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TO CREATE A DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TO AUTHORIZE APPROPRIATIONS OF MONEY TO ENCOURAGE THE STATES

IN THE PROMOTION AND SUPPORT OF EDUCATION

HEARINGS

BEFORE

THE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

SIXTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

H. R. 3923

A BILL TO CREATE A DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, TO
AUTHORIZE APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SAID
DEPARTMENT, TO AUTHORIZE THE APPROPRIATION OF
MONEY TO ENCOURAGE THE STATES IN THE PROMOTION
AND SUPPORT OF EDUCATION, AND FOR

OTHER PURPOSES

Printed for the use of the Committee on Education

WASHINGTON (OVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

1924

940:1

i

462559

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

SIXTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION

FREDERICK W. DALLINGER, Massachusetts, Chairman DANIEL A. REED, New York.

BILL G. LOWREY, Mississippi. JOHN M. ROBSION, Kentucky.

HENRY ST. GEORGE TUCKER, Virginia. WILLIAM P. HOLADAY, Illinois.

ROBERT L. DOUGHTON, North Carolina. FREDERICK G. FLEETWOOD, Vermont. WILLIAM W. HASTINGS, Oklahoma. GEORGE A. WELSH, Pennsylvania.

R. LEE MOORE, Georgia. ROBERT L. BACON, New York.

R. E. L. ALLEN, West Virginia. E. HART FENN, Connecticut.

LORING M. BLACK, Jr., New York.

II

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

1

Introductory statement of Miss Charl O. Williams.

The Sterling-Reed bill..

Analysis of the bill, by sections -

Statement of Dr. George D. Strayer.

Statement of Mrs. Frederick P. Bagley

Statement of Dr. J. A. H. Keith..

Statement of Dr. John H. MacCracken.

Statement of Dr. W. C. Bagley -

Statement of Dr. Cheesman Herrick.

Statement of Dr, J. O. Engleman.

Statement of Mr. A. Lincoln Filene.

Statement of Mrs. Cora Wilson Stewart

Statement of Mr. Joy E. Morgan..

Editorial from Washington Herald and other Hearst newspapers, February,

1924, “For a Department of Education”.

Article by Dr. Frank Crane, “Real Democracy begins in the Schoolroom,"

from the Chicago Evening American, February 21, 1924.-

Article from the Journal of the National Education Association, March,

1923, entitled, “Earth's Noblest Monument”.

Other articles from the same journal.

Letter of Patterson Wardlaw.

Letter of Edward W. Bok --

Letter of 0. H. Blackinan.

Statement of Dr. Charles Fleischer.

Statement of Dr. J. A. C. Chandler.

Statement of Mr. Reynold E. Blight.

Letter of John H. Cowles.

Statement of Mr. O. H. Blackman.

Statement of Miss Will Lou Gray-

Statement of Mrs. Lizzie Mishoe..

Statement of Mr. Ernest Aiken.

Statement of Dr. John A. A. Keith.

Statement of Mr. L. M. Brown..

Statement of Mr. John K. Norton...

Table showing percentage of illiterates in 10 nations-

Table showing illiterates in United States.

Table of illiteracy, by States, 1920-

Table of native-born illiterates, by States, 1920.

Tables giving figures on various phases of the illiteracy problem.

Tables giving figures pertinent to consideration of Americanization prob-

lem...

Tables giving facts as to training, experience, and maturity of teachers in

United States.

Tables giving figures on the wealth of States and their ability to support

public education.

Charts showing physical disabilities and casualties in the World War..

Tables showing bases upon which States could receive funds under the

terms of the Sterling-Reed bill and the maximum amounts that each

State might receive for each specific purpose.

Statement of Frederick W. Maroney -

Excerpt from address delivered by Sir Auckland Geddes in May, 1923

"Education's Fight for Recognition,” by John K. Norton...

Statement of Mr. Joy E. Morgan.

Statement of Mr. Sherwood D. Shankland.

Resolutions of National Education Association and various school super-

intendents, together with miscellaneous statements in favor of the bill.

Statement of Mr. Edward F. McGrady

Statement of Mrs. John D. Sherman.

Statement of Mrs. Arthur C. Watkins...

Statement of Mrs. Margaretta W. Reeve.

Statement of Mr. H. W. Witcover.

Statement of Miss Mary Stewart

Statement of Miss Adelia Prichard and resolution of National Federation

of Business and Professional Women's Clubs

Statement of Mrs. Francis Fenton Bernard.

Statement of Mrs. Ellis A. Yost.

Statement of Miss Anna A. Gordon

Statement of Dr. A. E. Winship.

Statement of Mrs. John J. O'Connor.

Statement of Mrs. Mark Lansburg-

Statement of Miss Elizabeth Eastman.

Statement of Mrs. Robert E. Speer.

Statement of Mr. Hugh S. McGill.

Statement of Mary Garrett Hay

Statement of Miss Ethel Smith.

Statement of Mrs. Frances Eliot Clark.

Statement of Mr. Joy E. Morgan.

Organizations indorsing the bill and their memberships.

Names and addresses of educational crusaders..

Miscellaneous statements of lay people for the bill.

Statement of Dr. C. R. Mann.

Letter of Bishop Collin Denny-

Letter from members of the faculty of Washington and Lee University--

Letter of Dr. Thomas C. Johnson.

Statement of Mrs. B. L. Robinson.

Statement of Mrs. James G. Whiteley.

Statement of Mr. Frank C. Page..

Majority report of the special committee on education of the United

States Chamber of Commerce.

Minority report ---

Result of referendum conducted by United States Chamber of Commerce.

Statement of Mrs. Rufus M. Gibbs.

Statement of Dr. Charles O'Donovan..

Statement of Mr. Charles L. Schanberger.

Statement of Mr. J. S. Eichelberger.

Letter of Dr. Charles W. Eliot

Letter of President A. Lawrence Lowell..

Letter of President Nicholas Murray Butler.

Letter of Dr. Harry Pratt Judson.

Letter of Dean L. B. R. Briggs.

Letter of Prof. W. P. Burris

Article by Dr. Henry S. Pritchett

Statement of Dr. Frank J. Goodnow-

Letter of A. B. Meredith.

Statement of Hon. Hiram Bingham

Statement of William L. Marbury, Esq.

Statement of William L. Rawls, Esq-

Speech of Hon. St. George Tucker against the bill.

Statement of Rev. J. Frederic Wenchel.

Statement of Mr. C. M. Zorn, jr.

Statement of Rev. John C. Baur.

Statement of Rev. F. J. Lankenau.

Letter of W. E. Chancellor..

Statement of Dr. Lucy Shepard Crawford.

Letter of Hon. A. Piatt Andrew

Letter of J. McFadzean..

Statement of Dr. S. P. Capen.

Statement of Dr. A. F. Woods.

Statement of Dr. Charles H. Judd.

Statement of Mr. H. K. Bush-Brown.

Statement of Dr. Thomas E. Finegan.

Statement of Dr. Robinson G. Jones.

Statement of Mr. William Trueman.

Statement of Mr. Milton Fairchild.

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