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While making these remarks, we cannot do justice to our feelings without ae knowledging, # that a great part of the patronage, which our work has experienced, has been given in conse.
quence of its peculiar connexion with missions. We rejoice that it is so. No cause or ohjeet on earth is so worthy of the best affections of Christisus, as that which aims at the uni. versal promulgation of the Gospel; and, so far as we are aetuated by enlarged benevolence, we must be pleased to see our fellow Christians manifesting their attachment to this cause, rather than to ourselves, or oar publication.
Before leaving this part of the subject, we must adu, not for the sake of making a charge, but to give a clear view of our case, that one magazine availed itself of our original missionary intelligence for nearly a year and a half without the slightest intimation that it was indebted to us for a single sentence. The natural presumption of readers would be, that the numerous articles, which comprised by far the most interesting portion of that department of the work, were obtained for publication by the sedulous attention of the editor of that magazine; whereas they were regularly taken from our pages. In one instance at least, the introductory clause, “We are gratified with having it in our power to present our readers, &c” without an acknowledgment that the article was copied, would lead any person to suppose, that it was furnished in manuscript for that publication. Such a course of proceeding seems the more remarkable, as obligation is repeatedly confessed to other works, for artieles not a quarter so long, as those which have been selected from the Panoplist, in the manner now described.
We do not accuse the editor of the work here referred to, nor most of his brethren, with intentional injustice; but we strongly suspect, that were the case changed, and were them selves to see an article, which they had laboriously copied and corrected from a bad manu. script, and sat till midnight to examine in a bad proof-sheet;--were they to see such an article taken from their fairly printed pages, and sent abroad by others before their own publication conld find its way to subscribers; and all this without any acknowledgment, or with a very slight ove; -and, finally, were they to have this early transmission of their own labors alleged as the only reason of abandoning their own publication, in which these labors first appeared, they would begin to feel, that all things were not exactly as they should be.
Bat we shall be asked, if we wish to monopolize religious intelligence, and to make the pub. fic cause the means of private emolument? Far from it. We utterly disclaim any such desire. Let that system be adopted, which shall best promote the great interests of inissions, and we promise not to complain. What that system shall be, in a country widely extended like the United States, it may be difficult to say. It is not difficult to say, however, that private injustice is not likely to promote the public good; and that the laborer, in any lawful employment, is worthy of a compensation. Let us take an example.
Suppose a political writer of ack nowledged ability and integrity to establish a paper, which afforded him a suitable reward for the time and expense bestowed upon it; and supe pose his brother editors, in every great town, were to copy his best articles, and thus ultimately supplant him. Would it be a full justification for them to allege, that they made alt their 'selections from regard to the public good; and that, by doing so, they had greatly increased the circulation of his able and useful discussions, whieh would otherwise have remained unknown to the great majority of their readers! Would not every man reply, tbat hy destroying the original work, they had of course put an end to all selections from it?
Again; we believe the publication of Dr. Dwight's System of Theology to be a great benefit to the Church; and we should be happy to have it hold a place in every public and private library throughout our country. A printer beyond the Alleganies thinks proper to republish it without the consent of the proprietors. He says, that in this way he distribates ten copies in Kentucky and Ohio, to one which would otherwise be distributed; and that he is therefore doing incalculable good. Will this plea justify him?
That we may look at the subject in the most dispassionate manner, let us examine how the business of circulating missionary intelligence is conducted in Great Britain. Both the fact, and the tendency of such a state of things as actually exists there, are worthy of being considered.
We know not whether the laws of copyright defend the original matter of periodical publications. We suppose, bowever, that they do not, unless on compliance with certain conditions, which are exceedingly troublesome io the proprietor. But however this may be, the editors of magazines do not venture to take original matter from each other. Whatever the law may decide, the community, the reading community we mean, would not tolerate encroachments of this sort.
But to come more directly to the case before us, the publishers of religious magazines in Great Britain do not take religious intelligence from each other, in any such manner, or to any such extent, as to furnish ground of complaint, or prevent the circulation of any work, in which interesting matter of this sort first appears.
