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New-York State Agricultural Society.
But this conjoined happiness and progression demand the constant that a committee of three from each judicial dis. aids of augmenting knowledge. In your western migrations, you must bear with you, to plant on your new soil, the arts and sciences
trict be appointed, to report the names of officers of and daily discoveries of the east; and thus will populauon and civ. the Society, and to recommend the place for holding alization extend together to the shores of the wide Pacific.
the next Annual Fair. And among the branches of knowledge which you will most use. fully carry with you, those which relate to the arts of rural life, will, On motion of Mr. T. SMITH, the delegations above all others, contribute largely to the temporal weliare of your spreading people. That which we know in England, you soon learn
from each judicial district, were directed to select to master and apply here, and what is known in the Empire State, their respective members of the committee. ought, in like manner, to diffuse itself hence over the vast dominions of your great confederacy.
The several district delegations then retired to se. Though I have considered it my duty, in conformity with your re. lect their committees, which duty having been perquest, to lay before you the observations I have put together in the
ve put together in the formed, and the names reported, the nominations present address-it would be presumptuous in me, after what I have seen in this show-yard, and in this city, to suppose that any thing I were confirmed. could say, would materially hasten the progress of agriculture among Mr. PAR you, or turn you into any better paths than those you have already
present a resolution in accordance with instructions begun to follow. If any man wishes an evidence of what you are in energy, and what you are capable of in action, let him come to from his county, urging that two fairs be held next Syracuse, and look around him. It was brought as an action egainst year-the State to be divided into two districts with the ancient Romans, timui they made a country desolate, and called that peace. It is the nobler praise of the great modern Republic,
reference to them. He stated that the county So. that you find a country desolate, and cover it with people--a wilder. ness, and you plant it with fertile farms-furnished with rare wig.
-urnished with rare wig; great advantage, and desired to see the same thing wam encarnpments, and you strew it over with splendid palaces and great cities, Energy, discerniment, constructive talent and adminis- / by the State Society-and chelly because the ten. trative skill, must all be united to accomplish such results, so rapidly, so safely, so securely. I thank you for inviting me to come among | by holding them every year both in the eastern and you, that I might sce all this, and might enjoy the gratification which the sight of progress of such a kind imparts. It will be to me a western parts of this state. source of future satisfaction, if I shall be able, on reficction, to be. lieve that my visit to your country has in any way contributed to
Mr. CHEEVER suggested that this could not be the further or more sale advanceinene among you of that pursuit, done without an alteration of the Society's consti. which is the suresi support of nations--whether in the Old World or in the New
tution and perhaps the assent of the Legislature. It would also be equivalent to dividing the Society into two. But, in any event, it was a matter with which the committee just appointed had nothing to do, unless the Society had the power thus to divide
itself, and should do so. If that was done, the comAnnual Meeting.
mittee should know it before acting. The New York State Ag. Society convened in the
Mr. PARDEE explained that the proposition was Assembly Chamber, at 12 o'clock on Wednesday, the not
Chamber at 123 clock on Wednesday, the not to divide the Society, or to have two organiza. 16th Jan., 1850—the President not having arrived, tions--but on the contrary, that its union should be on motion of B. P. JOHNSON, Esq., Hon. John PI continued, and that under one organization two fairs BEEKMAN, ex-president, was called to the chair. should be held each year. B. P. JOHNSON, Esq., Secretary of the Society,
Gen. VEILE moved a reference of the matter to read the annual report of the Executive Committee,
the committee just appointed. detailing the operations of the Board for the past
Mr. SHERWOOD suggested a special committeoyear, which was listened to with great interest.
it being a matter of considerable interest at the Their labors have been, in every respect, eminently
west. successful, and it is believed that the influence and
Mr. T. C. PETERS moved to lay the wholo sub. usefulness of the society is rapidly extending, not ject on th
noi lject on the table, which was agreed to. only over our own state, but to most of the other
her Recess until 4 o'clock, P. M. states.
