been confined to Christian communicants: to that portion of the great community, who have professedly devoted themselves and all that is theirs to their redeeming God-have made their vows, sealed them with the symbols of his body and blood, and cannot go back; whose aggregate property_all that they possess-is to be held and used under the inspiring inscription-HOLINESS TO THE LORD-for the advancement of his cause,
It is not however from them only, that donations and contributions are to be expected. Oihers, and perhaps in greater numbers, have contributed, and will contribute; and, in not a few instances, with equal readiness and equal liberality: All who esteem the Gospel as heaven's best gift to men—who regard it as good tidings of great joy intended for all people must and will contribute for sending it to those who have not heard its gladdening sound.
For two hundred years, this nation has been growing in numbers and in wealth blest, by the favor of heaven, with food and gladness—with liberty and strength-and eminently with the means of saving health, and advantages for happiness evduring to eternity. And what, in the whole period, has this nation done for the faany hundreds of millions perishing in successive generations for lack of knowledge? Besides the nameless little for some of the deeply to be commiserated tribes, whose names we have nearly extinguished, and whose lands we possess--what has even been attempted? Before the missionaries sent to Inlia by this Board, less than ten years ago, what single messenger was ever sent from this Christian land to any nation or people in the widely extended regions of pagan darkness, with the tidings of redeeming grace, or the light of celestial truth? Yet how often, by every Christian in the land, all the long while, has the devout prayer been offered-Send out thy light and thy truth!-and how often the mandate of sovereign mercy been heard and read-GO YE INTO ALL THE WORLD, AND PREACH THE GOSPEL TO EVERY CREATURE!
At length the slumber is broken. The sentiment has come to be felt, that something must be done-or the earth will never be full of the knowledge of God;—that prayers must be accompanied with alms, and exertions. A new and exalted pleasure has begun to be enjoyed;—the pleasure of communicating to fellow beings, perishing afar off, durable riches.- Is all this a transient gleamIs the work done!-Is Christian benevolence exhausted, or grown wcary?-Is thirty, forty, or fifty thousand dollars a year-less than is given for the support of the Gospel in a single city, or for the temporal benefit of the poor in a second rate town;- less than the income of a single plantation, or the profits of a single voyage;—is this as much as this great community can give-and more than for a course of years it will continue to give, for the salvation of the heathen! Who that has the smallest portion of the spirit of a Christian, or of the benevolence of a man, can entertain the thought for a moment?
It is then with no despondency of feeling, with no conscious misgiving, that we present the statements and representations here exhibited; and on the ground of them make our earnest appeal to our auxiliaries and friends, and to the community at large.
The whole goes to shew the necessity and the reasonableness of an effort-an immediate, united, and extended effort for increasing the funds of the Brard. It is a fact which we ought not to conceal, that we have for some time felt ourselves restrained, and are at this moment painfully restrained, from answering most urgent calls.
In the Cherokee, Choctaw, and Chickasaw nations especially, the call for help is loud, and near, and moving. In all their districts they are pleading with pressing importunity, for missivparies, and schools, and general insiruction; and They are even beginning to learn to do something themselves for these objects. Could we but answer their desires and favorable dispositions, not a little might be expected from them. Men and women of the right spirit and qualificatious are offering themselves willingly for the service; but funds for sending them out and supporting thein are wanting.
If the rest of the six hundred millions of human beings destitute of the Gospel, are at a greater distance; yet they are all of one blood with us, and 'must share in the same redeeming mercy, or perish; and their necessities are not less affecting, nor the demand of help for them less sacred, or less irresistible, than if they were nearer.
But not only are we unable to answer the urgent calls from various quarters for more missionaries and schools: if there be not an increase of receipts, we shall inevitably, be in arrears for those already dependent upon our funds. Nor is it an inconsiderable increase which our exigences will require. Not less than twenty thousand dollars are wanted for disbursements which might with advantage be made immediately, and which cannot without serious detriment be long delayed.
Strong as our confidence is in the disposition and ability of the community; not less strongly are we persuaded of the necessity of exertion for calling forth the one and the other.
