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ber of deputies, that the chamber their votes for the death of the would propose to the king to au- late king. thorize the return of all exiles, Some documents of considewithout distinction of classes, rable interest respecting the state gave ccasion, in the month of of the Catholic church and reliMay, to a brief but animated dis- gion in France, have been made cussion. The commission ap- public in the course of the year. pointed to report on the subject The first of these was a letter adhad voted, by a majority of 5 to dressed to the pope, by the car4, for passing to the order of the dinals, archbishops and bishops day. M. Caumartin, one of the of France, which was published minority, then delivered a speech at Rome in French and Latin. It in favor of referring the petitions is filled with complaints of the to the president of the council of unhappy condition to which the ministers. In answer to this, the French church has been reduced, keeper of the seals declared, that emphatically described in the folwith respect to such of the exiles lowing passage: as had only been sent out of “ Indeed, most Holy Father, France for such a period as the and we cannot make the statepublic safety might require their ment without the most profound absence, their treatment might sorrow, since the moment when safely be entrusted to the royal brighter days seemed to have succlemency. “But for the regi- ceeded to the storms by which cides,' added he, “never shall we were for many years assailed, they return ; except in such cases the state of the church, far from of age or weakness as the king being ameliorated in France, is may be pleased to consider wor- become, and daily becomes, more thy of indulgence on grounds of deplorable. Not only we have common humanity. I demand not felt the weight of our sorrows the order of the day.” The tone alleviated, but it still bears heavy of decision thus assumed by the on us; and the time, perhaps, is minister successful : the not far distant when it will seem chamber refused to hear such impossible to raise up our ruins. members of the liberal party as The ecclesiastical discipline is reattempted to reply; and the order laxed, a great number of dioceses of the day was carried by a great are not sufficiently governed, the majority. Soon after, the king faithful wander like sheep withwas pleased to authorize the re- out shepherds," the ecclesiastical turn of five out of the 38 political establishments languish, the body offenders banished by the ordi- of the clergy is weakened by nance of July 24th 1815. Mar- losses which the small number of shal Soult was one of the persons pupils of the sanctuary, often thus restored to his country. shackled in their vocation, disSeveral of the number had been quieted in their instruction, or dispreviously recalled, and it was un- couraged by the aspect of misery derstood that the same favor and the disgusts which await would gradually be extended to them in the exercise of the sacred all, , except those who had given ministry, never can repair. Re
ligion is attacked on all sides. erected large iron crosses, on Her enemies seem to unite all which figures of hearts were their force against her, and pro- engraven, each of them inscribed pose to themselves nothing less with the name of one of the faithihan her annihilation in this king- ful. In the town of Brest, a dom, formerly so Christian and strong disposition was manifested so faithful
. Impious books fly to prepare a rude reception for and circulate about, and perni. these emissaries of a faith which cious doctrines spread like a gan. had lost the respect of the multigrene. Derision, satire and ca
tude. The authorities did not at lumny, are weapons eagerly em- first interfere with energy; but ployed against the apostolic pas- the prefect afterwards made an tors and the missionaries, who, offer to the bishop to place the full of zeal, consume themselves public force at his disposal; to in preaching, with a marked suc- which the prelate cautiously recess, the return to the faith, plied as follows: and consequently to peace and “ Sir,-I may be permitted to happiness. "To complete our af- express some surprise, that under fliction, we have seen the very the government of the king, who name of religion publicly banished has given a charter that assured from the repressive laws, and thus liberty of worship, and who has is rejected the corner-stone, with proclaimed the Catholic religion out which no social edifice can the religion of the state, this reliexist. The bishops who govern gion cannot enjoy this liberty at the dioceses, those who are des- Brest. I require only the protectined to the sees actually vacant, tion
tion of the law, not its severity. cannot act in concert, being sub- It is not for me to dictate to the jugated and oppressed under the authorities the manner of causing very regulations which were im- it to be respected.” posed by a foreign tyrannical do. The same prelate also admination; reduced to combat dressed a letter to the mayor of singly, they must infallibly be Brest, in which he thus expressed overcome, and in a given time,- himself: shorter, perhaps, than that which Having received an assurance marked the usurpation, — the from you, and all the members of church of France will fall never the Council of the Commune, to rise again."