Four o'clock, P. M. The report, on motion of Mr. CHEEVER, was ac. Mr. Enos, of Madison, from the nominating cepted, and ordered to be embodied in the Transac. committee, reported the following persons as offi. tions of the Society.
cers of the Society for the present year, and they L. TUCKER, the Treasurer of the Society, read were unanimously agreed to, by ballot, by the Socie. his annual report, showing these general results: ty:
President-E. P. PRENTICE, Albany,
Vice Presidents-AMEROSE STEVENS, New York; Lewis G. Bal. in the treasury, Jan. 17, 1819,......
$ 133 55 | MORRIS, Westchester; ANTHONY VAN BERGEN, Greene; Z. C. Sale of mortgage given for money previously loaned,.... 2,000 00
PLATT, Clinton; J. B. BURSET, Onondaga; E.C. FROST, Chemungi From the State Treasury,..........
....... 883 23
OLIVER PHELrs, Ontario ; NELSON VAX Ness, Chautauque. For memberships at annual meeting,...........
Corresponding Secretary-B. P. Johnson. Interest on investments,.....
350 00 Recording Secretary-J. McD. McIntyre. Temporary loan, ..................
593 61 Treasurer-Luther Tucker. Receipts at State Fair at Syracuse, ..
...... 8,144 55
Executive Committee-B. B. Kirtland, J. J. Viele, H. Wendell, John A. Taintor, Hartford, Conn., for extra prize ou Shecp, 100 00 A. Thompson, Henry Wager. Sundry other sums, amounting to .........
The same committee, to whom was also referred
$12,674 44 the question of selecting a suitable place for hold. PAYMENTS. Debts of 1848,....
ing the next Cattle Show and Fair of the Society, Premiums, .................
4,397 66 reported in favor of holding it at Albany, if the ci. Salary and travelling expenses of the Secretary, and sala.
tizens furnish funds safficient to erect such build.
1,410 88 Expenses connected with the State Fair,..
ings, &c., as the executive committee may require Repayment of loan,.....
600 00 for the purpose of the Society. On account of Library and Museum-Repairs of Agricul. ral Rooms-Incidental Expenses, &c., &c.,.
1,331 66 Mr. BUTTERFIELD's resolution relative to holding
a four days' fair, was referred to the cxecutive com
10,573 14 Balance in Treasury, Jan. 16, 1850, .....
A communication was then read from James Cow.
$12,674 44 DEN, Esq., American Consul at Glasgow, informe On motion of Mr. Enos, the report was accept. ing the Society of a fair to be held in London, for ed, and ordered to be printed with the Transactions. the exhibition of the industry and arts of all nations,
On motion of Mr. T. C, PETERS, it was ordered during the summer of 1851, and expressing the hope
that American arts, manufactures, &c., &c., would eloquent address at the State Fair and for the able be well represented.
and interesting series of lectures recently delivered. Also, a resolution by Mr. JOHNSON, inviting the Mr. Johnson offered the following resolutions, agriculturists, manufacturers, mechanics, &c., to which were unanimously adopted: prepare for the exhibition, and offering the aid of Resolved, That the members of this Society cherish with deep rothe Society, so far as their powers extended, to fa.
spect the memory of the late HENRY COLMAN-a gentleman loug
and well known for his active zeal in the cause of Agricultural imcilitate those who might be desirous of competing at provement, and especially for the many interesting and instructivo the exhibition.
effusions of his pen on the various branches of rural economy.
Resolved, That we sincerely sympathize with the family of Mr. Mr. PETERs suggested that this Society send to the
COLMAN in the painful bereavement they have sustained ; and that said fair all the various samples of Indian corn raised the Secretary forward to them a copy of these resolutions. in this country.
