« AnteriorContinuar »
tardiness is altogether unnecessary. Peach trees tion of excellence, as a goal for those who inscribe as far north as forty-three degrees, have been made on their banner excelsior.'" to yield the third summer from transplanting, three " Mr. Moses Jones, of Brookline, in this vicinity, pecks of peaches, and apple trees the fifth summer a most skilful cultivator, set 112 apple trees 2 rods one bushel, each. An eminent pomologists now liv. apart, and peach trees between, both ways. Tho ing in western New York, set out a large fruit gar. eighth year he had 228 barrels of apples, and in a den after long years had silvered his head with white. few years from setting the trees, $400 worth of ness; yet for the past twenty years he has annually | peaches in one year; and the best part of the story enjoyed a profusion of fruit from this identical fruit is, that large crops of vegetables were raised on the garden. The secret consisted simply in treating his same land, nearly paying for the manure and labor. trees as well as every good farmer treats his corn The tenth year from setting, many of the apple
trees produced 4 or 5 barrels each, the land still “ But we cannot afford to give so much attention yielding good crops of vegetables, the peach trees to our trees-the rich man only can do this,” says baving mostly gone by old age. Mr. J. grafted a . the laboring farmer. What! not afford to be econo. tolerably large pear tree to the Bartlett, and tho mical? The man of small means is the very person third year it produced $30 worth. to save his trees after he has paid for them; he is “Mr. S. Dudley, a very successful cultivator in the very man who should not spend his coin to have Roxbury, an adjoining city, sold the crop of cur. feeble and fruitless orchards. Let him buy half the rants from one-eighth of an acre, for $108, the next Dumber, and apply the other half of the purchase year for $125, and he had good crops for several money in taking care of what he has, and he will years. He picked 500 quart boxes from one-eighth soon become the gainer by the operation. It is how of an acre the next season after setting the bushes ever a great mistake to suppose that much expense in the fall. He had $25 worth of cherries from one is needed. Enriching the land is largely paid for Mazzard tree. by the heavy crops of potatoes, carrots and ruta. “We saw, in Natick, Ms., on the banks of tho bagas which grow between the rows while the trees 'classic Charles,' on the farm of M. Eames, Esq., are small, and by the equally beavy and more valu. an apple tree grafted to the Porter when 75 years able loads of ripe fruit profusely yielded afterwards. old; it soon bore, and the seventh year it produced The expense of plowing once a year, and harrowing 15 barrels, which sold at $30. The original Hurl. four times, is perhaps not half the first cost of the but apple tree produced 40 bushels in one year and orchard, to say nothing of the annual crops afforded ; 20 the next. The original Bars apple yielded 60 while it soon renders it quadruple the value of the bushels in one year. N. Wyeth, Esq., Cambridge, neglected plantation. Why do not farmers apply the in this region, had from a Harvard pear tree 9 bar. same wit and wisdom to the management of their or. |rels of fruit, which sold for $45. chards that they do to their corn and clover crops? A farmer would not plant an orchard, thinking Why should they not, when many who fortunately he should not live to eat the fruit; his son had tho have already full grown orchards, get more in monied same views; but the grandson planted for posterity, value from them than from all their farms besides? yet his predecessors shared in the fruit also, for tho
The difficulty is rendered greater in most cases by grandfather drank hogsheads of the cider. the very inconvenient machinery used for plowing “Hovey states that a Dix pear tree, in Cambridge, near the rows. A plow drawn with a two-horse produced $46 worth of fruit at one crop. We saw in team, with double whiffle-trees, cannot safely ap. Orange, N. Jersey, 100 bushels of apples on a Har. proach nearer than three feet to a tree, and every rison tree, which would make ten barrels of cider, plowman dreads a task which is commonly attended then selling at $10 à barrel in N. York. with mutilated bark on one hand, and wide grassy "Downing says that the original Dubois Early " balks," on the other. A great improvement is Golden Apricot, produced $45 worth in 1844, $50 in made by placing one horse ahead of the other, 1845, $90 in 1846. A correspondent of the Horti. with short single whiffle trees, especially if the culturist says that Mr. Hill Pennell, Darby, Pa., draught traces of the hinder horse are conside. has a grape vine that has produced 75 bushels year. rably lengthened to allow running to right or left. ly which sell at $1 a bushel. James Laws, Phila.