that it would be impossible to The missionaries here referred maintain the public tranquillity if to, were a body of zealous eccle- the missionaries were permitted siastics, not ostensibly, at least, to fulfil their function, and in acemployed by the court, who per- cordance with the wishes exambulated the towns and villages pressed by a certain number of of France exerting their utmost fathers of families and of respectefforts to rouze the religious af- able citizens of Brest, assembled fections of the people in behalf of at the mayor's house, who shared the ancient faith. It is said, that the same feelings of apprehenin the market places of all the sion, I have thought proper to towns which they visited, they order the suspension of the mis
sion. I must, however, deplore remain unappropriated, should being obliged to adopt such a de- be distributed this year, in ex: termination, and to see the reli- traordinary succours or in pergion of the state prevented from manent ameliorations, in all the enjoying at Brest the liberty essential branches of the services which the charter guarantees to of religion.” The report then every worship, and this city, al- states what has already been done ways the object of our tender so. for the restoration of religion. It licitude, deprived of so great a is remarked, that the wounds of means of salvation. I conceive I the French church have been so proved to you, and also to the deep, that they can only be comcouncil general of the commune, pletely healed along with those of that no personal fear could have the state ; but the time is not far extorted such a determination distant when both will disappear from me; but when the magis- under the influence of a paternal trates of a towa assure me, that and repairing government." they cannot answer for the public “ Religion confined to its duties, tranquillity, I must with sorrow which are so many benefits to soyield to the imperious neces- ciety, is the support of states, be. sity."
cause it is the safeguard of morals A telegraphic dispatch arrived and the supplement of laws. Foon the same day. It contained reign to the exercise of the civil these words "Punish the guilty.” power, it is only connected with But the magistrates had already it by the assistance which it gives come to their determination, and to or receives from it, and which the mission was dismissed. is employed for the advantage of
In the month of September a the people alone. Justice and royal ordinance was published, policy require that every thing directing, the erection of five which is necessary should be hundred benefices and chapels of granted to it, in order to enable ease in dioceses where the places it to fulfil this important and saof worship are found insufficient, lutary vocation. In a state in and containing various other re- which the political powers and gulations respecting ecclesiastical the rights of the citizens are reaffairs. It was preceded by a re- gulated by a constitutional port from M. de Cazes, in which charter, to support religion is to the minister thus pleads the cause support the unfortunate whom it of a suffering and humiliated es- consoles, morality which it eletablishment.
vates, and virtue which it creates • Your majesty has ordered and maintains : this is not indisme to propose the employment creetly augmenting temporal auof the million of reserve included thority, which the enlightened in the budget for my department, wish of the church does not reunder the head of ecclesiastical quire ; it is merely procuring to expenses. Your majesty's inten- that influence, entirely moral and tion has always been, that that spiritual, which religion employs sum, as well as the funds, result- in the interest of governments, ing from former reserves which and of which they would vainly desire to deprive it, the means of the dignity of the episcopacy, exhibiting itself, and acting with will furnish the bishops with new out being discredited by the want means of extending to all the of power to do good, and to as- points of their dioceses, that sasist those whom it ought to com- lutary, influence by which they fort.
participate in the duties of “ Honoured in its misfortunes watching over the maintenance by the virtues which it has dis- of respect for public peace, and played in the midst of persecu- the laws of the state." tion, the Church of France needs The concordat still remains in not great riches in order to be a state of abeyance. useful and respected; but she After the summer recess, the has long been oppressed by po- chambers were re-opened on Noverty, contrary even to the in- vember 15th, when the king proterests of the state, which requires nounced the following speech: that all the parts of which it is Gentlemen,--The first wish of composed should enjoy advan- my heart, in appearing again tages that belong to them, in amongst you, is to acknowledge order that they may be united, the blessings which Providence and concur equally in the public has been pleased to bestow upon welfare."
