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The volumes were,
1. Basnage's History of the Jews-- A continuation of Josephus-translated by Taylor, folio I thought this indispensable.
2. Mosheim's Ecclesiastical History, Eng. ed. Dr. Maclaine's tr. 6 vols. 8vo, 3. Limborchi Amica collatio cum Judæo erudito (Orobio) 4to.
4. Maimonidis Porta Mosis, ab Edu. Pococke. 4to. This work consists of the several prefaces to works of Maimonides, which elucidate rites and ceremonies of the Jews, and was written by him in Arabio. Dr. P. has published it in the Hebrew character, and enrichedt with most valuable, learned notes, frequently quoted by Sate in the prolegomena to his translation of the Koran.
5. Heron's abridgment of Niebuhr's Travels in Arabia-being an abridged translation of his “Description de l'Arabie.”—2 vols. 890. It has plates, but not like the original Copenhagen edition, fuo similes of Arabic writing. Nor, I think, had the late Dr. Bentley's copy, 4to. % rols, which was printed in Paris. But Dr. Vaughan of Hallowell has a copy of the original, with Michaelis “Questions aux voyageurs." 4to.
6. Lady Mary W. Montague's Letters from Turkey. 2 vols. in 1. Paris, 12mo.
7. Relandi Palestina, royal 4to. Very fine ed of a work, which I cannot but think will be found exceedingly useful, as it contains the Arabic names of places in Palestine, in addition to the ancient Hebrew, and modern European.
8. Erpenii grammat. Arabica, ed. Schultens. 4to. This work and this ed. are highly commended by Sir W. Jones. There is in this copy the Clavis Dialectorum of Schultens, elaeidating Hebrew by Arabic.
9. Burtorfii Lexicon Chaldaicum et Syriac. 4to. I believe the Mission library has a Syriac New Testament, and Michaelis's Syriac grammar. I spoke with Mr. Parsons about the latter, and think he procured
10. Abp. Wake's "Apostolical Fathers." 8vo.
11. "Clementina"-the Apostolical Constitutions, and several small works of the Apostolical Fathers, Ignatius and Polycarp and others, Gr. and Lat.
12. Justini Martyris Apolagiæ duæ, ed. Thirlbii. folio. The best ed. This copy formerly belonged to the late Pres. Stiles.
13. Clementis Alexandrini opera quæ extant, ed. Sylburg. folio. Gr. Abp. Potter's ed. would have been here useful, but I had no other than this.
The books presented the Ceylon Mission were, [These books were acknowledged in our number for June 1819.)
Permit me, while mentioning these fast articles, to remark, that I was a little surprised to find in a Missionary report a rather slight estimation put on the Portuguese language. The reason of my handing the Portuguese vols. in was, that it seemed the only new language, which could be studied on the passage--and a mean of access to a large population of the mar. itime coast in Ceylon and India generally. Hyde, in his treatise de rel. vet. Persar. remarks, "Patres Jesuitæ ad Orientales Missiones destinati, e.r quacunque Natione fuerint, juben. tur primo adiliscere Linguam Lusitanicam, et deinde Linguas Gentium ad qnas mittuntur." This was my object. But the missionaries, doubtless, at least boy this time, know best what is most useful for them.
That the Great Head of the Church may bless them, and all others engaged in advancing His cause and kingdom, and smile on your various labors, and those of your beloved and respected associates, is still, my dear Sir, the constant prayer of
Your affectionate friend, WILLIAN JENKS.
NOTICES OF THE SANDWICH ISLANDS. For several years past, the Sandwich Islands have presented objects of great curiosity to the inquisitive philanthropist. Since a Christian mission from this country to these islands has been contemplated, and especially since the sailing of the missionaries last October, a general interest has been felt with respect to every thing, which relates to the civil polity, and present condition of the natives; as the reception of our brethren might be much affected by these things.