The Missionary Register, is published under the superintendence of the Church Missionary Society, with a view to the interests of that Society, and of the missionary cause generally. It is conducted with great ability by the Secretary of the Society, and contains full and official details of its proceedings, the history of its missions, lists of donations, &c. &c. These things are inserted at length, and are not generally copied, we are bold to say, into any other publication in Great Britain. All the friends of the Society expect to read the Society's publication. About 6000 copies are distributed gratuitously to collectors, auxiliary societies, and distinguished friends;-and the expense is discharged from the general treasury. How many oppies are taken by subsoribers we are not able to stałe; but we were informed, at an early
period of the work, that more than 7,000 were taken in this manner; and we should pot think it probable that the number at present could be less than 10,000. What is done with the profits of the number thus disposed of, we are not told; but we may presume, as the great labor spent upon the work is afforded by the officers of the Society, that all the profits are not given to the printer; we kuow they are not given to the general treasury, for no credit is allowed for them in the accounts. We infer, therefore, that they go to defray Ibe innavoidable expenses of the establishment: in other words, that they are applied, according to some plan well understood by the conductors of the Society, to the support at the Secretary, the Assistant Secretary, or some other person or persons, whose services are necessary, and cannot be afforded without a compensation. If the circulation of the work were pre. venteil, or materially diminished, by the insertion of all its most interesting matter in the newspapers, and in other magazines, would the cause of missions be promoted? Would not the friends of the cause say, "Is it reasonable, that the Society should lose all the profits on the labors of its own servants? We have a Secretary of exu aordinary qualifications, constantly engaged in one of the inost laborious offices, that can be found among men; an office that requires higher endowments of mind and heart, whatever the world may think about it, than that of a secretary of state, in ordinary times. We have an Assistant Secretary of like character and spirit, coming forward to bear part of the burden of these great concerns. We have other agents, wliose tiine is constantly occupied with the business of the Society. These men and their families must be supported in some way or other. It would be great injustice to require of one man, that he should give his whole time, without compensation, to a common cause, which all other men are bound equally with himself to promote. This injustice, if attempted, would become extreme folly, in case the men in question are pos. sessed of little property, as sometimes happens with respect to the greatest benefactors of their species. Besides, the publication of a Society operates as a bond of union in a thousaud wars; and much more effectually serves the cause, than disjointed articles possible cau.” Such would be the language of a friend, in the case supposed. Is there not reason in it?
'The Missionary Register contains abstracts of the doings of other Societies; but these are given in so condensed a form, as not to supplant the publications of those Societies, but rather to promote their circulation. We do vot recollect haring seen a single page, taken in connexion from the Missionary Chronicle, or the Methodist Magazine. Considerable er. tracis have indcell been given froin our Ierald; and the reason is obvious. Our work does not circulate in Great Britain. We have been highly gratified, that the conductors of the Register bave made liberal and very courteous use of the papers of the A. B. C. for For. ciga Missions, and of the Conversion of the World by Messrs. Hall and Newell.
Let az apply the same principles to another publication, the London Evangelical Magazine. This work einbraces biography, essays, reviews, &c. as well as religious intelligence. It has been published twenty seven years, and has, for a long time, had 20,000 subscribers. It is, and ever has been, intimately connected with the London Missionary Society, the principal Secretary of that Society always having been a principal conductor of the Magazine. The latter part of each number is called the Missionary Chronicle; and numerous copies of this part are printed separately. In several particulars, the plan and the manner of publication resemble the plan of the Panoplist and Herald. From the beginving, the profits of the work have been devoted to a specific charity; but the charges of superintending the publi. cation, it is not to be doubted, form a part of the estimated first cost.
The Methodists also have a Magazine, intimately counected with their missionary Society, and of this 20,000 copies are circulated.
Would the friends of these Societies tolerate the republication of their Magazines at Liverpool, York, Edinburgh, and Bristoi, under any plea of more extensive utility? But it would be less injurious to republish the whole, so that all the proceedings could be had, in their regular order, than to republish snch parts as would impede the circulation of the whole, and yet furnishi no arlequate substitute.
We are free to acknowledge, that there are some differences between this country and Great Britain, which ought to be taken into the account. We have no Metropolis like London, from which it is expected the principal publications should issue. We have not so safe and speedy means of conveying packages to remote places. Let these things be fairly admitted; and let the candid decide how far the facts and reasoninga, bere presented, are applicable to the case before them. .
Difficulties have existed in the transmission of the l'anoplist which we liave not room now to explain the mail, however, has generally been safe; though it is sometimes dilatory. The delay arises from the fact, that postmasters do not feel compelled to send pamphlets immediately, as they do letters and newspapers; but only when it suits their convenience. Some subscribers occasionally lose a number sent by mail; and they often lose newspapers sent in the same way; but we have been repeatedly informed, by subscribers in New York, Ohio, and Tennessee, that for a course of years, ever since they began to take the work, they had not lost a single number. It is now the sixteenth year of the publication; and we believe in package has uluito ateiy been lost destined for New tlaven, Lartford, Northampton, Port.
We conclude by observing, that though the Panoplist is to be discontinued, the Missionary Herald will be issued, and every friend to the work is respectfully invited to promote its circulation. It will probably be pablished at the expense of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, and for the sole benefit of the Board. The terms will be seen on the cover of this number.
