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God, actiig as the spirit of bondage, are taken off, never more to be laid on by that hand, Rom. vii. 15. For'ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear. Hereby the conscience is quieted, as foon as the foul becomes, conscious of the application of that blood; which falls out sooner or later, ac. cording to the mealnre of faith, and as the only wise God sees meet to time it. Unbelievers may have troubled consciences, which they may get quieted again : but alas! their coosciences become peaceable, ere they become pure ; fo their peace is but the seed of greater horror and consulion. Carlessness may give ease for a while, to a fick conscience ; nien neglecting its wounds, they clofe again of their own accord, before the filthy matter is purged our. Many bury their guilt in the grave of an ill menorya; conscier ce smarıs a little; at length the nian forgets his fin, and bere is an end of it: but that is only an eale before death. Business, or the affairs of life, often give ease in this case. When Cain is banished from the presence of the Lord, he falls a building of cities.
When the evil spirit
came upon Saul, he calls not for his Bible, nor for i he prietis'to Converse with him about his case; but for musick, to play it away. So many, when their consciences begin to be uneasy, they fill their heads and hands with business, to divert themselves, and to regain ease at any rate. Yea, some will fin over the belly of their convictions, and to fome get ease to their consciences, as Hazael gave to his master, by ftifling him. Again the performing of duties, may give some ease to a disquieted conscience ; and this is all that legal professors have recourse to, for quieting of their coníci. ences. When conscience is wounded, ihey will pray, confess, mourn, and resolve to do so no more : and so they become whole again, without any application of the blood of Christ, by faith. But they, whose consciences are rightly quiered: come
peace and purging to the blood of sprinkling.. Sin is a sweet morsel, that makes God's elect fick fonls, ere they get it vomited up. It leaves a Iting behind it, which some one time or other, will crea ate ihem no litile pain.
Elihu Thews us both the case and cure, Job. xxviij. Behold the case one may be in, whom God has thoughts of love to. He darieth convictions into his cooscience; and makes them stick so fast, that he cannot rid himself of them, ver. 16. He openeth the ears of men, and sealeth their inftruction, his very body fickens, ver. 19. He is chaftened also with pain upon his bed, and the multitude of his bones with strong paio,' He loseth his stomach, ver. 29. His life abhoneth bread, and his soul dainty
meat.' His body pines away, so that there is nothing on him but skin and bone, ver. 21. His fielh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen, and his bones thắt were not feen, stick out.' Tho' he is not prepared for death, he has no hopes of life, ver. 22. His foul draweth near urto the grave, and (which is the height of his misery) his life to the deliroyers :' He is looking every moment when devils, these destroyers, Rom. ix. 11. thefe murderers, or man-ilayers, John viii. 44. writ come and carry away his soul to bell. O dreadful case! yet there is hope. God designs to keep back his foul from the pit,' ver. 18. aliho? he bring him forward to the brink of it. Now, see how the fick man is cured. The physician's-art cannot pervail here : The disease lies more inward, than that his medicines can reach it. It is foul-trouble that has brought the body into this diforder, and therefore the remedies must be applied to the sick man's fout and conscience. The physician for this case must be a spiritual physician: the remedies must be fpiritual, a righeousness, a ransom or atonement. Upon the application of these, the foul is cured, the conscience is quieted, and the body recovers, ver. 23, 24, 26.! If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to fhew unto man his uprightness: then he is gracious unto him, and faith, Deliver him from going down to the pil; I have found a ransom. His felh shall be frefher than a child's, he fall return to the days of his youth
