Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

234

[ocr errors]

230

1677. M Mary. imeguen us Oates

CHAPTER XXVIII,

The House or STUART (continued).-CHARLES II. A.D. 1660 1685.
Charles's early life and cha-

1670. Secret treaty of Dover

234

racter .. ..

.. 229

1671. Colonel Blood tries to steal

1660. Vengeance on the regicides. 229

the crown .. .

. 234

The convention parliament

1672. Charles robs the bankers ..

dissolved ..

War declared against Holland 234

1661. Settlement of Scotland ..

229

Sea-fight in Southwold Bay, 234

Argyle and Guthrie executed 229

The Dutch withstand Louis

Restoration of the church .. 230

XIV. .. .. .. .. ..

235

Promises to Dissenters .. 230

William prince of Orange .. 235

Savoy conferences .. .. 230

Murder of the De Witts 235

1661 to 1679. Charles's second par-

1673. The Test Act ..

235

liament, called the “ Pen-

Resignation of the duke of

sion Parliament" .. .. 230

York .. .. .. ..

Act for the king's security.. 230 His marriage to Mary of

Corporation Act .. .. 230

Modena . . .

235

1662. Act of Uniformity

The earl of Shaftesbury 235

1664. Conventicle Act.

230 1674. Peace with Holland .. .. 235

1665. Five-mile Act

231

Earl of Danby prime minister 235

Foreign relations of Charles. 231 1676. Charles pensioned by Louis. 236

1643. Accession of Louis XIV. .. 231 1677. Marriage of William and

Cardinal Mazarin .. .. ..

231

Mary .. .. .. .. .. 236

1661. Louis governs alone.. .. 231 1678. Peace of Nimeguen .. .. 236

Alliance of England, Fr

The Popish Plot. Titus Oates 236

and Portugal ..

1679. Parliament dissolved .. .. 237

1662. Marriage of Charles II. to

Progress of the plot. Bedloe 237

Catherine of Braganza ..

Executions of Coleman and

Acquisition of Tangiers and

others .. . .. .. ..

Bombay .. .. .. ...

231

Flight of the duke of York.. 237

Sale of Dunkirk to France...

The new parliament ... 237

Disputes with the Dutch .. 231

Impeachment of Danby .. 237

1663. African Company. Guineas

New council and cabinet .. 237

coined .. .. .. .. 231

The Exclusion Bill .. 237

1664. Taking of New Amsterdam. 231

The Habeas Corpus Act 237

1665. Declaration of war . .. 231

Rebellion in Scotland .. .. 237

Naval victory off Lowestoft. 231

John Graham of Claverhouse

1666. War declared by France ..

231

Murder of archbishop Sharp 238

Sea-fight for four days.. ..

Defeat of Claverhouse.. .. 238

1665. Great plague of London ..

232

Battle of Bothwell Bridge ..

1666. Fire of London .. .. 232

James duke of Monmouth ..

1667. The Dutch fleet under

Acquittal of Wakeman ... 238

Ruyter insults Chatbam .. 233

Return of the duke of York 238

Peace of Breda .. .. ...

233 Dismissal of Shaftesbury .. 238

Fall of Clarendon .. .

The Meal-tub Plot. Danger-

The new ministry, called the

field .. .. .. .. ...

Cabal .. .. .. .. ..

Addressers and Abhorrer's .. 238

1668. Triple alliance between Eng-

Names of Whig and Tory ... 238

land, Holland, and Sweden 234 | 1680. New parliament .. .. .. 239

le

268

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

CHAPTER XXXII.

THE HOUSE OF BRUNSWICK, OR HAXOVER.-GEORGE I. A.D. 1714-1727.

.

271

.....

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]
[merged small][ocr errors]

278

282

232

282

ploits

[ocr errors]

A.D.

Page A.D.

Page

Failure of the expedition ,

Minorca captured by the

against Carthagena in Ame-

French .. .. .. ..

rica .. .. .. .. .. 277 1757. Execution of admiral Byng 281
1740-1744. Anson's voyage round

Lords Holland and Mansfield 282

the world ...

277

Pitt's first administration .. 282

1741. Retirement of Walpole . 278

Commencement of the Seven

1745. His death ..

Years' War

282

Compton (lord Wilmington)

Loss of Hanover .. ..

at the head of the treasury,

Disgrace of Cumberland 282

but Carteret in reality

Campaigns of Frederick 282

prime minister .. .. ..

Plans of Pitt .. . ..

1740. Death of Charles VI. .. ..

1758. Cherbourg destroyed

282

Accession of Maria Theresa 278

Battle of Crefeld .. .. ..

Attacked by Frederick the

1759. Naval exploits

282

Great .. .. .. .. ..

278

Hawke's victory at Quiberon 282

1741. Her appeal to Hungary ...

Battle of Minden .. .. ..

282
1745. Defeat and death of the em-

1758. Capture of Goree .. .. 283

peror Charles VII. .. ..

Conquests in America .. 283

1742. England supports Maria The-

Canadian Campaign .. . 283

resa . . ..

