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or had taken root. He also turned his attention to authorship, and published various pamphlets, lectures, and discourses, peculiarly needed at the time, when New Church literature was scarce and costly. Scarcely a subject of the ology escaped his fertile pen; whilst his easy and forcible style gave a new interest to the truths he advocated, and rendered his works popular and useful. Trifling objections may be pointed out here and there; but on the whole, it must be admitted, his writings contain most impressive arguments, and are admirably fitted for general persual. This is evident indeed from his universal popularity: probably no minister is better known throughout the church. As a lecturer he was much sought after. His rare ability in eliciting inquiry, his perfect self-possession, and his marked simplicity of manners, rendered his missionary career one of great interest and extensive use. Moreover, his general information and laborious habits well fitted him for editorship. Whilst in London, he conducted successively the "Dawn of Light," and the "New Jerusalem Magazine," which contain some valuable papers. In 1827 and 1832, Mr. Goyder was called upon to visit the society at Norwich. It was in this city that the attack on the church took place which appeared in the Anti-Swedenborg, an attack which has been of such singular service, not only in raising up a distinct society here, but also in bringing out an answer* which has been the means of introducing scores, perhaps hundreds, into the church, and which is known wherever the church exists. The visits of Mr. Noble and Mr. Goyder gave great impetus to the cause here;† and in 1833 arrangements were concluded to secure Mr. Goyder's regular services. His ministry at this place embraced a period of twelve years, during which he became well known for his genuine goodness and intelligence. Although many changes took place amongst the early members, many others were brought into the sphere of the church, and we trust the fruits of his labours will become more and more manifest. Mr. Goyder was also connected with the public associations of the city, and was one year president of the Mechanics' Institute. At the same time, his popularity as a missionary continued
The society had been also visited by the late Rev. E. Madeley, in 1819.
throughout the kingdom. In 1842 he visited the island of Jersey; a visit which was repeated during the last summer, at the consecration of the Temple at St. Heliers. Nor were the labours of his pen suspended. The "Key of Knowledge, and some controversial pamphlets, were published whilst he resided in Norwich. In 1838 Mr. Goyder was made an ordaining minister-an office, however, which he regarded in no other light than as the mark of approved ministerial experience. Although much attached to Norwich and the members of his society, circumstances occurred which led to Mr. Goyder's removal. Mr. and Mrs. Hook, who had been some little time attending our friend's ministry, had gone to reside at Chalford Vale, near Stroud. they had fitted up a room in their house for worship; and, by-and-by, Mr. Goyder was invited to go over and deliver a course of lectures. At length they determined on building a small place of worship, and induced their esteemed friend to take up his abode amongst them. In this sequestered spot he continued until the period of his decease-still often called, as before, on missionary excursions, and still editing and publishing. After the late Conference, he visited (for the third time since his change of residence) his old friends at Norwich, who were always delighted to see him, and the continued reciprocation of whose attachment is evident from the dedication of his last beautiful work, "Spiritual Reflections," &c. He was still fresh and active-almost juvenile in his habits, and seemingly unconscious of the approach of age. After this he went to Bristol, and had returned home in perfect health. Scarcely had he known what illness was, and looked likely to pursue his earthly career for many years. But now the Divine Providence had prepared for him a higher sphere of action. Suddenly the summons came! but, like a "wise servant," he was waiting for his Lord. Early in the morning of October the 2nd, he was attacked by paralysis, which entirely deprived him of the use of the left side, together with the sight of the eye. In this state he remained twelve days, calmly looking forward to his change, cheering his sorrowing wife and friends, and firmly testifying to the truth of the doctrines he had so long taught. On the morning of the 14ththe Sabbath day-no symptoms of immediate dissolution had yet appeared; but at noon it became evident that the time
of his departure drew near. During the and having many times been present at afternoon, he ejaculated these impressive the Annual Conference, in the proceedwords from the Book of Psalms-"Light ings of which, as tending to promote the is sown for the righteous, and gladness Lord's New Church upon earth, he always for the upright in heart:"* A short time took the most lively interest. Our debefore his death, (as if conscious that it parted friend was no less extensively was his last exhortation) he said emphati- known than, on account of his solid cally-"Fight the good fight of faith." worth as a Christian man, universally With these words he finished his ministry respected and beloved. In his very early on earth; and a little after five, whilst a years he was characterized by deep piety, beautiful rainbow illumed the valley, his and by assiduity and faithfulness in his happy spirit gently withdrew from the employment. Before he was twelve years stricken shell. "It was a privilege," of age he solemnly resolved to devote writes Mrs. Hook, "to witness his last himself to the service of his God; and by moments!" They were worthy the purity prayer and self denial, he endeavoured to of his life. On