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ELEGIARUM LIBER.

ELEG. I.

AD CAROLUM DEODATUM.a
TANDEM, care, tuæ mihi pervenere tabellæ,

Pertulit, et voces nuncia charta tuas :
Pertulit, occidua Devæ Cestrensis ab ora

Vergivium prono qua petit amne salum.
Multum, crede, juvat terras aluisse remotas

Pectus amans nostri, tamque fidele caput,
Quodque mihi lepidum tellus longinqua sodalem

Debet, at unde brevi reddere jussa velit.
Me tenet urbs reflua quam Thamesis alluit unda,

Meque nec invitum patria dulcis habet.
Jam nec arundiferum mihi cura revisere Camum,

Nec dudum vetiti me laris angit amor.
Nuda nec arva placent, umbrasque negantia molles :

Quam male Phoebicolis convenit ille locus !
Nec duri libet usque minas perferre magistri,

Cæteraque ingenio non subeunda meo.
Si sit hoc exilium patrios adiisse penates,

Et vacuum curis otia grata sequi,
Non ego vel profugi nomen sortemve recuso,

Lætus et exilii conditione fruor.

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a Charles Deodate was one of Milton's most intimate friends: he was an excellent scholar, and practised physic in Cheshire. He was educated with our anthor at St. Paul's school, and from thence was sent to Trinity college, Oxford, where he was entered February 7, 1621, at thirteen years of age. He was a fellow-collegian there with Alexander Gill, another of Milton's intimate friends, who was successively usher and master of St. Paul's school. Deodate has a copy of Alcaics extant in an Oxford collection on the death of Camden, called “ Camdeni Insignia." He left the college, when he was a gentleman-commoner, in 1628, having taken the degree of master of arts. Toland says, that he had in his possession two Greek letters, very well written, from Deodate to Milton. Two of Milton's familiar Latin letters, in the utmost freedom of friendship, are to Deodate : both dated from London, 1637. But the best, certainly the most pleasing evidences of their intimacy, and of Deodate's admirable character, are our author's first and sixth Elegies, the fourth Sonnet, and the “Epitaphium Damonis :" and it is highly probable, that Deodate is the "simple shepherd lad,” in “Comus," who is skilled in plants, and loved to hear Thyrsis sing, v. 619, seq. He died in the year 1638. This Elegy was written about the year 1627, in answer to a letter out of Cheshire from Deodate.-T. WARTON.

b Vergivium. The Irish Sea.-T. WARTON.

c Me tenet urbs reflua quam Thamesis alluit unda. To have pointed out London, by only calling it the city washed by the Thames, would have been a general and á trite allusion : but this allusion being combined with the peculiar circumstance of the reflux of the tide, becomes new, poetical, and appropriate. The adjective reflua is at once descriptive and distinctive. Ovid has “refluum mare," " " Metam." yii. 267.-T. WARTON.

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0, utinam vates nunquam graviora tulisset

Ille Tomitano flebilis exul agro;
Non tunc Ionio quicquam cessisset Homero,

Neve foret victo laus tibi prima, Maro.
Tempora nam licet hic placidis dare libera Musis,

Et totum rapiunt me, mea vita, libri :
Excipit hinc fessum sinuosi pompa theatri,

Et vocat ad plausus garrula scena suos.
Seu catus auditur senior, seu prodigus bæres,

Seu procus, aut posita casside miles adest,
Sive decennali foecundus lite patronus

Detonat inculto barbara verba foro;
Sæpe vafer gnato succurrit servus amanti,

Èt nasum rigidi fallit ubique patris;
Sæpe novos illic virgo mirata calores,

Quid sit amor nescit; dum quoque nescit, amat.
Sive cruentatum furiosa Tragoedia sceptrum

Quassat, et effusis crinibus ora rotat,
Et dolet, et specto, juvat et spectasse dolendo;

Interdum et lacrymis dulcis amaror inest :
Seu puer infelix indelibata reliquit

Gaudia, et abrupto flendus amore cadit;
Seu ferus'e tenebris iterat Styga criminis ultor,

Conscia funereo pectora torre movens :
Seu moeret Pelopeia domus, seu nobilis Ili,

Aut luit incestos aula Creontis ayos.
Sed neque sub tecto semper, nec in urbe, latemus;

Irrita nec nobis tempora veris eunt.
Nos quoque lucus habet vicina consitus ulmo,

Atque suburbani nobilis umbra loci.s
Sæpius hic, blandas spirantia sidera flammas,

Virgineos videas præteriisse choros.
Ah, quoties dignæ stupui miracula formæ,

Quæ possit senium vel reparare Jovis !
Ah, quoties vidi superantia lumina gemmas,

Atque faces, quotquot volvit uterque polus !