..

Wolfe before Quebec .. .. 283

1743. Battle of Dettingen .. ..

Scales the heights of Abra-

1744. France declares war against

ham .. .. .. .. .. 283

England . .. .. ..

Defeats Montcalm . 284

1745. Quadruple alliance between

Wolfe and Montcalm killed 284

England, Holland, Austria,

Quebec surrendered .. .. 284

and Saxony .. .. ..

279 1760. Canada conquered .. .. 284

Battle of Fontenoy .. .. 279

Affairs of India ..

284

Francis I. emperor .. 279 1659-1707. Empire of Aurungzebe

The “ Young Pretender"

1498. Portuguese settlements 284

Charles Edward .. .. 279

Dutch settlements .. 284

1721. His birth and character .. 279 1599. East India Company .. ..

1744. His first attempt.. . 279

Settlement at Madras .. 284

1745. He sails from France .. 280

At Bombay .. .. .. .

284

And lands in Scotland .. .. 280

At Calcutta .. .. .. 284

He begins his march... 280

The three presidencies

284

Cope marches northwards 280

Native army. Sepoys

284

Charles enters Edinburgh .. 280

French settlements

284

James VIII. proclaimed ..

1747. The French take Madras 284

Battle of Prestonpans .. ..

Schemes of Dupleix .. 285

Danger of England .. .. 280

Robert Clive .. .. .. ..

285

Charles advances to Der 280 1754. Convention of Madras .. ..

His retreat .. .. .. ..

280 1756. The Black Hole of Calcutta 285

1746. Battle of Culloden .. 280

Clive retakes Calcutta.. .. 285

Escape of the Chevalier 281 ! 1757. Battle of Plassey .. .. .. 285

Crueltics of Cumberland .. 281 i 1761. Capture of Pondicherry .. 285

Settlement of the highlands 281 1760. Death of George II. .. .. 285

1765. Death of the “Old Pretender" 281 1752. Reform of the calendar ..

285

1788. Death of Charles Edward .. 281

Literature and science .. 286

1807. Death of cardinal York, and

English school of painting .. 286

end of the House of Stuart 281

Handel .. .. .. . ..

286

1748. PEACE OF AIX-LA-CHAPELLE 281

British Museum .. .. 286

1756. War with France renewed.. 281

284

284

280
280

285

289

290

A.D.

Page

Resignation of Pitt

288

1762. Lord Bute prime minister .. 288

War with Spain . . 288

1763. Peace of Paris. End of the

Seven Years' War . . 288

Accession of Catherine II. of

· Russia.. .. .. .. .. 289

Resignation of Bute. George

Grenville prime minister..

Arrest of Wilkes on a “gene.

ral warrant" .. .. .. 289

His subsequent career.. .. 289

1765. Grenville's American Stamp

Act .. . .. .. ..

The Thirteen States.. ..

Resignation of Grenville.

Marquis of Rockingham

prime minister .. ..

1766. Repeal of the American

Stamp Act .. .. .. ..

Pitt created earl Chatham.

His second ministry.. .. 290

1767. Charles Townshend's act to

levy a tax on tea and other

articles in America .. ..

1768. Riots in Boston .. .. ..

The Assembly of Massachu-

setts dissolved .. .. ..

Resignation of Chatham ..

Duke of Grafton prime mi-

nister .. .. .. .. ..

1769. The taxes repealed ... 290

The tea duty retained.. .. 290

1770. Resignation of the duke of

Grafton .. .. .. .. 290

Lord North prime minister...

1773. Popular outbreak at Boston. 291

1775. Commencement of the Ame-

rican War of Independence 291

Battles of Lexington and

Bunker's Hill

291

Washington commander-in

chief .. .. .. ..

291

Attack on Canada.. . 291

1776. Boston evacuated.. .. 291

Declaration of Independence

of the United States of

North America.. .. .. 291

1777. Capitulation of Saratoga .. 291

La Fayette in America. .. 291

1778. Treaties between America

and France.. .. .. ..

291

Lord North's two bills

291

War with France .. .. ..

291

Death of lord Chatham.

1779. War with Spain .. .. ..

292

The armed neutrality .. .. 292

1780. War with Holland .. 292

A.D.

Page

1781. Capitulation of lord Corn.

wallis and end of the Ame-

rican war .. .. .. ..

292

Fate of major André .. .. 292

The maritime campaign .. 293

1780. Rodney's victory off Cape St.

Vincent . . .

293

.

The West Indian Islands 293

782. Rodney's great victory

293

Surrender of Minorca .. .. 293

Siege of Gibraltar .. .. 293

Recognition of the independ-

ence of the United States. 294

Dr. Benjamin Franklin .. 294

George III. and Mr. Adams 294

Results of the separation 294

1783. Peace of Versailles

294

Peace with Holland .

294

Domestic politics .. .. .. 295

1772. Royal Marriage Act . ... 295

1778. “No Popery" agitation ...