Liberality in contributing for the spiritual benefit of others, and especially of those who are afar off-counteracted as it perpetually is by all that is selfish in the heart and in the world-needs certainly not less than any other virtuous or Christian disposition to be every day, by proper means, quickened to vigorous activity. To provide for our own for those not cnly of our own household, but of our own kindred, and neighborhood, and country, the motives are so many and so various, that no man, not worse than an infidel, not destitute of natural affection, can resist them. But to provide for those who are most foreign to us, is a pure and exalted benevolence-a godlike disinterestedness—which, in a worid so uncongenial as this, must require every possible support and excitement, to preserve it from depression and decay.
The friends of missions as well as others, are affected by the changes of times; and if their disposition for liberality to the Cause be not kept in lively strengih, they will be apt, on every adverse change, to withhold or diminish their peilefactions. That this be not bastily or unnecessarily done, it may be proper for each one to consider what would be the consequence were all to do the same:-Whether the reason is any better or stronger for him than for thousands of others;- whether, either without or with some special economy, he may not give his usual twenty dollars, or twenty cents, and not miss them at the end of the year:r if it be actually a sacrifice to be felt, whether the object be not worthy of such a sacrifice, and his own enjov ment from it will not be ample compensation, or the benefit conferred on some poor heathen needing the light of life, a full equivalent:-Whether, in a word, the Savior, were he presentand when is he not present?--would direct him to withhold, or even to diminish.
To the embarrassinent of the times, no doubt, the necessity of the present appeal is in great part to be attributed. In the maritime towns, from which yearly, not a small proportion of our funds have been received, many are not only embarrassed, but really impoverished. But in the country at large, when bas there been a time of greater general plenty? Our nation besides, is blest with peace, and exempt from the wastes and burdens of war. Will it then be a grateful return to the All bounteous Dispenser for this favored people, amid all their blessings, to be sparing in such a day as this, of aid to this great work of mercy, on which his heart is set, and with reference to which his bounties are bestowed? Or should it be forgotten that the people of England, under all the pressures of a long and unexampled war, were constantly advancing in their liberalities for promoting this cause?
In proportion, however, as the embarrassment of the times tends to restrain the liberalities of the community, countervailing influences and efforts become the more necessary. This cause must be supported with constancy-or pot at all. To this consideration, which we deem a vital one, we intreat the most earnest attention.
In domestic missions, the number of laborers and the duration of their engagements, may vary from time to time in accommodation to circumstances; the missions may be suspended, and renewed, at pleasure; and if the support of them be fuctuating, yet the work may proceed. And so of other domestic objects, soliciting attention and worthy of patronage:-as they are at home, and under comparatively easy and optional management, they may be kept along, though the support of them be inconstant.
With Foreign Missions it is otherwise. In these the laborers must be engaged for life; the establishments must be permanent, and maintained in strength andd efficiency. They cannot be suspended and renewed—they cannot be varied at pleasure. If they are not supported with constancy, they must fail, and the work must cease.
With this view of the subject present to the mind, the question of withholding accustomed subscriptions or donations, or even of transferring them to any other object however worthy, will not be regarded as a light one. It comes near to the question, whether the heathen world shall be evangelized or not.
There is little danger that this cause will receive more than its due proportion of patronage. In importance, and in claims upon Christian attention and benevolence, it unquestionably is not second to any other. It can never be second to any other cause or object on earth, so long as a great part of the world remains in all the darkuess and wretchedness of heathenism. Yet being foreign aos distanı-a thousand motives and influences are perpetually operating to cause it to be forgotten or neglected, even by its friends.
Exertion then is necessary. Much must be done to excite the missionary spirit; to call forth the disposition to sustain and bear forward the work, and to preserve this disposition in strength and activity. By whom shall it be dones We are few and feeble and our hands are full.
“I take it,” says the illustrious Bacon, "those things are to be held possible. which may be done by some person, though not by every one; and which may be done by many, though not by any one." Are there net here and there in different sections of the country "some" individuals, who can and will step forward, and do what others could not do for this cause? Are there not throughou! the land many," who will do what they can?
If by special effort, the five hundred Societies auxiliary to the Board should raise their several proportions of the average sum of only ten collars to eachbesides what would otherwise be contributed the total amount would be fire thousand;--twenty dollars to each would be ten thousand; forty-would 0:3