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last trial of my predecessor Mary-Ann Carlile, and I hope now to find twelve, your verdict will be Not Guilty, or a nolle prosequi will be entered on the case as its issue. Be firm, and do your duty; and believe me, when I conclude by saying, that I scorn mercy and demand justice.

The Lord Chief Justice, after stating the substance of the Indictment, observed that the Defendant was not called on to answer any reasonable or fair discussion on the truth of Christianity in general, or any of its particular tenets. The law permitted that every subject, however sacred, should be freely, yet moderately and temperately discussed; but it would not yield its protection to gross and scandalous calumnies on the established faith. It would be a most extraordinary state of society in which the privilege of defaming that religion on which all its institutions were built, should be conceded. The publication had been clearly proved ; indeed, it had been avowed and gloried in by the Defendant; and therefore, the only question would be, whether the passages bore the character imputed to them by the record. The learned Judge then read the paragraphs set out in the indictment, and left the Jury to say if they could doubt of their meaning. Much bad been urged, to which, if applied to a different case, he should readily accede; he meant those arguments wbich had been largely quoted to show the impolicy of attempting to support religion by the secular power; and these certainly would have great weight if a grave and serious disquisition were indicted: but it would be hard to show that every society had not a right to support it against calumny and slander, and to protect the young and uninformed from the influence of mere contumelious abuse. If the Jury thought these passages were only parts of a fair and temperate discussion of the sacred topics to which they had reference, they might acquit the Defendant; but if they considered them as gross and indecent attacks on religion, they must find her guilty.

The Jury turned round in their box for about two minutes, and then returned a verdict of GUILTY.


Printed and Published by R, CARLILE, 53, Fleet Street, London.


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The Republican.

This work is continued on the basis of a determined freedom and independence, its sentiments are open and in no instance admits of ambiguity, or are they liable to a dubious construction. It freely canvasses the passing events of the day and exbibits them in their proper views and purport. It does not shrink from canvassing the utility and propriety of the various establishments of the country, whether political or religious. Here hypocrisy finds no support, nor tyranny adulation. The cause of truth and the moral welfare of mankind is its only object. The general sentiments of this work are of that kind to give the reader a satisfaction on a future day, as they are more confined to general subjects than to passing trifles. It will stanı as an example of what may be done in the worst of times by a determined opposition to bad men and bad measures.

To those who are acquainted with the contents of any of the former volumes of “ The Republican” it is scarcely necessary to say what will be the future, as the spirit and principle will be the same with a studied endeavour to improve.

From the time of Plato, until within the present age, it has been deemed a visionary theory to advocate the preference of a Republican form of Government, and, in fact, it was so, before the Representative System of Go. vernment was made the basis of Republicanism, but now that paragon in social and political economy has been discovered, and its practical part exhibited to the view of all the people on the earth, it is not only become not visionary to advocate the Republican form of Government, but the contrary, or that which is deficient, is become a proof of corruption and dishonesty in its advocates. There is no political honesty but in the advocacy of the Representative System of Government, and that System of Government constitutes the only Real Republicanism, therefore, it is evident that there can be no political honesty but in the advocacy of the Republican form of Government.

These are the political sentiments of “ The Republican.”.

But there is another point equally important and equally Republican. From all the facts we can gather from historical records it is evident, that the majority of mankind have been the dupes of impostors, who, to their own peculiar gain, and to the loss and misery of the multitude, have inculcated idolatry. Every nation on the face of the earth has had its idols to impose on the ever ignorant and credulous multitude, and every nation has still its idols from the corporeally visible Jugernaut to the spiritually invisible Jehovah and Jesus. To endeavour to abolish this idolatry, to enlighten the multitude, and to shew them that every species of religion is idolatrous, immoral and both mentally and corporeally mischievous, shall be the peculiar object of “ The Republican.

Its Editor will shrink from nothing that is calculated to exhibit truth to the mass of mankind, and more particularly his fellow natives of this Island, whatever pains and penalties may follow the act. He says, that robbers masked and robbers masked, prey upon the productive labour of the multitude, and he will endeavour as far as in him lies to expose and destroy the former, and enlighten and protect the latter.

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