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place of safety (which he had reached, not as a persecuted heretic, but as a run-away traitor) breaking out in such terms on the Bishop of London-on one whom, independent of all respect due to office, it might have been thought right and wise to conciliate, and whom, to say the least, it could not be christian, or humane, or politic, to exasperate ;

“Were not the ymages and Roodeloftes in Englande destroied by autoritie of ciuile power? And dothe not Boner the Archbocher of London for all that force them that obeied the authoritie (bicause he saieth, it was not lauful) to make them vp again at their owne charges ? But Boner, thou that allowest nothing to be well done (by what soeuer autoritie it be done) except it be laufull, nor nothing to be laufull that is not agreing to thy canon lawes: I haue to saie to thee. Stande stil a while, whilest I rubbe the. Tell me plainly, and face not out a lie, as thou arte wont: speake not one thing, and thinke an other, as thy nature is : ones in thy life tell the truthe, and shame thy maister the deuil. If thou were the sonne of the earthe by thy fathers side, and of an erraunt hoore by the mother, and so a bastarde: by what autoritie saiest thou thy masse, whan thy lawes suffre no bastardes to be priestes without dispensacion ? how comest thou to be a bishop, whan thy lawes saie, thou maiest be no priest? How be thy iudgements laufull, whan thou by thy canones maiest be no iudge? Ali men knowe, that thy mother whan thou wast begoten, was an hoore.

The common voice and fame saieth, and the truthe is, that albeit one Boner (a bare whippe Iacke) for lucre of money toke vpon him to be thy father, and than to mary thy mother, yet thou wast persone Sauages bastarde: and of that race come thy cousins Wimmeslowe thy Archediacon of London (a mete eie for suche a grosse head) and Wimslowe his brother, and a great meany moo notable. These thinges be so euident and plaine, that thou cannest not (without blushing) denie them : neither thou wilt (I knowe) denie them. For thou boastest and braggest muche, that thou comest of gentil blood.

But thou wilt saye, thou hast a bull of dispensacion from the pope, I require to knowe, what time it was graunted. Thou saiest, whan thou wast at Rome. It is euen that I requiered. Thou wast indede at Rome, proctour for the princes dowager the Quenes mother, in the cause of diuorce betwene King Henry the viii. and her.

Whan thou sawest that no prebendes, no Archediaconries, no bishoprikes were to be goten by continuing on her parte, thou betraidest her cause, and becamest of counsail with the King. O noble counsaillour. O seuere and lawful iudge.

A mete man to sit in condemnacion of so many innocentes : yea more mete to stande on the pillarie, than in a pulpit: to be tied vp in a boare franke, than walke in a princes chambre : to weare a Tiburne tippet, than a graie amise."--Sig. D. vii. b.

One can understand, after reading such a passage as this, how it came that Bishop Ponet entertained John Bale as his chaplain. Perhaps their knowledge and estimation of each other's ability might enable them at times to speak civilly to each other. To the exiled bishop, however, it seemed all too little; he has not done with the object of his wrath, and he presently returns to the charge ;

“But Boner, I maye not leaue thee thus; Geue me leaue (Sauage Boner) to dispute this mater of laufull and not laufull, a litle more with thee. If thou and the rest of the traitours thy Companiones should persuade the frendeles Quene of England (whom ye haue enchaunted) to gene ouer the towne of Calese and Barwike to a straunge prince, and (contrary to her othe not to diminishe any parte of the rightest of the Crowne and liberties of the people, which kinges of England at their Coronacion in tymes past made, and which she also made to her subiectes, whan she was crowned before she was a perfit Quene) she folowed your counsail, som noble personage sent thider to deliuer the keyes, and the deputie and garison did not strike of the messagiers head, and set it on the gates, but obeyed it, and not resisted it: wer not thou and thi felowes traitours for persuading her so doo? hade not she broken her othe and promyse? were not that-tournay a traitour for doing that he was commaunded? were not the deputie and garison traitours for suffring it to be done? Answer. What cannest thou saie for thy self and thy folowes ? [sic] Giltie, or not giltie? Thou standest mewet, what not a worde? Thou art sure, your good will, will stande you in as good stede, as the dede done. Neither doo ye passe, though the crowes be fedde with your carion carcases, and the deuil with your soules, so ye maye leaue behinde you a fame, that by your traytourie, the laitie of England was destroyed, and the spiritualtie restored to their pompe and lordly power.

