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MDCCCXXXIII,

Ostrich, 99

Rein Deer, 141
Otter, 64

Religion, Bishop Jebb, 183
Owlylee, 9

Leighton, 111

not sellish, Feltham, 34
Pain, on, Palet, 141

Religionis belief, Sir Humphrey Dary,
Paley, on authority, 13. : on grasses,

155
176;

; on happiness, 211 ; religious Religious man, South, 159
melancholy. 242; remark by, 119 Religious melancholy. Paley, 242
Paper, ancient marks in, 83

Remarkable facts, 96
Paper nautilus, 233

Remembrance, lines on, by Southey, 67
Paradoxical animals, 115

Remora, the, 237
Parish registers, 82

Rhiuoceros, 224
Parke, Mungo, in the desert, 56 Rider not always wiser than his horse,
Pascal on the Christian Religion, 239; 172
remarks on, 26

Rivers, the principal, 202
Passions, Fuller, 88

Roberts, Departure of the Israelites, 33
Peak Corn, 153

Rock samphire, 5
Penrhyn slate-quarry, 93

Roses, two, Flavel, 136
Pestilence at Athens, 117

Rose-tree, the, Burton, 40
Plague, the, at Eyam, Derbyshire, 129 Rules for employing time, 200
Planting, 140

Rushes, lise of, 229
Pleasure of amusement and industry, Russian, lines from the, 149

Burton, 64
Plymouth breakwater, 167

Sadler, M. T. Esq., lines by, 223
Polar regions, 57

Sailor's funeral, 146
Popular calendar, 246

Salt, 151
Population of England and Walos, 6; Salt-mine, 94
and Scotland, 38

Sandwich Islands, Sunday at, 233
Post Office, General, account of, 210 Saturday evening. Bowring, 232
Practical Christianity, an anecdote, 141 Savoy Palace, 80
Prayer, remark on, by Henry III., 80 Scott on Death, 88
Jeremy Taylor's, 118

Scott, Sir Walter, on the Bible, 75
Lines on, 176

Scripture difficulties, Hales, 214
remarks on, by Taylor, 111, 215 Scripture, Sir W. Jones, 82
Pride, against, Jeremy Taylor, 187 Sea Nettle, 243
Providence, dependence on, Cecil, 240 Secret of living always easy, 96
Psalms, buok of, Hooker, 154

Selden's will, 214
Puma, 93

Seneca, remark by, 6
Puri Indians, 193

Shaftesbury on truth, 118
Pyramids of Egypt, 138

Sherlock, on intemperance, 218

Shooting swallows, cruelty of, 154
Quarles, on conscience, 48 ; on know. Sidney's, father's advice, 175
ledge, 61; lines by, 44

Sidney, Sir Philip. 148
Quicksiiver mines, 36

Sin not weakened by age, South, 187

Sister's love, 70
Rainbow, lines on the, Campbell, 63 Skinner's Excursions, 87
Rain, lines on, 211

Sleeper, the, !19
Raleigh, remark by, 95

Snow, preservation of life under, 239
Reason, Warburton, 113

Social Worship, 179
Reflections ou iho study of Nature, 230

Solitude, lines on, by the Rev. W. True knowledge, 11
Jones, 3;

answer to by G. H. True Story, 42
Glasse, 3

Trumpeter-bird, 77
South, extract from, 55

Truth, Shaftesbury, 118
South, Dr., on gratitude and ingrati. Tucker, ou strony pitssions, 192

tude, 120; ingratitude, 213; in- Turner, Bishop, Sunday at Sea, 46
vestigation of truth, 171 ; religious Tyrol, summer's ramble in, extacts, 3:
man, 158; on sin, 187; remark
by, 188

Value, on, Parts I. and II, 186
Southcy, extract from, 3; observations Vampire bat, 133

by, 71; lines by Remembrance, 67 Van Diemen's land, 33
Spanish rubbers, 131

Vegetable fly-trape, 199
Spring. Bishop Hoadly, 173

Vegetable Titan, 91
Stage coaches in England, 96

Village church. 230
Steam coach, 133

Virtuous habits, 111
Steam engines in 1543, 30
St. Mary-le-Bow church, 140

Waes of war, Mc Neill, 51
Stonehenge, 185

Wager of battle 68
Stork, white, 221

Wages, 222
St. Paul's cross and church, 234 Wall of China, 169
St. Pierre, anecdote by, 115

