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timore; but the author adds, “I have now a few and the aim be so sure as not to wound without kill. hundred plants obtained (by hybridizing] which ex. ing. This is the only species of the feathered race hibit in their growth great diversity of character, against which we should have any controversy-the but have not yet bloomed."
crow, the owl, the hawk, and the blackbird, as well Within the last year, C. M. Hovey of Boston, as all other birds, we regard as friends, the mischief told me they had 18 double kinds of this rose; and they commit being so small, or the benefit they oce W. R. Prince, before his departure for California, casion so great, that we should feel bound to protect had spoken to me of 27 double sorts in his nursery. them. Doubiless we shall soon have many others. As the native land of this rose is also the land of
Native Flowers. the mounds, it must have grown in ancient times
Lilium canadense, (common meadow lily,) is re. amongst a dense and civilized population. Had
markable for two very distinct varieties, besides they not a taste for flowers? and did it not enter
some of inferior note. The first kind I have only their gardens? Did it spread into double varieties
observed on, or below, the Allegany rauge of moun. (generally the result of high culture)? It was then as capable of doing so, as it is at this day. tains; and this is the variety from which some bot. Was the period in which that people passed away. The flowers are bronze.yellow, segments more at:
anists have drawn their character of the species. so remote from the present, that all their varieties have had full time to perish, and their seedlings to
tenuate, and but slightly revolute.
calls it the “ Wild yellow Lily.” return to their wild and single state? D. T.
The second kind is indigenous in Western New. Greatfield, 7 mo. 23.
York, and might properly be termed the Red Mead. Belle Magnifique Cherry.
ow Lily. This is probably v. rubrum of the Ency.
clopedia of Plants, and perhaps v. coccincum of We are delighted with this fine large variety. A Pursh. The flowers more resemble those of Lilium seedling had sprung up in the garden, into which i superbum, in color, in the purplish dots on the in. inserted a bud, and the tree is now six feet high, in number. I once saw twenty-eight growing in a
side, in the segments which are very revolute, and hung with cherries from the highest point where the pyramid on one stalk, though a third or a fourth of branches are old enough, down to within one foot this number, without culture, is rather unusual. of the ground. It is truly an ornamental plant. Yet in its leaves and their verticillate arrangement,
While our light-colored cherries were decaying it fully agrees with the former variety. in abundance on the trees, the Belle Magnifique was too small and green to be affected by the wet sidered in reference to each other, may be given as
The characters of those two species, solely con. weather; and now (7 mo. 20,) when nearly all our
follows: other (60) kinds are gone, this comes in as a pre
Lilium canadense : Leaves, lanceolate; nerves lude to the seast of apricots. Though belonging to
and edges of the leaves, hirsute. the class of Duke cherries, it loses most of its acid.
Lilium superbum: Leaves, linear lanceolate, scat. ity in ripening, and ranges very high on our list of
tered above; nerves and edges of the leaves smooth. favorites. D. T.
Soine years ago I jntroduced the Bronze Meadow
Lily into my garden; but the soil seemed ungenial, The Cherry Bird.
as it grew less thristily than the Red variety; and " For the past three years, I have lost nearly all lected earth which agrees so well with the Laurel
after a fair trial, I set it in the same border of se. my cherry crop by the cherry or cedar bird- the (Kalmia latifolia.) Now, instead of two or three present year I should have had at least fifteen howers on a stem, it has cight, beautifully arranged bushels of the finest sorts, but have scarcely obtained six quarts, on account of their ravages.” B. D. T. Greatfield, 7 mo. 15, 1850.
on a strong stalk, not less than five feet high. Ontario Co., N. Y.
