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your blessings : yea, I have cursed them already." The holy Law is a killing letter to him, 2 Cor. iii. 6. The ministry of the Gospel, a favour of death unto death, chap. ii 15. in the facrament of the Lord's supper, fie catheth and drinketh damnation to himself, i Cor. xi. 29. Nay, more than all that, Christ himself is to bim, a stone of tumbling, and a rock of offence, i Pet. ii 8, Thus wrath follows the natural man, as his shadow doth his body.

4thly, He is under the power of Satan, Acs xxvi 18. The Devil bas overcome liim, ļo be is his by conqueft, his lawful caplive, Isa. xlix. 24. The natural man is condemned al. ready, John ïi. 18. and therefore under the heavy hand of him that hath the power of death, that is the devil. And he keeps his prisoner in the prison of a natural state, bound hand and foot, Isa. Ixi.I. Laden with divers luits, as chains wherewith he holds them faft. Thou needef not, as many do, call on the devil to take thee; for he has a faft hold of thee already, as a child of wracb.

Lastly, The natural, man has no security for B-mament's safety from the wrath of God its coming on him to the utier. moft. The Curse of the Law denounced against hin, has already tied him to the itake, so that the arrows of justice may pierce his soul; and in him may meet all the iniseries and plagues that flow from the arenging wrath of God. See how he is set as a mark to the arrows of wrath, Pfal. vii, 11, 12, 13. 16 God is angry with the wicked every day. If he turn not, he will whet his sword : he hath bent his bow, and made it ready: he hath also prepared for him the intruments of death.” Doh he ly down to sleep; There is not a promise, he knows of, or can koow, to fecure him thai be shall not be in hell ere he awake. Justice is pursuing, and cries for vengeacce on the linner : the Law casts the fire-balls of its curses continually upon hiin : walted and long-tried pacience is that which keeps in his life :he walks anidit enemies armed agaiolt him: his name may be Magor Mitabib, i.e. " terror round about,” Jer. xx. 3. Angels, devils, men, beasts, stones, heaven and earth, are in readiness, on a word of command from the Lord, to ruin him,

Thus the natural man lives, but he mult die too; and death is a dreadfal messenger to him. It comes upon him armed with Wiath, and puts ihree sad charges in his liand. (1.) Death chargezh him to bid an eternal farewel 10 all things in this world; to leave it and make away to another world. Ah ! whal a dreadful charge must this be to a child of wrath ! He




can bave rio comfort from heaven ; fór God is his enemy: and as for the things of the world, and the enjoyment of his lufts, which were the only springs of his comfort-; these are in a momen dried up to him for ever. He is not ready for ano her world : he was not thinking of renoving fo foon : or, if he was, yet lie has no portion secured to him in another world, but that which he was born to, and was increasing all his days, namely, a treasure of wrath. But go he nust; bis clay god, the world, must be parted with, and what has he more? There

never a glimmering of light, or favour from heaven, co his foul: and now the wrath that did hang in the threatning as a cloud like a man's hand, is darkning the face of the whole heaven above bim : and if he look unto the earth, (from whence ail his light was wont to come), behold trouble and darkness, dimness of anguish ; aud he shall be driven to darkness. Ila. viii. 22. (2.) Death chargeth foul and body to part till the great day. His fuul is required of him, Luke xii. 20. O Ꮕ what a miserable parting must this be to a child of wrath ! Care was indeed taken to provide for the body things neceffarý for this life ; buł, alas ! there is nothing laid up for another life to it ; nothing to be a seed of glorious resurrection : as it lived, so it must die, and rise agaia finful fierh ; fuel for the fire of God's wrath, As for the fou!, he'was never solicitous to provide fur in. I lay in the body, dead to God, and all things truly good; and so must be carried out into the pit, in the grave clothes of its natural ftare : for now that death comes, the companions in fin mait part. (3.) Duath chargeth the foul to compear before

tu , the tribunal of God, while the body lies to be carried to the gtave, Escles, xii, 7. o The spirit Thail return unta God who save it." Heb. ix. 2; 7. “ It is appointed unto all men once to die, but after this the judgment.”Well were it for the fin. Bil fuul if it might be buried together with the body. But that cannot be : it muit go and receive its sentence; and shall be shut up in the prison of keil, while the cursed body lies impris. oned in the grave, till the day of the general judgment.