Walrus, 175
Success from small beginnings, 235 Warburton, on reason, 112; religion,
Sucking-fish, 237
Sunday at Sea, Bishop Turner, 46 ; Water-hottles of the East, 44

hymn, by G. Wither, 119; remarks Waterloo-bridge, musings on, 112
on Judge Hale, 146; thought, Waters of three rivers, 179
Townsend, 212

Water Spider. 223
Swallows, lines on, by Hayley, 151 Watson, Bishop, on cquality, 111
Sweet Pea, 173

Weeds, lines on, 143
Swithin's, St., day, 14

What is Time ? Rev. J. Marsden, 89

Wheat and other grain, consunption
Table of Shew-bread, 215

of, 39
Tailor-bird, 172

Whichcote, Dr., on opinions. 232
Taylor, Rev. Isaac, account of Quick- Which was the greater fool ? Bislwp
silver mine, 37

Hall, 23
against pride, 187

White's Selborne, extract, 56
Jeremy, on the decline of Who is alone ? 91
manners, 96; lines by, 136; Wickliffe's chair, 16

nightly prayer, 118; on prayer, 14 Widow to her child, 237
Temper, command of, 219

Wild Sports of the East, Captain
Thorp le soken church, 221

Mundy, extract, 12
Tigers, 189

Williams, Archbishop, on conversion,
Time's speed, Feltham, 79

197
Tobacco, 85

Wisdom, remark on, 7
To-morrow, Drexelius, 135

Woman in White, 166
Townsend, C. H., lines by, 70

Wotton, Sir H., lines by, 152
Travelling in Spain, Washington Ir- Wryneck, the, 67

ving, 10
Trials of guilt, 53

Yew-trcos, in church-yarls, 74

INDEX TO THE ENGRAVINGS.

Agami heron, 149
Air Brahmin, 28
Allspice, 132
Arches, 78, 79

Rocking stone, 32
Ross, village of, 164
Rock samphire, 5

Bamborough Castle, 216
Baobab tree, 157; bloscom, 156
Beaver, 181
Belsbazzar's fenst, 105
Bemerton church, 220
Black-backed gull, 41
Black-lead mine, 24
Boscobel cottage, 96
Cathedral, plan of a, 107
Chamois Hunters, 45
Chapel Oak of Allonville, 109
Chimpanzé, 172
China, Wall of, 169
Coaches of Queen Elizabeth, 72
Collins, William, monument of, 196
Comets, 145
Convolvulus, 76, 77
Cook, Captain, 160
Cotton-tree, 228
Craigrnillar Castle, 120
Crosby Hall, 89
Cross in Eyam church-yard, 131
Crypt of Norman church, 108
Cutile-fish, 232

Elizabeth Woodcock, 240
Ephemera, 60
Falls of Foyers, 255

Niagara, 236
the Montmorenci, 251

the Tees, 256
Fossil elephant, skeleton of, 107
Geyser, the great, 25

section of, 26
Glendower's Oak, 241
Greensted church, plan of, 37; view

of, 37
Griffon vulture, 229
Hall of the Lions, 113
Hand-mills for corn in the east, 63
Herbert, George, 220
Hodnet Church, 213
Hongh, Bishop, bas-relief on his monu-

ment, 192
Ibis jar, 197

sacred, 197
Invisible girl, 61
Iron mines, 186
Israelites, departure of, 33
Jagganatha, car, 53

idols, 52
procession, 17

temple, 4
Kandel Steig, lake, 249
Kangaroo beetle, 212
Kenilworth castle, 101
Kyrle's, John, house, 165
Lantern-fly, 245
Llama, 84

Locke, birth place of, 64
Locust and ichneumon, 88
London bridge. 81
London, view of, before the Fire, 161
Marks in paper, 83, 84
Middlesex Lunatic Asylum, 104
Milton's residence, 29
Mont Orgueii Castle, Jersey, 177
Mountains, general view, 121
Mountain shower, 117
Mountain travelling, 217
Myddelton, Sir Hugh, 184
Nannau oak, 49
Narcissus, 116
Newton's, Sir Isaac, house, 13
Oak, Great Salcey, 9

Nannau, 49
Ostrich, 100
Otter, 64

Salt mine, 152
Savoy palace, ruins of, 80
Sea nettle, 244
Seven ages, 225
Sidney, Sir Philip, 148
Slate quarry, 93
Source of the Rhonc, 254
Steam coach, 133
St. Mary-le-bow church, 140
Stonehenge, 185
Stork, white, 221
St. Paul's cross and church, 233
Sucking fish, 237
Sweet pea, 173
Tailor-bird, nest of, 172
Tequedama cataract, 253
Tiger, tortoise-shell, 189

white, 189
Tobacco, 85
Torture in India, 245
Trumpeter bird, 77
Vampire bat, 133
Vegetable fly-trap, 199
Wager of battle, 68
Walrus, 176
Water-bottles of the cast, 44
Water spider, 223
White Conduit, 149
Wickliffe's chair, 16
Wilberforce filha, 57
Wryneck, 68

