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of this Association, which threw
bors in all household ways seemed itself heartily into the task of arous
most pitiable to her. The girls ing public opinion to the percep
who came to the mission school all tion of the need and value of man
had to help at home, yet when ual training, are due not only the
called into the mission kitchen Teachers' College of New York
they did not even know how to City and the Burnham Industrial
peel a potato properly. The new Farm, which it founded, but also
head of the mission could not bear such institutions as Pratt, Drexel,
the thought of their growing up and Armour Institutes. The addition of to know no more than the housekeeping, vacation schools, kindergartens, sewing or rather the house-unkeeping, of their classes, and manual-training high schools mothers. To an earnest mind the perto the public-school system also follows ception of a wrong or a need always the impulse given by its erforts.
brings the question, How can I help? and The first kitchen-garden was the inven- Miss Huntington pondered over the probtion, or perhaps more truly the discovery, lem of instructing these children in houseof Miss Emily Huntington, who came work. One or two at a time she could twenty-five years ago to take charge of a take and teach, but that took too long ; mission school for girls on the East Side how could many be taught at once? While of New York. She had lived among the she was puzzling over the problem, she thrifty, capable housewives of New Eng- was invited to attend a kindergarten exland, and the ignorance of her new neigh- hibition, and there the thought flashed
into her mind that the chil- little hostess and a friend had previously dren might be taught house- taken and now gave to their guests. A work by means of toys, learn- governess was always present to assist ing the practical in a game, as and to accompany the songs, but the two in the kindergarten a prin- little girls were the teachers. Every week ciple is given in a song. At from the greenhouse the gardener would once she began planning the send a little bouquet for each child, and utensils for the children to it would be hard to say which learned the use, investing in doll's tea- most, the two little teachers or their
sets, experimenting with little pupils. wooden tubs and bedsteads, and trying to The work of kitchen-gardening divides find manufacturers who would make the itself into twelve lessons: first, one on little spoons and saucers and gravy-dishes wood, in which the children learn how to that were necessary for a well-set dinner- light a fire; a folding lesson teaches them table. The songs sang themselves in her how to fold properly the pieces of white mind, and the lessons outlined themselves, paper that represent sheets and tableuntil she had written a book that held the cloths and napkins; the sweeping lesson course of lessons, questions, music, and combines delightful marching maneuvers all, so that any one who would might teach with brooms adorned by bows of ribbon groups of children.
with practical directions for the banishClasses were at once formed at the ment of dust and for the care and use of Wilson Mission, and a number of young broom, whisk-broom, hair-brush, feather ladies, the “society girls" of the day, duster, cloth, and dustpan. To the queswhom Miss Huntington had inter
tion, “ How do you dust a chair ?" ested in the project, volunteered to
they repeat in concert: help as teachers. This was long
“ First the back, then the seat, before the time of Settlements and
Next the rungs, and then the feet." "slum” work, and the coming of
In table-setting the children, a carriage to the East Side Mis
instead of placing the coffee-pot, sion caused as much excitement
as the tallest object, in the center, as an ambulance does now. Boys
with everything else around it, followed it along the street. The
learn to lay neatly each one's place passers-by gaped at the novel vis
for breakfast, lunch, and dinner. itors, and it was some months before Last, and perhaps most enjoyed of all, is the it was thought safe for two or three mud-pie play, in which, with modeling-clay, of the teachers to come together on the children knead loaves of bread, roll street-car. Perhaps nothing could have out biscuits, and cover pie-plates holding lent more dignity to toil in the children's imaginary apples or pumpkins. Through minds than the fact that their instructors all the lessons there is constant appeal to in the simple household tasks were these the imagination of the child, as box-covers bright creatures from afar. One child was must represent sideboard or kitchen table overheard saying to a companion : " My
My or ironing-board. The frequent exercises teacher wears a silken gown, and she prevent the children from becoming weary knows how to work."
of sitting still; the songs give them means One day there came to the founder of of happy expression, and, as they scrub the kitchen-garden a friend who asked, with imaginary soapsuds dolls' garments “What can I do to bring up my little in the little wooden tubs, and sing as daughter to be thoughtful of others? She they form a circle around is an only child, and has so much money which one child walks, that we are dreadfully afraid she will be “Go round and round the spoiled." They consulted together, and circle, as a result a row of twenty-four hooks was
We're cleaning house toplaced in the breakfast-room of a certain
Go in and out the window, mansion, and there every Saturday morn- We're cleaning house toing came twenty-four little girls, who had day," been collected by the city missionary for they are learning uncona lesson in kitchen-gardening which the sciously, not only prac
tical directions which will always be of lecture called “Seedtime and Harvest ; use to them, but the dignity and beauty or, What Came of Industrial Beginnings," inherent in all simple household tasks. illustrated by seventy slides, which tells
In New York City kitchen-garden of the first kitchen-garden work, the boys' classes are held at the Pro-Cathedral, the clubs and day nurseries which resulted Wilson Mission, the New York Orphan from it, and of its later developments in Asylum, the Sullivan and Mott Street the grown-up kitchen-garden at Northfield Industrial Schools, nearly all the Church Seminary, the housekeeping trunks among Missions, and at some of the schools of the Indians, and the cooking-schools in the Children's Aid Society. They have Virginia. not yet been provided as generously as With all the broader work which has might be for children who are not in need grown out of the first kitchen-garden of free instruction. A little girl taken to class, the need for its simple domestic see one of the classes whispered to her lessons remains. In every Home for chilmother: "Mamma, I want to go and play dren, in every settlement, every mission, with those little girls.” “Hush!” was every organization where there are chilthe answer;
" sit still and watch them.” dren to be taught the rudiments of houseThe child tried to, but the play was too keeping and home-making, there is a place enticing, and again she begged to join the for the kitchen-garden. Its methods can group. “Hush !” she was told; “those be modified to meet the requirements of are poor little girls; you have a roomful Indian, Negro, and Alaskan, as they have of toys at home.” “But not those toys.” been adapted to the children in India and “I will get you some.” The child sub- Japan. There can hardly be a more sided, saying, with a sigh that was audible direct and simple means of improving the all over the room, “I wish my papa would home life of the people than that used by fail, and then I could play that !”
those who gather around them groups All the kitchen-garden materials may of children for a kitchen-garden, whose be obtained from Miss Emily Huntington, name frames the hope of its founder—that at 105 East Twenty-second Street, New the “homely, every-day necessities of life York City. Miss Huntington gives a might blossom like a garden."
An Hour with Thee
By Mary Wheaton Lyon
So often wandering ;
A weak, complaining child-but, oh! Of all this weary life!
Forgive my murmuring, I come to lay the burden down
And fold me to thy loving breastThat so oppresseth me,
Thou who hast died for me,
A little hour with Thee,
One little hour with Thee!
I would forget a little while
The busy world goes on and on, The bitterness of tears,
I cannot heed it now, The anxious thought that crowds my life, Thy sacred hand is laid upon The buried hopes of years;
My aching, throbbing brow. Forget that woman's weary toil
Life's toil will soon be past, and then, My patient care must be.
From all its sorrow free, A tired child I come to-night
How sweet to think that I shall spend To spend an hour with Thee,
Eternity with Thee,
Eternity with Thee!
BEN J A MIN B. O DELL
Governor of the State of New York The independent course of Governor Odell since he has assumed office has justified the opinion of The Outlook that his Message showed that a practical politician who would use his experience of men and politics for the public good had admirable qualities for a great executive officer.