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HART, J.-This is an application for a writ of prohibition to prohibit and restrain the defendants from causing to be sold and selling the certain properties described in the petition. An alternative writ or order to show cause was issued, and on the return day thereof the defendants filed both a demurrer and an answer to the petition.
It appears from the petition that on the thirteenth day of June, 1917, Herbert Shear, George Bonnefoy and F. R. M. Bloomer were, as copartners, the owners and in the possession of a wood and coal business in the city of Sacramento, known as the Pioneer wood and Coal Company, and also a lime quarry, which was carried on under the name of the “El Dorado Lime Quarry,” said quarry being situated near the town of Shingle Springs, in El Dorado County; that on the said thirteenth day of June, 1917, said parties and one G. A. Starkweather entered into a written agreement whereby the former transferred to the latter all their right, title, and interest in and to all the properties mentioned upon the understanding and agreement that said Starkweather should and would, for the term of one year from the date of said agreement, conduct and manage said properties and businesses for the benefit of said copartners. The said agreement contains many details as to the manner of the management of said properties, and provides that at the end of the term of the same that Starkweather may, at his option, either form two separate and distinct corporations, the one involving or consisting of the wood and coal business and the properties thereof, and the other the quarry properties and business, or return the assets of said businesses remaining in his hands, after the payment of all debts and liabilities existing against either, to the above-named owners thereof or their assigns. It was further provided that Starkweather was to have sole and exclusive control of the properties and the businesses connected therewith for the term during which the agreement was to exist, and that he “shall have absolute discretion to make contracts, borrow money, buy and sell property, pay off indebtedness and to do any other act and thing that he may deem necessary for the conduct of said business, etc.
It is made to appear by the petition that, after the making of the above-mentioned agreement, Starkweather organized a corporation under the name of "El Dorado Lime and Minerals Company,” to which subsequently he caused to be transferred the quarry properties and business; that thereafter and on the first day of May, 1918, said corporation executed in favor of and delivered to the California National Bank, at Sacramento, a trust deed to secure a loan in the sum of one hundred thousand dollars, said deed of trust covering the properties of the lime and quarry business; that on the fifteenth day of April, 1921, the El Dorado Mines & Minerals Company executed and delivered to said National Bank a mortgage in the sum of forty thousand dollars upon the property of said corporation; that on the third day of May, 1921, the California National Bank brought an action in the superior court of the county of Sacramento against the petitioners and others “to foreclose said trust deed and the said mortgage." In said action the complaint alleged that the situation with respect to the properties above referred to and the businesses thereof was such as to call for the appointment of a receiver to take charge, pendente lite, of said properties and businesses, and upon an ex parte hearing of the application for the appointment of such receiver, said superior court made an order appointing one J. H. Bell a receiver to take charge of the properties of both the lime business and the wood and coal business.  Subsequently, and after several legal attacks were made by the petitioners in the superior court against the order allowing and appointing a receiver, the said superior court, upon an application being made therefor, made an order authorizing and appointing the said receiver to sell the property and the businesses of the wood and coal company, and fixed in said order a day certain for hearing the report of the receiver as to such sale and for the confirmation or rejection thereof. It is against the last-mentioned order, in so far as it authorizes the sale of the said properties, that the attack herein is aimed, it being the contention, as is to be implied from the nature of this proceeding, that in making said order the superior court transcended its lawful jurisdiction.
62 Cal. App.-47
No appeal was taken from the order appointing the receiver nor from the order directing the sale of the properties. The petition herein was filed on the twenty-ninth day of May, 1923.
