Elements of Chemistry: Theoretical and Practical, Volumen2

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Green, Reader, and Dyer, 1864

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Contenido

Proportion of OxygenIts Constancy
33
TABLE OF CONTENTS xi
35
133
39
Sources of Carbonic Acid
58
Carbonates
64
TABLE OF CONTENTS
69
GraphiteCokeGraphonGraphic AcidConsumption
71
CharcoalLamp BlackAnimal Charcoal
77
20
83
Action of Acids on Metals and Bases
89
200
93
NitratesTests for Nitric Acid
96
Nitrous AcidNitrites
102
Solution of Ammonia
111
CHAPTER III
114
383
135
384
136
387
141
61
142
Bibromide of Ethylene
145
393
147
394
148
395
151
192
155
403
159
404
163
CHAPTER VI
164
406
165
409
171
410
172
411
175
74
182
WaterHydrogen
187
Hyposulphuric Dithionic Acid
192
Sulphazotised Acids
202
145
209
438
211
439
212
441
213
Phosphorus
215
444
219
Oxides of Phosphorus
222
447
223
448
224
449
227
Monobasic or Metaphosphoric Acid
228
451
231
Phosphides of HydrogenPhosphuretted Hydrogen Gas
234
xiv
236
TABLE OF CONTENTS ix
241
475
254
476
256
12
266
Biniodide of Ethylene
274
Hydrocarbons
276
1
278
Theory of the Blowpipe
282
321
284
322
285
Oxalic AcidOxalates
289
323
294
Cyanides
297
Chlorides of Cyanogen
303
Olefiant Gas or Ethylene
310
146
321
Volatility
322
Conducting Power for Heat and Electricity 525 Alloys
323
Condition of the Metals in Nature 527 Distribution of the Metals
326
Mining Operations
328
Mechanical Treatment of the Ores
331
Roasting or Oxidation 531 Reduction or Smelting 532 Classification of the Metals
334
147
335
PARAGRAPH
336
372
340
General Properties of the Compounds of the Metals with the Nonmetallic Elements 533 The Oxides
342
Various kinds of Natural Waters
344
Sulphide of Zinc or Blende
349
Estimation of Oxygen in Metallic Oxides
351
The Sulphides
352
Estimation of Sulphur in the Metallic Sulphides 537 The Selenides and Tellurides 538 Chlorides
357
Estimation of Chlorine
362
Bromides 541 Iodides
363
Fluorides
364
Nitrides 544 Phosphides 545 Compounds of Carbon of Silicon and of Boron with Metals 546 Compounds of Hydrogen with the Metals
365
366
366
Binary Theory of Salts
368
Objections to the Binary Theory
370
SulphoSalts 552 Varieties of Salts 553 Neutral or Normal Salts
371
Hydrochloric Acid
374
Bleaching CompoundsChloride of Lime
380
Metals of the Alkalies I Potassium
381
Chloric AcidChlorates
382
Perchloric AcidPerchlorates
383
Chlorous AcidChlorites
384
Peroxide of Chlorine
385
Chloride 3 of Nitrogen
386
Chlorides of Carbon
387
ChloroCarbonic or Phosgene
388
II Bromine
389
Hydrobromic Acid
390
Bromides
391
Bromic Acid
392
Other Compounds of Bromine
393
Ø III Iodine
394
Hydriodic Acid
395
Iodides
396
Oxides of IodineIodic AcidIodates
397
Periodic AcidPeriodates
398
Chlorides and Bromides of Iodine
399
Iodide of Nitrogen
400
Relations of the Halogens to other Elements
401
ý IV Fluorine
402
Hydrofluoric AcidFluorides
403
Determination of the Combining Number of Fluorine
404
Natural Relations of the Sulphur Group
405
I Sulphur
406
Various forms of Sulphur
407
Electropositive and Electronegative Sulphur
408
Compounds of Sulphur with Oxygen
409
Sulphurous Acid
410
Sulphites
411
Sulphuric Acid Theory of its Formation
412
Sulphuric AcidProcess of its Manufacture
413
Hydrates of Sulphuric Acid
414
Nordhausen Sulphuric Acid
415
Sulphuric Anhydride
416
Common Impurities in Sulphuric Acid
417
SulphatesTests for Sulphuric Acid
418
Hyposulphurous AcidHyposulphites
419
588
421
592
430
597
437
Bottle Glass 598 Réaumurs PorcelainDevitrification
438
Flint GlassOptical Glass 600 Coloured Glasses
441
601
443
bor General Properties of Glass 602 Characters of the Salts of Sodium
444
III Lithium
445
Lithia 605 Compounds of Lithium
446
605
447
606
448
607
449
608
450
609
451
611
452
6II 613
454
CHAPTER IV
468
Characters of the Salts of Barium 636 II Strontium
473
Strontia 638 Chloride of Strontium 639 Sulphate of Strontium
474
Nitrate of Strontium 641 Carbonate of Strontium 642 Characters of the Salts of Strontium
475
ġ III Calcium
476
LimeQuicklimeSlaked Lime 645 Mortars and Cements 646 Hydraulic Limes and Mortars 647 Other Uses of Lime 648 Sulphides of Calcium 649 Pho...
477
483
483
Dutch LiquidAction of Chlorine upon
488
488
489
494
494
Other compounds of Cyanogen
509
Example of the Analysis of Coal
516
General Remarks on Pottery
519
Zirconia and its Salts
525
Silicates of Magnesium
533
Extraction of the MetalEnglish Method
542
CHAPTER XVI
551
Acid SaltsPolybasic Acids
554
Double Salts
555
Subsalta
556
Notation for Mixtures of Isomorphous Compounds
558
Potassium
559
Preparation of Potassium
