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A Nuggard is qualified for no office, no calling, no S ERM ftation among men; he is a mere nobody, taking up XIII. room, pestering and clogging the world.

11. It also may deserve our consideration, that it is industry, whereto the public state of the world, and of each commonweal therein, is indebted for its being, in all conveniencies and embellishments belonging to life, advanced above rude and sordid barbarism; yea, whereto mankind doth owe all that good learning, that morality, those improvements of soul, which elevate us beyond brutes.

To industrious study is to be ascribed the invention and perfection of all those arts whereby human life is civilized, and the world cultivated with numberless accommodations, ornaments, and beauties.

All the comely, the stately, the pleasant, and useful works which we do view with delight, or enjoy with comfort, industry did contrive them, industry did frame them.

Industry reared those magnificent fabrics, and those commodious houses; it formed those goodly pictures and ftatues; it raised those convenient causeys, those bridges, those aqueducts ; it planted those fine gardens with various flowers and fruits; it clothed those pleafant fields with corn and grass ; it built thote Thips, whereby we plough the seas, reaping the commodities of foreign regions. It hath subjected all creatures to our command and service, enabling us to subdue the fiercest, to catch the wildest, to render the gentler fort most tractable and useful to us, It taught us from the wool of the sheep, from the hair of the goat, from the labours of the filk-worm, to weave us clothes to keep us warm, to make us fine and gay. It helpeth us from the inmost bowels of the earth to fetch divers needful tools and utenGls.

It collected mankind into cities, and compacted them into orderly societies, and devised wholesome


SER M. laws, under shelter whereof we enjoy safety and peace, XII. wealth and plenty, mutual succour and defence, sweet

conversation and beneficial commerce.

It by meditation * did invent all those sciences whereby our minds are enriched and enabled, our manners are refined and polished, our curiosity is fatisfied, our life is benefited.

What is there which we admire, or wherein we delight, that pleaseth our mind, or gratifieth our sense, for the which we are not beholden to industry?

Doth any country flourish in wealth, in grandeur, in prosperity? It must be imputed to industry, to the industry of its governors settling good order, to the industry of its people following profitable occupations : so did Cato, in that notable oration of his in Sallust 4, tell the Roman senate, that it was not by the force of their arms, but by the industry of their ancestors, that commonwealth did arise to fuch a pitch of greatness. When Noth creepeth in, then all things corrupt and decay; then the public state doth fink into disorder, penury, and a disgraceful condition.

12. Industry is commended to us by all sorts of example, deserving our regard and imitation. All nature is a copy thereof, and the whole world a glass, wherein we may behold this duty represented to us.

We may easily observe every creature about us incessantly working toward the end for which it was designed, indefatigably exercising the powers with which it is endued, diligently observing the laws of its creation. Even beings void of reason, of sense, of life itself, do suggest unto us resemblances of industry; they being let in continual action toward the

* Ut varias usus meditando extunderet artes
Paulatim, &c.

Virg. Georg. I.
+ Cat. apud Salluft. in bello Catil.


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effecting reasonable purposes, conducing to the pre- SERM. servation of their own beings, or to the furtherance XII. of common good.

The heavens do roll about with unwearied motion, the sun and stars do perpetually dart their influences; the earth is ever labouring in the birth and nourishment of plants; the plants are drawing fap, and {prouting out fruits and seeds, to feed us and propagate themselves; the rivers are running, the seas are tossing, the winds are blustering, to keep the elements sweet in which we live.

Solomon sendeth us to the ant, and biddeth us to confider ber ways, which provideth ber meat in the fum- Prov, vi. ting mer, and garbereth ber food in the barvet. Many such instructors we may find in nature; the like industrious providence we may observe in every living creature; we may see this running about, that swimming, another flying in purveyance of its food and support.

If we look up higher to rational and intelligent natures, still more noble and apposite patterns do object themselves to us.

Here below every field, every shop, every street, the hall, the exchange, the court itself (all full of buGnefs, and fraught with the fruits of industry) do mind us how necessary industry is to us.

