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in the complaint is a single claim, initiated by a single notice of location. Section 2324 of the Revised Statutes of the United States (U. S. Comp. Stats., sec. 4620), among other things provides: On each claim located after the tenth day of May, eighteen hundred and seventy-two, and until a patent has been issued therefor, not less than one hundred dollars' worth of labor shall be performed or improvements made during each year." In Lindley on Mines, second edition, section 628, it is said: “A location by an association of persons, embracing more than twenty acres, may undoubtedly be perpetuated by the performance of the same amount of labor required of an individual locator.

While this suggests an inequality of burdens, it is, in our judgment the only consistent method of construing the statute." In Miller v. Chrisman, 140 Cal. 440, 449

. [98 Am. St. Rep. 63, 73 Pac. 1083, 1085), it is said: “A location made by an association of persons, by the very terms of the law, is one location covering one hundred and sixty acres, and not eight locations, each covering twenty acres. ... The expenditure of five hundred dollars before patent issues is an expenditure required upon the whole land, and not an expenditure upon the twenty-acre subdivisions thereof, and the only assessment work required is labor to the value of one hundred dollars upon the single location.' (See, also, McDonald v. Montana Wood Co., 14 Mont. 88 [43 Am. St. Rep. 616, 35 Pac. 668].)

The judgment is affirmed.

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Burnett, J., and Jones, J., pro tem., concurred.

(Civ. No. 4545. First Appellate District, Division Two.—June 18,


W. C. PRICE et al., Respondents, v. CENTRAL SAV.

INGS BANK OF OAKLAND (a Corporation), Appellant.




ATTACHED PROPERTY — JUDGMENT_BANKRUPTCY-CLOUD UPON TITLE.—Where the defendant, after suit brought and attachment levied, but prior to judgment, executes and records a declaration of homestead upon the attached real property and, after going through bankruptcy, secures order in such action perpetually staying the issuing of an execution upon the judgment against him, but the plaintiff in such action asserts and claims that the said judgment is still in full force and effect, and its acts and claims have created and caused doubts as to the validity of the homestead rights of the judgment defendant and his wife in and to the homestead premises and have rendered it impossible for them to sell or mortgage the said premises, they require a decree removing that cloud from the title to their home

stead property. [2] ID.-REMOVAL OF CLOUD_EQUITY.—The judgment defendant have

ing complied with the statutory requirements concerning declarations of homestead and bankruptcy, he and his wife are entitled to a decree removing the cloud from the homestead premises, notwithstanding the judgment was a just one and they have made no offer to pay it or to do equity in any way whatever,

APPEAL from a judgment of the Superior Court of Alameda County. T. W. Harris, Judge. Affirmed.

The facts are stated in the opinion of the court.

Fitzgerald, Abbott & Beardsley for Appellant.

P. L. Benjamin for Respondents.

STURTEVANT, J.— The plaintiffs commenced an action against the defendant to remove a cloud on the title to their real estate. The defendant answered; thereafter the plaintiffs gave notice of a motion for judgment on the pleadings; thereupon the defendant gave notice of a motion for judgment on the pleadings, and both motions came on for hearing at the same time. The trial court granted the motion of the plaintiffs, and from the judgment so entered the defendant has appealed.

On July 20, 1917, the appellant commenced an action against W. C. Price and took out a writ of attachment and levied the same on the real estate standing of record in the name of W. C. Price. On May 20, 1918, W. C. Price duly executed and recorded a declaration of homestead on said real estate. Judgment in that action was entered on July 9, 1918, for the sum of $37,875.03 plus $35.85 costs, and the judgment has never been paid, nor has W. C. Price, or Helen V. Price, ever offered to pay the judgment or any part or portion thereof. On July 3, 1918, W. C. Price was adjudicated a bankrupt, and on September 14, 1918, he was discharged in bankruptcy. On October 19, 1921, W. C. Price appeared in the first action and on motion obtained an order perpetually staying the issuing of any execution upon the said judgment. On August 8, 1921, the plaintiffs filed this action and after reciting many of the foregoing facts they also alleged, “That the defendant asserts and claims that the said judgment so as aforesaid rendered and entered in its favor against the said W. C. Price is still in full force and effect, notwithstanding the said discharge in bankruptcy, and that the said judgment is a valid and existing lien upon and against the said homestead premises, notwithstanding their homestead character as aforesaid, and that it is entitled to have a writ of execution issued on said judgment and to have the said homestead premises sold under the said writ of execution.” And they further allege