Our correspondent is not alone in his disappointment from the depredations of the cedar bird. A
To winter Bourbon Roses. near neighbor lost forty bushels by estimate in the same way. Two years since, the writer lost a large
The Editor of the Prairie Farmer announces that and valuable crop of very early pears, in three hours he has succeeded after several years of trial, in win. time, by the cedar birds which descended in clouds tering with perfect security the Bourbon and other
equally tender roses, so that not an inch of twig All the rest of the feathered race do not occasion
or even of leaf was blackened or injured. It will a fistieth part of the damage to this crop, caused by be recollected that they have very sharp weather at the cedar bird alone. We know of but one remedy Chicago, where these experiments were tried. that has proved effectual, out of some eight or ten
The process is this:-“First, to keep their feet that have been proposed. Cultivators will take dry; this is essential, for in wet soil, they are sure their choice whether to adopt it or lose their cherries. to be spoiled. The next thing is a proper covering This is to shoot a few of them. It is remarkable for the tops. The best thing we have ever yet tried how soon the remainder become alarmed, and disap. is tan bark. Indeed, this leaves nothing to desire. pear entirely. An old fruit cultivator says that he It is one of the best non-conductors extant, and un. is never troubled with them after the first week, less soaked in water, will keep sufficiently dry for where this remedy is applied. The present year
all needed purposes. they commenced in such numbers and with so much “Let the twigs be bent down in the fall before the boldness, that the man who was gathering the crop, ground is much frozen, and fastened, and then cover. found it impossible to drive them away, even when ed to the depth of six inches; place on the whole a he had ascended the tree with a ladder. A few piece of board laid so as to turn off the water, and hours time spent for two or three successive days, the plant is safe till spring. Care should then bo served completely to disperse them, and for week's exercised in removing the covering, a part being alterwards not one was to be seen. In applying this remedy, humanity will dictate that the charge Clementine, Gloire de Rosamene,
* The Bourbon roses include the Souvenir Malmaison, Princess
Domestic Economy, Recipes, &c.
taken at a time, and a part being left till the weath. er is tolerably well setiled.”
“ Tea and China roses may also be kept in tan; though a portion of them will fail.”
To Cook the Egg-Plant.
Cutting off the Leaves.
This is a delicious and highly nutritious vegetable,
which would be more extensively used, if the proper Last summer I mentioned the case of a rose shoot mode of cooking it was understood. The following which had withered in the hot sunshine, and which mode has given satisfaction so far as we have known it was preserved by removing all the leaves. A few tried. Cut the purple egg-plant into slices a third weeks ago, a case somewhat similar also occurred. of an inch thick. Put the slices on a plate, one over The gardener's spade had disturbed a layer of the the other, with a sprinkling of fine salt' between painted damask, and it was much withered before each layer, and lay a weight of three or four pounds 1 observed it; but immediately I cut away all the on the top; leave them in this situation for four or leaves, and part of the stems, at the same time five hours or over night. The salt will form a screening it from the sun. It is now recovering its foliage. The questions may arise, however, would it take out the bitter quality. The liquid should be
Jiquid with the juice of the egg-plant, whic will not have recovered without this excision, and would drained off. Fry them brown in lard or butter. not the leaves, as soon as they were dead, have ceased to pump out the moisture, and thus by a pro; given by Miss Beecher: Take the purple kind, stew
The following mode of stewing the egg.plant is vision of nature, recover without any care of ours? till soft, take off the skin, mash it with butter and I think not. The leaves would act as long as any moisture was left; and when none
was left, the till brown.
sweet herbs, grate bread over the top, and bake it branch or shoot would perish with them. D. T. Greatfield, 6 mo., 20.
Preserving Tomatoes for Table use.
Tomatoes may be so prepared as to be kept a So it is called the Encyclopædia of Plants, the fresh fruit. The following is a receipt sent us
long time, and when cooked are almost as good as and the flowers are marked as yellow, agreeing a few years since by a subscriber in South Carolina. with Nuttall in this particular. The only tree of this sort that I have ever seen stands in my garden,
Prepare the tomatoes as for cooking, (without with white flowers. It has stood there about twen seasoning,), boil them one hour; then put them in ty years—8 inches in diameter, and 18 or 20 feet small stone jars ; cork and boil the jars for two hours, high, with a fine spreading top. It has never been then take them out and seal them air-tight. When
opened, season, &c., and cook for half an hour. in full bloom till the present time. The racemes are compound or shouldered like a bunch of grapes,
Tomato Figs. about a foot in length, pendulous; and having a darker foliage than the locust, it is greatly admired. The small pear-shaped tomatoes, may be preserved There is a constant buzz from the bees that fre.
as follows. They are very fine and their resem.
blance to figs is not wholly in name and appearance. Although it comes from the south,-Nuttall says A chemist at our elbow, who has analysed both figs bitherto only found in the mountains of Tennessee,
and tomatoes, tells us that the composition of the it is perfectly hardy at this place. D. T. 6 mo. 21. fruits is quite similar.
Scald and peal the tomatoes, and then boil them Corrections of last Number.
in one-third their weight of sugar, till they are In the last number of the Cultivator, on page sun, occasionally turning them and sprinkling with
penetrated by it. Then flatten and dry them in the 268, the printer has erroneously converted Rambour
sugar. When dry pack them in layers, with sugar into Rambo, these being names of quite distinct
sprinkled between. varieties. On page 270, Bowyer's Early Heart is changed to Boyer's, the former being the correct
Tomato Ketchup. name. The figure of the wire-loop label, on page 269, should have been drawn so that the notches Pour boiling water on tomatoes, let them stand designating the numbers should be near the twist in until you can rub off the skin; then cover them with the wire, and reading from it, to prevent mistake salt, let them stand twenty-four hours. Then strain by reading the wrong way. In the figure imme. them, and to two quarts put three ounces of cloves, diately above, the notch designating 0, should be two ounces of pepper and two nutmegs. Boil half deeper or more distinct, so as to be about four times an hour, then add a pint of wine. Miss Beecher. as large as the others.