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d Excipit hinc fessum sinuosi pompa theatri, &o. The theatre, as Mr. Warton observes, seems to have been a favourite amusement of Milton's youth. See “L’Allegro," v. 131.-TODD.

. Sive decennali foecundus lite patronus

Detonat inculto barbara verba foro.
He probably means the play of “Ignoramus.”—T. WARTON.

i By the youth in the first couplet, he perhaps intends Shakspeare's “Romeo;" in the second, either “Hamlet,” or “Richard III." "He then draws his illustrations from the ancient tragedians. The allusions, however, to Shakspeare's incidents do not exactly correspond. In the first instance, Romeo was not torn from joys "untasted:" although “puer" and "abrupto amore" are much in point. The allusions are loose, or resulting from memory, or not intended to tally minutely.-T. Warton,

8 Atque suburbani nobilis umbra loci. Some country-house of Milton's father very near London is here intended, of which we have now no notices.-T. WARTON.

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Collaque bis vivi Pelopis quæ brachia vincant,

Quæque fluit puro nectare tincta via !
Et decus eximium frontis, tremulosque capillos,

Aurea quæ fallax retia tendit Amor!
Pellacesque genas, ad quas hyacinthina sordet

Purpura, et ipse tui floris, Adoni, rubor!
Cedite, laudatæ toties Heroides olim,
Et

quæcunque vagum cepit amica Jovem.
Cedite, Achæmeniæ turrita fronte puellæ,

Et quot Susa colunt, Memnoniamque Ninon ;
Vos etiam, Danaæ fasces submittite nymphæ,

Et vos, Iliacæ, Romuleæque nurus:
Nec Pompeianas Tarpëia Musa columnas

Jactet, et Ausoniis plena theatra stolis.
Gloria virginibus debetur prima Britannis ;

Extera, sat tibi sit, fæmina, posse sequi.
Tuque urbs Dardaniis, Londinum, structa colonis,

Turrigerum late conspicienda caput,
Tu nimium felix intra tua monia claudis

Quicquid formosi pendulus orbis habet.
Non tibi tot colo scintillant astra sereno,

Endymioneæ turba ministra deæ,
Quot tibi, conspicuæ formaque auroque, puellæ

Per medias radiant turba videnda vias.
Creditur huc geminis venisse invecta columbis

Alma pharetrigero milite cincta Venus;
Huic Cnidon, et riguas Simoentis flumine valles,

Huic Paphon, et roseam posthabitura Cypron.
Ast ego, dum pueri sinit indulgentia cæci,

Mænia quam subito linquere fausta paro;
Et vitare procul malefidæ infamia Circes

Atria, divini Molyos usus ope.
Stat quoque juncosas Cami remeare paludes,

Atque iterum raucæ murmur adire scholæ.
Interea fidi parvum cape munus amici,

Paucaque in alternos verba coacta modos.

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Et quot Susa colunt, Memnoniamque Ninon. Susa, anciently a capital city of Susiana in Persia, conquered by Cyrus. Xerxes marched from this city, to enslave Greece. It is now called Souster. Ninos is a city of Assyria, built by Ninus; Memnon, a hero of the Iliad, had a place there, and was the builder of Susa. Milton is alluding to oriental beauty. In the next couplet, he challenges the ladies of ancient Greece, Troy, and Romo.-T. WARTON.

i Nec Pompeianas Tarpëia Musa, &c. The poet has a retrospect to a long passage in Ovid, who is here called "Tarpēia Musa," either because he had a house

adjoining to the Capitol, or by way of distinction, that he was the Tarpeian, the general Roman Muse.—I. WARTON.

The learned Lord Monboddo pronounces this Elegy to be equal to anything of the elegiac kind, to be found in Ovid, or even in Tibullus.”—T. WARTON.

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ELEG. II.
In Obitum Præconis Academici Cantabrigiensis.)

ANNO ÆTATIS 17.
TE, qui, conspicuus baculo, fulgente, solebas

Palladium toties ore ciere gregem ;k
Ultima præconum, præconum te quoque sæva

Mors rapit, officio nec favet ipsa suo.
Candidiora licet fuerint tibi tempora plumis,

Sub quibus accipimus delituisse Jovem;
O dignus tamen Hæmonio juvenescere succo,

Dignus in Æsonios vivere posse dies;
Dignus, quem Stygiis medica revocaret ab undis

Arte Coronides, sæpe rogante dea.
Tu si jussus eras acies accire togatas,

Et celer a Phæbo nuntius ire tuo;
Talis in Iliaca stabat Cyllenius aula

Alipes, ætherea missus ab arce Patris :
Talis et Eurybates ante ora furentis Achillei

Rettulit Atridæ jussa severa ducis.
Magna sepulcrorum regina, - satelles Averni,

Sæva nimis Musis, Palladi sæva nimis,
Quin illos rapias qui pondus inutile terræ ;*

Turba quidem est telis ista petenda tuis :
Vestibus hunc igitur pullis, Academia, luge,

Et madeant lacrymis nigra feretra tuis.'
Fundat et ipsa modos querebunda Elegëia tristes,

Personet et totis nænia mesta scholis.