us, and those which it permits us After a detailed statement of to expect in future. the grounds of the royal ordi- My family is increased ; and I nance, the report concludes as may hope that my remaining follows:
wishes may be accomplished. “ Thus, without any new ex- Fresh supports of my house will pense, your majesty, by a con- form new ties between it and my stant progression, ameliorates the people. present and fixes the future state Our friendly relations with the of the clergy. Trifling sacrifices different states of the two worlds, for the treasury become great founded on the intimate union of benefits for the church, by strik. the sovereigns, and on the priningly manifesting what public ciple of a mutual independence, order expects from morality and continue to form the pledge of a religion, and what the sovereign long peace. wishes to be done, in order to By the happy result of my nesupport the clergy honourably in gotiations with the Holy See, our the pious modesty of their wants principal churches are no longer and wishes. It is in the lower deprived of ministers. The predegrees of the clergy, if the sub- sence of the bishops in their diolimity of a vocation every way ceses will establish order in all equally sacred will permit this parts of the ecclesiastical admilanguage to be used, -it is among nistration; they will there prothe ecclesiastics placed nearest to pagate the respect due to our the poor, by their situation and holy religion, and to the laws of their duties, that your majesty the state. We shall preserve causes to be distributed benefits, untouched the liberties of our which, far from detracting from church. I shall hear the prayers
of the faithful; I shall consult and reconciliation. I have placed their wants and their resources, no other barriers against them before I propose to you the mea- than those which are interposed sures which the restoration of the by the national feeling and the worship of our ancestors may dignity of the crown. still require.
Still, in the midst of these eleTwo years of abundance have ments of public prosperity, I repaired, in part, the evils of scar- must not conceal from
that city. Agriculture has made a just causes of alarm mingle with sensible progress; all branches of our hopes, and demand at this industry have taken a new spring; time our most serious attention. the fine arts continue to adorn A restlessness, vague, but real, and illustrate France. I have possesses all minds: every one collected round me their numer- now demands pledges of a perous productions; the same ad- manent state of things.
The navantage has been given to the tion has but an imperfect taste of useful arts. Public admiration the first fruits of legal rule and of has equally encouraged them. peace; it fears to see them snatched
The liberation of our soil, and from it by the violence of facmore favourable times, have per- tions: it is alarmed at their armitted us to employ ourselves in dour for domination : it is territhe amelioration of our finances. fied at the open expression of I have ordered that there shall be their designs. The fears of all, laid before you the state of the the wishes of all, point out the public charges, as well as that of necessity of some new guarantee the means of meeting them; and of tranquillity and stability. Pub. I have the satisfaction to announce lic credit waits for it as the signal
that the foresight of the to rise; commerce, to extend its legislature has not been deceived speculations. In short, France, by pressing and accidental wants. in order to be sure of herself, in No new debt will be created for order to resume among nations the next year. Already, consi- the rank which she ought to ocderable relief has been afforded cupy for her own and their advanto those who contribute to the tage, has need of having her conpublic burthens. The reduction stitution placed out of the reach of the most heavy taxes will not of those shocks which are the be retarded longer than the dis- more dangerous the oftener they charge the extraordinary debts are repeated. contracted by the state may re- Under this conviction, I have quire. The laws have been every again turned my attention to where executed with facility, and those ideas which already I had in no part has the public tranquil. wished to realize; but which lity been materially disturbed. ought to be matured by expeUnder these circumstances, and rience, and to be called for by with a view to remove more effec- necessity. The founder of the tually the recollection of past charter, with which are inseevils, I have thought that I might parably connected the destinies multiply the acts of clemency of my people and of my family, I