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KIPLING's SEVEN SEAS.--The Arab geographers of the Middle Ages reckoned "seven seas on the way to China. Their names, as given by Masudi, are: (1) The Persian Sea-i.e. the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean as far as the delta of the Indus; (2) the Sea Al-Larevy-from the Indus Delta to Goa; (3) the Sea of Herkend-as far as Ceylon ; (4) the Sea of Kalabar-off the Coromandel Coast; (5) the Sea of Kerden)--the Bay of Bengal; (6) the Sea of Sanf, or Senf-in which are Sumatra and Java; (7) the Sea of Sanji, extending north-east from the Straits of Malacca. See Reinaud,“ Relation des Voyages faits par les Arabes et les Persans dans l'Inde et à la Chine dans le lXe siècle de l'ère Chrétienne" (Paris, 1845). Are not the Five Nations Great Britain and the four English-speaking colonies of Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and Canada? Perhaps, however, India (or the United States?) should be added as the fifth nation, and the mother country not reckoned as one. The title might have been borrowed from the Indian confederacy of the “Five Nations in North America, which consisted of the Mohawks, Senecas, Onondagas, Cayugas, and Oneidas. They are better known as the “ Six Nations,” having been afterwards joined by the Tuscaroras.-A.W.
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