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with deference as well as with had been violated, and the various attention. He trusted there were pretexts by which the settlement some, of whom he did not hesi- of their question had been tate to profess himself of the avoided. This was a question number, who think that they do which, of all others, ought not not deviate from the path of con- to be left to time and chance; stitutional consistency, by pre- for the exclusion of millions of suming to judge for themselves, his majesty's subjects from their without stooping to complete constitutional rights ought to be subjugation to party influence. justified by some sound and
Sir Henry Parnell wished to visible principle of public policy, know from some one minister or it became an act of flagrant of the crown, why, upon this oc- injustice to continue it. casion of calling the attention of Mr. Tierney said, that it was Parliament by the Speech from not his intention to oppose the the throne, the situation of the motion of an address, or to deCatholics of Ireland had been, as tain the House with observations usual, wholly omitted. It was to of his own, after the very able no purpose to treat the Catholic speech which had been delivered question as one of no import- by his honourable friend behind ance: it had for the last eighteen him. His object in now 'rising years been by far the most im- was merely to observe, that by portant one that had come be- consenting to the address, he did fore parliament, and would so not bar himself from all possicontinue to be. No one could bility of entering, at a future deny that the Catholics had just period, on the subjects alluded cause to complain of the manner to in the Speech. in which the engagements made The Address was then agreed to them at the time of the Union to without opposition.
CHAP CHAPTER II,
Discussions respecting the person to whose care the trust of his
Majesty's person should be committed ; carried on by the Lords and Commons
N January 25th, the Earl of patronage, be it more or less,
Liverpool having moved the which belonged to the office, order of the day relative to the ought to be vested in the indivispeech of the Lords Commission- dual named in the bill. But in ers, and the death of the Queen, fact it was intended that the esta mentioned their purpose to com- blishment should undergo a remit the care of his Majesty's duction, upon which principle person to that individual to whom the bill would be founded; but it was most proper the trust as to the details of that reduce should be consigned ; and this tion, they had no connection with person he did not doubt would the present bill ; which would be found in his royal highness come first before the other the Duke of York. It was his House, and in the usual course intention, therefore, to introduce of business would be brought á bill for placing the custody of under the consideration of their the King's person in the hands of lordships. Some further disthe Duke of York, subject to the cussion then took place, in which assistance of a council. A bill lord Holland said, that he could for this purpose was then read a not accede to the principle so first time, and ordered to be broadly laid down by the noble printed.
secretary of state, that all the On the 26th of January, when patronage of the establishment the second reading of the bill ought to be vested in the person was ordered, Lord Holland took to whom the care of the king's notice of what he termed an im- person was intrusted. perium in imperio, which would The bill was then read a second be established in the person of time. the Duke of York, with respect At the third reading of the to all the offices on the establish- bill, Jan. 27th, Lord Holland ment which it was intended to said, that he wished it to be disconfer upon him.
tinctly understood, that he did The Earl of Liverpool, in not object to vesting the care and giving an explanation of the noble custody of the king's person in Iord's query, said, that if the ap- the duke of York, whom he unpointment made by the bill ap: doubtedly thought from his stapeared proper, the conclusion to tion, his high character, and the
wn would be, that all the relation in which he stood to his S.
majesty, majesty, to be the fittest person They were further agreed in who could be chosen for that vesting in him the establishment high trust; but he still thought to be settled upon him in consethat the bill was, by the clause quence of such appointment. A relative to the Windsor establish- difference of opinion might arise ment, made inconsistent, and that with respect to the amount of to render it an intelligent piece the establishment; but the best of legislation, it was absolutely way of proceeding would be to necessary that the clause should appoint the duke of York in the be struck out. Their lordships' first instance, and to leave the would recollect that it was not other subject for a future occathe first time the noble earl had sion. The noble lord had obchanged an opinion, after inti- jected against giving to the duke mating that opinion in that House of York the patronage of the And the gave some examples of establishment, when they did not such a change. On a former oc- know to what it was to be re. casion, when he (lord Holland) duced. But the question was, thought the Windsor establish- whether they would refuse to the ment much too large for any duke being custos persone, the purposes of comfort to our af- privileges that belonged to the ficted monarch, lords of the character in which they were bed-chamber started up to say, agreed that he should be placed. that they who had stuck by the Lord Holland said, that he did king in his prosperity, would not not join issue with the noble earl. desert him in his adversity; and In one word, his objection was that they would not take away this; that if they agreed to the one iota from the splendor which clause in its present shape, withsurrounded their sovereign. What out any qualification, they would security was there now, that lords allow a principle of larger extent of the bed-chamber might not than the noble lord would himagain start up, to declare that self, upon reflection, be willing they would not take away any to recognize. Having thus stated of the splendor which surrounded his opinion, he would not give the monarch? Surely it became their lordships the trouble of the House to pause before they dividing. sanctioned an establishment, The amendment was then newithout knowing of what that gatived. establishment was to consist. The earl of Liverpool having
The Earl of Liverpool ob- now to propose filling up the served, that their lordships were blank left by the death of lord now only proceeding to legislate Ellenborough, moved the apon a part of the subject upon pointment of marquis Camden. which no difference of opinion Lord Holland concurred most existed. They were all agreed heartily in the motion, and said as to the propriety of establish- he was the fittest person that ing the custody of the king's could be selected. person in one of the royal family, The bill then went through and also, that the duke of York the committee. should be the person appointed. On the 4th of February, a
message was sent by the Prince person, he adverted to the second Regent to the House of Com- part of the question, which it mons, apprising them, that the would be necessary for him to be
of 58,000l. per annum, fuller in opening. which was appropriated to the (Lord Castlereagh). The sums maintenance of the establishment, which parliament had now to and to the support of the honor dispose of were 100,0001, which and dignity of her late majesty, had been appropriated to the having become disposable by Windsor establishment; 58,0001. his Royal Highness for the gene- out of the civil list, which had ral purposes of the civil list, the been appropriated to the mainPrince Regent places this sum at tenance of the queen; and 10,0001. the disposal of parliament: he which had been granted to her thinks it at the same time incum- majesty, to defray the additional bent upon him to state, that expense to which she had been there exist certain claims upon a subject in the discharge of her part of this saving which he re- duty as custos of the king's commends to the justice and person. This last sum he would liberality of the House of Com- propose should be continued to mons, being founded on the faith- his royal highness the duke of ful services of the persons who York as custos.