When the end of the world, appointed of God, is come; the trumpet shall found, and the dead arise. Then shall the weary Carth, at the command of the Judg“, caft forth the bodies, the curred bodies of these that lived and died in their natural state. " The fin, death, and hell, hall deliver up their dead," Rev. xx. 1206 Their miserable bodies and fouls shall be rcanited, and they Gited before the triburial of Christ. Then shall they receive that fearful seaterce, “ Depart from me, ya punitha a





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curfed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels,” Marth. XX. 41. Where upon, they shall go away into everlasting punishment, ver. 49. They shall be eter-, nally shut up in hell, never to get the least drop of comfort, por the least ease of their torment. There they will be ed with the punishment of loss : being excommunicated for ever from the presence of God, bis angels and faints. All means of grace, all hopes of a delivery, ihall be for ever cut off from their eyes. They thull pot have a drop of water to cool their. tongues, Luke xvi. 24, 25. They shall be punished with the punishment of sense. They must not only depart from God, but depart into fire, into everlasting fire. There the worm, that shall gnaw them, shall never die: the fire that shall scorch them, thall never be quenched. God shall, thro' al] eternity, hold them up with the one hand, and pour the full vials of wrath ioto them with the other.

This is that we of wrath natural men live in : being under much of the wrath of God, and liable to more, But for a further view of it, let us consider the qualities of that wratlr. (1.) It is ir:efiltible, there is no standing before it.

66 Who may stand in thy fight, when once thou art angry?" Pfal. lxxxvi. 7. Can ihe woim, or the moth, defend itself against him that designs to crum it? As little can worn nan Hand before an angry God. Foolish man indeed practically bids à defiance to heaven : but the Lord ofred, even in this world,,, opens such sluices of wrath upon them, as all their might cannot: ftop; but they are carried away thereby, as, with a flood. How much more will it be so in hell? (2.) It is unsupportable. What one cannot refift, he will see himself to bear ; but, “ Who Shall dwell with devouring fire? Who shall dwell with ever-lafling burnings ?" God's wrath is a weight that will fiuk men into the lowest hell. It is a burihen no man is able to stand under, bi A wounded spirit who can bear it?"' Prov. xviii. 14. (3.) It is unavoidable to such as will go on impenitently in their linfod course. He that being often reproved, hardneth his neck, shall suddenly be deft:oyed, and that withoue remedy." Prov. xxix. I. We may now tly from it indeed, by flying to filus Christ : but such as fly from Christ, shall never be able to aroid it. Whither can men fly from an avenging God? where will they find a shelter ? The hills will not hear them : the mountains will be deaf to their loudest cries; when they cry 10 them, to hide them from the wrath of the Lamb. (4.) It is powerful and lierce to wrath, Psal. xc. 11. " Who kuoweih


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the power of thine anger ? Even according to thy fear, so is thy
wrath.” We are apt to fear the wrath of mao more than we
ought : but no man can apprehend the wrath of God to be
more dreadful than it really is : the power of it can never be
known to the utmost ; seeing it is infinite, and (properly
speaking) has no utmost : how fierce soerer it be, either on earili,
or in hell, God can still carry it further. Every thing in God
is moft perfect in its kind ; and therefore no wrath is fo fierce
as his. O finner, how wilt thou be able to endure that wrath,
which will rear thee in pieces (Psal. I. 22.) and grint thee
to powder, Luke xx. 18. The history of the two she-bears,
that tare the children of Bethel, is an awful one, 2 Kings ii.
23; 24. But the united force of the rage of lions, leopards and
she-bears, bereaved of their whelps, is not sufficient to give us'
even a scanty view of the power of the wrath of God, Hor.
xiii. 7. 8. " Therefore, I will be unto them as a lion; as a
leopard by the way will I observe ihem. I Will meet them as
a bear that is bereaved of her whelps, and will rent the caul of
their heart," &c. (5.) It is penetrating and piercing wrath.
It is burning wrath, and fiery indigiration. There is no pain
more exquisite, than that which is caused by fire ; and no fire
so piercing as the fire of God's indignation, that burns into
the lowest hell, Deut. xxxii. 22. The arrows of men's wrath
cao pierce felh, blood and bones ; but cannot reach the foul :
but the wrath of God will fink into the soul, and so pierce a
man in the most tender part. Like'as when a person is thunder-
struck, oft-times there is not a wound to be seen in the ikin ;
life is

gone, and the bones are, as it were, melted : so God's wrath can penetrate into, ayd melt one's foul within hin, when his earthly comforts stand about him entire, and unrouched, as in Belshazzar's case, Dan, v. 6. (6.) It is coolant vrát!, running parallel with the nian's contintrance in an unregeneráté ftate ; constantly attending him, from the womb to the grave. There are few fo dark days, but the sun fometimes looketh out from under the clouels : but the wrath of God is an abiding cloud on the subjects of it, John iii. 36. “ The wrath of God abideth on him that believes not." (7.) It is eternal. O miserable forl! if thou fly not from this wrath unto Jesus Chrift, thy misery had a beginning, but it shall never have an end. Should devourit:g death wholly swallow thee up, and for ever hold hee faft in a grave, it should be kind; but thou mult live again, and never die ; that thou mayest be ever dying, in the hands of the living Cod. Çold death wil quench the flame of


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man's wrath against us, if nothing else do it: but God's wrath, when it has come on the finner millions of ages, will fill be the wrath to come, Matth. iii. 7. i Thef. i. Tô. as the water of a river is ltill coming, how much soever of it has passed. While God is, he will pursue the quarrel. Lastly, Howsoever dreadful it is, and tho it be eternal, yet it is most just wrath: it is a clear fire, without the least smoak of unjustice. · The sea of wrath raging with greatest fury against the Toner, is clear as chryttal. The Judge of all the earth can do no wrong. He knows no transports of passions, for they are inconfiftent with the perfection of his nature. “ Is God uorighteous, who tako eth vengeance

e ? (I speak as a man,) God forbidi for then, kow Mall God judge the world ?” Rom. iii. 5, 6. The Doctrine of the State of Wrath confirined and vindi..


IT. I shall confirm the doctrine. Consider, (1.) How peremptory the threatring of the first coveriant is : « In the day thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die,” Gen. ii. 17. Hereby Tin and punilhiment being connected, the veracity of God ascerrains the execution of the threatning. Now all men being 'by narure under this covenant, the breach of it lays theni under the curse. (2.) The Justice of God requires that a child of fin be a child of wrath; that the law being broken, the fan&tion thereof should take place. God, as man's Ruler and Judge, cannor but do right, Gen. xviii. 25. Now it is a righteous thing with God to recompencé sin with wrath, 2 Theff. i. 6. He is “ of purer eyes than to behold evil," Hab. i. 13. And “ He hates all the workers of iniquity,” Pfal. v. 6. (3) The horrors of a natural conscience prove this. There is a conscience in the breasts of men, which can tell them, they are fin'ners; and therefore liable to the wrath of God.

Let men, at any time, soberly commune with themselves, and they will find they have the witness in themselves : “ Knowing the judgeinent of God, that they wlich conimit such things are worthy of death,” Rom. i. 32. (4.) The pangs of the new-birth, the work of the spirit of bondage on elect fouls, in order to their Conversion, demonstrate this. Hereby their natural finfulness, and mifery, as liable to the wrath of God, are plainly taught

m, filling their hearts with fear of that wrath. Now that this spirit of bondage is no other than the Spirit of God, whose work is to convince of fin, righteousoess, and judgement, L


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