' that "the said docketing of the judgment and the said assertions and claim by defendant of a lien upon said homestead premises as aforesaid have created and caused doubts as to the validity of the said homestead right of plaintiffs in and to the said homestead premises, and as to the exemption of said homestead premises from sale under any writ of execution that may be issued upon the said judgment, and have thereby clouded and rendered doubtful and questionable the validity of said homestead and the rights of plaintiffs. . . ." Thereupon they prayed that it be decreed that this defendant “has no claim or lien or right of any kind in, to, upon, or against the said homestead

premises ... " and that it be enjoined from asserting the contrary.

In its answer the defendant admitted all of the allegations of the complaint and alleged in appropriate form the nonpayment of the judgment and no tender of payment or offer to do equity in any way whatever. It will be noted that the defendant's judgment against the plaintiffs was apparently a just judgment; that the plaintiffs have not paid it nor offered to pay it; but, on the other hand, they have taken advantage of the bankruptcy laws and the homestead statutes for the purpose of avoiding the payment of said judgment. In taking that course the laws of the land fully authorize their acts. In so far as the record discloses every single statutory provision in favor of the plaintiffs has been fully and completely respected and upheld by the courts. Regarding the acts of the plaintiffs, the defendant perchance may claim that such acts were immoral, but as was said in Ontario State Bank v. Gerry, 91 Cal. 94, 98 (27 Pac. 531, 532), “There is no question here about the morality of the transaction. It is simply a matter of statutory provision.”

Challenging the judgment rendered by the trial court, the appellant contends that the judgment should not have been in favor of the plaintiffs, (1) because even though the judgment was discharged in bankruptcy and the attachment lien was dissolved by the lapse of time, the moral obligation to pay the debt remained and respondents should have been required to do equity and discharge the same as a condition precedent to the grant of equitable relief, and (2) because the respondents had already applied for, and actually obtained, in the principal action a decree perpetually staying execution so that they had already obtained adequate relief at law and the court of equity had no jurisdiction to make its decree. As to the first reason assigned, it is sufficient to state that the discharge in bankruptcy operated to relieve the plaintiff, W. C. Price, from the legal obligation to pay the judgment, and as to the second contention it may be said that the relief granted by the motion in the trial court was not in all respects the relief sought in the instant case. As to both con. tentions it cannot be stated as a broad proposition that

equity will not grant relief to a homesteader under the facts involved in this case. This proposition will be made more apparent as we proceed.

The appellant also contends that the respondents did not require equitable relief (1) because the decree perpetually staying execution fully protected the homestead interest and afforded adequate relief at law, and (2) because respondents did not require a decree to facilitate the sale of the premises for a sale would terminate the homestead and thereby render protection unnecessary, and (3) because, if the homestead is voluntarily sold, the statute fully protects the proceeds of sale, thus rendering a decree of a court of equity wholly unnecessary. Each of the last propositions is nearly correct, but is slightly inaccurate. [1] It will be observed that the answer admitted all the allegations of the plaintiffs' complaint, and that in their complaint the plaintiffs had alleged, “That the defendant asserts and claims that the said judgment so as aforesaid rendered and entered in its favor against the said W. C. Price is still in full force and effect

and that the acts and claims of the defendant “have created and caused doubts as to the validity of the said homestead right of plaintiffs in and to the said homestead premises . . . and have rendered it impossible for plaintiffs to sell or mortgage the said homestead premises, and will continue to cloud the title of plaintiffs to said homestead premises and the homestead right of plaintiffs. ..." Comparing one with the other, it must be conceded that the order staying execution was not addressed to the matters contained in the quotations which we have just made from the pleadings. To say that the respondents did not require a decree to facilitate a sale is to ignore a fact admitted by the pleadings. Conceding that if a sale is made the statute protects the proceeds leads us nowhere. There can be no proceeds of a sale if, as alleged in the complaint, no sale can be had so long as the record title stands as it stood before the decree in the instant case.

[2] The contention of the appellant that the respondents are not entitled to a decree until they do equity is a fundamental rule. But we do not believe that the rule is to be applied in a case brought by a homesteader in which it is an admitted fact that although he has complied with

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