David, King. 20
Death's-head moth, 69
Devil's Bridge, 254
Diazoma mediterranea, 136
Druidical idol, 73
Duns Scotus, 97
Egyptian priests, 197
Elephant and lion, ia

Paper nautilus, 236
Passaick falls, 252
Parr, Old, 188
Peak cavern, interior, 153

view, 153
Plymouth breakwater, section, 167

view, 168
Post-office, General, 203
Puma, 93
Puri Indians, resting place, 193
Pyramids of Egypt, 137
Rafflesia Arnoldi, 92

Patma, 92
Rein deer, 141
Rhinoceros, 224
Rivers, principal, 201

ERRATA.

Papa 3. fur Sir Wm. Jones, read the Rev. Wm. Joncs.
l'age 31 To our statement in the account of New

Loudon Bridge, that its smallest arches exceed
the largest of any other stone bridge in the
world, the words of the same form," should
have been added. The new bridge recently
erectel over the Dee, at Chester, and one or two
more, exceed !he span of the largest arch of Lon:
don Bridge, but are of a different forin. To cor-
respondents who have questioned the accuracy
of some dates in this article, we have to reply,
that the dato assigned in it to the opening of
Westminster Bridge is perfectly correct; that
given to the laying the first stone of the South-
wark Bridge is a typographical error, as the
cuntext of the phrase will show,

Page 104. In the account of the Middlesex Luna.

tic Asylum, after the statement that it was
built under the direction of Mr. Sibley, add,
“principally from the plans of Mr. William
Alderson, whose designs, were selected from
fifty-three others, by the Committee of Mngis.
trates, and rewarded with the first premium of

2007."
Page 117. fur Bishop Horne, read altered by Bishop

Horne from George Herbert.
Page 169, col. 2, twelve lines from the bottom, for

famed, read favoured.
Page 170. The “ Cockfigliter's Gariand." We are

requested to state, on the authority of a
highly respectable gentleman now living, that
the circumstanou on which Cowper foundu

this poem, is not only exaggerated, but in several
respocts falsified. The cock was thrown upon
the fire, but immediately flew off unhurt ; and
so far from Mr. Ardesoif dying in the way
described, he lived for a considerable time after
wards, and frequently expressed to our inform-
ant and others, his bitter regret for the cruel
deed. The article was, as stated, copied into
the Saturday Magazine from the Voice of
Humanity, and the conductors of that work will
no doubt gladly avail themselves of the oppor.
tunity afforded by this contradiction of putting

the truth upon record.
Page 231. Last line of second column, for Bishop

Hall, read Bishop Horno,

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UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE COMMITTEE OF GENERAL LITERATURE AND EDUCATION

APPOINTED BY THE SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE.

INTRODUCTION. It was a favourite saying with a crabbed old Greek, past times, so common in the mouths of men who set that—a Great Book is a Great Evil. He said this up their own age as the only one deserving of any before the grand invention of printing, when the regard, and their particular selves as the only persons making and reading of books, if not a great evil, was worthy of being consulted in it. We are not of those certainly a great trouble. The only mode in which a who despise the wisdom of their forefathers; but we book could then be published, was by hiring persons shall also show that we are alive to all the improveto write out copy after copy, upon long rolls of parch- ments of modern times, and ready to take every ment, or the coarse sort of paper which they called advantage of them. To every thing there is a season, papyrus: and those who wished to read them, had to says the Preacher, and a time to every purpose under unrol the volume till they came to the place which the heaven ; a time to plant, and a time to pluck up they wanted. No wonder then that in those days that which is planted. Time was to plant : and books were but few, and knowledge was scarce. there never was a people whose forefathers planted There were not many who could afford to buy books, more deeply and judiciously in Church and in Stateand fewer still, perhaps, who could read them. Even for Literature and for Arms—than ours have done. the mighty and the noble were ignorant and unlet- It is now time to pluck up, not the stately tree of tered, and the mass of the people were sunk in dark- their wisdom-long may it flourish, the glory of all ness and superstition. Nor did it seem possible, till true Englishmen !—but the thousands of suckers and the discovery of printing letters by means of moveable saplings around it ; not to destroy, but to transplant, metal types, to bring the learning of the learned, and to graft, to disperse and to multiply the virtues of the the wisdom of the wise, within reach and possession ancient stock. Many a skilful hand is already emof all classes of the community.