On motion, it was agreed that the Executive Com. Mr. BALDWIN hoped the Society would not con. mittee meet at the Society's Rooms at 10 o'clock on fine itself to tho samples of Indian corn raised in Friday morning. the country, but send other articles to this great The Society then adjourned. gathering of nations. He hoped, not only that ar. ticles would be sent, but that the Society itself
AWARD OF PREMIUMS. would be represented there. He spoke of this as
Essa1s.-Connection of Science with Agriculture-adapted to
Common Schools--Prof. Johu P. Norton, of Yale College, Conn., being the first meeting to which the mother country $100. had invited us, and trusted all parts of the Union, History of Indian Corn--Chas. Lewis Flint, West Roxbury, Mass.
Silver Medal. especially the Empire State, might be well repre.
FARMK.-E. S. Salisbury, Jefferson county-second premium, Silsented on this great and glorious occasion.
ver Cup, $30—3d. Helim Sutton, Seneca county, Trans. A motion was made to refer the subject to a se.
DAIRIES.--1. Horace Clapp, Houseville, Lewis County, Silver
Cup, 850–2. John Holbert, Chemung, Silver Cup, $30. lect committee, but was subsequently withdrawn, BUTTER.-Ilorace Clapp, Lewis county, Joseph Cary, Albany, and the entiro matter, toge her with a resolution by John Holbert, Chemung, and Hector C. Tuthill, Cayuga county, Mr. BUTTERFIELD, recommending to the executive
each a Silver Cup of the value of $15—2. Noah Hitchcock, Homer,
Silver Cup, $10. committee to offer a premium of $100 on such arti. WINTER WHEAT.-Adam Clarke, West Dresden, Yates county, cle as takes a premium at said fair, was,
42 Lushels per acre, on 50 acres, $10. On motion of Mr. Foote, referred to the execu.
J. J. Thomas, Macedon, Wayne county-experiment as to the ri
pening of wheat, 86. tive committee with power.
SPRING WHEAT.-Geo. R. Eells, Oneida county, 30 bushels per A communication was received from Dr. Lee, of acre, $15—2. H. B. Bartlett, Paris, Oneida county, 31 bushels per
acre, $10. the Washington Agricultural Rooms, in relation to Ryg.-- David Conrad, Brunswick, Rens. county, 36 bushels per distributing agricultural tracts. Referred to the acre, $15. executive committee.
INDIAN CORN.-1. E. R. Dix, Vernon, Oneida county, 83 bushels
per acre, $20—2. Peter Crispell, Jr., Hurley, Ulster county, 80 bush. Mr. PETERs offered a resolution, directing the per acre, $15. executive committee to ask of the Legislature, in C. W. Eells, Wm. Baker, Augustus Flint, for samples of seed addition to their annual appropriation, the sum of
coru, vol. Trans, to each. | BARLEY.-1. E. M. Bradley, Ontario county, 50} bushels per
acre, 315-2. E. R. Dix, Vernon, Oncida county, 49 bushels per acre $150 for the Museum. Adopted.
$10—3. Benj. Enos, De Ruyter, Madisou county, 47 bush. per acre,
$5. Mr. Smith offered a resolution directing this $o. |
Oats-Peter Crispell, Jr., 90 bushels per acre, $15—2. E. M. Bradciety to memorialize Congress for the establishment ley, $10. of an Agricultural Bureau.
BUCK WHEAT.--1. Robert Eells, Oneida county, 33 bushels per
acre, $10-2. Wm. Baker, Lima, Livingston county, 29 bushels pes The resolution was ably sustained by Mr. BALD.
acre, $s. WIN, and adopted.
| Peas.-E. S. Salisbury, 27 bushels per acre, $10.
Rapalie & Briggs. Rochester, for samples of seed peas, Trans Mr. CHEEVER gave notice of a resolution to
POTATOES.-1. Best quality, H. B. Bartlett, 252 bushels per acre, amend the Constitution of the Society in such a (Carter's,) 815-C. W. Eelis, 216 busliels per acre, $103. Nelson manner as to retain ex officio Presidents of the So.
| Van Ness, Chautauque county, 218 bushels per acre, $5. Greatest
quantity per acre, Martin Springer, Brunswick, Rens. county, 316 ciety upon the executive committee.
bushels, $15. Aaron Killum, Mexico, Oswego county, 13 fine varieUpon this announcement of a notice, a protracted lies from seed, $10.