The writ of prohibition “arrests the proceedings of any tribunal, corporation, board, or person exercising judicial functions, when such proceedings are without or in excess of the jurisdiction of such tribunal, corporation, board or person.” (Code Civ. Proc., sec. 1102.) “It may be issued by any court except police or justice's courts, to an inferior tribunal or to a corporation, board, or person, in all cases where there is not a plain, speedy, and adequate remedy in the ordinary course of law." (Code Civ. Proc., sec. 1103.) If the petitioners have a plain, speedy, and adequate remedy by appeal, the writ will not issue. An appeal lies from an order appointing a receiver. (Code Civ. Proc., sec. 963.) In California etc. Assn. v. Superior Court, 8 Cal. App. 711 [97 Pac. 769), an application was made for a writ of prohibition to restrain the superior court and its receiver from selling certain property of the petitioner therein. The appellate court said: “An order for such sale would be so far independent of suit itself as to make the order therefor substantially a final decree for the purpose of an appeal. (Los Angeles v. Los Angeles City Water Co., 134 Cal. 123 (66 Pac. 198].) An appeal lying from such an order, there can be no need of a writ of prohibition, and it will not lic." In Title Ins. & Trust Co. v. California etc. Co., 159 Cal. 481, 491 (114 Pac. 838, 840), after reviewing the decisions upon the subject, the court said: “From these decisions the following rules are clearly deducible. Where the order requires the payment of money by the party complaining (Los Angeles v. Los Angeles City Water Co., 134 Cal. 121 (66 Pac. 198); Anglo-California Bank v. Superior Court, 153 Cal. 753, 756 [96 Pac. 803]), or the doing of an act by or against him, the order is in effect final as against such party and may be appealed from by him." For the further history of the case and the decisions relevant thereto, see 164 Cal. 58 [127 Pac. 502], and 171 Cal. 227 [152 Pac. 551). See, also, Hildebrand v. Superior Court, 173 Cal. 86, 89 (159 Pac. 147], and Luckenback v. Krempel, 188 Cal. 175 [204 Pac. 591, 592]. The order for the sale of defendants' property is certainly an order for “the doing of an act ... against” them, because, if carried into execution, it will deprive them of the property ordered sold, and the order "is in effect final as against such party and may be appealed from.” The writ of prohibition prayed for in this case, therefore, will not lie, because an appeal affords a plain, speedy, and adequate remedy.
The demurrer to the petition is sustained, the writ discharged, the restraining order vacated, and the petition denied.
Burnett, J., and Finch, P. J., concurred.
A petition by petitioners to have the cause heard in the supreme court, after judgment in the district court of appeal, was denied by the supreme court on August 30, 1923.
(Civ. No. 2690. Third Appellate District.—July 3, 1923.)
E. E. SHERWOOD, Respondent, v. CHARLES TURNER
et al., Appellants.
 CONTRACTS · EXCHANGE OF LANDS ASSUMPTION OF CROP MORT
GAGE-USE OF PROCEEDS BY PLAINTIFF-EVIDENCE.-In an action to recover the difference between the amount allowed defendants as a credit for assuming a crop mortgage on certain real property conveyed to defendants by plaintiff pursuant to the terms of a contract of exchange and the amount actually due under said crop mortgage, it is immaterial what use plaintiffmade of certain moneys advanced to him by the mortgagee shortly before the exchange of deeds, but after the agreement of exchange was signed, the amount due under the mortgage having remained less than defendants agreed to assume; and an objection to a question asked plaintiff on cross-examination by defendants' counsel as to what use he made of the moneys thus advanced is properly sus
tained.  ID.—ALLOWANCE OF CREDIT IN EXCESS OF MORTGAGE-ACTION TO
RECOVER DIFFERENCE-INSTRUCTIONS.-In such action, it being admitted that defendants agreed to accept plaintiff's property subject to a crop mortgage for a specified sum and that at the time of the exchange of deeds the amount due under said mortgage was a lesser sum, the jury is properly instructed that if they find that defendants were given credit for the amount specified in the agreement of exchange they shall award plaintiff the difference between the amount so credited and the lesser amount actually due under the mortgage
APPEAL from a judgment of the Superior Court of Tulare County. J. A. Allen, Judge. Affirmed.
The facts are stated in the opinion of the court.
C. W. Braswell for Appellants.
Guy Knupp for Respondent.
FINCH, P. J.-The defendants appeal from the judgment herein in favor of plaintiff. Several causes of action are stated in the complaint, but appellants attack but one of them on this appeal.
Relative to such cause of action, the complaint alleges that the parties entered into a contract for the exchange of certain lands owned by them respectively; that at the time of the execution of the contract "the crops of fruit growing upon the real property agreed to be conveyed to the defendants by the plaintiff and his said wife was subject to a crop mortgage in favor of the Producers Fruit Company of California, and it was expressly understood and agreed by and between the parties to said contract and provided in said contract that said real property should be taken subject to a crop mortgage in favor of said Producers Fruit Company of California in the sum of twenty thousand dollars, and in computing and determining the payments to be made under said contract, and at the time said payments were actually made and the instruments of conveyance executed by the plaintiff and his said wife to the defendants, said crop mortgage was computed and estimated at twenty thousand dollars, and said defendants received credit on the purchase price of the real property conveyed to them by the plaintiff and his said wife in the sum of twenty thousand dollars, and did not amount to any sum in excess of nineteen thousand six hundred forty-four and 57/100 dollars, and that by reason of the discrepancy between the agreed amount of said crop mortgage ... and the actual amount thereof ... there is due, owing and unpaid from said defendants to said plaintiff the sum of three hundred fifty-five and 43/100 dollars." The answer expressly admits the execution of the contract, the existence of the alleged crop mortgage and that “it was expressly understood and agreed by and between the parties