To make Cucumber Pickles. ROSE CUTTINGS.-One of the best methods of
Soak the cucumbers three or four days in old, sour securing the success of these, is to stick the cutting about an inch deep into clean river sand-witń cider, or two parts water and one of vinegar; then properly prepared 'soil about an inch below to place them in the pickle.jar; heat good cider vinegar receive the roots as soon as they strike. The clean scaling hot, with an ounce of alum to a gallon of
vinegar, with any kind of spices, and in such quan. sand prevents the wood from rotting. A corres. pondent of the Horticulturist succeeded with this tities as suits the taste; pour it over the cucumbers when every other mode failed, and says he does not
while boiling hot; cover them tight, set them in a lose one in twenty.
cool place and if the vinegar is right they will keep till June, when the old vinegar should be discarded
and new substituted. Pickles made in this way are The little and short sayings of wise and excellent always crisp; the alum hardens the skin of the cucum. men are of great value, like the dust of gold, or the ber, so that it never turns soft. Those made in least sparks of diamonds.
this waya year ago are in excellent condition now.
from $2500 to $15000. The fourth comprises a great deal of valuable matter relative to the treatment
of interiors, and with the description of furniture, Downing's Country Houses.
all largely illustrated with engravings. There are,
besides, many practical directions relative to TAR ARCHITECTURE OF Country Houses : including Designs for economy in erection, materials, construction of
Furniture, and the best modes of warming and ventilating ; with 320 chimneys, ventilation, paints and cements, eave illustrations. By A. J. DowNING. Evo. pp. 484. Appleton & Co. gutters, &c., besides a chapter on the tasteful and The distinction between a civilized and a brutal convenient arrangement of stables. people, is not only indicated, but, in a great mea. Some may think a few of the designs approach sure, caused by the influence of their homes. The the awkward or grotesque, simply because they domestic babits of all nations may be cited as proof. have not been accustomed to see houses so construct. The rude log hut or the brush.covered hovel on the ed. One object of the author, it must not be sor. one hand, and the embellished cottage and farm. gotton, was to give a great variety in style, adapt. house on the other, afford a living index, pointing ed to the varying localities of the country, and it is to the character of the people within. We mus: very easy to adopt the more simple and regular not however suppose that the ultimatum has been forms, by those who prefer them. reached by the present architecture of civilized na- Others may object to the distinct line drawn tions. It most evidently has not. For example, between cottages, farm-houses and villas. But this the best portions of our own country afford, we are distinction need not exist in fact; a cottage design compelled to say, too many violations of the rules of may be adopted for a small farm- house, and a villa taste, of adaptedness, and of economy, in the houses for that of a decidedly wealthy farmer. The man of the inhabitants. Take a single defect, out of of moderate means may have a strong predilection fifty, in a farm-house. The housewife is compelled for literary or scientific studies, and hence a small to walk three needless yards, fifty times a day, in room as a library and cabinet may be more appro. passing from the kitchen to the living room. To priate than for the larger house of his richer, but save these three yards, by improved arrangement, less cultivated neighbor. There is no difficulty would save thirty miles of walking in the year. in varying the designs given to suit circumstan.
The book before us is exactly the one now wanted ces. by the country at large. We think it decidedly the We have noticed perhaps one or two defects. No most widely useful work yet from the pen of its popu- provision is made in any of the villas, (with one exlar author. Every man who lives in a house should ception,) by a nursery or large bed-room on the examine its contents. No person, possessing the common floor, for the children, a most important least shade of taste, or love for convenience and portion of every complete family. There are also economy, can fail at any time to pass an agreeable too many basement kitchens; a thing which should half bour in turning over its pages. But interest. not occur, it strikes us, where land is less than one ing as it is to the superficial reader, it will also bear thousand dollars per acre-because it is easier to thorough study. It is full of the most valuable sug. walk twenty yards on a level, than to ascend three gestions, no matter into what part the reader may yards in height. But these defects are not difficult open, which will many times repay all the time of remedy, and are but as a speck on the column, spent in its examination.