( Continued from p. 323.) Jan. 1, 1820. It was thought best, that brother Fisk should go this morning to meet the brethren and sisters, and carry them a supply of provisions. The weather has been very cold, and the snow has fallen to the depth of several inches since they left the road; and their progress must be very slow, and attended with much labor and difficulty.
2. About nine o'clock in the evening brother Williams returned, in company with brother Washburn and his wife, and Mrs. Finney, with their little ones, and Miss Minerva Washburn. They had been in the wilderness six days, after leaving the road.* The other brethren tarried behind with the waggons, which are expected to-inorrow.
3. Biother Fisk returned with brother Finney, and brought one of the waggons. The other being broken, was left in the woods. We would cordially acknowledge our great obligations to God, for his mercy in preserving a good degree of health to our brethren and sisters and their children, during their long and fatiguing journey, and in bringing them in safety to this place.
6. Brother Pride left us for Natchez and New Orleans, to transact business for the mission, and procure supplies for the ensuing season. Resolved that we build another log-house.
7. Brother Finney preached a lecture preparatory to the administration of the holy supper on the approaching Sabbath.
9. The sacrament of the Lord's supper, which had been delayed two weeks, in order that the brethren and sisters on their way to the Arkansaw, might be present, was administered. Brother Washburn preached frons John i, 36. The number present at public worship, including our own family, was about 116, most of whom heard with attention. Thirteen communicants, including the missionaries and one black man, sat down to the table of the Lord, to commemorate his dying love. This was the largest number, which has ever partaken at this holy ordinance in this land of darkness. It was truly refreshing to our languid souls, and reminded us of the promise, “In Me wilderness shali waters break out, and streains in the desart."
16. Brother Washburn preached from Heb. ii, 3. The audience attentire and solemn.
17. Meeting for business. Resolved, that two of the scholars be instructed in shoe-making. Resolved, that we use means for raising a crop the coming season, at the new projected establishment on the Tombigbee: That brother K. take a journey to that place, to put the contemplated establishment in operation, as far as practicable: That we send some pack-horses to the Walnut Hills, to bring some articles, which are needed before our boat can bring them.
18. The weather, since the middle of December, has been severe for this climate. There have been alternate frosts and thaws, with frequent storms of rain, sleet, and snow. The thermometer has fallen as low as 11° at sun-rise. Most of our children are thinly clad, and destitute of shoes; which not only renders their situation uncomfortable, but prevents them from rendering that
For a particular account of the dangers of this toulsome journey, see our number for April. VOL XVI.
assistance, which they otherwise would, and exposes their health.
Many their parents would gladly purchase shoes for them, but they cannot be procured at any price. If we had now some of those articles of clothing, whici. our friends are kindly sending for the benefit of the school, they would be very acceptable. But they will come in the best time.
23. It has been our earnest desire, since the death of our beloved brother Aries V, Williams, to have a sermon preached adapted to the occasion; but various circumstances have rendered a delay of this unavoidable. On account of brother Finney's acquaintance with our bereaved sister, he was requested to perform this duty. The sermon was preached to-day from 2 Pet. i, 1. The discourse, while it revived our sorrows, was suited to administer that support and consolation, which the Gospel alone can impart. Brother K.'s infant son was dedicated to God in baptism.
29. It has pleased Him, who does all things well, to afflict our family with sickness. About 20 of the scholars are chiefly confined to the house with the mumps. Two others are sick with a pleurisy. A lad of twelve years old was attacked with great violence five days since, and is very sick. We have fears, that his sickness will be mortal. A number more of the scholars are sick with colds. The complaints are attributed, as their immediate cause, to the very great and sudden changes of the weather, and to the exposed situation of the scholars, as it respects clothing, and particularly shoes. They have moccasons made of dressed deer skins, which are sufficient in common families, and where they are not under the necessity of going out; but where 60 are in a family, and they are obliged to go out as much as our scholars are, exposed to cold, raids, frosts and snows, their health is greatly endangered.
30. Sabbath. The sick boy is no better. Sent for his parents to-day, about 75 miles distant.-While our dear brethren remain with us, we wish to enjoy their instructions. Brother Washburn preached from John vi, 67.
31. The boy abovementioned was very sick last night. It was extremely doubrťul whether he would live till morning; but our gracious Lord, who has appeared for us in every time of trouble, was pleased to bless the means used, and the child is much better, so that we are encouraged to hope, that he will be finally restored to health. We are greatly rejoiced at this prospect; not only on account of the boy and his parents, but on account of the general interests of the mission. Should one of the children be removed by death at this time, while so many are sick, it might produce a general alarm, and some of the parents might be induced to take their children home, to the injury of the school and the hazard of their lives, at this inclement season.