When the Thaddeus sailed, intelligence had not been received of the death of the old king Tamaahmaah, though such an event was considered as likely to take place soon. The life and activity of this man, his acquisition of property and power, and the order and subordination which he had enforced, have for many years attracted no small attention in Europe and America, and his name frequently appears in English reviews.* We have conversed with many captains and others, who had been long and particularly acquainted with him. They unite in declaring, that he was a man of extraordinary talents; and that, with superior advantages, he might have made a great statesman. He was very fond of property, and of commerce as the means of obtaining it. Towards
* It has been spelt Tamaahmaah, Tamaamaha and Tamahama; and is generally pronounced by sea-captains 'Tam-macam.nia, with the accent on the first and third syllables; and the vowels and consonants as in the two first syllables of the word tanarinch
the close of life his avarice became more intense, as is generally the case with avaricious men, in all parts of the world. He hoarded Spanish dollars, and almost every kind of personal property, which was not immediately perishable. He had large stone-warehouses filled with dry-goods, axes, hoes, fire-arms, and other instruments of defence and offence. He had a fort, with guns mounted, and sentinels regularly on duty. He owned three brigs, a schooner, and several small craft. His control over the persons, and property of his subjects was absolute. To maintain this control it was a part of his policy to keep them poor and dependent, and to exercise his power continually. To his chiefs he
granted certain privileges. One of them named Krimakoo, was always called - his prime minister by the English and Americans, and was by them nicknamed
Billy Pitt. He is described by all as being an able, intelligent, and faithful agent. The principal queen is also said to be a shrewd sensible woman, and to have exerted great influence. The late king was also high priest, an office which he assumed many years ago, to obtain and secure his political authority, He was very strict in the performance of his sacerdotal functions, though it is supposed that the ceremonies of his religion were perfectly unintelligible even to the natives, and that he had no sort of confidence himself in the system.
Tamaahmaah was a strong athletic man till near the close of life, when he became quite emaciated, and died of a gradual decay. He was apprehensive of his approaching dissolution, appointed his only remaining son to succeed him, established his chiefs in their accustomed privileges, associated Billy Pitt and the principal queen with the young prince as advisers, and left the world without any fear that the succession would be disturbed. His subjects made a great lamentation over him, and many of them have these words tattooed, that is, pricked into the skin of their arms and breasts with indelible ink, in large Roman letters: OUR GREAT AND GOOD KING 'TAMAAHMAAH DIED MAY 8, 1819. The age of the old king is supposed to have been about 70; the young king is about 23. His name is Reco-reeo, and he has assumed that of his father.
The preceding facts are stated as introductory to others of a much more interesting nature, and which seem to have a most auspicious bearing on the mission, which left our shores attended by so many prayers, and has been the object of so much affectionate solicitude.
Early in the month of November, the young king, (who had himself been inducted into the office of high-priest before his father's death, with a view to preserve his political infuence,) came to the resolution to destroy the whole system of idolatry. It is supposed that this was done with full deliberation, with the consent of all who had any voice in the government, and without any opposition from the people. With respect to these transactions, we have the most explicit statements from two eye-witnesses, masters of vessels, who have long been conversant with these islands, captain Blair, and captain Clark, both of Boston. When the resolution was taken, orders were issued to set the buildings, and inclosures consecrated to idolatry, on fire; and while the flames were raging, the idols were thrown down, stripped of the cloth hung over them, and cast into the fire; and, what is still more marvellous, the whole taboo system was destroyed the same day. The sacred buildings were, some of them, thirty feet square. The sides were formed by posts 12 or 14 feet high, stuck into the ground, and the intervals filled with dry grass. The roofs were steep, and thatched with grass, in such a manner as to defend from rain. The morais, or sacred inclosures, were formed by a sort of fence, and were places, where human sacrifices were formerly practised. Before these inclosures stood the idols, from 3 to 14 feet high, the upper part being carved into a hideous resemblance of the human face.
The taboo system was that, which was perpetually used to interdict certain kinds of food, the doing of certain things on certain days, &c. &c. in short to forbid whatever the king wished not to be done. On some subjects the taboo was in constant operation, and had been, very probably, for thousands of years. It forbade women and men to eat together, or to eat food cooked by the same fire. Certain kinds of food were utterly forbidden to the women; particularly pork and plantains, two very important articles in those islands. At the new moon, full, and quarters, when the king was in the morai, performing the various mummeries of idolatry, it was forbidden to women to go on the water.