He fhall pray unto God, and he shall be favour. able unto him, and he shall fee his face with joy. The proper physician for this patient,' is a messenger, "an interpreter,' ver. 23. that is, as some expositors, not without ground, understand it, the great Physician Jefus Christ, whom Job had called his Redeemer; chap. xix. 25. He is a Messenger, the Messenger of the covenant of peace,' Mal. iii. i. who comes feasonably to the sick man. He is an Interpreter,, the great Inrerpreter of God's counsels of love to finrers, John i: 28. • One among a thousand,' even, the chief among ten thousand," Cant. v. 10. One chosen out of the people,' Psal. ixxxix. 29: One to whom the Lord' hath given the tongue of the learried, to speak a word in season to him, that is weary,' Isa. 1. 4; 5. 6. It is He that is with him, by his Spirit, now, to convince bim of sin and judgmeor.' His work now is to fh'w unto him "his. uprightness, for his righteousness, i. e. the Interpreter Chrilt his righteousness; which is the only righteousness arising from the paying of a ransom, and upon which a Gnner is delivered from oing down to the pit;' ver, 24. And thus Christ is faid to
5.declare God's name," Psal. xxii. 22. and to preach righteoufness, Pfal. xl. 9. The phrase is remarkable: it is not to fhew unto the man,' but unto man,' his righteousness; which not obscurely intimates, that he is more than a man, who shews or declareth this righteousness. Compare Amos iv. 13. He that formeth the mountains, and created the wind, and declareth unto man what is his thought. There seems to be in it a sweet allusion to the first declaration of this righteousness unto man; ör, as the word is, unto Adam after the fall, while he lay under terror from apprehensions of the wrath of God: which declaration was made by the Messenger, the Interpreter, namely, the eternal Word of the Son of God, called, The Voice of the Lørd God,' Gen. üi. 8. and by him appearing, probably, in human Shape. Now, while, by his Spirit, he is the Preacher of righteousness to the man, it is supposed the man lays hold on the offered righteousoess; whereupon the ransom is applied to him, and he is delivered from going down to the pit ;' for God bath a ranlom for him. This is intimate to him ; God faith, • Deliver him,' ver. 24. Hereupon his conscience being purged by the blood of atonement, is pacified, and sweetly quieted: he shall pray onto God and see his face with joy ;' which before he beheld with borror, ver. 26. That is a New Testament language, Having an High-prieft over the house of God," he Thall :
draw near with a true heart, in full assurance of faith; having his heart sprinkled from an evil cor science, Heb. X. 21, »22. But, ther, what becomes of the body, the weak and weary flesh? Why, his nesh Shall be fresher than a chuld's, he shall return to the days of his youth, ver. 25. Yea, all his bones, (which were chastened with strong pain, ver. 19.) shall say, Lord, who is like unto thee?' Psal. xxxv. 10.
A Third benefit flowing from union with Christ, is Adoption, Believers, being united to Christ, become children of God, and members of the family of heaven. By their union with bim, whu is the Son of God by nature, they become the fons of God,' by grace, Joho, 12. As when a branch is cut off from one tree, and grafted in the branch of another; the ingrafted branch, by means of its union with the adopting branch, (as - Some -not unfitly have called it) is made a branch of the same
stock, with that into which it is ingrafied; fo finners being ingrafted into Jesus Christ, whose name is the Branch, his Father is their Father; his God their God' John XX, 17. And thus they, who are, by nature, children of the devil, become the child. ren of God. They have the Spirit of adoption, Rom. viii. 15.