receiving the intelligence carry out his pious resolution. His early of the severe affliction of their late es- piety, which was according to the strictest teemed pastor, the society in Norwich standard of Methodism in those times, convened a general meeting, when a com- was often tried and put to the test. We munication of sympathy to himself and will here mention two cases, which we wife was adopted and forwarded as quickly have heard him relate as facts of his reliac possible. But it reached too late. A gious life. At that early period his wages few hours before it was posted his eyes amounted to a very small sum per week, had closed for ever. Yet it is hoped the with which he had to provide himself kind intention was not lost to his bereaved with food, clothing, and lodging. Justly wife. On Sunday evening, October 28th, thinking that true piety cannot exist a funeral discourse was delivered in the without charity and liberality to his neighchurch at Norwich, to an overflowing con- bour, he resolved to spend only one-third gregation, drawn together, for the most of his income upon his own personal wants, part, out of respect to Mr. Goyder's me- and to employ the remainder in objects of mory. The text was taken, at Mrs. charity, reserving now and then a portion Goyder's request, from the passage in the for a book which he might require. This Psalms above quoted. The discourse determination he carried out for some (which is in course of publication) con- time. Another case was, that on one tained a brief review of the religious sen- occasion the commercial establishment in timents, character, and labours of our late which he was employed had a great presdear friend, and was listened to with sure of business, and all the clerks and apparent approbation. On the same servants were ordered to continue their evening a discourse was also delivered by labours throughout the sabbath. At this the Rev. D. T. Dyke, at the church at Mr. Dearden demurred; and considering Chalford. Mr. Goyder's remains were that to work in secular business on the removed to London, and interred at the sabbath day was a great sin in the sight Cemetery, Kensall Green; where his of God, he sent in a statement to his brother, the Rev. D. G. Goyder, proposes employers, refusing to comply with their to erect a monument to his memory, by a request. His employers replied that such subscription of the church at large. The was the urgency of the case, that any serchurch, I doubt not, will rejoice in the vant not complying with the order would opportunity of thus testifying their grati- be dismissed. On which Mr. Dearden retude and esteem to one so highly deserv- joined that he would work on the Saturing of such a tribute. day night until the clock had struck twelve, and that he would begin again as soon as the clock had struck that hour on the Sunday night. But this not satisfying his employers, he was dismissed, and forbid to come into the warehouse again. Upon which he left with the consolation on his mind that it was "better to please God than man." Some days afterwards, one of his employers sent for him, and after reasoning with him on his conduct, he was again admitted into their employ,
St. Stephen's, Upper-street, Norwich, Nov. 13th, 1849.
September 1st, at Denton, near Manchester, John Dearden, Esq., in the 71st year of his age. This gentleman was extensively known in the New Church, having frequently visited, whilst a commercial traveller in his own business, most of the societies in the kingdom; Psalms cxvii.
and soon promoted, until he became a confidential servant in the establishment. We mention these facts as striking instances of piety in youth, and of that strength and firmness of mind, which all who knew our departed friend will admit were his chief characteristics. If obituary notices are of any use, it must be to those who read them; and these facts we strongly impress upon the minds of our young friends, in order to shew them that piety in youth, especially that piety (the only true piety) which is attended with selfdenial and firmness to principle, and which considers that charity, or the love of the neighbour, is the principal object of all genuine religion, is not only the great safeguard of all virtue and happiness for eternity, but the only sure path to secure confidence and regard, and consequent prosperity and happiness in this life. Mr. Dearden, in his early life, connected study with piety; and the Word of God was the principal object of his meditation. In order to secure time for reading and study, he adopted for many years the plan of the Rev. J. Wesley, and allowed himself only six hours sleep out of the twenty-four; and thus before business commenced in the morning he had already devoted considerable time to devotion and study. In this manner he soon prepared himself, and became a useful and energetic speaker in religious meetings among the Methodists, and for more than twenty years he was one of the most active, energetic, and acceptable local preachers in that denomination of Christians. About twenty-six years ago, Mr. D. became acquainted with the Rev. James Bradley, who at that time was the minister of the New Church Society at Newcastle-upon-Tyne. After a short acquaintance with Mr. Bradley, Mr. D. expressed a desire to a mutual friend to know the religious principles of Mr. Bradley, having no doubt observed, in conversation with that gentleman, certain new ideas on religious subjects, which struck him as clear, scriptural, and edifying. Upon which, their mutual friend presented Mr. D. with a volume of Lectures, recently published by Mr. Bradley.* On reading these lectures, Mr. Dearden became convinced of the truths and doctrines of the New Church. No sooner were his convictions of their truth established, than he began to make them known to others, and to recommend to his numerous acquaintance and friends * See a review of these lectures in this periodical for 1822, p. 121.