A wide error is committed in cultivating orchards delphia, has a Washington plum that yields 6 bush. by those who forget that roots extend far beyond els a year that would sell for $60. Judge Lina, the circle measured by the branches. The whole Carlisle, Pa., has 2 apricot trees that yielded 5 surface of the ground is covered by the net-work of bushels each, worth $120. Mr. Hugh Hatch, of roots, where full-grown trees stand 20 or 30 feet Camden, N. J. has 4 apple trees that produced 140 apart. The larger and more obvious roots, it bushels, 90 bushels of which sold at $1 each. In is true, are near the base of the trunk ; but all the 1844, a tree of the Lady Apple, at Fishkill Landing, finer ones, which so largely contribute nourishment, N. Y., yielded 15 barrels that sold for $45. are spread at great distances. Hence all orchards which have made some years of growth, should
THE HORTICULTURIST. have the whole surface cultivated and kept mellow, This excellent periodical, which for the amount and not narrow strips or small circles just at the and value of its matter, and pre-eminently for its foot of the trees.
practical utility, stands without a rival, loses nono
of its interest with the appearance of each successive Profits of Fruit Culture.
number. We cannot, probably, better acquaint
such of our readers as do not see it, with the naturo The following facts, exhibiting the large profits of its character and contents, than to give a few which may be derived from the skilful culture of condensed extracts from the single number for the Iruits, are furnished by S. W. COLE, of Boston, who | past month, (-May,) at the same time they will ob. is a remarkable fact-gatherer, and who remarks,
arkable lact.gatherer, and who remarks, | tain much valuable matter. "we give some extreme cases, and others which common skill may compass. The cultivator will do
Raising New Pears. well with medial success. Yet it is well to have a An excellent article from the pen of SAMUEL standard of extraordinary attainment, or the perfec. / WALKER, President of the Massachusetts Horticul.
taral Society, urges the importance of raising seeds at the end with india-rubber,) gathering the insects for new varieties of the pear by crossing, regularly upon the sheets, and destroying them." The expe. and systematically conducted; no country having rience of a correspondent is added, that though pre. probably produced so many good varieties of this viously unable to depend on his trees for a single fruit, in proportion to the number of seedlings apricot, after putting the jarring system into prac. fruited, as the United States. He proposes to have tice he actually obtained three thousand most beau. two good variet ies, growing side by side of each tiful and luscious apricots the first season of trial, orber, distant from any other sorts. By way of il. from five trees. lustration, he suggests that the following varieties be made use of for this purpose:
Long Catalogues. No. 1, Bloodgood,
(To be grown side by side to pro- ! We are glad to perceive by an article copied from * 2 Williams' Bon Chretien, duce seed for summer varieties. the Gardener's Chronicle, that Prof. LINDLEY has No.3, Seckel,
To be grown side by side to pro* 4, Louise Bonne of Jersey, duce seed for autumn varieties.
made a severe assault upon the long lists of many No. 5, Dix,
To be grown side by side 10 pro- nurserymen, which have long led to such endless 6, Beurre d'Aremberg, duce seed for winter varieties.
confusion. He remarks, " We have heard of ono : "The trees to be grown at three different loca. gentleman who numbered 1200 roses in his list, tions, at least one-fourth of a mile apart, and out among wbich were about 350 wild briars, some of of the influence of any other pear trees.
which had a little hair on their leaves, and some "The seeds of all the varieties should be taken had none, some bad double teeth, some had single, from the fruit when fully ripe, kept separately, and one sort had ovate hips and another oval, and so on. labelled as follows, viz:
There exists we believe to this day a collection of "No. 1, Bloodgood, fertilized by Williams' Bon Chretien. Pæonies formed upon the same enlightened principle; "No. 2, Williams' Bont Chretien, fertilized by Bloodgood.
and we have no doubt that similar collections of . "No. 3, Seckel, fertilized by Louise Bonne of Jersey. “No. 4, Louise Bonne or Jersey, fertilized by Seckel.