295

1780, Lord George Gordon's riots

295

1781. William Pitt the younger .. 295

1782. Lord North's resignation ... 295

Marquis of Rockingham's

second ministry.. .. .. 295

Legislative independence of

Ireland granted

295

Parliamentary reform. 296

Motion of Mr. Pitt . .. 296

Reform of the civil list ... 296

Death of lord Rockingham.. 296

The earl of Shelburne prime

minister .. .

296

William Pitt chancellor of

the exchequer .. .. .. 296

Secession of the Whigs 296

1783. Resignation of lord Shelburne 296

Coalition ministry..

296

Fox's India Bill .. .

296

Pitt prime minister

296

Opposition of parliament 297

1784. The new elections.. .. ..

India Bill. Board of Contr col 297

Financial reform .. .. .. 297

1785. Reform Bill again lost.. .. 297

Other great questions post-

poned ..

297

1786. Impeachment of Warren

Hastings .. .. .. ..

297

George prince of Wales .. 297

His opposition to the king ... 297

1785. Married to Mrs. Fitzherbert 297

Relieved from his debts 297

1788. Illness of George III. .. .. 297

Question of the regency 297

1789. The king's recovery .. 297

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

THE HOUSE OF BRUNSWICK (continued).--GEORGE III. FROM THE BEGINNING

OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION TO THE DEATH OF THE KING.

A.D.

Page T A.D.

Page

1789. Causes of the French revo-

Mutinies at Spithead and the

lution .. .. .. .. .. 298

Nore .. .. .. .. .. 301

Meeting of the states-general 299

Battle of Camperdown .. 301

The National Assembly 299 1798. French expedition to Egypt 301

The Bastille stormed .. .. 299

Nelson's victory at the Nile 301

Feudal rights abolished ... 299

Bonaparte repulsed from Acre 301

The new constitution .. .. 299 1799. His return from Egypt ..

1790. Fête of the Federation.. .. 299

Failure of the British expe-

Excesses of the revolution .. 299

dition to Holland .. 302

Burke's Reflections' .. .. 299 1793-1795. State trials in England

Mackintosh's Vindiciæ Ga

and Scotland .. ..

licæ' .. .. .

1797. Bank Restriction Act .. . 302

1791. Separation of Burke and Fox 299

State of Ireland .. ..

Riots at Birmingham .. .. 299 1791. The “United Irishmen” 302

Louis XVI.'s attempted

1798. Insurrection in Ireland

302

cape and capture . . . 299

Battle of Vinegar Hill.. .. 302

The Legislative Assembly.

1800. Union of Ireland with Great

Constitutionalists, Girondins,

Britain .. ..

302

and Jacobins .. .. ..

299

Title of “King of France"

Declaration of Pilnitz .. .

dropped ..

302

1792. War between France an

1799. Bonaparte First Consul . 302

Austria .. .. .. ...

300 1800. Victories of Marengo ar

Invasion of France ... 300

Hohenlinden .. .. ..

302

Storming of the Tuileries ...

1801. Peace of Luneville .. ... 303

France declared a republic.. 300 1800. England obtains Malta ... 303

Imprisonment of Louis XVI. 300

Armed neutrality of the

Massacres of September ... 300

Northern Powers against

Battles of Valmy and Jem-

England ..

303

mapes .. .. .. ..

...

.. 300 1801. Resignation of Pitt ..

303

Conquest of Belgium .. .. ,300

Addington prime minister. 303

The National Convention .. 300

Eldon lord chancellor .. .. 303

Trial of Louis XVI. .. .. 300

Prussia seizes Hanover ..

1793. His execution .. .. ... 300

Battle of Copenhagen .. .. 303

The Convention declares war

Alexander I., emperor of

against England and Hol-

Russia

land .. .. .. .. ..

300

Treaty with the Northern

The Reign of Terror .. .. 300

Powers .. .. .. ..

303

Victories of the French

300

Expedition to Egypt .. .. 303

Loss of their colonies.. .. 300

Battle of Alexandria .. .. 303

The duke of York in Belgium 300

Capitulation of the French ... 303

Siege of Toulon .. .. ..

301

Egyptian monuments - Ro-

NAPOLEON BONAPARTE

301

setta stone .. .. .. ..

1794. Battle of Fleurus.. ... 301 1802. Peace of Amiens... 303

French conquest of Holland 301 1803. War renewed between Eng-

Corsica taken .. .. "

301

land and France .. .. 303

HORATIO NELSON .. .

301

The French seize Hanover.. 303

Lord Howe's victory on Junel 301

Bonaparte's camp at Bou-

1795. Insurrection in Brittany .. 301

logne .. .. .. .. ..

Expedition to Quiberon .. 301

Projected invasion of England 303

1796. Alliance of Spain with France 301

Patriotic spirit: the Volun-

Bonaparte in Italy .. .. 301

teers .. .. .. .. ..

303

Attempts to invade England 301 1804. Pitt's second administration 304

1797. Battle of Cape St. Vincent .. 301

Napoleon assumes the title

Sir John Jervis, earl St. Vin-

of emperor ..

304

cent . . . . . . . 301

War declared by Spain ..

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinuar »