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eunuch, "How should I (understand what I read) unless some man guide me'?" And why did Christ set teachers in his church to the end, till it be perfected", if they must not teach the church unto the end? Therefore they may write unto the end. 4. Reverence to antiquity must not make us blind or unthankful. Abundance of the fathers were unlearned men, and of far less knowledge than ordinary divines have now; and the chief of them were far short in knowledge of the chiefest that God of late hath given us. And how should it be otherwise, when their helps were so much less than ours? 5. Knowledge hath abundantly increased since printing was invented; therefore books have been a means to it. 6. The fathers then wrote voluminously; therefore they were not against more writing. 7. Most of the bishops and councils that cried down common learning, had little of it themselves, and therefore knew not how to judge of it; no more than good men now that want it. 8. They lived among heathens that gloried so in their own learning, as to oppose it to the Word of God, (as may be seen in Julian, and Porphyry, and Celsus): therefore Christians opposed it, and contemned it; and were afraid while it was set in competition with the Scriptures, lest it should draw men to infidelity, if overvalued. 9. And finally, the truth is, that the sacred Scriptures are now too muoh undervalued, and philosophy much overvalued by many both as to evidence and usefulness; and a few plain, certain truths which all our catechisms contain, well pressed and practised, would make a better church and Christians, than is now to be found among us all. And I am one, that after all that I have written, do heartily wish that this were the ordinary state of our churches. But yet by accident much more is needful, as is proved; 1. For the fuller understanding of these principles: 2. For the defending of them (especially by those that are called to that work): 3. To keep a minister from that contempt which may else frustrate his labours: 4. And to be ornamental and subservient to the substantial truths.
'Acts viii. 31. • Eph. iv. 11—13.
I. I will name you the poorest or smallest library that is tolerable. II. The poorer (though not the poorest); where a competent addition is made. III. The poor man's library, which yet addeth somewhat to the former, but cometh short of a rich and sumptuous library. I. The poorest library is, 1. The Sacred Bible. 2. A Concordance (Downame's the least, or Newman's the best). 3. A sound Commentary or Annotations, either Diodates, the English Annotations, or the Dutch. 4. Some English catechisms, (the Assemblies' two, Mr. Gouge's, Mr. Crook's Guide,) Amesius's Medulla Theologiae, et Casus Conscientiae (which are both in Latin and English), and his Bellarminus Enervatus. 5. Some of the soundest English books which open the doctrine of grace, justification, and free-will and duty; as Mr. Truman's Great Propitiation, Mr. Bradshaw of Justification, Mr. Gibbon's Sermon of Justification, in the Morning Exercises at St. Giles in the Fields, Mr. Hotchkis of Forgiveness of Sin. 6. As many affectionate practical English writers as you can get; especially Mr. Richard Allen's Works, Mr. Gurnall's, Dr. Preston, Dr. Sibbs, Mr. Robert Bolton, Mr. Whateley, Mr. Reyner, Mr. Scudder, Mr. T. Ford, Mr. Howe of Blessedness, Mr. Swinnock, Mr. Gouge's, The Practice of Piety, The Whole Duty of Man, Dr. Hammond's Practical Catechism, Dr. Pearson on the Creed, Dr. Downame on the Lord's Prayer, Mr. Dod on the Commandments, Bishop Andrews on the Commandments, Mr. Joseph Brinsley's True Watch, Mr. Greenham's Works, Mr. Hildersham's Works, Mr. Anthony Burgess's Works, Mr. Perkin's Works, Dr. Harris's Works, Mr. Burrough's, Mr. Thomas Hooker, Mr. Pinke's Sermons, J. Downame's Christian Warfare, Richard Rogers, John Rogers of Faith and Love, Dr. Stoughton, Dr. Thomas Tailor, Mr. Elton, Mr. Daniel Dike, Jeremy Dike, Mr. J. Ball of Faith, of the Covenant, &c., Culverwell of Faith, Mr. Ranew, Mr. Teate, Mr. Shaw, Mr. Rawlet, Mr. Janeway, Mr. Vincent, Mr. Doelittle, Mr. Samuel Ward's Sermons, Mr. W. Fenner, Mr. Rutherford's Letters, Mr. Jos. Allein's Life and Letters, and Treatise of Conversion, Mr. Samuel Clarke's Lives, and his Martyrology, The Morning Exercises at St. Giles Cripplegate, and at St. Giles in the Fields, Mr. Benjamin Baxter's Sermons, Mr. George Hopkins's Salvation from Sin, Dr. Edward Reynolds, Mr. Meade's Works, Mr. Vine's Sermons, Henry Smith, Samuel Smith, Thomas Smith, Mr. Strong, J. Simmonds; as many of them as you can get. 7. And for all other learning, Alstedius's Encyclopaedia alone: supposing that you are past the grammar-school, and have necessary Lexicons, specially Martinius and Leigh's Critica Sacra: if you can have more, get Bellarm. de Scriptor. Eccles., Cook's Censura Patrum, Sculteti Medulla Patrum, Clem. Rom., Justin, Tertullian and Cyprian; Helvici Chronolog., Hammond's and Beza's Annotations, with Junius and Tremellius, Calvin on the New Testament, Thaddaei Conciliationes, Alstedii Definit. et Distinct., Castanei Distinct., Ursini Catechis., Wende- lini Theolog., Snecani Method. Descriptio, Davenant's Works, and Camero's, Le Blanc's Theses, Grotius de Satisfact., Caranza's Epitom. Concil., Usher's Annals, and Answer to the Jesuit, and de Success. Eccles. Stat., Drelincourt's and Poole's Manual, Corpus Confessionum. II. When you can get more, the next rank must have all the former with these additions following. I. For lexicons: 1. For Latin besides Goldman, or Holyoke, or rather Hutton's Morellius, or Cowper, get Martinii Onomasticon: 2. For Greek, Scapula, Pasor, Simpson and Henricpetri Lexicon. 