Daffodils, Michaelmas Daisies, or Catmints, may be : “No. 5, Dix, fortilized by Beurre d'Aremberg.
found in some sequestered garden. "No. 6, Bentre d'Aremberg, fertilized by Dix.
" This harmless folly, like many other crotehets, Seeds thus raised and carefully labelled, I think, | destitute of all elements of longevity, could scarce. would command a good price. I would rather gively exist, one would think, in this utilitarian age. five dollars for a paper of one hundred pear seeds We are therefore witnessing at the present day col. fertilized as above, to raise pear seedlings from,
| lections giving way to selection; 'hard pruning' apihan I would to pay one dollar for a bushel of seeds,
plied in all directions to those old busbes of barren, eollected indiscriminately."
half dead wood; and a few select plants, thoroughly
well grown, replacing the empty pots and moribund Varieties of Fruit for the South.
sticks which invariably characterised the collections - M. W. PHILLIPS, of Edwards, Miss., after trying of our worthy forefathers and their ancient sons as A great number of sorts, is satisfied that the best long as they remained
long as they remained among us. It is therefore varieties now cultivated at the north, are at present
not a little curious to find a race of worthy men still the best that can be planted in the southern states. unconscious of the change in public feeling, and con. He says if there be a single peach to excel Early tinuing to publish interminable lists of this and that, Tillotson, or Early York (serrate,) or Crawford's as if the rage for collections was as fresh as ever Early, or some others, that are natives, I never saw "Some recent lists of nurserymen and seedsmen them,'' although he has 150 varieties from all lati. afford amusing examples of this. One grower of tudes, in bearing.
roses offers 607 sorts of that flower; another, 850 ; He gives the following list, "ripening for 75 days, I a potato salesman's catalogue has 160 sorts; a Dah: from the 20th of June to Sept. Ist," and remarks, lia-grower's 3 or 400; a Geranium.grower's, as ma. mif there are indigenous peaches, from Mason & ny; a seedsman invites attention to his 38 sorts of Dixon's Line to tho Rio Grande, ripening in suco | cabbage and 61 sorts of peas!” cession, superior to those, I will give 100 dollars for them, that is for a tree of each sort:"
An Albany correspondent furnishes some excel. Early York, (serrate,)
lent practical hints on the culture of this fruit, and Hoffman's Favorite, Brevoort's Morris,
strongly recommends a moist soil. He informs us Crawford's Early, Bergen's Yellow,
that a gentleman who is a good fruit.grower, in. Poll's Melocoton,
formed tho writer that the largest and finest straw. Bellegarde, Monstrous Pavie,
berries he had ever seen were grown upon a terrace, Oldmixon Cling, Smock Late.
from the slope above which issued a small spring,
the water finding its way over the surface where the How to Cultivate the Apricot.
plants grew, and keeping it constantly wet." A sound practical article from the editor, recon. mends as the chief requisite for success, and to pre
Paint and Sand. vent the frequent loss of the trees from various causes,
"WHEELER S durable paint for outside work, is 1, To keep the trees low, and to head back tbe shoots made as follows:- Take 50 pounds best white lead, in spring, avoiding the practice of trimming up to a 10 quarts linseed oil; } lb. dryers; 50 lbs. finely naked stem, and thus exposing the bark to the action sifted clean white sand; 2 lbs. raw umber. Tho. of the hot sun. 2. To provide a deep, well drained roughly mix and dilute the whole with the oil, adding soil, well fertilized with wood ashes. 3. To plant a very little (say half a pint) of turpentine. A in a cool aspect, to prevent the too early swelling wire brush is used, which does not cut through with of the buds, and their consequent danger from the sand.” spring frosts. 4. To prevent the loss of the young
Destroying Plant Lice. crop by daily jarring down the curculio on spread The following simple and safe remedy is given. sheets. “Where only half a dozen trees are culti. "Pour one quart of boiling water upon one ounce vated, there is no mode of making war upon this in. of shag tobacco; let it stand until cold, and then sect so sure and reliable, jarring the trees daily du. strain and bottle it for use; it will keep good a vear ring the month of May, with a pounder, (sheathed lif not wanted. One sprinkling of this will destroy
the green fly upon any plant, without the least inju.