the precious treasure he had discovered. With his studious and energetic mind, he was thoroughly conversant with all the dogmas of the prevailing orthodoxy, and accompanied by a most original and emphatic power of eloquence, he could present the most vivid contrast between the doctrines of the New Jerusalem and the dogmas of the old theology. So great was his power in this respect, as to be at times very impressive to all around him, and to convey to them the conviction which he felt himself of the great superiority of the doctrines of the New Church over those of the old. Mr. Dearden, thus convinced of the doctrines of the New Church, could not continue to preach under the garb of Methodism, and he consequently retired from the ministry, and devoted himself to the promotion, as far as in him lay, of the cause of the new dispensation. He was a most diligent reader of the writings of Swedenborg; and the "Arcana Cœlestia," during his long illness, was an unfailing source of edification, of consolation, and of spiritual strength in passing through the valley of the shadow of death. And the sole reason why he thus experienced so much edification in perusing that work, was because it was the medium of opening the eternal truths of the Word of God in so luminous and convincing a manner, as to be at once most edifying and consoling to his mind. For Mr. Bradley, through whose lectures, as we have seen, he was introduced to a knowledge of the New Church doctrines, he always entertained the highest regard. He had been successful in business; and the liberality which, as we have seen, he had in his youth considered to be essentially connected with genuine piety, he employed with increased affection to the support of all the institutions of the New Church, to which he was a liberal contributor.
During the last few years of his life, he, together with his liberal friend, Mr. Edwin Moorhouse, of Ashton-under-Lyne, had the satisfaction of seeing a society established in that populous town, and a commodious place of worship opened, through their joint liberality, for the worship of the Lord according to the doctrines of the New Church. This place of worship, being within two miles of his residence, Mr. D. continued to attend as long as his health permitted. His long and painful illness he bore with great patience and resignation. To him "death was the continuation of life;" and he
spoke of putting off the body as of putting
Our departed friend, during his last
ment might be made by which an object
ESSAYS, &c. &c.
Address to the Members of the Sunday Genius, 349
Animal Kingdom of Swedenborg, 344
Are All Things created out of Nothing?
Characteristics of Goethe, 328
Christian Remembrancer-Reviewers Re-
Idleness and Usefulness, 136
Jottings from Old Church Authors, 41
Love and Justice in God, and the Nature
Man the ultimate of Order on which
Clergy, on the Illustration peculiar to Mental State, the Changes of State, and
Colour of the Blood, on the, 249
Concerning Merit in Good Works, 135
Correspondences, the Dependence of Lan-
guage upon, 121, 172, 213, 266, 295,
Divine Judgments, the Nature of the, 129
Education, remarks on Sunday School
Following the Lord in the Regeneration,
Free-will, or the Free Choice of Moral
Good and Evil, 361, 427
the Means by which those Changes
Minister and People, 161
Moral Culture, Materials for, 50, 180
On the necessity of our Young Men qua-
Oriental Religions, 16
Perception, Imagination, and Memory,
German Philosophy and Lutheran Theo- Plea for the Expectation of New Light,
Attack on the New Church at Winches- Jersey, 439
* Brightlingsea, 78
Cape of Good Hope, 195
Certain Resolutions of the last Methodist
Chalmers Dr. and the present State of
Conference, General, 157
Conference, Forty-second General, 354
Error Corrected in the translation of the
Leading Doctrines, the Four-Manchester
Lectures at Hoxton, by the Rev. T.
Lecture on the Trinity, at Aylesbury, by
Malton, Yorkshire, 75, 116
Marriage, proposed Work on, 76, 116, 439
New Edition of the Index to the Arcana
New Church Remembrancer and Guide