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pression, led to fatal and lament- the government would receive it able results. A formidable in. with indulgence, and take it into surrection broke out in the island consideration. Then a part of of Santa Maura, and on Oc- these misguided men retired; tober 6th it was found necessary but a great number remained in to issue the following proclama. arms, without, however, comtion at Corfu, the seat of go- mitting any act of violence. As vernment.

soon as his excellency had been The following proclamation informed of these details, he orhas been published here:

dered the Resident to issue in his “ His excellency, who fills pro name a proclamation, to assure tempore the functions of the Lord these misguided men that if they Commissioner, makes known with returned to their obedience and high displeasure, that in the coun- duty, their grievances would be try districts of Santa Maura taken into consideration by the there has appeared lately a spirit government, that they would be of insubordination, and that the relieved from the want of which inhabitants of the village Sfachi- they complained, as soon as it otes were the first to oppose the should be proved; but to apprise municipal officers in the exercise them, at the same time, that if of their functions under the or- they did not merit the indulgence ders of government.

of government, by retiring peaceThis spirit of insubordination ably to their homes, and subreigned for six successive days, mitting to the laws, no attention during which a considerable could be paid to their petition. number of armed peasants ap

“ His excellency, considering proached the city, and presented that the ill-intentioned, who had to the resident of his excellency incited the inhabitants of the a petition in which the peasants country to take arms, might lead laid open their grievances; and them to other acts of violence, whilst on one hand they manifest thought it prudent to dispatch a their attachment to the general great body of troops to provide government, they show, on the amply for the safety of that island. other, hostile sentiments towards On the night of the 3d, before several functionaries of the local the arrival of the orders relative government, and towards some of to the proclamation of his excelthe principal inhabitants of the lency, and before the landing of city,

to whom they give the name the troops, a body of peasants, oppressors, and against whom in a state of intoxication, dethey appear animated by a spirit scended from the neighbouring of vengeance. The resident re- hills, and endeavoured to throw ceived the petition, assuring the themselves into the city, but they petitioners that he would trans

were repulsed by a small detachmit it to the government; and ment, which was at the entrance. that, if they retired peaceably, Some of them, after having reinstead of continuing to render tired, made a circuit, enclosed the themselves guilty of a breach of city, and set fire to the house of the laws, he flattered himself that an inhabitant. They were like

of

wise repulsed, and tranquillity chinations and example, had led was restored.

the misguided peasant to his “On the following day these ruin.” misguided

men persisted in their The strong measures here inmutiny. The resident, wishing dicated, are stated not to have to avoid as much as possible the been immediately effectual in supeffusion of blood, endeavoured by pressing this ebullition of popular all means to induce them to re- fury. On the contrary it is said, tire to their homes; but all his that the spirit of insurrection efforts were useless : constrained spread throughout the island, and to employ force he attacked and that some lives were lost on both dispersed them, taking possession sides in actions between the peaof the village of Sfachiotes, the santry and the British troops. seat and centre of the sedition. Directions subsequently arrived Martial law has been proclaimed from sir T. Maitland to the local in the island of Santa Maura, and authorities to adopt conciliatory the public tranquillity will soon methods, and it should appear be restored, without its being ne- that the sacrifice of an unpopular cessary to have recourse to mea- tax was finally determined upon sures of general rigour. The arm as the only means of conciliating of justice will reach and over the minds of men. power those who, by their ma

CHAPTER CHAPTER XIV.

ASIA.

HINDOSTAN.--Return of the Governor-General to Calcutta.- His An

swer to an Address from the Inhabitants.-- Appa Sahib.-Deposition of the Peishwa. Settlement of the Pindarries.--Military Transactions.-General Results of the War.-Ceylon.--Suppression of the

Insurrection. Punishment of the Leaders.- Protest of Sir S. Raffles against the Proceedings of the Dutch in the Malayan Archipelago.Treaties formed with the Princes of Sumatra.

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MARQUIS HASTINGS, on demand the warmest return from his return to the seat of govern- my heart. I entreat you to bement from the brilliant campaign lieve that you do meet that reof 1818, received, on August 4th, turn; but with much, very much, a respectful and affectionate ad- superadded to it. In the satisdress of congratulation from the faction I am enjoying, there is inhabitants of Calcutta. The go- something far beyond individual vernor-general was pleased to vanity. The sentiments which return them an answer, which you have been pleased this day forms a highly-interesting and im- to express, are not uttered to me portant public document, whether alone; they are vouchers tenit be regarded as a summary of dered to our countrymen at home. the events of the war, or as an I am not alluding to the pride I exposition of its causes, and a must naturally feel, in having defence of the system of policy such a testimony borne respectadopted by the marquis with re- ing me to our native land; the spect to the native powers. We sensation which you have awaken- . here present it entire to our ed in me is of a higher quality. readers :