Fruits for Central Illinois. ry to the plant itself. The best method of applying
Information is constantly and eagerly sought in it, is to take the plant in one hand, and holding it with its head downwards, with a feather or brush sprin.
relation to the sorts of fruit adapted to the new
| West. Fruit cultivators are constantly removing kle the tobacco water on the under part of the leaves.
to those regions, and wish to know what to carry or if the plants are not in flower, all over them.
with them; and older settlers are becoming rapidly Destroying Mice in Nurseries.
awakened to the importance of having orchards of J. W. HOOKER, of Rochester, completely effects fine fruit. The following list of apples for central this object by boring inch and a half holes into Illinois, is given by F. K. Phoenix, of Wisconsin, wooden blocks, ramming in a quantity of corn meal | a very accurate and skilful cultivator, in the sketch and arsenic, and distributing them, with the mouth
of a trip through the former State, and is the ro inclined downwards, in the most exposed places.
sult of his deliberations, in connexion with those of The holes need filling each autumn.
E. HARKNESS, one of the best nurserymen of Illi, nois.
The following are "good, and worthy of cultiva. Native Flowers.
tion, though varying in merit." Phlox divaricata is one of our most showy plants
English Golden Rosset,
English or Winter Russet, at this season, presenting masses of pure white, Rod Romanite,
Rhode Island Greening, white with a blue eye, or pale purple; and more!
Michael Henry Pippin, Seeknofurther, rarely, light red, or deep purple. Unlike many other
Milam or Harrigan. plants from the woods, it agrees well with garden Limber Twig, culture, where it sends ap many stems, sometimes E. HARKNESS regards the Vandevere as " valua more than fifty from one root; and though each stem ble on many accounts," and he esteems highly the is "few flowered," yet the aggregate is 12 or 15 Sweet June,
Fall Pippin, inches in height, and tends greatly to beautify the Autumn Swaar,
Early Harvest, Its specific name (divaricata) is derived from its
The following are rejected:form, or the manner of its growth; but it is a curi.
Roscau, ous circumstance that our best botanists differ wide. Pennock,
Pumpkin Sweet, ly in regard to the meaning of this term. The En. Monstrous Pippin,
Dutch Codlin, cyclopædia of Plants defines it, " growing in a With several other varieties, none of which appear straggling manner," and S. F. Gray, (Nat. Arr. to be of much value any where. British Plants) “very open, and growing in many
Another cultivator regards the Fameuse and Bell different directions ;'i – while Louis-Claude Richard mont as the best fall apples. has it, “spreading out from the stem so far as to C. R. OVERMAN, of Canton, central Illinois fur, form more than a right angle with it above"-Beck, nithes the following list of 25 varieties:"diverging so as to turn backwards"-Darlington,
Summer. "spreading so as to form more than a right angle Yellow June,
Sweet Junc, with the stem above”-and Webster "turning off
Carolina Red June,
Trenton Early. 80 as to form an obtuse angle above, and an achte
Autumn. angle below." Now from these definitions, I should infer that Linnæus had the first meaning in view
Fall Pippin when he named this species, for I have seen nothing
Rambo, about it to warrant the application of the second de.
White Winter Pearmann,
Green Newtown Pippin. the branch or shoot, is attended with much inconve. nience, and now employ a substitute that suits me exactly. The inconvenience is that the proper
BEAN MEAL FOR Milch Cows.- We have on for. length of the stick, chiefly depends on the softness
mer occasions alluded to some trials that have been : or firmness of the soil; for we cannot tell without
made in feeding milch cows with bean meal, the re. trying, how far the stick can be pressed in. If the
sults of which seemed to show that it was a highly ground is very mellow, and the stick rather short,
valuable article. At a late meeting of an English it will not hold its place against the spring of the
| Farmers' Club, it was stated by a member, that nolayer; and if the earth is hard, and the stick rather
| thing was so good for cows in milk, either as regard. Jong, it must be cut shorter on the old principle of od tbe produce of butter or cheese, as bean moal. "cut and try." Besides it is often difficult to find forked sticks in a garden, just when we happen to
EQUINOCTIAL STORMS.-Dr. Ray of Woodward
College, kept a record of observations for fourteen want them. Well, now for the substitute. Take slender
years; during this period, ten of the equinoctial days. sticks, 8 or 10 inches long-whether cut from rods,
were either clear, or fair and pleasant days; two or split from boards and shingles—and sharpen them.