Out of the reform the separate establishment maining 158,0001., the House of her late majesty, and are would wish to know what would limited to these services.
be the saving. It was proposed The Prince Regent is satisfied that 50,0001. should be approthat he may confidently rely on priated to the support of the the loyal attachment of the House Windsor establishment. The savof Commons to enable him, upon ing therefore would be 50,0001. the reduction of that establish- on this establishment, and 58,0001. ment, to grant to the several in- on that of the queen, but this dividuals belonging to it such al- last sum would be burthened lowances as it has been usual for with the salaries to the servants the crown to bestow on former of her late majesty. These salaoccasions, when the royal family ries were about 25,0001. so that has been visited with a similar the immediate saving on the two affliction.
establishments, which were to be Lord Castlereagh then moved continued to the servants during an address of thanks to his Royal their life, was 83,0001. After the Highness for his message, assur- best consideration which the ing him that the House would Prince Regent's ministers had proceed to take the same into given to the subject, they did their immediate consideration. not think that they should do The motion was agreed to. their duty, if they left a less sum
Lord Castlereagh then again for the Windsor establishment rose, and after a due notice of than 50,000l. a year. the bill brought down from the It should be mentioned, that House of Lords, the effect of Lord C. soon after the comwhich was, to nominate the duke mencement of his speech, deof York, custos of the king's clared his intention to be, that
he meant eventually to refer the for
any other purpose. He wished whole subject to a committee of also to know, from the noble the whole House; but as there lord, whether if this situation were considerations of detail were to be given to the duke of which could not conveniently be York, it was intended to continue discussed in that manner, he in- him in the high situation which tended on that night to nominate at present he holds as commandera select committee to which the in-chief. He was as ready as any estimates might be referred, man to admit the services which leaving them to report it to the the duke of York had rendered House. His lordship, on the to the army; but he confessed conclusion of his speech, moved that he himself did not think that the names of the members of he should be performing the duty whom the committee should be he owed as a member of that constituted, which seem to have House, if he did not state, that been fairly divided among the in the present situation of the different parties in the House. country, and at a time when a Their number was 21.
constitutional jealousy ought to Mr. Long Wellesley, after some be exercised with respect to the remarks on the state of his ma- powers which might become jesty, who, he thought, ought to vested in the individual who held enjoy all the personal splendor the chief command in the army, which was due to royalty, said he was jealous of the principle that he had one or two questions which would confide two such to put to the noble lord. He important trusts in one hand. had said, that the same salary Lord Castlereagh said, that as which had been given to the the extra sum given to her maqueen, should now be given to jesty was intended as the duke of York, for the care of neration for her habits of life the royal person. He did not being altered by becoming custos conceive why this should be the personæ, so the same principle case. He remembered the cause was followed up by bestowing assigned for a sum of 10,0001. the same sum of 10,0001. on the to be given to her majesty, as a duke of York. With regard to remuneration for certain extra the other observation respecting expenses which she might incur; the royal duke holding two such but now, without the assignment important trusts, he was not of any similar cause, the same aware of any thing which should sum was to be allowed to the prevent his royal highness as duke of York. He wished there- commander-in-chief of the army, fore to know, and he thought the from accepting the care of his country should know, why dif- royal father's person; and he was ferent reasons should be assigned certain that he could not convey in 1812, and in 1819 for the more melancholy tidings to the same act. If the sum was to be House and the country, than that given to the royal duke as custos it should be thought necessary to persone, let it be so stated, but remove his royal highness from a let it not be understood as given situation in which he had gained