when compared with the great value of the work. This work consists of four main portions. The Indeed, when viewing the innumerable errors in first (after the introductory remarks,) is occupied building, all over the country, we cannot but wish with twelve designs for cottages, with their various that a hundred thousand copies might be speedily minutiæ, with prices from $300 to $2,500. The circulated. We give it as our opinion, that in. second contains seven designs for farm houses, dependently of the increase in good taste, every costing from $1000 to $5000. The third furnishes person of ordinary sense who may be about to build, fourteen designs for villas or country residences, I may save, as a general average, from fifty to a
1 X 18
hundred dollars on every thousand expended, by substantial, comfortable, and sensible house. It studying this book.
looks essentially like a country house, and while it We had marked a number of passages for copying has rather more dignity than most farm houses, into our columns, but want of space will exclude all there is neither ambition nor ostentation visible in but a few. The following rules to be observed in its exterior. On the contrary, the rather low and designing farm-houses, contain much in little broad chimney stacks and the truncated gables show The first four refer to the production of beauty :- that there is a desire to avoid any especial affecta.
“ That the form of the building should express a tion of elegance. It is in short a design which might local fitness, and an intimate relation with the soil be built in any part of the Union, and would be it stands upon--by showing breadth, and extension recognised as a country house of some importanceupon the ground, rather than height.
while it has no feature out of keeping with the That its proportions should aim at ampleness, position and life of a farmer in independent circum. solidity, comfort, and a simple domestic feeling, stances. rather than elegance, grace, and polished symmetry:
That its details should be simple and bold, and its ornaments, so far as they are used, should rather be rustic, strong, or picturesque, than delicate or highly finished.
That in raising the character of the farm-house, the first step above the really useful, is to add the porch, the veranda, and the bay.window, since they are not only significant of real, but of refined utility.
So far as the useful is concerned in the farm house, its principles are better understood, but we shall do no harm in recapitulating the most important :
LIVING-RI The farm-house should be built of strong and en. during materials, whether of timber or stone, so that it may need repairs very seldom.
The pitch of the roof should always be high, not only to keep the chamber-floor cooler, and to shed the snows in a northern climate, but to give suffi. cient garret room for storing and drying many of the smaller products of the farm.
Principal Floor. The living room of the family should be a large,
ACCOMMODATION. The exterior of this design is and usually the largest and most comfortable a part our own, but the arrangement of the first floor ment; it should be so placed as to be convenient to we borrow from one of Mr. Loudon's farm. the other apartments used in the every-day occupa. houses. It is spacious and comfortable, with. tions of the family, and its size should never be out sacrificing too much to the parlor and living. sacrificed to that of the parlor.
The back door opens, it will be seen, into Every farm-house should contain a room for milk the scullery-which may be a wash-room or back (even when the dairy is a separate building, as in kitchen. The passage which runs from the kitchen most American farm-houses,) as well as a room or to the dairy should be lighted by a small sash of back building for wood or other fuel.
ground glass, placed in the partition of the scullery, When the means of the farmer allow him to extend exactly opposite the back door. his accommodation, they should first be applied to In many cases in this country, the dairy room multiplying and rendering as complete as possible, being in a separate building, persons adopting this all apartments, on the first floor, calculated in any design would prefer to turn the room devoted to way to facilitate the domestic labors of the family this use, on this floor, into a bed-room-making the or farm, before he increases the size or number of pantry a milk-room, and diminishing the size of the his parlors.
scullery sufficient to take a pantry out of the space In addition to the rules laid down in SECTION II. occupied by it. for the production of fitness and tasteful effect in Indeed, ihe ease with which this kind of paral. cottages, we may also add, that though a farm. | lelogram plan may be varied to suit different wants house should always be built of solid materials when will occur to every one of the least ingenuity-and economy will permit, yet there is a mental satisfac. we therefore offer the exterior, as the most needful tion in finding at all times, that it is constructed of portion, as a guide to the mode of building to be materials most abundant on the farm, or at least in adopted. the district where the house is placed.
Wherever good building materials abound, their use in building the house of the owner of the land,
II X I
11 X 18 not only enables us to understand that the abundance
15 X 18 and cheapness of those materials have made it easy to build a large house there, but it also affords us an index of the natural products of the earth, and has therefore a local meaning, much more valuable than any novelty that we may gain by bringing our bricks from Holland, like the original settlers of New. York, or importing portions of a French chateau,
10 X17 10 XIT
17X21 like some of our modern architectural virtuosi."
We copy a single design, that of a bracketed farm house of wood :“ The proportions of this farm-house are good, the
Second Floor, form is a simple and pleasing one, and the impression The second story of this design, shows six bed. it produces upon the judgment is that of a roomy, "rooms.