were partly clear, but more than half cloudy; while Press the layer firmly in the bottom of the trench,
the remaining two were entirely cloudy and partly and set one of the sticks on one side, touching it at
rainy. In addition to this, he found that by taking an angle of 45°; and then another stick in the same
a period of one whole month, that is two weeks be.
fore, and two weeks after the equinox, there were @anner on the opposite side, and it is done. The sticks may enter the ground 2 inches, or four inches
five “bad spells" of weather; while in nine of tho -as far as a reasonable pressure can force them-it yea
homirl years there was no weather that could be called un. matters not which; and there they are, firmly fixed pleasant. in their positions. D. T.
* In the Prairie Farmer.
New-York State Agricultural s
es, and will be taken into consideration in making up their final award.
In addition to testing the draft while plowing Trial of Plows.
the different kinds of soil, the plows were also test.
ed with the dynamometer, by hand power, operated AGRICULTURAL ROOM8.-Meeting Ex.Committee,
mittee, | by a windlass. This gave a steady and uniform mo. June 4. Present-E. P. PRENTICE, President; A. Trion
tion, and secured a fair test of the power required VAN BERGEN, Vice President; J. McD. MCINTYRE,
to draw each plow-the soil and turf as nearly H. WENDELL, M. D., LUTHER TUCKER, B. P.
equal as it was possible to obtain it. JOHNSON, and delegates from Ulster, Oneida,
It has been the object of the Executive Commit. Wayne, Saratoga, Duchess, Ontario, and Hartford,
tee to have this trial as full and complete as it was Conn.
possible to make it, so that another trial could not The Judges appointed for the trial were present,
be necessary, unless some new and important as follows:-Hon. A. Van Bergen, Coxsackie; John
improvements should be developed. They are S. Gould, Hudson ; Sanford Howard, Albany; B. B.
not aware that anything has been overlooked on Kirtland, Greenbush. Absent-J. Delafield. Hon.
their part or on the part of the judges, that would Peter Crispell, Jr., of Ulster co., was substituted
have made the trial more perfect, and it gives them in the place of Mr. Delafield. (A letter was recei.
great pleasure to be assured by the competitors, and ved from Mr. Delafield, expressing his great regret
other distinguished plow manufacturers in the coun. that his engagements in taking the survey of Sene.
try who were present, that their arrangements were ca county, rendered it impracticable for him to be
in all respects satisfactory, and the best calculated present as he had intended.)
to elicit the qualities of the various plows, of any The following competitors entered their plows for that they had
that they had ever witnessed.. trial:E. J. BURRALL, Geneva—3 Plows-Shell-wheel Iron Beam, Stift
Every plow that was presented, has been tested, Soil, and Stubble Plow.
" | it is believed to the full satisfaction of the competi. A. GILBERT, New-York-2 Plows-Mooer's patent for stift' soilg. FRENCH & SMITH, Rome, Oneida co.--3 Plows--Michigan Sod
been equalled. Such has been the expression given and Sulsoll, Michigan Joint Plow, Michigan Plow. W. U, CHASE, Ainsterdam-3 Plows.
by gentlemen, both manufacturers and others, who A. FLECK, Montreal Wilkie's Scotch Plow.
have examined the plows presented and tested, as N. B. STARBUCK, 'Troy--5 Plows–Starbuck's Trojan, do. Iron Beam, do. No. 3, do. No. 4. do. Side-hill.
well as the work performed by each. For durabili. PETER ACLD, New Hartford, Oneida co.--2 Plows.
ty, neatness of workmanship and material, the per. MINER, Honton & Co.. Peekskill-4 Peekskill Plows.
