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Science, “So fight I, not as one that beat- In this illusion lies the power of Chriseth the air ;" this was not the understand- tian Science; its doctrine of metaphysical ing of John, who wrote, “ I write unto you healing is subordinate and secondary. young men, because ye have overcome There are a great many sweet and pious the wicked one." Christ and the Apostles souls who wish to believe only good about suffered no illusion on this subject. They mankind and only pleasant things about did not regard sin as nothing, nor did life. They never read the novels, the they teach their followers so to regard it. past history, or the current records which To them it was a very real and a very depict in strong colors the evil passions terrible entity.

of mankind and their consequences; they For ourselves, we wish to repudiate with even think, or try to think, that whatever all the vigor of which we are capable this portrays immorality is immoral. Their pleasing but treacherous optimism. It is motto is, Where ignorance is bliss 'tis a very Delilah who summons man to go to folly to be wise, and to them ignorance sleep in her lap with assurances that there of the darker and more terrible aspects is no enemy near, only that she may deliver of life is always bliss. A philosophy him over to his enemy. Sin the West- which declares that there is no sin, it minster Catechism defines as any violation is only nothing, and no misery except in of or want of conformity to the law of God; imagination, and none, therefore, which sin John defines yet more tersely as “law- imagination cannot cure, that all evil is a lessness;" sin Paul describes as the “mortal thought," and to meditate on God supremacy in man of the lusts of the flesh as love and love as infinite is a panacea, over the higher will of the spirit. Sin as brings to such optimists a welcome relief thus defined and described is real, actual, from the pains and burdens of life. It aggressive, the terrible tragedy of human is like an anodyne to one in pain ; it life. It is no mere nightmare, which will brings no cure, but it brings a delicious disappear when we awaken; it is no mere forgetfulness. There are other souls absence of goodness which glides away whose bane is spiritual laziness. They noiselessly and without a struggle before would be glad to “sit and sing themselves our higher aspirations, as the darkness away to everlasting bliss,” but they have disappears before the sunlight. Sin is no inclination to fight their way thither; lawlessness; sin is the spirit of a self-will they enjoy fondling their own aspirations setting divine law at defiance, or the spirit as the father likes to play a little while of self-indulgence acting in serene indiffer- with his baby before the serious business ence to law, as though there were no higher of the day begins; but they have neither will than one's own. Sin is to be feared; the courage to fight evil in others nor the sin is to be fought: in one's self and in resolution to fight evil in themselves. society. The serenity which smiles and The doctrine that there is no evil to be folds its hands and says sin is nothing fought, that there is no higher virtue will never conquer sin. This spirit will demanded of us than fondling our own not close saloons, nor lessen gambling- aspirations, that to dream of goodness is halls, nor rescue fallen women, nor eman- to be good, that to meditate on God as cipate the slave, nor overthrow despotic love is to conquer sin, comes to such government, nor purify governments that dreamers as a welcome relief from the are corrupt, nor in the individual vanquish summons of reformers without and of his appetite, his lust, his pride, his self- conscience within to a strenuous life. conceit, his self-will. Sin is real, actual, The attractiveness of Christian Science terrible, a spiritual reality. It is an inci- is not in its prescription for physical disdent of a world of men whose wills are ease; it is in the opiate which it furnishes free to follow or to reject God and good to the troubled sympathies and the trouness, and who often choose to reject both. bled consciences of the sensitive and the It cannot be argued out of existence by sentimental. any such syllogism as, God is infinite and For half a century at least the doctors God is good, therefore there can be no have been treating man as a physical evil. There is evil; and no philosophy machine and disease as a physical discan be intellectually or morally sound order, and have been prescribing drugs which denies its terrible reallty.