namely, the Spirit of his Son, which brings them to God, as children to a father, to pour out their complaints in his bofon, and to seek neceffary supply, Gal. iv. 6. Because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, cry: ing, Abba, Father. Under all their weaknesses, they have fatherly pity and compassion shewn them, Psal. ciii
. 13. Like
. as a father pitieth his children : fo the Lord pitieth them that fear him.' Altho' they were but foundlings, found in a desart Tand; yet now that to them belongs the adoption, ' be keeps them as the apple of his eye, Deut. xxxii. 10. Whosoever pursue them, they have a refuge, Prov. xiv. 26. '"His children Ihall have a place of refuge." In a time of common calamity, they have chambers of prore&tion, where they may be hid, until * the indignation be overpast, Ifa. xxvi. 20. And he is not only their refuge for protection, but their portion for provision, in that refuge, Psal. cxlii
. 5. - Thou art my refuge, and my portion in the land of the living. They are provided for, for eter. nity, Heb. xi. 16. . He hath prepared for them a city. And what he fees they have need of for tine, they shall not want, Mat. vi. 31, 32. • Take no thought, saying, What shall we eat? or, What shall wė driok? or, Wherewitbal shall we be clothed? For your heavenly Father knoweth that ġe have need of all these things.' Seasonable correction is likewise their privilege, as sons : so they are not suffered to pass with their faults, as happens to others, who are not children, but fervants of the family, and will be turned out of doors for their miscarriages at dength, Heb. xii. 7. ' If ye endure chastening, God dealeth with you as with fors : for what son is he whom the Father chasteneth not? They are heirs of, and fall inherit the prontises, Heb.
Nay, they are heirs of God, who himself is "the portion of their inneritance,' Pfal. xvi. 5.'' and joint heirs with Chrift,' Rom. viii. 17. And because they are the children of the great King, and young heirs of glory, they have angels for their attendaots, who are fent forth io minifter for them that shall be heirs of salvation," Heb. i. 14.
A Fourth benefit is Sanétification, 1 Cor. i. 30. • But of him, are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom and righteousness, and fan&tification. Being united to Christ, they partake of his Spirit, which is the Spirit of holiness. There is a fulness of the Spirit in Cbrift ; and it is not like the fulness of a vessel, which only retains wiat is poured into it; but it is the fulness of a fountain, for diffusion and communication; which is ways sending forth its water, and yet is always full. The
Spirit of Christ, -that spiritual sap, which is in the stock, and from thence is communicate to the branches, is the Spirit of grace, Zech. xii. 10. And where the Spirit of grace dwells,
, there will be found a complication of all graces. Holiness is oot one grace only, but all the graces of the Spirit : it is a constellation of graces ; -- it is all the graces in their seed and root. And as the lap conveyed from the stock into the branch, goes thro' it, and thro' every part of it; fo the Spirit of God fanétifies the whole mao. The poisoo oftio was diffused through the whole spirit, foul and body of the man; and faucifying grace pursues it into every corner, i Theff. v. 23. Every part of the man is sanctified, though no part is perfectly so. The truth we art fanctified by, is not held in the head, as in a prison; but runs, with its sanctifying influences, through heart and life. There are indeed some graces in every believer, which appear as topbranches above the reft; as meekness in Muses, patience in Job; bui seeing there is in every child of God, a boly principle going along with the holy law, in all the paris thereof loving, liking, and approving of is; as appears from their universal respect to the commands of God: it is evident they are endued with all the graces of the Spirit ; because there can be no more in the effect, than there was in the cause.
Now, this fan&ifying Spirit, whereof believers partake; is. unto them, (1.) A Spirit of mortification. Through the Spirit, they mortify the deeds of the body, Roni. viii. 13. Sin is cru: cified in them, Gal. v.: They are planted together (name. ly, with Christ,) in the likeness of his deati),' which was a ling. ering death, Rom. vi. 5. Sin in the saint, tho' not quite dead, yet is dying. If it were dead, it would be taken down from the cross, and buried out of his right : but it hangs there as yery. working and struggling under its mortal wounds. Like, as. when a tree has got such a ftroke as reaches the heart of it, all. the leaves and branches thereof begin to fade and decay : so, where the fan&tifying Spirit comes, and breaks the power of fin, there is a gradual cealing from it, and dying to it, in the whole man; fo that he 'no longer lives in the flesh to the lusts of men." He does not make fin his trade and business; it is not his great design to seek himself, and to satisfy his corrupt inclinations : but he is for Immanuel's land; and is walking in the high-way to it, the way which is called, • The way of holiness :! Though the wind from hell, that was on his back before, blows now full in his face, makes his travelling uneasy, and often drives him off the high-way. (2.) This Spirit is a spirit of. vivification to