3. For Hebrew, Buxtorf, Schindler, Leigh. II. For logic: 1. Fasciculus Logicus, or Smith, Keckerman, Burgersdicius. 2. Of the moderate Ramists, that take in both, Henry Gutherleth. III. For physics: 1. Magirus, Combachius, Burgersdicius, Wendeline, and Sennertus. 2. Commenius. 3. Mr. Gott. 4. Lord Bacon and Mr. Boyle. IV. More particularly, De Anima: Tolet, Melancthon, with Vives and Amerbachius (they are printed together in one book), Sennerti Hypomnemata, Scaliger's Exercitationes. V. De Corpore Humano: Galen, Fernelius, Bartholine, Harvy de Generatione Animalium. VI. De Motu : Mousnerius, Dr. Wallis. VII. Of astronomy: Gassendus, Riolanus. VIII. Of geography: Cluverius, or Abbot, Orcelius, Mercator, Heylin, the globe or map Geog. Nubiens. IX. Of mathematics in general: Euclid, Barrow, Rami Schol. cum prolegem., Snellii, Bettinus, Herigone. X. Arithmetic in particular: Record,Wingate, &c. XI. Geometry: Ramus cum comment. Snellii, and Schoneri, Metii, Dr. Wallis, &c. XII. Music: Thos. Morley, Simpson. XIII. Of chronology and general history: HelviciChronol., Usher's Annals, IdeaHistor. Univers., Bucholtzer, Calvisius, Functius, Jacob. Capellus, Raleigh. XIV. Particular history is endless: among so many I scarce know what to say more, than read as many as you can; especially, 1. The Roman historians, (which are joined together). 2. The Greek historians. 3. Diog. Laertius and Eunapius de vitis Philosoph. 4. Plutarch's Lives. 5. Of England, Matth. Paris, Hoveden, Camden, Speed, Rushworth's Collections. 6. Of France, Thuanus, (who also taketh in most of the European history of his time) Commines, Serres. 7. Of Belgia, Grimston, and Grotius, and Strada. 8. Of Germany, the Collections of Pistorius, Ruberus and Freherus. 9. Of Italy, Guicciardine. 10. Knowles's Turkish History, and Leunclavius. 11. Of Abassia, Godignus, and Damianusa Goes. 12. Of Judea, George Sandys's Travels, and Brocardus. 13. Of Armenia and Tartary, Haitho Armenius, and the rest in the Novus Orbis, especially Paulus Venetus there. 14. Of Africa and India, Leo Afer, and Ludovicus Romanus. 15. Of China, Siam, Japan, &c. Varenius, Maffaei Histor. Indica cum Epist. Jesuit., Alvarez and Martinius. 16. Of Indostan, Terry. 17. Of Muscovy, Sigismundus. 18. Of Sweden, Olaus Magnus (but fabulous). 19. Of Scotland, J. Major, Hector Boethius, Dempster. 20. Of antiquities: Rosinus Rom. Antiquit., Godwin, Selden de diis Syris, &c., Ferrarii Lexicon. XV. Of church-history: Josephus, Eusebius, Ruffinus Tripartite, above all Socrates and Sozomen, Orosius, Sulpitius Severus, Theodoret, Victor Uticensis, Beda, Jacobus a Vitriaco, Nicephorus Callist., Platina and Massonius de vitis Pontif., Abbas Urspergensis, Sleidan, Micraelius, Gentii Hist. Jud., Molani Martyrolog., Clarke's Martyrolog., Hottinger, Illyrici Catalogus Testium Veritatis, or Morney's Mystery of Iniquity, Perin and Morland's History of Piedmont, and the Waldenses, Histor. Persecut. Bohem., Sculteti Annales, et Curriculum Vitae suae, Knox's and Spotswood's Hist. Scot., Regenvolscius Hist. Eccl. Sclavon., Usher's Primordia Eccles. Brit., Parker's Antiquitates Brit., Melchior Adami Vitas Theolog. Medicorum, Juris-consult. et Philosoph. German., Fuller's Church History, Clark's Lives, many particular lives, as Jewell's by Dr. Humphry, Mr. Joseph Allein's, &e, Bolton's, &c. Also read the epistles of Melancthon, Calvin, Beza, Saravia. XVI. Of medicine, study no more than such as Horstius de Sanitate Studiosorum Tuenda, or Follinus, or Graterolus, or an Herbal, except you can go quite through with it; lest by a half skill you kill yourself or others: but take 1. Sufficient exercise 'ad sudorem, (aliquando largiorem, in habitu seroso vel pituitoso).' 2. Temperance. 3. A pleased and contented mind. 4. Warmth, and avoiding inward and outward cold: 5. And experience for your best physic; and meddle with no more without necessity, and the advice of a very able, experienced man. XVII. Of politics, and civil law, and ethics, read Besoldus, Willius, Danaeus, Fragoso de Reg. Rep., Mr. Lawson's Theological Works, Angelius, Dr. Zouch, Grotius de Jure Belli, Mynsynger's Institut., Wesembecius, Calvin's Lexicon, Eustachius's Ethics and Pemble's. XVIII. For methods of divinity, read Paraeus's edition of Ursine, Trelcatius, Amesii Medulla, Musculi Loci Communes, Dr. Tully, Georg. Sohnius, Tzegedine's Tables, Cal