Every breach of the taboo exposed the delinquent to the punishment of deata But so well was the system understood by the people, and so great was th: dread of transgression, that the taboo laws were very rigidly observed. W: have said, that the taboo system has probably been in operation thousands years. Our reasons for thinking so are these. The same system prevailed in the Society Islands, at the distance of three thousand miles nearly, and is New Zealand, at the distance of five thousand miles; while the New Zealanders have been so long separated from the Sandwich Islanders, that the languages of the two classes of people have become exceedingly different. The inhabitants of these remote islands probably never had any communication with each other till very recently, and now in European and American vessels only. But they must have descended from the same race of men, after the taboo system had been formed and was in full operation. This must have been long ago; but how long it would be useless to conjecture.
Captains Blair and Clark left o whyhee about the 25th of November, and carried down to Woahoo and Atooi the king's orders to burn the monuments of idolatry there also. The order was promptly obeyed in both islands. In Atooi the morais and all the consecrated buildings, with the idols, were on fire the first evening after the order arrived.
The people of all these islands had heard what had been done at the Society islands; and there is no doubt that Providence made use of this intelligence to prepare them for so wonderful a change. Capt. Blair informs us, that a native chief, named Tiamoko, called by Americans Governor Cox, has been for some time inclined to speak very contemptuously of the whole system of idolatry. He was the chief man in the island of Mowee. The chiefs and people in all the islands expressed a desire that missionaries might arrive, and teach them to read and write, as the people of the Society Islands had been taught. Tamoree, king of Atooi, and father of George, who went with the missionaries, was particularly desirous that teachers should arrive. He was very anxious to see his son, and has sent one of his subjects, by a vessel now on her way from Canton to Boston, with an express order for George to return. He has also manifested a great wish to visit Pomarre, at Otaleite, and see for himself the change that has taken place there.
Both captain Blair and captain Clark, who have been acquainted with these islands for more than 20 years, are contident, that the missionaries will be joy. fully received by the natives; that now is the very time for their arrival; and that their services are peculiarly necessary to introduce the truth after the destruction of idolatry.
It is hoped that the missionaries arrived and were landed at least two months ago. What trials, or what encouragements, they have met with, we know not. To the care and direction of a merciful Providence let them be commended daily by all the friends of missions.
COLONIZATION SOCIETY. It is known to the Christian public, that the American Colonization Society sent forth their first band of emigrants in the ship Elisabeth, some time in Deceinber last. The ship and passengers arrived safe at Sierra Leone, and proceeded down the coast to Sherbro, where they landed and fixed upon a place of residence.
We are informed, that it is contemplated, to send out a reinforcement of 500 people of color in the course of the ensuing autumn. The Rev. Josipa R. ANDRUS is engaged as an agent of this Society to accompany the emigrants, This gentleman was educa:ed at Middlebury College, Ver. and was a hopeful subject of one of those revivals of religion, with which Middlebury and the college have been visited. He pursued his theological studies one year at New Haven, onder the direction of the late Dr. Dwight; two years at Andover, in the Theological Seminary; and one year at Bristol, R. J. with the Rev. Bishop Griswold. He subsequently received Episcopal ordination.
While in colleg?, and from that time to this, his mind has been intent upon doing good to the oppressed and degraded Africans. Notwithstanding several invitations to remain in this country as a clergy man, he has lately taken leave o his father and mother, whose gniy child he is, to go far hence, and carry the Gospel to a benighted continent.