But before the halter stoppe thy winde, Boner, let vs knowe, what thou canst saye for her. Sayest thou, princes be not bounden by their othes and promisses?" &c.Sug. E. ii.

These extracts are perhaps sufficient to give the reader some idea of Bishop Ponet's style, and to lead him to suspect that where these passages are to be found, he may find more and worse.

Let us, therefore, proceed to the third writer, of whom I have to speak on this occasion—that is, BARTHOLOMEW TRAHERON, whom Strype introduces as “a learned man, and well studied in the divinity of the gospel," and who was, according to Anthony à Wood, “a compleat person and much respected by scholars.". He was brought up in

I Mem. II. i. 420.

2 Ath. i. 324, ed. Bliss,

the university of Oxford by Master Richard Tracy, whom Strype supposes to have been the son of the Tracy whose remains were burned?. He was among those who were detected with John Frith at Oxford in the year 1527 or 15284. He afterwards succeeded Roger Ascham in the office of librarian to King Edward VI., was made Dean of Chichester", and named in a commission for the correction of ecclesiastical laws. It does not appear why his name and some others were soon withdrawn from this commission?; but in a short time after he obtained a prebend at Windsor.

On the accession of Queen Mary, he fled beyond sea; and the leading part which he took among the exiles is thus stated by Strype: “After the separation of a part of the 'congregation at Frankford, which departed and settled,

some at Basil, and some at Geneva, those that remained, • who were for the observation of the English book used "under King Edward, began to set up an university there ‘for the maintenance of learning : wherein the readers constituted were, Dr. Horn, late Dean of Durham, for * Hebrew ; Dr. Mullins for Greek; and Dr. Bartholomew • Traherne or Traheron, late Dean of Chichester, for the divinity lecture." He further tells us that Traheron,

among his other readings, read upon the beginning of St. John's Gospel, 'designedly against the Arians, who began much to increase ' in these times (especially among Protestants), and upon 'the fourth chapter of the Revelations, which led him to 'treat of the providence of God. The reason he chose to

read upon this subject was, to comfort himself and others 'by the consideration of the Divine Providence in their present afflicted condition. But a certain learned person, who had been his auditor, impugned some part of what he had spoken, urging that he had used irreverend speech, in 'saying, that it was in God's will and ordinance that Adam should sin, making God the author of sin.”8 Strype gives some further account of the dissension and

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3 Mem. II. i. 421.

4 Mem. I. i. 581. 5 Mem. II. ü. 266, 267. & See Strype, Mem. II. i. 530, and II. ii. 205, 206. ? Strype, ibid., and see Cran. 1. 388. 8 Mem. III. i, 543,

of a lecture which Traheron read in defence of his opinion, but he says nothing of a tract which he published, and which must, I presume, relate to the same matter. It is, at all events, directed against one of his “co-mates in exile," who had disagreed with him on the same, or a very similar, point of doctrine; and as our only object at present is to gain some idea of the style and spirit of the author, it is sufficient for our purpose. At the same time we are doing him rather more than justice by quoting a work written under such circumstances and on such an occasion, rather than an invective against those by whom he had been “chased out” of his country. The title-page gives the key note of the composition; and it would be hardly doing it justice to copy it without an attempt at something a little like a fac-simile.


[blocks in formation]

vvhich crepte in to the english
congregation of christian
exiles yndre the vi-
sor of a fauo-
rer of the

but at length bewraied him selfe to be one
of the popes asses, thorough his slouche ea
res, and than became a laughing stoc
ke to al the companie, whom
he had amazed before

with his maske
Hereunto is added the subscription of
the chiefest of the companie first, and after-
ward the subscriptio of M. Ro. Watson a-
lone, in special wordes, bicause he was cop
ted the best learned amonge the reste, &

therefore his iudgement was
most regarded and requi-

Imprinted Anno. 1558.

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