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PREFACE.

THE following work gives within a short compass a history of Oliver Cromwell from a biographical point of view. The text has been revised by the author, but otherwise is the same in a cheaper form as that which was published by Messrs. Goupil with illustrations

in their Illustrated Series of Historical Volumes.

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overted-ious;-'--l':§1-id-zendeavour to discharge the duty Isof a,n-hog1es1' -r"n'an in those services to God and His lI_Se'tp_é?l,¢'I=¢s"interest, and to the Commonwealth.” The .open secret of Cromwell’s public life is set forth in these words :—his aim being T-fi1?,_to be himself an honest man; secondly, to\ serve God and the people of God ; and thirdlyftofulfil his duty to the CommonIn this order, anH'_i_rTno other, did his obliga

tions to his fellow-creatures present themselves to his

wealth.

For the work before him it could not be otherwise than helpful that his position in life brought him

eyes.

into contact with all classes of society.

What powers and capacities this infant—or indeed any other infant—may have derived from this or the other ancestor, is a mystery too deep for human knowledge; but at least it may be noted that the descent of the Cromwells from Sir Richard Williams, the nephew of Thomas Cromwell, the despotic Minister of Henry VIII., brought into the family aV\_7Velsh strain which may have shown itself in the fervid idealism

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lighting up the stern practical sense of the warrior and statesman.

Of Oliver’s father little is known ; but his portrait testifies that he was a man of sober Puritanism, not much given to any form of spiritual enthusiasm—very unlike his elder brother, Sir Oliver, who had inherited not only the estate, but the splendid ways of his father, Sir Henry Cromwell—the Golden Knight—and who,

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