as the only remedy. Christian Science as a method of medicine is a natural worth their cost, that must be put to the reaction against the materialism of medi- discredit of the Spectator and not of the cal science. For nearly half a century luncheon. It may possibly seem strange the pulpit has been emphasizing the love to associate an enthusiasm for ideals with of God, and saying little about his right- a cheap lunch-room ; but stranger juxtaeousness; the apotheosis of humanity positions happen in this kaleidoscopic which American democracy borrowed from world. If the shortest way to a man's Rousseau the American pulpit has caught heart is through his stomach, as Mr. from democracy; in its reaction against Beecher used to say, why should not the the legalism of the older Puritanism it has reformer open an eating-house instead of been comparatively silent about the laws hiring a lecture-hall ? At any rate, that of God and the reality and terribleness of is what these New York reformers have the spirit of lawlessness. Christian Sci- done. ence offers a further opiate to a public conscience which needs not to be lulled

Perhaps the Straight Edge people would to sleep but aroused to action. The

not care to be called reformers. They remedy for Christian Science is not in a direct attack, but in portraying the reality really seem to be just trying to live in a direct attack, but in portraying the reality sensible, simple way, doing their duty as and terribleness of sin in society and in it comes to them, and not making much the individual, in summoning the soul to fuss about it, even if they do print a paper. a successful battle against it, and, by a

Their enthusiasm for the co-operative life rational doctrine of the divine presence,

is of the quiet and unobtrusive sort. inspiring a stronger, more reasonable, and Nevertheless, they are reformers. They more spiritual hope of redemption than

are seeking to live in a wholesomer, better Christian Science can ever inspire by call. way than the grasping, selfishly strenuous ing on us to shut our eyes to the facts of world's people. And one of the first of life while it cries out concerning sin, It is their reforms is in the matter of food. naught, it is naught.

“ Nothing that ever squealed " is the motto on their bill of fare; and squealing appar

ently means also squawking, bleating, and The Spectator lowing. The Spectator is willing to admit Blessed are the men and women of fine that a vegetarian luncheon is probably a enthusiasms! A materialistic age cannot if one is dreadfully hungry. There are

good thing for most of us. Not, perhaps, wither them, nor the world's custom of times when only a porterhouse steak will slamming doors in their faces rob them

fill the void and make one believe in the of their infinite courage. They are as

essential goodness of things; but as a a fresh breeze on a summer day, and while sometimes they blow a little too feited, especially in summer ; and a mid

general thing Americans are meat-surhard, they keep us thereby from stagna- day meal of good home-made bread, tion and pessimism and inertia the while well-cooked potatoes, corn, tomatoes, and we are holding on our hats and wondering how long it will last. Such are the fresh fruit is calculated to make one seers who build Utopias, and Icarias, and too, these new co-operationists meet the

“ see straight and think clear.” Then, Altrurias, and set the world a-thinking

common objection that a man generally and a-moving. They do not become disheartened, like the rest of us, when their goes away hungry from a vegetarian

restaurant by the reassuring suggestion, plans fail, but go to work again and make other and finer and better ones. Their

“ Pass up your plate a second time if you

are not satisfied.” faith and hope prophesy their eventual triumph, even if they have to wait a long time to see the downing of the day they But it was the quality of the "help" so eagerly and ca ently expect.

that most pleased the Spectator in his visit to the new community. In the average

restaurant one expects either servility or These reflections are the result of a indifference from the waiter. The attitude twenty-cent luncheon. If they are not of servility comes when there is a prospect of a liberal tip ; that of indifference or believe in following the example of Jesus impertinence when there is reason to by being ourselves. If Jesus were here think that this will not be forthcoming. to-day, he would live his own life in his Here there was neither attitude. Pleasant- own way, act out his individuality through voiced, refined-looking girls were doing the methods best suited to his present the work of supplying their guests with surroundings. This we are trying to do. food, in something of the spirit in which The teachings of Jesus to us are embodied the Master must have waited on his dis- in the precept, Whatsoever ye would ciples ; with a simple, quiet dignity that that men should do to you, do ye even so made one think that these waitresses to them.'' must have well in mind Herbert's lines, Who sweeps a room as for thy laws