ployed in this good work. We come to help all those After this most important discovery, which we owe who may like our manner of helping. Our recomto John Gutenberg, of Mayence, the reading as well mendation is the name of that venerable Society from as the making of books became so much more pleasant, the bosom of which we proceed, and our little Magathat readers and authors increased to a degree unknown zine will go forth every Saturday morning, like a in former ages. A vast number of books, upon all skilful gardener, to plant in every corner of the land, subjects, were written by men of masterly genius and within sight of every man's door, and within reach profound learning. There was no branch of knowledge of every man's arm, a tree of true knowledge, which which they did not cultivate and adorn ; and their growing out of the fear of God, will, under God's works, full of immense learning and deep research,- blessing, we doubt not, bring forth in due season the upon the knowledge and practice of our holy religion, fruits of honour and of power to the nation, and of upon history and philosophy, upon medicine and plenty and peace and truth to all our loving countrychemistry, upon geography and astronomy; in short, men. upon every thing connected with the advancement An old Latin poet, a very fashionable man in his and refinement of mankind,-have come down to us day, said that the most popular book would be that for our improvement and instruction.

which mixed up the useful with the agreeable. We Now all these great books are very curious, many shall make such a mixture in this Magazine. By the of them very useful, and some of them invaluable; yet side of the truly useful we shall place that which they are very seldom opened by any man now-a-days, ought alone to be truly agreeable, and we will do except to be dusted, although their names are from our best to make one reflect light upon the other. time to time to be found presiding over a modern Whether the information which we convey to our readwork, to the spirit of which they may perhaps be ers be given in the form of an essay or a tale, we shall altogether opposed. This neglect is partly owing to keep in mind our great object of combining innocent the circumstance that these books can rarely be met amusement with sound instruction. We shall not with out of public libraries, where a man cannot sit relate ghost stories, except to explain the delusions down comfortably to read them; partly to their oc- from which impressions of the reality of such things casional perplexity of thought and uncouth manner have proceeded, and will often proceed ; we shall tell of speech; and partly also to their size—to their no Newgate legends of murder and robbery, except being such very great books—which makes it a work sometimes to point out the horrible excesses and dismal of months, sometimes of years, to get quite through end to which a man may come, step by step, downsome of them. Nevertheless, they were not without wards, from the first dram he drank, the first oath he their effect on the world: many of the important sworė, and the first Lord's day he profaned. But truths which they contain, have been preserved and then, on the other hand, we shall show forth some of illustrated in later writings, more portable in furm the wonderful things of Natural History; we shall and easy of digestion. And this improvement of recount the origin and progress of some of the greattheir labours we hope to extend to a greater degree est of human inventions, such as Navigation, Printing, than has ever yet been done.

the Telescope, Steam-Engines, and so on; we shall But this by the way—lest in offering to our readers remind our readers of remarkable events in the annals a very little book indeed, we should be taken to join of our own dear country, and of other great kingdoms in the abuse of the authors of sundry great books in on the continent; and we shall sometimes, as occasion Vol. I.

1

may serve, indulge ourselves with proving how | take and fall; I thought it good and necessary, in sweetly the poets of England used to sing, and how the first place, to make a strong and sound head, or sweetly some of them yet live to sing. One way or bank, to rule and guide the course of the waters ; by another we hope to be popular in this Magazine, setting down this position, or firmament, namely, which comes out on the Saturday, when most men That all knowledge is to be limited by Religion, and to be have a pause from labor. We are not for interfering referred to use and action.” This is a very natural and with the family talk, or the friendly walk, much less striking similitude. Religion is the strong mound with the duties of the Sabbath, or the study of the and embankment, which confines the stream of hu Bible—and we trust every one of our readers has man knowledge within its proper channel, and guides one. All these good things may be done and served, it along its intended course ; so as to fertilize and and yet there will be plenty of time for perusing | beautify the country which it would otherwise inunthese few pages; the reader shall never find in any date and lay waste. one of them a line which shall be contrary in its ten- With this guard, or firmament, as Bacon terms it, dency to the improvement and the happiness of any we may admit, that knowledge is not only power, but member of his family.