560
Tetroxide and Binoxide of Potassium
561
PotashHydrate of Potash
562
Sulphides of Potassium
563
Chloride of Potassium
564
Bromide of Potassium
565
Iodide of Potassium
566
Fluoride of Potassium
567
Silicofluoride of Potassium
568
Sulphate and Bisnlphate of Potassium
569
Nitrate of PotassiumNitre Plantations
570
Refining of Saltpetre
571
Gunpowder
572
Nitrite of Potassium
573
Chlorate of Potassium
574
Perchlorate of Potassium
575
Carbonate of Potassium
576
AlkalimetryMethod of Neutralization
577
170
578
Bicarbonate Acidcarbonate of Potassium
579
Characters of the Salts of Potassium
580
II Sodium
581
SodaHydrate of SodaSulphides of Sodium
582
Chloride of Sodium
583
Bromide of Sodium
584
171
585
Sulphate of SodiumBisulphate of Sodium
586
Sulphite and Bisulphite of Sodium
587
Nitrate of Sodium
588
Carbonate of SodiumProcess of its Manufacture
589
Bicarbonate and Sesquicarbonate of Sodium
590
Phosphates of Sodium
591
Borates of Sodium
592
Silicates of Sodium
593
Glass Table of Chief Varieties
594
Bohemian GlassCrown Glass
595
Plate Glass and Window Glass
596
Preparation of pure Iron
597
Properties of BarIronRusting of Iron 754 Passive Condition of Iron in Nitric Acid 755 Alloys of Iron
601
Protoxide of Iron or Ferrous Oxide 757 Sesquioxide of Iron or Ferric Oxide 758 Magnetic Oxide of Iron
603
Rubidium
606
RubidiaCompounds of Rubidium
607
Casium
608
CæsiaCompounds of Cæsium VI Salts of Ammonium
609
Compounds of Ammonia with Oxyacid Anhydrides
610
Sulphuric AmmonideSulphatammon
611
Sulphurous Ammonides
612
Compounds of Ammonia with Hydracids
613
Theory of Ammonium
614
Solution of Ammonia
615
Sulphides of AmmoniumHydrosulphate of Ammonium
616
Chloride of Ammonium
617
Sulphate of Ammonium
618
Nitrate of Ammonium
619
Carbonates of Ammonium
620
Phosphates of Ammonium
621
Ammoniated Salts
622
Action of Ammonia on Metallic Salts in Solution
623
Characters of the Compounds of Ammonium
624
Estimation of Ammonia by Precipitation
625
Estimation of Ammonia by Acids
626
Ammoniacal Compounds of Chromium 785 Chromic Acid
627
Chromates
628
Sulphide of Chromium 788 Chlorides of Chromium 789 Chlorochromic Acid
631
Nitride of Chromium
633
Assay of Black Oxide of Manganese
639
Sulphate of Manganese
645
807
646
808
648
618
649
810
651
Preparation of TinPlate
652
812
653
813
655
815
657
Stannic AcidStannates
658
819
661
820
662
Oxides of TitaniumTitanic Acid
664
823
665
Silicates of AluminunClays
669
Aluminous Rocks and Minerals
670
Porcelain and Pottery Ware
671
348
693
Estimation of Arsenic
696
Its Alloys and Industrial Applications
707
Copper Lead Thallium
714
KernelRoasting
720
Black Oxide of Copper or Cupric Oxide
726
Action of the Solar Spectrum on Vegetable Colours
731
Characters of the Salts of Copper
734
Separation of Silver from Lead by Cupellation
740
620
742
Oxychlorides and Oxyiodides
745
Peroxide of LeadPlumbates
748
908
756
172
758
986
762
704
800
Bromide of Silver
805
Iodide and Fluoride of Silver 947 Sulphate of Silver 948 Nitrate of Silver
806
Phosphates of Silver
807
Characters of the Salts of Silver
808
Estimation of Silver 952 Separation of Silver from other Metals
809
III Gold
810
Properties of Gold 955 Preparation of Fine Gold
812
Processes of GildingAmalgams of Gold 957 Alloys of Gold
815
Assay of Gold
816
Oxides of Gold 960 Sulphides of Gold
819
Chlorides of Gold
820
Bromides and Iodides of Gold 963 Purple of Cassius 964 Characters of the Salts of Gold
822
Estimation of GoldSeparation from other Metals 966 ý IV Platinum
823
Properties of Platinum
826
Platinum Black
827
Applications and Alloys of Platinum 970 Oxides of Platinum
828
Sulphides of Platinum 972 Chlorides of Platinum
829
Ammoniacal Derivatives from the Chlorides of Platinum
831
Other Compounds of Platinum 975 Characters of the Salts of Platinum
834
Estimation of Platinum 977 V Palladium
835
Oxides and Sulphides of Palladium 979 Chloride Iodide Cyanide and Nitrate of Palladium 980 Characters of the Salts of Palladium
838
Rhodium
839
Oxides Sulphides and Chlorides of Rhodium 983 Characters of the Salts of Rhodium
840
Ruthenium
841
Chlorides and other Compounds of Iridium
846
Oxide of Zinc
850
412
867
370
906
371
907
CHAPTER XXI
910
175
915
Table of Atomic Weights
927
183
931
184
932
Metals of the Alkaline Earths I Barium 628 BarytaPeroxide of Barium 629 Sulphides of Barium 630 Chloride of Barium 631 Silicofluoride of Bariu...
933
513
934
622
935
Treatment of the Ore of Platinum 985 Rutheniumits Oxides and Chlorides
937
Characteristics of a Metal
939
833
941
379
942
190
943
380
944
INDEX

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