Feb. 2. This morning the parents of the sick boy arrived. They shed tears of joy at finding their son alive, and at the prospect of his recovery.
4. Thirty six of the scholars are sick at this time, and several of them require constant attention.
5. This morning one of our hired men was violently seized with the pleurisy. He is partially deranged at intervals. He was recently very much exposed to wet and cold while journeying to this place. Most of the children are better. We regard it as a favorable providence, that the brethren destined for the Arkansaw are with us at this time, to assist us in prescribing for and taking care of the sick. Brother Pride has been absent about a month.
Sabbath, 6. Once more favored with the ministerial labors of our dear brethren. Brother Finney preached froin i Cor. xvi, 13.—The weather is moderated considerably, and the health of the family generally improved. All but four or five of the sick children are able to walk about, and eat at the common table. The sick man till this evening has appeared much better, but is now taken more violently.
7. Brothers Finney and Washburn left us to go on their way to the Arkansaw, leaving their wives and sister Minerva Washburn with us, till their return in the spring, if they are prospered. Brother Williams started at the same time, to visit one of our scholars, who is sick at his father's, distant about 25 milcs. He was visiting his friends at home wben taken sick, and the father sent to us for some medical aid.
8. Brother Williams returned this evening, much fatigued by the difficulties he had to encounter in crossing the Yalo Busha, and the swamp coutiguous. The swamp was nearly overflowed, and in some places so deep that he was
obliged to swim his horse, and himself to wade through the canes. He went only 16 miles, heard that the boy was better, and was induced to turn back. His return was providential; for had he stuid another day, he must probably have been detained by high water for several days. Health is in a great measure restored to our family. Two children only are contined. The sick man is fast recovering.
10. Brother Kingsbury left us to go to Tombigbee, to put the new establishment into operation. We would devoutly commend him and the object to God. An Indian woman is with us, who came about 150 miles for the purpose of placing her two little sons in the school. In consequence of a report, that we would take no children, but such as could speak English, she left them about 30 miles distant, and came forward to ascertain whether the report was true. Though the report has no foundation, we considered ourselves as under imperious necessity to decline taking her children. This was a severe disappointment to her, as she was highly pleased with the school, and all the performances of our scholars. The parents of the sick boy, finding him fast recovering, left us to return. They are friendly to the mission, and desire to promote its interests.
11. Capt. Perry, with two Indians visited the school. Capt. P. interpreted some letters from Capt. Folsom, and one from a youth at the Foreign Mission School. The children were very attentive; the season was interesting. We think essential good might be done to the school by letters addressed to thein from those, who feel interested for their spiritual and temporal welfare. There are about 30 members of the school who do not understand English, and when addressed by a chief or any man of influence in their mother tongue, they give the most profound attention, and respond in the Choctaw style, at the end of every sentence, with an emphatic “omah."
13. Health is again restored to our family, except one or two cases of debility. One of our neighbors, who has been quite ill for several weeks, called on us for medical attention.
16. It has pleased the Lord to visit us again with sickness. One of our female scholars, aged about 14 years, was violently attacked with a bilious disease. The little boy who had been sick with the pleurisy is again quite ill, consequence of exposure to cold.
17. The little boy is better. The girl was much distressed through the night, but there is a remission of the fever this morning, which enables her to rest. At night the fever returned with violence.
18. Last night a messenger came in haste, from our neighbor, mentioned on the 13th, whose symptoms are alarming. Brother Williams went to afford some medical aid. Before morning she was in a gool measure relieved.
19. The sick girl is no better. There is an increase of fever with great restlessness and anxiety. She has a strong aversion to every kind of medicine, which subjects us to much difficulty. The present is a time of trial. Only three brethren to manage all the concerns of the mission, and attend upon the sick. Many of the sisters are feeble, and those who are able to attend to labor, are fatigued by nightly watchings, in addition to their daily labors and cares. In these difficulties we are consoled by the assurance that strength shall be equal to our day.
21. Our neighbor appears to be fast recovering. The girl continues very sick. Our fears are, that her sickness will be unto death. The fever assumes the continued form.
22. One of our scholars, a little boy, left school, on account of a difficulty in the family to which he belongs. The difficulty was of a very serious nature, and the attention of a brother was called to arbitrate. A separation between the man and his wife was the consequence.. The woman concluding to remove to a sistant part of the nation, took her child, expecting an opportunity ere long to place him in the school at the establishment on the Tombigbee. This is the first scholar, who has left the school since its commencement.
23. Sowed a small field of oats, which we also seed down with timothy. We have been annoyed some time by a panther, which, with the wolves, destrays our swine and calves. He was seen yesterday in the field near the house, and is frequently heard in the neighborhood. Two attempts have been made by bunters to dislodge him from his retreat in a close thicket, but without success.