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3 The person here commemorated is Richard Ridding, one of the university-beadles, and a master of arts of St. John's college, Cambridge. He signed a testamentary codicil, September 23, 1626, proved the eighth of November following.-T. WARTON.

k It was a custom at Cambridge, lately disused, for one of the beadles to make proclamation of convocations in every college. This is still in use at Oxford.-T. WARTON.

I Talis, &c. These allusions are proofs of our author's early familiarity with Homer.-T. WARTON.

Magna sepulcrorum regina. A sublime poetical appellation for Death; and much in the manner of his English poetry.--T. WARTON.

n Pondus inutile terræ. Homer, “Il.” xviii. 104.-Jos. WARTON.

Et madeant lacrymis nigra feretra tuis. Here seems to be an allusion to the custom of affixing verses on the pall, formerly perhaps more generally observed at Cambridge. “Lacrymis tuis” are the funeral poems, as “tear" is in “Lycidas," v. 14.-TODD.

This Elegy, with the next on the death of bishop Andrewes, the Odes on the death of professor Goslyn and bishop Felton, and the poem on the fifth of November, are very correct and manly performances for a boy of seventeen. This was our author's first year at Cambridge. They discover a great fund and command of ancient literature.-T. WARTON.

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ELEG. III.
in Obitum Præsulis Wintoniensis. P-ANNO ÆTATIS 17.
Mestus eram, et tacitus, nullo comitante, sedebam;

Hærebantque animo tristia plura meo :
Protinus, en subiit funestæ cladis imago,

Fecit in Angliaco quam Libitina solo;
Dum procerum ingressa est splendentes marmore turres

Dira sepulcrali Mors metuenda face;
Pulsavitque auro gravidos et jaspide muros,

Nec metuit satrapum sternere falce greges.
Tunc memini clarique ducis," fratrisque verendi

Intempestivis ossa cremata rogis :
Et memini heroum, quos vidit ad æthera raptos,

Flevit et amissos Belgia tota duces.
At te præcipue luxi, dignissime Præsul,

Wintoniæque olim gloria magna tuæ;
Delicui fletu, et tristi sic ore querebar :

“Mors fera, Tartareo diva secunda Jovi,
Nonne satis quod sylva tuas persentiat iras,
Et quod in herbosos jus tibi detur agros

? Quodque afilata tuo marcescant lilia tabo,

et pulchræ Cypridi sacra rosa ?
Nec sinis, ut semper fluvio contermina quercus

Miretur lapsus prætereuntis aquæ ?
Et tibi succumbit, liquido quæ plurima coelo

Evehitur pennis, quamlibet augur, avis;
Et quæ mille nigris errant animalia sylvis;

Et quot alunt mutum Proteos antra pecus.
Invida, tanta tibi cum sit concessa potestas,

Quid juvat humana tingere cæde manus;
Nobileque in pectos certas acuisse sagittas,

Semideamque animam sede fugasse sua ?”
Talia dum lacrymans alto sub pectore volvo,

Roscidus occiduis Hesperus exit aquis,
Et Tartessiacos submerserat æquore currum

Phoebus, ab Eoo littore mensus iter : p Lancelot Andrewes, bishop of Winchester, had been originally master of Pembrokehall in Cambridge ; but long before Milton's time. He died at Winchester-house in Southwark, Sept. 21, 1626.— T. WARTON.

9 Fecit in Angliaco quam Libitina solo. A very severe plaguo now raged in London and the neighbourhood, of which 35,417 persons are said to have died.--T. WARTON.

r Tunc memini clarique ducis, &c. I am kindly informed by Sir David Dalrymple,-" The two generals here mentioned, who died in 1626, were the two champions of the Queen of Bohemia; the Duke of Brunswick, and Count Mansfelt: 'Frater' means a sworn brother in arms, according to the military cant of those days. The next couplet respects the death of Henry Earl of Oxford, who died not long before.” Henry, Earl of Oxford, Sbakspeare's patron, died at the siege of Breda in 1625.-T. WARTON.

s Et Tartessiaco, &c. Ovid, “Metam.” xiv. 416 :-"Presserat occiduus Tartessia littora Phæbus.” “Tar.

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