fection of finish, the adaptation to perform the H. L. EMERY, Albany-1 Plow. Bos WORTH, Rich & CO., Troy-5 Plows,Cast Iron Beam and
work of the farmer, it is confidently believed that Sod Plow, side-hill do., Subsoil do., Stubble do.
so fine a display has not before been seen in an equal JOHN RANDERSOX, Schodack-1 Plow. PROUTY & MEARS, Boston-4 Centre Draft Plows, and Side-hill
number of plows. The work performed by all of and Subsoil Plows.
| the plow's has been such as to merit and receive the Epny & Co., Union Village, Washington co.- Washington Co. approbation of the great number of persons who Plow, Side-baill do., Subsoil do., Grubber do., Stubble do. R R. Fisch & Co., Peekskill-2 Empire Plows.
have been in attendance upon the trial. . Making upwards of 40 plows entered for the trial. The awards of the judges will be made as soon
The trial commenced on Tuesday, June 4, on the practicable, consistent with a due and careful exam. farm or J. J. Lansing, Greenbush. The stubble, lination of every question that has a bearing upon or old land, was first plowed. For this 14 plows the subject. The importance of their decisions is were entered, viz:- Fleck's Wilkie Plow, French apparent, and the subject will receive at their hands, & Smith's Michigan Plow, Eddy's Washington Co., all that deliberate and careful consideration which Randerson's Schodack Plow.' Miner & Horton's lit demands. Wben the awards are made, they will Peekskill Plow, Starbuck's Trojan Plow, Auld's | be announced to the successful competitors, and "improved ” Scotch Plow, Prouty & Mear's Two will be made known to the public, probably, at the Centre Draught Plows, Bosworth, Rich & Co.'s Iron Annual Fair of the Society in September, when it Beam, Finch's Empire Plow, Emery's Albany Plow, will be necessary for the plows to which the premi. Burrall's Shell-wheel Plow, Chase's Amsterdam ums have been awarded to be on the grounds, is not Plow. The trial of these plows occupied the judg. | already deposited in the Museum of the Society. es nntil Thursday. On Thursday, 3 Side-hill plow's
B. P. JOHNSON, Sec'y. - Prouty's, Rich's and Eddy's, and also 2 Subsoil plows, Prouty's & Rich's, were tested. On Friday, 26 plows were entered for sod land-Stiff soil ; viz.,
The Farmer's Note-Book. 3 by Prouty & Co., 3 by Miner, Horton & Co., 4 by Bosworth, Rich & Co., 3 by French & Smith, 1 Short Horn bull 3d Duke of Cambridge. by Emery, 2 by Chase, 1 by Burrall, I by Eddy & Co., 1 by Randerson, 3 by Starbuck & Co., 2 by The engraving on the opposite page is designed Finch, 2 by Gilbert, i by Fleck, and 1 by Auld. to represent the Short-horn bull 3d Duke of Cam.
The trial of these plows was completed on Sat. bridge, at present the property of J. M. SHER urday afternoon.
Wood, of Auburn, and A. STEVENS, of New York On Tuesday, June 11th, the trial on Sandy soils by whom he was imported from England. His pe. coin menced on the Island opposite the city, above
digree as given in the fourth volume of the Herd. the Boston Railroad Depot. For this trial 24 plows Book, page 614, is as follows: 3d Duke of (am were entered, all of which were tested, and the tri. | bridge (5,941,) roan, calved September 14. 1841, al completed on Wednesday afternoon.
bred by Thomas Bates; got by Duke of Northum All the plows were tested upon each of the lands
| berland (1.940,) dam Waterloo 2d, by Belvidere with the dynamometer, the same team being used ! (1,706,) grand-dam by Waterloo (2,816,) great for each plow, so as to secure as near as possible, I grand dam by Waterloo (2,816.) an equal draught, so far as the team was concern. This animal was imported in 1849, together with ed-the plows being guaged to cut furrows as near several heisers, and a notice of them was given in as possible of an equal depth and width. Wherever our last volume. page 130. He is a bull of rare ex. there were variations, they were noted by the judg.cellence, both as regards shape and quality. Ho