For the Panoplist. ON THE INEFFICACY OF THOSE LABORS FROM WHICH THE GREAT
EST EFFECTS ARE EXPECTED,
I HAVE sometimes amused myself with imagining the pleasure I should have received by listening to the orators of the Roman forum, or to the master spirits of Athens. With what indescribable interest would the enthusiast of ancient literature feast on the sounds of those sentences, which have often captivated his attention, could he hear them from the lips of Cicero or Demosthenes. To catch the intonations of that powerful voice, which once held in suspense admiring sénates, and seemed almost to command the obedience of his countrymen, one would think, could scarcely fail of warming the coldest heart, and of arousing to extraordinary activity those ardent minds, which perceived the danger of their country and the baseness of those, who were plotting ber ruin. Yet, let it be remembered, neither Cicero's zeal, nor patriotism, nor eloquence, could awaken his drowsy fellow-citizens to a full apprehension of their danger. Rome was corrupted and debased; and she fell beneath the weight of her infamy.
But although the story of her greatness and degradation has circumstances of deep interest;-although the high tone of intellectual feeling, with which we read much of her history, induces the ready belief, that almost any earthly sacrifice would be a cheap purchase for the pleasure of witnessing some of those extraordinary exertions of genius and struggles of patriotism, still, let us not for a moment suspect, that, had her most enlightened statesmen and purest patriots lived now;had they been inhabitants of our country, or any other they would bave met with less suffering or more success.
Men are still foolish and degraded; they always have been so: our own country contains the prolific seeds of all that is debasing to the soul, of all that is dangerous among the passions; and other countries possess the game.
When the ardent Christian directs his attention to those scenes, which were exhibited on earth at the Savior's advent, and during his ministry, he may well imagine those exhibitions of divine power to have been amply sufficient for producing the grandest effects on intelligent beings. And yet, who is not sometimes astonished that no Vor XVI.
greater number of men should have flocked around flim, who bogpake as never man spake.” low inconceivably elevated beyond mortal thoughts were those discourses, wbich were uttered at the sea-side, on the mount, and in the temple. A heavenly wisdom, a celestial dignity, no doubt accompanied the words of him, who taught as having authority. Nevertheless, for aught that appears on the record, the number of real disciples, and of true penitents during Christ's personal ministry, was small. Fruitless, indeed, were the speculations, which should attempt to explore the reasons of the divine administration in this, as in other things.
With due allowance for the difference between finite and infinite, a similar remark may be applied to the preaching of the apostles. We know, indeed, that on the day of Pentecost, and on some other occasions, many sinners were suddenly arrested by the powerful voice of truth from the lips of the apostles; and that, during their ministry, many churches were planted, not only in the neighborhood of Jerusalem, but also in Africa, and in Europe. But after examining all that the evangelical history has recorded on this point, and considering the amazing wretchedness of all the pagan nations, ever since the aposta sy, curiosity may sometimes invite the question, Why has it not hitherto pleased the Almiglity to accompany with a greater efficacy the ministraiion of his Gospel, for the rescue of a lost world?
However, leaving with deep reverence all such inquiries, where they should ever be left, it may be not improper to consider some of the examples of small success, where we should bave been disposed to expect greater.
In the first place, to look at the effects which have followed the labors of many of the most powerful preachers of modern days. It is comparatively but an exceedingly small number, who have been gathered, even by such means, into the kingdom of God. Most of those minis. ters at the close of a laborious, and perhaps a long life, have had occasion to take up the lainentation of the prophet, “Lord, who hath believed our report?" Could the condition be known of all the individuals composing the audiences of some of the most eminent servants of Jesus, bow would it astonish surviving friends; could grief find a place in heaven, how would the sight lacerate the hearts of those who have entered into their rest.
Some have supposed, that if they had been favored with the services of this or that eininent man of God, they should have become religious long ago. Certainly there is no just ground for such an opinion. Could the miracles even of the Savior, and of his apostles, be now clearly displayed to the cyes of the flesh, probably the commanding dignity of the transaction might fill a spectator with astonishment, perhaps appal his soul with unutterable terror; but there is not the smallest reason to conclude, that such representations, or any other exhibitions of divine power, would produce any permanently good effect on the heart, if unaccompanied by the same almighty energy, whick alone transforms the moral nature.
The insufficiency of all earthly means without the special interposition of God, must often be presented to our recollection. None can possess too clear an apprehension of their own need of divine assist