also virtue and happiness; a help, that is to say, to Thus much to explain the character and object of virtue, and an instrument of happiness, as far as hapthis Magazine! We hope to give good proofs that piness is to be found in any of the pursuits or acquireour intentions are as honest as our means of perform- ments of our present imperfect state. Knowledge, ance are great, and we trust that after a fair trial our for instance, was a source of happiness to Newton and readers will not think our wood-cuts or our engrav- to Locke, far more abundant than pleasure or ambiings the best part of our work. For the present we

tion ; and it was auxiliary to virtue, because it withsay Farewell !—and put an end to this somewhat drew their attention from objects of sensual enjoylengthy introduction.

ment. But then Newton and Locke were Christians, and referred their extraordinary powers of mind, as

well as the results of those powers, to the first ON THE RIGHT USE OF KNOWLEDGE.

Source of Light and Truth, under a deep sense of KNOWLEDGE is power. This saying, which has been their own insufficiency, and of the limits which are so strikingly illustrated by the history of the last fifty set to the researches of the human mind. Newton, years, will no doubt be exemplified, in a still more the most original and patient and sagacious of inremarkable manner, by the changes which the next quirers into natural and mathematical truth, spoke ten or twenty years will produce in the state of so- of himself, with reference to the secrets of God's ciety. Whether these changes will be for good or nature and designs, as a child playing with pebbles evil, must obviously depend upon the kind of know- on the sea-shore. ledge which will be diffused through the mass of the We have said, that in the case of these eminent community, and the direction which shall be given to philosophers, knowledge was not only power, but it, in its application to the great purposes of life. virtue and happiness, because they were Christians. If it be true that knowledge is power, this necessa- With Voltaire, and Hume, and Gibbon, it was rily follows: for that power, whatever it is, may be power; but it was not happiness, nor virtue; because for good or evil. It is a giant's strength, which it is it was not sanctified nor directed by Christian belief excellent to have, if it be used for the ends of virtue and principle. For surely that is not happiness, nor and happiness; but which may be employed to the the source of happiness, which is no preservative purposes of a tyrannous malice.

against the most miserable ambition, the most restIt is impossible that the cultivation of our natural | less uneasiness under the world's opinion, and the faculties, even to the utmost pitch of advancement, most disquieting views of futurity. Consider the folcan be in itself wrong: for it is plain, from the very lowing argument; it is of a very plain and practical constitution of our nature, that they are given us to kind. If our religion be true, nó kind of knowledge be improved; and their improvement, when it is can be really beneficial which causes us to neglect really improvement, may be made equally conducive the study of God's word, or to undervalue and disreto our comfort and happiness, as inhabitants of this gard his laws. On the 'other hand, there is no kind material world, and to our preparation for a spiritual of knowledge, deserving of the name, with which state of being. If we are to enter hereafter into such religion interferes, either in its acquisition or right a state, it is so plain that no reasoning can make it employment. On the contrary, religion tends to preplainer, that to prepare for it is the main business of serve the mind in that tranquil and contented state our existence here; and therefore, such a cultivation which is necessary to the successful pursuit of every or employment of our faculties as thwarts and im- branch of useful knowledge ; it teaches us to set a pedes, instead of seconding and advancing the work right value upon it when acquired, and to employ it of preparation, does not deserve the name of improve to the benefit of mankind. . Moreover, it has an obment. Whereas nothing can be more worthy of man, vious tendency to secure to us even the present and as a thinking and moral creature, destined to advance temporal rewards of knowledge : for who, that is through successive steps to a higher and purer order looking out for an able instructor for his children, a of being, than the diligent' exercise and quickening of trusty steward for his estate, or a skilful workman to his mind, and the enlargement of his knowledge, be employed about his premises, would not rather with reference and in subordination to the chief pur- have a religious man, upon whose prmciples he could pose of his existence.

rely, than an unbeliever, à scofler, and a drunkard? We hold therefore, that knowledge is really valuable, so that religion, which cannot in any case impede when it is made directly or indirectly serviceable to the acquirement of knowledge, nor interfere with its the ends of virtue; when it is sanctified in its posses- right application, enhances the value of it to its sion, and guided in its application, by religious prin possessor, with respect both to the inward complaciple and feeling. Seeing,” says Lord Bacon," that cency which it affords him, and the present recomknowledge is of the number of those things which pense to which it leads. are to be accepted of with caution and distinction, While laying up in the storehouse of his memory being now to open a fountain, such as it is not easy the materials of useful knowledge, which it will be to discern where the issues and streams thereof will our object to provide for him, let our reader bear in

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