A wider scope is inseparable from Gentlemen ;- The compliment your treatment of the subject with which you honour me is than what applies to me personaltruly gratifying. Were I to con- ly. You are pronouncing whesider you merely as men of worth ther they who may be said to have and talent, desirous of marking represented the British character your friendship towards me by ă on the occasion, did faithfully and Aattering civility, the distinction becomingly fulfil that exalted conferred upon me by the favour trust; and your proximity, your from persons of such stamp would stations, your excited vigilance,

eminently

I am

eminently qualify you for return- conclusions I drew from a less ing a verdict, while your man- particular statement of the case." hood would make you spurn at The field of our operations was so giving through courtesy an opi. vast, that you often did not in nion which your judgment belied. Calcutta learn events which took Many of you have had to contem. place in remoter parts, till after plate your most important private you had been apprised of others interests as staked in the transac- considerably posterior which oction to which you refer ; but all curred in nearer quarters; so that of you have felt that the national you did not see how one transachonour, in which you were seve- tion rose out of another. You rally sharers, was involved in the will understand them better when purpose and tenour of the mea- they are presented to you in a sures I had the lot to guide. Un- regular chain. In laying them der such an impression, you have before you, I cannot make any stood forward to attest the dig- inconsiderate disclosure. nity of British justice has not acting in the spirit of our hon. been sullied. It is a declaration employers, who would challenge superiorly grateful; for my por- investigation and encourage extion in the aggregate of British position. Either for them or fame is more touching to me than for us there is not a passage to a separate and selfish reputation. be slurred over or glossed. Your generous partiality towards In our original plan, there was me has not betrayed you into an not the expectation or the wish indiscreet averment on that point of adding a rood to the domiWhen we went forth to punish nions of the honourable company. wrong, we were aware how much Our knowledge of the decided reit behoved us to watch over our pugnance, with which any noselves, that strength and success tions of extending our territorial might not seduce

us into any act possessions is always viewed at of oppression. I venture to be- home, would have forbidden such lieve, that violence or wanton a project. Territory, indeed, was exaction cannot, with the faintest to be wrested from none but the colour of truth, be imputed to Pindarries; and you will readily our procedures. This, however, comprehend the policy which dicshall not rest on general asser- tated, that such conquests should tion. You shall be minutely sa. be divided between the nabob of tisfied. Though from the distinct Bopul, Scindia, and Holkar. It feature of occurrences, you have was useful to strengthen the forwith a gallant confidence main. mer, who had attached himself tained our equity, it will be pleas- to us devotedly; and it was deing to each of you to learn details sirable that the two Mahratta sowhich will enable you respectively vereigns should perceive a degree

“ I was not carried away of advantage for themselves, to by the kind warmth of my feels compensate for the unavoidable ings; here

are circumstances dissatisfaction they were to suffer which, to my deliberate re- from the completion of our enterflection, irrefragably confirm the prise. The suppression of the

Pindarries

to say,

Pindarries was our single object. indispensable to extinguish them You have unequivocally pro- wholly. We were not blind to claimed the absolute necessity of the difficulties of the task. The that object; and I cannot ima- interception and dispersion of begine that the man exists, who tween five and twenty and thirty would represent it as one of spe- thousand horsemen, lightly equipculative expediency. Even in ped and singularly inured to fathat light, the extirpation of the tigue, on the immense field over Pindarries would have been a jus- which they had the power of movtifiable and a wise undertaking; ing in any direction, was an operAn association, whose undisguised ation that required no ordinary principle is, to subsist by plun- effort. Much more, however, dering all around it, is a body was to be taken into calculation placed by its own act in a state than the agility of our enemies. of war with every regular govern. It was certain that their peril ment. To crush such a confe- would be regarded with the greatderacy before it should farther est anxiety by Scindia and by increase that strength which every Ameer Khan. I leave Holkar year obviously augmented, would out of the question, though he have been a legitimate and pru- was interested in the result, for a dent cause of exertion. But such reason which I will hereafter exconsiderations were long gone by. plain. The Pindarries were an We were called upon by the most integral, though an unavowed, imperious duty attaching upon a and sometimes hardly manageable government, that of protecting part of the army of Scindia. its subjects from desolation, to They were always the ready auxiprevent the repetition (confessed- liaries of Ameer Khan, with whom ly preparing) of invasions, which community of object, rapine, gave had for two years consecutively them community of feeling. It ravaged the Madras dependencies was therefore sure that those two with circumstances of unexam- chiefs would be strenuous in counpled horror; on that principle we teracting our attempts to destroy resolved to take the field. To the Pindarries; underhand, as have limited our purpose to the long as their practice could be expulsion of the Pindarries from concealed; in arms, when disthe districts which they had hi- guise would no longer avail. We therto occupied, would

have been had consequently to aim at incaworse than childishness. Too pacitating Scindia and Ameer numerous and powerful to be re- Khan from taking the part they sisted by any of the smaller states, meditated. Enough was gained they would, in receding from us, from Scindia, could we place him only forcibly occupy some other under an inability of moving; but territory equally convenient for much more was requisite in reannoying us, whence their expe- spect to Ameer Khan. Though ditions would have issued with his large army was better fashionthe improved intelligence ac- ed and more systematically orquired by their having learned to ganized than the Pindarry force, measure our movements. It was still he was essentially nothing

but

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