The world, alas l has been trying and Makes that and the action fine. failing to live up to that precept for nineThe Spectator learned that occasionally teen centuries and part of the twentieth. an impatient patron failed to appreciate Is it possible that this new co-operative the character of the service he was receiv

society can make an ethical precept exering .and spoke inconsiderately to these

cise the cohering power of sentiments young ladies, and that the offender was

such as have held together the religious then pleasantly reminded that the co

societies of the past? Can the Straight operative spirit did not require or permit Edgers escape the difficulty of the usual that kind of speech. Individual initiative, co-operative scheme in the lack of a bindsuggestion kindly worded and willingly ing motive? Sweet is the idea of harreceived, and not “ bossism," is the plan mony and love and common work for a of work among the Straight Edgers.

common end, and alluring is the vision that leads one to enter these societies.

The test comes when we find that we The genial Straight Edge printer was are doing the hard work and that our at work at his case in the room next the neighbor co-operator is a shirk—and this restaurant. He was a kindly-looking man, in an age that is but faintly affected by with honest, straightforward eyes and a the thought of a Great Assize in which bronzed, collarless throat as his most con- all industrious workers are to be rewarded spicuous features ; perhaps the kind of and all idlers are to get their deserts, an printer that Walt Whitman was in those age when an objective heaven in the future early days in the sleepy Brooklyn printing- does not make the appeal that it did to office before he went on the road to see the monkish co-operators. And when the the world and get material for “ Leaves of inevitable moment comes when we get Grass.” One could imagine that this dissatisfied with some of our companions, Straight Edge man had a large fund of there is lack of an overrulins authority, patience and forbearance to draw on, and within us or without, to compel us to make would need much of it if he remained the the best of our grievances and stay. The head-no, the nucleus around which these bright dreams of most of the co-operationco-operative workers had gathered. The ists are sooner or later dispelled by the Straight Edge motto is, “ The application untractableness of human nature and the of the Teachings of Jesus to Business and allurements of the ordinary human world. Society.” The Spectator asked the kindly But the Spectator thinks that while this printer man whether this meant accepting is true, neverthel's these co-operative the Tolstoï interpretation of the non- experiments pay while they last ; that even resistance precepts. “Not exactly," was if they do inevitably break up in the end, the reply; “it means that we must get they furnish their own excuse for being along smoothly if possible. You know in the genuine happiness they bring during some great fighters don't believe in vio- their golden prime to the few choice spirits lence. Look at our politicians, for in- who really appreciate them. And thinkstance; they don't fight with clubs; they ing thus, the Spectator is glad that the use diplomacy, the soft hand ; and they Straight Edge has helped to touch New generally accomplish their ends better York's materialism with a ray of idealthan the men of violence. Then, too, we

istic light.

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The Spirit of the New World as Interpreted

by the Pan-American Exposition

BY HAMILTON WRIGHT MABIE

Illustrated with drawings by A. Fleury and photographs by C. D. Arnold

T

10 one who takes with him the life in a fresh field. As the individual

memories of other great fairs the touch of the man of creative spirit on old

first impressions conveyed by the materials produces the new work of art, so Pan-American Exposition are unity, har- the striving of individual races with novel mony, and lightness. Years ago, before conditions modifies their ancient inheritwe had studied our own skies and knew ances and fashions a new order of art and our own architecture, the effect would have life. been called foreign ; it is, in fact, signifi- The Pan-American discloses this recantly American. There are traces of adjustment of old races to a fresh environ. Europe in it, as there are always traces ment; this adaptation of ancient arts to of the past in every form of art and indus- the nature, the skies, the atmosphere of a try; for civilization is not national but new world. The older civilization lies racial, and each age builds for every age behind the Pan-American, and gives it a which succeeds it, and every people con- rich and universal historical significance; tributes something of its own making to but it is :ssentially an American creation. the sum total of influences, institutions. The wor' American has never received, and products of many kinds which we call however, a broader or deeper interpretacivilization. The New World is not a new tion; and the thoughtful visitor will find creation of a new race; it is the product of in the beautiful unity of the Exposition ancient races working out the problem of a parable which Americans of English

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