Ruta BagÁ.-Joseph Hastings, Rens. Co., 984 bush. per acre, $10 debato sprung up, and was continued until the ad. )
CARROTS.-1. E. Risley & Co., Fredonia, Chautauque county, 941 journment.
bushcls (60 lbs, per bush.) on hall an acre, $8-2. Same 864 bushels, The Society again convened at the Capitol in the $6—3. L. B. Langworthy, Rochester, 575 bushels on half an acre,
$4. evening, and listened to an excellent lecture by
John S. Gould, Albany, for fine specimens of cauliflowers and Prof. JOHNSTON, on the connection of Chemistry squash, $3. with Practical Agriculture.
Fruits.-- Apples.-J. C. Hubbard, Troy, Mich., Trans. and Tho
mas' Fruit Culturist. Thursday, Jan. 17.-The Society met at their
L. P. Grosvenor, Pomfret, Ct., Trans. and Downing's " Fruits, Rooms, at 10 o'clock, when tho reports of several R. H. Brown, Greece, Monroe county, Trans. committees were read, premiums paid, and a variety
J. H. Walis, Rochester, 'Trans.
J. D. Campbell, Rochester, Fruit Culturist. of other business transacted,-after which they ad.
E. P. Prentice, Albany, Downing. journed to meet at the Capitol in the evening.
H. A. Underhill, Macedon, Wayne county, Trans At half-past seven, the President, Hon. John A.
R. J. Pardee, Palınyra, Downing.
Hiram Foster, Palmyra, Fruit Culturist. KING, called the meeting to order. After the read Herman Wendell, Albany, Downing ing of some reports not previously made, the Pre.
J. W. Bailey, Plattsburgh, Trans.
B. Ilodge, Buffalo, Trans. sident delivered his valedictory address, which was
8. Morgan, Albany, Fruit Culturist. listened to with great interest; and at its conclusion Chas. R063, Washington county, Trans. the President elect, E. P. PRENTICE, Esq., in a Elwanger & Barry, Rochester, Trans.
Win. Rogers, Wayne county, Downing. very appropriate manner, tendered the Society his
Dennis Clark, Wayne county, Trans. thanks for the honor conferred upon him.
Robert Patterson, Perry, Wyoming county, Fruit Culturist Hon. J. P. BEEKMAN offered a rosolution tender.
J. J. Viele, Tioy, Fruit Culturist.
Pears.-S. Miller, Rochester, Fruit Culturist. ing the thanks of the Society to Mr. King for his Grapes.-R.J. Pardee, Downing. able and instructive address.
Joseph Cary, Albany, Fruit Culturist. Also to the other officers of the Society for the able discharge of their duties during the past year.
If you would not be forgotten as soon as you Mr. CHEEVER offered a resolution tendering the are dead, either write things worth reading, or do thanks of the Society to Prof. JOBX8TON for his ! something worth writing.
Answers to Correspondents.
F19H FOR MANURE.- We believe it is considered best to make them into com post with peat or earth,
to be applied when decomposed. CANARY GRASS.-G. N., Hobart, Del. County,
PROUTY'S CENTRE DRAFT Plow.-A. B. P., N. Y. This grass will perfect its seed in this lati-B
Boone Grove, Ind. We have never heard of these tude. It is usually sown in drills, with a machine,
plows being used in any soil where they did not work about one foot apart, requiring from sixteen to twen.
clean; and we are not aware of any objection to ty quarts per acre. It is an annual, and the seed
their use in “ the black, loose soil of the prairies." is sown at the same time of sowing spring grain,
Tiles for STRAWBERRY-BEDS.-J. I. K., Sing. and ripens nearly at the same time, or rather later.
Sing, N. Y. The tiles about which you inquire, are The yield is from twenty to thirty bushels per acre.
described in our volume for 1845, page 128. We do The straw is eaten by cattle and horses.
not know of any establishment where they are made, BERKSHIRE Hogs.-B. S., Greenwich, N. J.
but it would be an easy matter to make a mould and
have them made at any brick-yard, and burnt in a There are no full blood Berkshires in this neighbor.
common kiln. hood, and we are unable to say whore they can be
CENTRIFUGAL WIND-MILL.-J. P., Cape Vin. had.
cent, N. Y. There is a mill of this kind, on a small Colza.-N., Bridgeton, N. J. We have heard
scale, in uso in this vicinity. We cannot tell how of no experiment with this plant in this country.
it answers for genoral purposes. Perhaps some of If any one has tried it, we should like to know the
our correspondents, who have more knowledge of results.
it, will inform us in regard to its operation. STUMP MACHINE.-J. F. C., Grand Rapids, Ice-HOUSES.-0. L. D., Portage county, Ohio. Mich. The description of the article to which you It is best to build an ice-house with a double partirefer, (Cultivator for 1846, p. 116,) evidently con- tion, the space to be filled with tan-bark, or some tains a mistake in regard to the length, which is non-conducting substance. The bottom should be there given as “ two feet." Wo regard it, howev. covered a foot deep with small blocks of wood, and er, as a matter of little consequence, as the cut over these a covering of shavings. Some lay the ice gives a definite idea of the form of the article, and on the shavings-others lay a floor to receive the ico it is obvious that it should be of such dimensions as over the shavings. The ice should be packed as will suit the size of the stumps. We have seen closely as possible. You will find a cut and des. such things used of various sizes. It is only stumps cription of the plan adopted by the great ice-mer. the roots of which are considerably decayed, that chants of Cambridge, Mass., in our volume for 1847, can be taken out in this way; but for such the con. page 345. trivance answers well.
CHARCOAL AND LIME.-E. C. J., Campbell SEEDING LAND TO Grass.-S. W., North Easton, Court-House, Va. If your charcoal and limo aro N. Y. On lands of medium dryness, we have used, mixed together, and the lime is slaked, you may use for one acre, eight pounds or four quarts red clover, with safety a bushel to each fruit troo of the size eight quarts timothy or herds grass, and from half a you mention. bushel to a bushel (according to its cleanness) of WHEAT DRILL.-W. S., Lahaska, Pa. The red top.
grain drills which are most distinguished, so far as THE WHITE SNOW.BIRD.-S. W. According to we know, are the following: Sherman's, made and Dr. De Kay, this bird breeds mostly, high at the sold by J. W. Sherman, Ontario, Wayne Co.; Pal. north, along the coast of Labrador, but has been mer's, made by Fitch & Barry, Brockport; Graggs known to breed in Massachusetts and Maine. In & Reynolds', made by 0. Reynolds, Webster, Mon. winter it comes down from the north, and is some. roo Co.; Burrall's, made by T. D. Burrall, Geneva. times seen as far south as Maryland and Virginia. Our acquaintance with the operation of theso drills It seeds on the seeds of weeds and grassos, which it is not such as to enable us to say which is the best. finds above the snow.
We should be glad to hear from those who have tried Ohio MINERAL Paint.-A FARMER. The sub.
different kinds. stance of what we know in regard to this article, was given in our last volume, page 379.
| ABOLITION OF BULL-FIGHTS IN SPAIN.-It is said
that measures are about to be taken by the Junta Food or Fowls.-L. B., Clayton, N. Y. Fowls
General of Agriculture at Madrid, for the gradual sbould have a variety of food. Indian corn, barley,
suppression of Bull-fights, in consequence of their buckwheat and wheat-screenings, may form the bulk
prejudicial effects on the interests and morality of the of their food in winter; but they should have some ani.
country. It is calculated that 4000 horses annually mal food, such as butcher's offal, and pure green
perish in Spain upon the horns of the bull, and in a vegetable food, as cabbages and potatoes; and also
country essentially agricultural like Spain, this conmineral matter, as lime, oyster-shells, bones, and
tinued and cruel destruction of a useful animal, de. gravel.
prives those who dedicate themselves to the culture PLASTER.-C. H., Central Village, Ct. The
of the soil, of a large amount of working power that qualities in plaster, to which its action as a fertili.
might be applied to the augmentation of their pros. zer are attributable, arc undoubtedly dissipated, in
perity. The annual destruction of 1500 bulls in the some degree, by exposure to the weather, but with
various fights celebrated throughout the Peninsula, that which has been kept in casks, as you describe,
destroys the best working breeds, impairs the quality we should not think the loss was very great.
of beef, impoverishes the milk markets, contributes COLMAN'S EUROPEAN AGRICULTURE.-A. L., to the decadence of pastures and fields, and augments Gale's Ferry, Ct. This work is for sale by A. D. the price of butter and milk, which in civilised coun. Phelps, Boston, and also at this office. It is bound tries are counted amongst the necessaries of life. All in two volumes, price $5.
these considerations, and the fact that the people by Guano.- We believe the best success has attend. attending bull fights acquire habits of brutality and ed the use of guano when sown just before a rain, ferocity, by becoming accustomed to scenes of bloodor applied in solution. The proper quantity is 200 shed, is likely to induce the government to attend to to 300 lbs. per acre.
| the representations of the Junta of Agriculture.
S. from a paunting by FM. ROTCHI.
DEVON BULL “MAJOR,” Bred by R. C. GAPPER, Thornhill, Canada, and owned by R. H. VAN RENSSELAER, Butternuts, N. Y.
The farmer's Note-Book.
Ever since I manured my corn ground in the fall, I have never failed of a fair crop. This season I mado
80 bushels of ears to the acre, from 28 acres, being Nr. Van Rensselaer's Devon Bull - Major.” all I planted. Being disappointed of drain-tiles in (Sce Portrait on preceding page.)
the spring, I was prevented from planting as much
as I intended. This animal is at present the property of R. H.
As I sowed neither barley nor oats, I can say lit. VAN RENSSELAER, Esq., of Batternuts, Otsego
8° 1 tle about them. I find corn a more profitable crop county, N. Y. Ho was bred by R. C. GAPPER,
than either. I am feeding cattle as usual. I havo Esq., of Thornhill, near Toronto, Canada West,
40 steers now. The feeding of cattle is becoming and was exhibited by him at the show of the N. Y.
quite a business hereabouts. Three years ago, when State Ag. Society at Syracu'se, where he took the
I commenced cattle-feeding with 43 head, I could first premium in the foreign class of Devons.
not have found as many in ten miles around me. "Major," (calved in 1842,) was by “ Billy,” | Now I can count 200. I think this mode of farm. dam “ Beauty," both imported by Mr. GAPPER,ing will ultimately improve our grain crops very from the stock of Mr. DARCY, of North Moulton, much, and where rightly conducted, will pay much Devonshire, England.