If we consult history, we shall there find, that the best, men have been most industrious; that all great persons, renowned for heroical goodness (the worthy Patriarchs, the holy Prophets, the blessed Apostles) were for this most commendable; that, neglecting their private ease, they did undertake difficult enterprizes, they did undergo painful labours for the benefit of niankind; they did pass their days, like St. Paul, iv xómois xai póx

fois, in labours and toilfome pains, 2 Cor. xi. for those purposes.

Our great example, the life of our blessed Lord himself, what was it but one continual exercise of labour ? His mind did eyer stand bent in careful at- Acts &.



21, 22.

xxxiv. 7. xci. 1.

SER M. tention, studying to do good. His body was ever
XIII. moving in wearyfome travel to the same divine in-

. . If we yet foar farther in our meditation to the su-
perior regions, we shall there find the blessed inhabi-
tants of heaven, the courtiers and ministers of God,
very busy and active; they do vigilantly wait on God's
throne* in readiness to receive and to dispatch his com-

mands; they are ever on the wing, and fly about like Pfal.ciii. lightning to do his pleasure. They are attentive to our

needs, and ever ready to protect, to assist, to relieve

us ! Especially, they are diligent guardians and sucHeb. i. 14. courers of good men ; oficious spirits, sent forth to mini

fter for the heirs of salvation : so even the seat of perfect rest is no place of idleness.

Yea, God himself, although immovably and infi

nitely happy, is yet immensely carefuland everlastingly Gen. ii. 2. busy: he rested once from that great work of creation; John v. 17.


yet my Father, faith our Lord, worketh fiill; and Pfal. cxxi. he never will rest from his works of providence and of 3. cxxvii. s. grace. His eyes continue watchful over the world,

and his hands stretched out in upholding it. He

hath a singular regard to every creature, supplying Pfal. cxlv, the needs of each, and satisfying the defires of all.

And shall we alone be idle, while all things are so

busy? Shall we keep our hands in our bosom, or Pfal. xxxiv. stretch ourselves on our beds of laziness, while all the Gen. xxxi. world about us is hard at work in pursuing the de

figns of its creation? Shall we be wanting to our- · selves, while so many things labour for our benefit? Shall not such a cloud of examples ftir us to some industry? Not to comply with so universal a practice, to cross all the world, to disagree with every creature, is it not very monstrous and extravagant?

Zech. iy.
2 Chron.

xvi. 9.

15, 16.

Prov. v. 21. xv. 3.


* Σώ δε θρόνο πυρόεντι παρεράσιν πολύμοχθου
"ΑγΓελοι. . -

+ O tu bone omnipotens, qui curas unumquemquc noftrum,
tanquam solum cures, et fic omnes tanquam fingulos. Aug. Conf.
4. 11.

I should

I should close all this discourse with that, at which, S ER M. in pitching on this subject, I chiefly did aim, an ap- XII. plication exhortatory to ourselves, urging the practice of this virtue by considerations peculiar to us as scholars, and derived from the nature of our calling. But the doing this requiring a larger discourse than the time now will allow of, I shall reserve it to another occasion; adding only one consideration more.

13. Lastly, if we consider, we shall find the root and source of all the inconveniences, the mischiefs, the wants of which we are so apt to complain, to be our sloth ; and that there is hardly any of them, which commonly we might not easily prevent or remove by industry. Why is any man a beggar, why contemptible, why ignorant, why vicious, why miserable? Why, but for this one reason, because he is nothful; because he will not labour to rid himself of those evils ? What could we want, if we would but take the pains to seek it, either by our industry, or by our devotion? For where the first will not do, the second cannot fail to procure any good thing from him, who giveth to all men liberally, and hath promised to sup- Jam. i. 5. ply the defect of our ability by his free bounty; so that if we join these two industries (industrious action, and industrious prayer) there is nothing in the sinois iseçworld so good, or so great, of which, if we are capa- rauiun,

Jam. v. 76. ble, we may not assuredly become masters : and even for industry itself, especially in the performance of all trpos kaprípy our duties towards God, let us industriously pray: Eph. vi. 18. even so, The God of peace sanctify us wholly, and make Rom. xii. 145 perfeet in every good work to do his will

, working in 12; us ihat which is well pleasing in his fight; through our 1. Theff. v. blessed Saviour Jesus Christ, to whom for ever be all glory Heb. xiii. and praise. Amen.

Col. iv. 2.



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