better for the corn, or even barley, than selling to “Major" is in every respect, one of the best bulls distillers and brewers, to be manufactured into a we have ever seen. His portrait, though generally poison to kill themselves or neighbors. true to the original, and highly creditable to the skill A word or two about draining. I notice what of the gentleman who made the drawing, as well as Mr. Cheever says* about draining. He thinks it to the engraver, is in no way flattered. He is, in rather startling that I should lay out 25 dollars per fact, just one of those animals, which, though rare, acre on draining; but if I had Mr. Cheever with are sometimes seen, whose points of excellence can. | me on my farm for six months, I would convince him not be fully shown on paper or canvass. le has that it was the most profitable business a farmer great bulk, justness of proportion, and compactness can go at, in this part of the United States. He of body, short-jointed, clean, and strong limbs; giv. says, Mr. Johnston is a Scotchman; and that he ing a general form which confers constitution and (Mr. Cheever,) "agrees with Professor Emmons, to endurance, with the greatest power of draft. It is some extent, that the system of draining practiced a form, also, which is fitted to carry the greatest in England and Scotland, should not be models weight of valuable flesh in proportion to the bone for us." It is true I am a Scotchman, and I and offal. He is a good handler; the skin is not will tell Mr. C. and Prof. E., that I have never thin and papery, nor rigid and unyielding, but with seen, either in Scotland or the United States, a re. sufficient substance to denote hardiness, has the mel. munerating crop of wheat, grown upon land that lowness and elasticity indicating thrift. The color was wet, or even very damp; and never saw such is cherry-red, with the orange-colored ring 'round land thoroughly drained in cither country, (if a the eye and muzzle, characteristic of the true North wheat soil,) but it produced the very best crops; Devon.
and I have seldom seen wet or damp land produce a The distinguishing traits of the Devon breed of good crop of summer grain, even in this dry climate. cattle. were given at some length in our last vol. Wet or damp land, when under tillage, is much more une, pp. 120, 121, 122.
affected by drouth, than dry land, and dry land,
when in pasture, will put on much more beef or mut. Crops of 1849---Drainage.
ton (say fat) than wet or damp land.
I should like much to have Mr. C. and Prof. E. · Eds. CULTIVATOR-Our hay crop was never bet. here, if it were only for one day, in May or June ter since I lived here, (28 years.) The rains in the next. I have a field of 23 acres now in wheat; the end of May and beginning of June, made both mea. wettest I drained last spring. The want of tiles dows and pastures where not over stocked, excellent. prevented me from draining all that was wet. Those Taking this county, (Seneca) as a whole, I think gentlemen would just see the difference in the piece there was an average crop of wheat. In the north that was formerly so wet that it would not raise over half of the county, there was considerable loss by half a crop, and that which is only a little wet, but the weevil or midge; but the south half of the coun. enough so to make a thin crop of wheat. As to ty was clear, or nearly so, of that insect. I had what Mr. C. says about the drains filling up on some 59} acres of land in wheat, from which I obtained soils, I do not agree with him. I have drained on an average of a fraction over 25 bushels per acre, different kinds of soil, and I have never had a stopwhich is a tolerable crop in these times, but much page where the work was properly done. I am of. short of what I expected when it was sown. The ten asked - won't the tiles sink, or will they not wire-worm cut off a 20 acre field very much in the fill up, in a few years?" fall, so much so that I intended to have plowed it! I took up about 20 rods of a drain last June, that up in spring; however, it recovered wonderfully, I had been laid for ten years, in order to put in larger and gave at least from one-half to two-thirds of a ciles, as I was going to connect several other drains crop. From the severe drouth, our corn crop was a with it, and I sent for my friend and neighbor, Mr. short one, although after the light showers early in Delafield, to see them taken up, as he had some mis. August, it recovered greatly, and all those farmers givings about sinking or filling up. He can now who worked their corn early, and continued work.
say, that they were neither sunk, nor filled the least ing it, got much moro corn than they at one time
particle; indeed no man could have told that they expected; but those who let the grass, weeds, and
had been a day under ground, from the appearance Canada thistles master the corn, got nothing worth of the tiles. I have taken up sometimes tiles that husking. Some say they could not see what was the had been longer laid, and with the same result. On. reason their corn was so poor, as they manured tholy let the tiles be large enough, (or pat more of land well before planting. I suppose they are not them into the main drain,) and there will seldom be aware that on our stiff soil, barn-yard manure does no good for the corn, if put on immediately before
• Reports of agricultural discussions at Albany, Myansactions N. Y. planting; indeed, in a dry season, it does barm. I Staic Ag. Socieiy, 1848, page 664.